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The Lost Ten Tribes And The 144,000

The Lost Ten Tribes And The 144,000

The Lost Ten Tribes And The 144,000

Spiritualizing and allegorizing biblical passages relating to Israel is not new. In the 1800s there were theologians who mocked the notion of regathering of the Jews into Eretz Yisrael and the reconstitution of Israel as an independent state in her native homeland. Many bible passages relating to Israel were allegorized to relate to the Church. Today many theologians propound the same replacement theology. This type of spiritualizing hermeneutics sees the 144,000 in Rev.7:1-8 as relating to the Church and not to Israel inasmuch as according to them the ten tribes of Israel were lost in captivity more than two millennia ago.

The ten northern tribes were taken into captivity by Assyria in 722 BC. “In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.” ( 2 Kings‬ ‭17:6‬ ‭). There is no historical evidence of a mass return until the two southern tribes also were taken into captivity by Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon in 586 BC. Indeed, there were three waves of deportations, 606, 596, and 586 BC. At the defeat of Assyria by Babylon in 612 BC, the Assyrian Empire was incorporated into the neoBabylonian Empire. So Babylon inherited the Israelite exiles in the realm of Assyria. The neoBabylonean Empire was conquered by Medopersia in 539 BC. So also the Medopersia empire absorbed all Israelite exiles from both the kingdoms of Assyrian and Babylonia as these two kingdoms were incorporated into the Medopersian Empire. In 538 BC king Cyrus of Persia freed all Israelites in his dominion ( Ezra.1:1-4 ). Only a handful of them from all the various tribes were willing to return ( Ezra.2 ). The majority of the Israelites remained in self-imposed exile in Medopersia. The Medopersian Empire extended to Africa and India ( Est.1:1 ). Israelites from both Northern kingdom and the Southern kingdom of Judah remained in self-imposed exile until the destruction of the Second Temple by the Roman general Titus in 70 AD. Thus began the final scattering of the Israelites all over the world.

There are historians who date The Diaspora from 70 AD. Prior to 70 AD, there were Israelites exiles from the ten Northern tribes in the Indian subcontinent, China, Japan, and Central Asia. The ten Northern tribes were not lost. There are ethnic groups in China, India, and Japan who claim ancestry to the Jewish people. The Ben Menashe have begun emigrating to Israel. The Falashas Of Ethiopia are already absorbed in Israel. The Shinlung in India have petitioned the Israeli government. The Shinto Japanese claim origin from the ten Northern tribes. So also the Pashtun in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and the Igbos of South Eastern Nigeria. There are those who doubt the Jewishness of these various ethnic groups. Ancestry is not only determined by paternity through DNA, but by other modalities like conversion to Judaism, adoption and legality. Orthodox Jews define a Jew as any person with one grand Jewish parent. In this regard there are any number of persons who do not know they are Jews. In the OT, if a servant refuses to part with his master, and has married and begotten children, he and his children are his masters irrespective of his ancestry ( Exod.21:1-6; Deut.15:12-18 ). There was one law for both the native Israelite and the stranger that sojourned amongst them ( Exod.12:49 ). If these claims are false, how come the Sacred Stones of the Aros and the Shinto Japanese are inscribed with the Jewish Tetragrammaton YHWH in Hebrew letters? The Igbos celebrate the First month and the Seventh month and also circumcise their male infants on the eighth day as do the Jews. These feasts and the practice of circumcision were observed by the Igbos long before the arrival of Christianity through colonial Europeans.

The 3 million Israelites who left Egypt during the exodus were not all from the ten tribes. There were other from the various peoples of Egypt who joined the Israelites. Israel in the wilderness was a mixed multitude. “And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.” ( Exod.12:38‬ ‭). There were some who found it extremely difficult to continue the journey into the promised land and turned back in the wilderness. “And all the congregation lifted up their voice, and cried; and the people wept that night. And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness! And wherefore hath the Lord brought us unto this land, to fall by the sword, that our wives and our children should be a prey? were it not better for us to return into Egypt? And they said one to another, Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt.” ( Num.14:1-4‬ ‭). The Igbos claim they migrated to South Eastern Nigeria from Egypt.

It was during the reign of the Medopersian kings that all Israelites irrespective of their tribe, whether they were from the Southern kingdom or Northern kingdom were generally referred to as Jews. They were named after Judah. This should not be a surprise because Judah would be the one his brethren shall praise. Following the fall of Reuben from grace ( Gen. 35:22, 49:3,4 ), the right of primogeniture was shared among his three brethren, Judah, Levi, and Joseph. The mantle of leadership fell on Judah ( Gen.49:10 ). Levi received the mantle of priesthood, whilst the right of double inheritance was given to Joseph by his father Jacob in recognition of his faithfulness ( Gen.48:1-22, 49:22-26, ). Levi and Simeon were scattered in Israel by their father Jacob in repudiation of the wrath they exhibited in their merciless massacre of the Shechemites in retaliation to the sexual violation of their sister Dinah by Hamor, the son of Shechem. ( Gen.34, 49:5-7 ). However the Levites obtained the priesthood because of their zeal for the Lord in the slaying of their brethren who apostasized in the Sinai and worship the golden calf ( Exod.32:26-29, Deut.32:8-11 ). The mantle of priesthood originally intended for the first born male from every tribe of Israel ( Exod.13:12-16, 34:19,20; Num.3:11-13 ) effectively executed their scattering amongst the tribes of Israel, whilst at the same time conferring the blessing of obedience to the voice of God through His servant Moses. How wonderful are the ways of God and His paths past findings? ( Rom.11:33 ). These developments were not immediate: they took sometime to evolve.

The Israelites of the Southern kingdom of Judah were called Yehudim, men of Judah by the Babylonians. This was because the Southern kingdom of Israel was lead by the house of David who were of the tribe of Judah. But we must also remember that the tribe of Benjamin was one of the two tribes alongside the tribe of Judah that constituted the Southern kingdom. So the appellation men of Judah was also applied to the Benjaminites. During the oppressive and idolatrous rule of the various dynasties in the Northern kingdom, there were some from the various tribes in the Northeast kingdom that emigrated to the Southern Kingdom.

Neither the Assyrians nor the Babylonians deported every Israelite. They were interested in their rulers, nobles and artisans. “And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths: none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land.” ( 2 Kings‬ ‭24:14‬ ‭).

The poor and the downtrodden were not deported. “But the captain of the guard left of the poor of the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen.” ( 2 Kings‬ ‭25:12‬ ‭). “And as for the people that remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left, even over them he made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, ruler.” ( 2 Kings‬ ‭25:22‬ ‭).

So, there was never a time when there were no Israelites from various tribes in Eretz Yisrael. There were also some nobles who escaped to neighboring nations and returned afterwards.

“And when all the captains of the armies, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, there came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan the son of Kareah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men. And Gedaliah sware to them, and to their men, and said unto them, Fear not to be the servants of the Chaldeans: dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon; and it shall be well with you. But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, that he died, and the Jews and the Chaldeans that were with him at Mizpah.”( 2 Kings‬ ‭25:23-25‬ ‭).

The point I would like to prove here is that all the various tribes were represented in the land of Israel at all times albeit in very small numbers. There were Israelites whose ancestral families never left the land of Israel. During the religious revival in the reign of Josiah, all Israelites from the twelves were present in Jerusalem during the celebration of the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. “And the children of Israel that were present kept the passover at that time, and the feast of unleavened bread seven days. And there was no passover like to that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet; neither did all the kings of Israel keep such a passover as Josiah kept, and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah was this passover kept.” ( 2 Chronicles‬ ‭35:17-19‬ ‭).

There is no need for us to allegorize and Christianize the 144,000. Oh! the ten tribes were lost, therefore God must be referring to Christians. Before the commencement of the 70th week, all the ten tribes of Israel will fully be represented in the land of Israel. The 144,000 will be sealed in the land of Israel. God would not need to go the Jews in the Diaspora to find the 144,000. He will not seal a few among the Shinto Japanese or Shinlung Indians or Igbos of South Eastern Nigeria. They will be found in the land of Israel. They will seek refuge in the Edomite wilderness during the outpouring of the wrath of God in the Day Of The Lord. “The breaker is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the Lord on the head of them.” ( Micah‬ ‭2:13‬ ‭).

That is where Jesus will meet them. It is there they will match with Him to the summit of Mount Zion in Jerusalem.

“And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father’s name written in their foreheads. And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps: And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth. These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb. And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.” ( Rev.14:1-5‬ ‭).

In the light of the above scenario, British-American Israelism is false. It has no biblical basis. It is founded on a faulty theological system. Replacement theology is not sustained by Scriptures neither is supersessesionism. It is based on a faulty eseigetical and allegorical hermeneutics. The Church does not, cannot, and will not replace Israel, neither are the British and the Americans the so called lost ten tribes.

Avraham Shallom.

The Chronology Of The Scroll Of Revelation

The Chronology Of The Scroll Of Revelation

The Chronology Of The Scroll Of Revelation

Introduction

There are some biblical scholars even prewrathers that teach that the Scroll Of Revelation is not chronological. Therefore they proceed to chop it up into various parts and try to refit them up to conform to their preconceived notions of eschatological timeline. But a closer examination of the Scroll Of Revelation reveals a highly organized and sequential chronology that is in conformity to the chronology of eschatological timeline. The chronology of the Scroll of Revelation is in consonance with the sequential chronology of eschatological timeline derivable from the Olivet Discourse. The Olivet prophecy and the Scroll Of Revelation give us full treatment of the chronology of eschatological timeline alongside with the OT book of Daniel. However, the Scroll Of Revelation gives us fuller and more detailed information than the Olivet Discourse and the book of Daniel since it reveals not only earthly events but also heavenly events at the same time. Just like any good literary piece, it contains flashbacks, parentheses, and periscopes that give fuller and more detailed treatment of previously described events.

Neither the Olivet Discourse nor the OT book of Daniel nor the Scroll Of Revelation itself gives us a full chronology of eschatological timeline without complementary input from the others. The OT book of Daniel is basic in that it introduces us to the 70 sevens prophecy of Daniel.

“Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.” ( Dan.9:24-27 ).

The 70 sevens ( 70 x 7 = 490 ) of Daniel are divided into 7 sevens ( 7 x 7 = 49 ) which is 49 years, sixty and two sevens ( 62 x 7 = 434 ) which is 434 years and one seven ( 1 x 7 = 7 ) which is 7 years. The first 7 sevens and the second sixty-two sevens which are continuous equal 69 sevens ( 69 x 7 = 483 ) which are 483 years. The terminus-a-quo ( starting point ) of the 70 sevens ( 70 x 7 = 490 ) is the going forth of the commandment to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem given by the Persian king Artaxerxes Longimanus ( Neh.2:5 ). This commandment was given in 445 BC as conclusively proven by Sir Robert Anderson. The first 7 sevens and the second sixty and two sevens are history. After the second sixty-two sevens or weeks, that is, after 483 years from the commencement of the 70 weeks, the Messiah Jesus was crucified on the Roman execution stake ( Cross of Calvary), outside the wall of the Old City of Jerusalem in 32 AD. After that the Second Temple built by the returning exiles from Babylonian and Assyrian captivity, finished about 515 BC, and extensively and lavishly refurbished by Herod the Great, a puppet of Rome, was destroyed in 70 AD by the Roman general Titus following the rebellion of Jews under Roman domination ( 66-74 AD ). From this prophecy by Daniel, we understand that the Messiah was to come before the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 AD. Therefore any Messiah that appears for the first time after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 AD is a pseudoMessiah. This prophecy conclusively proves that Jesus is the only true Messiah.

There is no gap between the first 7 sevens and the second sixty and two sevens. But there is a gap of time between the second sixty-two sevens and the last one seven or the 70th seven. This gap occurs at the end of the 69th week. This gap of time is variously named by biblical scholars as the Timeless Period, the Church Age, the Gentile Interlude, the Mysterion or simply the Gap, each of which reflects and is descriptive of some of its aspects. A whole lot of events have transpired in this gap of time. As we have mentioned, the Second Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah was destroyed in 70 AD, and the Jews scattered all over the world, the so called Diaspora. Within this period the New Covenant was established on the day of Passover, the Last Super, in the upper Room on Mount Zion, and the Church was instituted on the day of Pentecost in Jerusalem. Within this period also, the First World War occurred ( 1914-1918 ). Within this period also, Adolf Hitler of cursed memory arose and established the Third Reich. This kingdom is the 7th Beast Empire of Satan that persecuted Israel in exile. It lasted for a short time, a mere twelve years ( 1933-1945 ), according to the prophecy of John the revelator. “And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth. And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space.” ( Rev.17:9-10‬ ‭).

Adolf Hitler led the whole world into the Second World War in which an estimated 45-60 million people perished. During the Second World War, Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler exterminated 6 million Jews in gas chambers and crematoria he built all over Eastern and parts of western Europe, 2 millions of whom were Jewish children whose lives were snuffed out in the embryo. Within this gap also Israel arose from the ashes of the Holocaust like the proverbial Phoenix and reconstituted itself as an independent nation on 14th May, 1948, following the end of the British Mandate over Palestine. We are now in this gap of time which shall be abruptly brought to an end by the covenant of peace between the antiMessiah and the many from within Israel. “And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.” ( Dan.9:27‬ ‭). The prophet Isaiah calls it the “covenant with death,” agreement with Sheol ( Hell )”, “refuge in lies,” and “hiding under falsehood.” “Wherefore hear the word of the Lord, ye scornful men, that rule this people which is in Jerusalem. Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:” ( ‭‭Is.28:14-15‬ ‭).

Daniel goes on to inform us that the antiChrist shall break this peace agreement with the many from within Israel at the midpoint of the 70th week. “And in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease.” This division of the 70th week into two equal halves is affirmed by John the revelator in the Scroll Of Revelation. “And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months. And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.” ( Rev.11:1-3‬ ). The treading of the outer court under foot for forty and two months is concurrent with the ministry of the two witnesses, and the allotted time of the antiChrist to reign over the Holy City and the people of God. During this period, the woman hides in the wilderness. “And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child. And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.” ( Rev.12:13-14‬ ‭). Since the Scriptures have given us these two divisions of the 70 week of Daniel, it will be inappropriate, and indeed biblically indefensible for us to create a third division or fourth division in order to accommodate our own preconceived notions of the sequence, time, and timing of End Time events. Without these two divisions of the 70th week of Daniel, it would be difficult to understand the sequential chronology of events in the Olivet Discourse. The second half of the 70th week is further divided into two parts of unknown durations: the Great Tribulation, and the Day Of The Lord.

The extra 75 days divided in two interims of 30 days and 45 days are found in Daniel 12. “And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days. Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.” ( Dan.12:11-12‬ ‭). The 1,260 days, the 1,290 days, and the 1,335 days have the same terminus-a-quo ( starting point ) from the setting up of the abomination that makes desolate at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel. In other words, the 1, 260 days and the 1, 290 days are all comprehended in the 1,335 days. It will be difficult to understand the sequential chronology of the Scroll Of Revelation without these two extra periods of time. Certain events occur within these two extra periods of time without which the Scroll Of Revelation may appear fuzzy.

The other period is the Millennium which is the 1,000-year reign of Christ. “And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.” ( Rev.20:4‬ ‭). The Millennium is synonymous with the New Heaven And The New Earth ( Isa.65:17-25; Rev.21:1 for ). There are some biblical scholars of prophecy that separate the two. This need not be so because what the prophet Isaiah described as the New Heaven And The New Earth is life in the Millennium. After the Millennium will be Eternity future, or what is referred to by some biblical scholars as the Eternal State.

Having outlined the sequential chronology of events in the 70th week of Daniel and beyond, we shall now examine the Scroll Of Revelation to see how it fits perfectly into this chronology. At the end we shall leave the reader to be the judge and to draw his or her own conclusions.

Rev.1 is introductory to the whole Scroll of Revelation. It is the unveiling of the risen Christ, Jesus our Saviour in His glory. “The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto Him, to shew unto His servants things which must shortly come to pass; and He sent and signified it by His angel unto his servant John:” ( Rev.1:1‬ ‭). God the Father gave it to Him to show unto His servants things that must shortly come to pass. It was revealed to Apostle John, the apocalyptist ( revelator ) through the mediation of an angel. We are not told who this angel is nor his regalia and status. It may well be archangel Gabriel, the bringer of good news. It may well be that this angel is Jesus Himself. It was not unusual in the OT to refer to the second person of the Godhead, pre-incarnate Jesus as the angel of the Lord. The Scroll Of Revelation is different from all other epistles because it is a direct communication from Christ to John. Jesus is the author; Apostle John the revelator was His amanuensis. It is the word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ. John was in the spirit and recorded what he saw and heard.

In the evelation are letters addressed to seven churches in Asia Minor. These were actual local assemblies of believers in Jesus Christ that existed at that time. Asia Minor is in present day Turkey. They were not the only ones in Asia Minor at that time. Christ chose them as representatives of all local assemblies of believers at that time, at all times during the Church Age, and more importantly as prototypes ( specimens ) of the local assemblies of believers in the 70th week of Daniel, the last seven years of this Age as we know it. Any local assembly of believers will fit into one of these prototypes at all times, and more so in the 70th week of Daniel. Some of these cities have survived, but the local assemblies have not, which goes to show that the messages have relevance beyond the immediate period and the local assemblies of believers in Jesus referred, and to the body of Christ in the End Times at all locations. The other reason also being that in each epistle, Jesus made reference to His second Coming and reward to overcomers. ( 2:7,11,17, 26-28; 3:5,11-12,21 ). These churches must enter into the 70th week of Daniel, encounter the eschatological antagonist, the antiChrist ( antiMessiah ), overcome his reign of terror, before being raptured and rewarded.

In verse 11, Jesus introduces Himself as the Alpha and Omega. In verse 8, He is quoted as describing Himself as Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the beginning and the ending. In the OT, the Alpha and Omega ( the First and the Last ), the first and last letters of the Greek Alphabets are used to describe the Yahweh of Israel ( Isa.44:6 ). If Jesus were not God, it will be blasphemous for Him to make this claim. The rest of the chapter is the vision of the risen Christ in His glory with seven stars in His right hand, walking in the midst of the seven candlesticks. The seven stars are the angel of the seven churches, and the seven candlesticks are the seven churches or local assemblies themselves. Representative angels of the churches stand before God in His Throne Room in the Temple of God in Heaven. There are also angels that guard these churches here on Earth.

They are also human representatives, the messengers of God, who stand before God as representatives of the churches, and also before men as representatives of God. This dual role puts them in a unique position before God and Man. The symbols and images in this chapter are interpreted to us within the chapter. So, we do not need to look elsewhere for elucidation. His snowy white hair signal righteousness and justice. He is the judge of the whole Earth. God the Father has committed all judgment to Him. His fiery eyes signal His indignation toward sin, evil, wickedness, and all unrighteousness. His golden girdle is indicative of his kingship and royalty. He is the son of David. He is the son of God. He has the Title Deed of the Earth. His legs of brass signal judgment.

Chapters 2 & 3 are descriptions of the condition and state in each of the seven local churches. In each letter, Christ is introduced and certain aspects of His person germane to the local assembly is revealed. The condition of the local assembly is stated. The church is commended or condemned. A recommendation is made and an invitation is extended to the local assembly to overcome with respect to the soon coming of the Lord. “He that has ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches.” In relation to the coming of the Lord, any local assembly will fall into one of these seven categories. It also refers to individual Christians. Local assemblies as well as individual Christians could fall into one of these seven categories. The seven churches could be further broken down into three categories: faithful and uncompromising as exemplified by the church of Philadelphia and perhaps the church of Smyrna, the dead church or Christian as exemplified by the church of Sardis, and the unfaithful and compromising church or Christian exemplified by the church of Thyatira. Five of the churches are unfaithful and compromising. The majority of believers are unfaithful and compromising. Few are spiritually dead though they exhibit all the paraphernalia of religion. They have not the life of the Son Of God. They call Jesus Lord, Lord, but do not seek nor obey His will. They know nothing about God’s will for their lives and are not careful to walk in the light of His word. Majority of them will take the Mark Of Beast without bathing an eye. They are so much into the world and the world into them. However, there is a segment of them that will repent and accept Jesus as their personal Lord and Saviour and die for their faith in Him. This will be an uphill task. We must began now to examine ourselves, and make the necessary adjustments in order that we may not be caught off guard. Few are faithful and uncompromising. The Church of Philadelphia and perhaps the Churchof Smyrna depending on one’s view, are the only one or two local assemblies which received unqualified commendations. Such will be the conditions in the churches and the state of individual Christians prior to and into the 70th week of Daniel. In the light of these, it behoves us to examine ourselves whether we are in the faith, and to upgrade accordingly.

Revelation is a book of sevens. There are seven churches, seven benedictions, seven heads, seven mountains, seven horns and seven eyes, seven thunders, seven seals, seven trumpets, seven bowls, seven kings, etc. Seven is the number of perfection and completeness. God is about to bring history to a consummate end. There are some that interpret the seven churches to represent seven church ages. This cannot be biblically substantiated. Who determines when one age ends and the other begins? What are the criteria? There are others that teach that each of the seven churches corresponds to the seven years of the 70th week. This view too, like the first cannot be biblically substantiated. It will turn the chronology of the End Times on its head, as it would mean that the last church, the church of Laodecia shall be here till the last year of the 70th week which perhaps would be the sixth trumpet judgment. Why the lukewarm Church instead of the dead Church, the Church of Sardis. This kind of interpretation does violence to the Scriptures. It is biblically unjustified.

Chapters 4 & 5 are a heavenly scene. The revelator, Apostle John is invited into the Throne Room of God in the heavenly Temple. In chapter 4, the Throne Room is described. God the Father is seated on the Throne enveloped in glory like the rainbow. Roundabout His Throne are twenty and four other thrones on which are seated twenty and four elders. Roundabout and in the midst of the Throne are four living creatures with the appearance of lion, calf, the face of man and the fourth like a flying eagle which are representative of all creatures, domestic animals, wild animals, man, and the fowls of the heavens. These are actually angels which continually worship the thrice holy God, saying, Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come. There are some pretribs that teach that the Rapture occurs when Apostle John, the revelator, was invited into the Throne Room in heaven. This also is a strained interpretation which cannot be biblically substantiated.

In chapter 5, God the Father is seated on the Throne with the seven sealed Scroll in His hand. A search was conducted in Heaven and on Earth, no man was found worthy to break the seven seals of the Scroll and to open the Scroll. Apostle John, the revelator wept sore. One of the elders consoled him, saying, ” weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the root of David, hath prevailed to open the Scroll, and to break the seven seals thereof” ( 5 ). Christ was seen standing in the midst of the Throne , the four living creatures, and of the twenty and four elders, like a lamb slain, having seven horns and seven eyes which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the Earth. Jesus is our kinsman redeemer, the goel. He came, he conquered. He has prevailed. He is God the Father’s Son and representative in the earthly realm of His universal kingdom. He is the last Adam, and the second man, the Lord from the heavens ( 1 Cor.15:47 ). He has the right of primogeniture. He has right to the title deed of the Earth, as the Son of God, the Son Of Man, and the heir to the throne of David. He is the perfect God-Man. He is the heavenly archetypal man. Seven is the number of divine perfection. Eyes signal intelligence and horns power and authority. Seven eyes and seven horns signal perfect intelligence, understanding, knowledge, wisdom, and authority and power. The seven spirits of God signal divine perfection. Jesus is in perfect harmony with the Father and the Holy Spirit. The seven sealed Scroll is the Title Deed of the Earth. The Earth was leased to Adam not sold for six days each of corresponds to a millennium. “But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.” ( 2 Peter‬ ‭3:8‬ ‭). The Title Deed of the Earth is in heaven. God is the possessor of the heavens and the Earth. “And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:” ( Genesis‬ ‭14:18-19 ). The Earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof. “The earth is the Lord’s, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein. For he hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods.” ( Psalms‬ ‭24:1-2‬ ‭).

No one else could take that seven-sealed Scroll and break the seals. The seals are on the exterior of the Scroll. They have to be broken before the contents of the Scroll can be accessed. The seals are conditions to be met before the Scroll can be opened. He has vacated His seat on the right hand of the Majesty in the heavens. He is about to return to the Earth to reclaim God’s rule over the Earth usurped by Satan. The lease to Adam usurped by Satan will soon expire at the end of the sixth millennium. The seventh millennium will be the Shabbat of the Lord. When He took the Scroll, there was jubilation in heaven. The four living creatures and the four and twenty elders began to harp praises to Him. Vials of odors containing sweet incense of prayers of the saints were offered to Him. They were joined by innumerable angels and indeed all creation in a universal orchestra singing a doxology to God the Son. The redeemed saints are conspicuously absent which argues against the notion that the rapture occurred in Rev.4:1. After the raptured occurred in Rev.7, the redeemed saints are conspicuously present in the heavenly scenes in Rev.14 & 15.

We can see that the first five chapters of the Scroll Of Revelation form an introduction and a background to the whole Scroll. Chapter 6 introduces us to the 70th week of Daniel, the beginning of the chronology of the Scroll Of Reveation. The 70th week of Daniel is divided into two equal halves of three and one-half years each, 42 months or 1,260 days. The Jewish calendar which is lunar began from day one of the creation of man. Each month is 30 days, and each year is 360 days. So, three and one-half years will be 42 months or 1,260 days.

Revelation 6 is dualistic in nature in that it reveals both heavenly and earthly scenes. Christ is standing in the midst of the Throne Room in the Temple in heaven. He has taken the seven-sealed Scroll from the Father. He breaks a seal, and certain events unfold here on Earth. The first four seals are supervised by the four living creatures in the Throne Room in the Temple in heaven. God is in sovereign control, but He is not responsible for the evils that are accomplished by the first four seals. God does permit evil in His Universe, but He does not approve of neither does He perpetrate evil. These are human activities orchestrated by Satan and his human and angelic minions that eventuate in man’s inhumanity to man. These are not the wrath of God at all ( Rev.6:17 ). The wrath of God does not begin until the breaking of the seventh seal ( Rev.8:1 & ff). They are the wrath of Satan administered by man ( Rev.12:12 ). They are consecutive and progressive.

Revelation 6 parallels the Olivet Discourse or prophecy in Matt.24. The first seal is the emergence of false christs and the ultimate false christ, the antiChrist, the rider upon a white horse ( 1,2; Matt.24:4,5 ). He has a bow but there are no arrows in it. This is subtle peace diplomacy by the antiChrist to gain control of world domination. He shall go forth conquering and to conquer through false peace alliances. He signs a seven year peace treaty with the many from within Israel, and stations a protection force in Israel to protect the Jewish state ( Dan.9:27a ). This is the terminus-a-quo ( starting point ) of The 70th week of Daniel. He tries to gain world domination through political intrigue. It fails because not all nations will be deceived and worn over by false peace alliances.

The next movement is a rider upon a red horse which signals wars, commotions, rumours and threats of wars ( 3,4; Matt.24:6,7a ). He tries to conquer weaker nations which rebuff his peace overtures by war. The third seal which brings the first three and one half years to a close is the natural consequence of wars, which are famines, pestilence or plagues, and earthquakes ( 5,6, Matt.24:7b ). The first three and one half years is termed the beginning of sorrows or the beginning of birth pangs in the Olivet prophecy ( Matt.24:8 ). These three seals are like the early stage of labor pain in a woman about to give birth. The last stages of labor are the real travail as the woman travails in pain to give birth.

The fourth seal begins at the midpoint of the 70th week. The fourth seal is Death and Hell ( 7,8; Matt.24:9-26 ). This is the Great Tribulation. The fifth seal is a bit unique in that it is entirely a heavenly scene, a reflection of the killings going on here on Earth under the fourth seal ( 9,10,11 ). It is concurrent and simultaneous with the fourth. The souls of those who were killed for the word of God and the testimony which they held are arriving in heaven and are quartered under the golden altar of incense in the heavenly temple from where they make their plea of vengeance to God. God answered in the affirmative. But they have to wait until their number is complete. There is a complement of believer to be martyred. When that number is complete, God interrupts the Great Tribulation, the killing of the saints going on here on Earth, perpetrated by the antiChrist and his cronies, with cosmocelestial disturbances in order to save some saints alive for Rapture ( Matt.24:22 ). The fifth seal has no parallel in the Olivet Discourse in that the Olivet Discourse reveals only earthly events. It does not reveal what is going on in the Throne Room in the Temple of God in Heaven. At the time they make their plea in heaven, the killings under the fourth seal was still going on Earth. So, the fifth seal is coincident with the fourth.

There is a complement of believers to be martyred. When that number is complete, God amputates the Great Tribulation with cosmocelestial disturbances which is the sixth seal ( 12,13,14; Matt.24:29 ). Therefore the fifth seal promises the wrath of God. On the other hand, the sixth seal portends the wrath of God. The sixth seal is preceded by a series of massive universal earthquakes. The sun will be darkened, the moon will not give its light. The sun will most probably become sunspot. Meteorites, comets and asteroids will fall from the heavens. This will throw the Earth into utter darkness and confusion. Communications will be disrupted by the CMEs ( coronal mass ejections), EMPs ( electromagnetic pulse waves ) from the sunspot which will throw asteroids, comets, and meteorites to the Earth, causing wild fires and devastations. Temperatures will drop very rapidly, and the Earth will be frozen. How long this phenomenon will last, we are not told. It will be one long night as time will fail. When the Shekinah appears and dispels the darkness and defrosts the Earth, the New Moon may be revealed. It will be Yom Teruah, the blowing of the trumpet at the sighting of the New Moon. The sixth seal signals that the wrath of God is about to begin. Men will throw away their idols, images of the Beast they have made in gold, silver, precious metals and stones, iron, and wood, to seek non-existent refuge in the rocks and the mountains. The humanists, evolutionists, and atheists will know instinctively that God is about to punish them for their evils. They are not able to stand the wrath of the Lamb ( 15,16,17; Isa.2:18-22 ).

There is an interlude between the sixth and the seventh seals. This interlude protects from the wrath of God. During this interlude, the Shekinah appears in the heavens. God dispatches His angels with the great sound of a trumpet to gather His elect from the four winds of the earth ( Matt.24:31 ). But before the dead believers resurrect and the surviving ones are raptured, the 144,000, 12,000 from each of the twelve tribes of Israel are brought into saving relationship with the God of Israel and sealed with the seal of the Almighty God ( Rev.7:1-8; 14:1 ). The essence of this seal is to protect them from the impending wrath of God. How can they be sealed with the seal of God if they are not brought into a saving relationship with God? How can they be sealed if they do not belong to God? Seals are for authenticity, protection, preservation, genuineness, the real McCoy. God will not leave Himself without a witness on Earth. The church is taken away, the 144,000 become God witnesses on Earth. It is like the handing over of a baton in a relay race. This will logically, sequentially, and chronologically lead us to Rev. 7.

The pretribs err in starting the wrath of God from the commencement of the 70th week of Daniel. In doing so they failed to distinguish the wrath of Satan ( Rev.12:12,13,17 ) from the wrath of God ( Rev.6:15-17 ). The wrath of Satan is against the believers in Christ and others who reject the mark of the Beast, whilst the wrath of God is against the unbelievers who accept the mark of the Beast. Which one comes first? The wrath of Satan. God will recompense Tribulation ( the wrath of God ) to those who trouble ( the Great Tribulation) us believers during the Great Tribulation. Therefore the wrath of God must be preceded by the Great Tribulation.

“Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you; And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels, In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; When he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed) in that day.” ( 2 Thessalonians‬ ‭1:6-10‬ ).

If the Church is raptured before the commencement of the 70th week of Daniel, then the 144,000 from the twelve tribes of Israel must also be sealed before the beginning of the 70th week because they have to take over from the Church as God’s representatives on the earthly domain of His universal kingdom: a very tall order. God will not leave Himself without a witness on Earth. The 144,000 must take over from the Church. Israel handed over the baton to the Church in 32 AD before going into exile in 70 AD. The Church must also hand over the baton to Israel before being raptured into heaven. These two events that occur in the interlude between the sixth and the seventh seals are preceded by a third event, the appearance of the The Shekinah in the Heavens which is the visible presence of God. Every eye shall see Him ( Rev.1:7; Matt.24:30 ). Pretribs do not make the argument that the 144,000 must be sealed before the commencement of the 70th week of Daniel for the simple reason that the central pillar of pretribulationism is imminence. Imminence means that no prophesied event must occur before the rapture can take place, in other words, the rapture can occur at any moment. If the 144,000 are sealed before the raptures occurs, then the doctrine of imminence is invalidated because it will no longer be signless. The truth is that neither of these two events occur until shortly before the breaking of the seventh seal in Rev.8.

In Rev.7, the 144,000 are sealed for protection ( 1-8 ) and the church is raptured ( 9-17 ), an innumerable multitude which no man could number from all tribes, tongues, and nations, who came out of the Great Tribulation. This innumerable multitude could not all have been martyred in the short period of the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist, neither does the Scripture say they were all martyrs. If the Church has been raptured pretribulationally how can we account for this innumerable company of men and women from all tribes and tongues? How can we account for the fifth seal martyrs who are quartered under the golden altar of incense in heaven from where they make a plea of vengeance to God? If the Church has been raptured, when will the so called Tribulation Saints rise from the dead? The very same day the Church is raptured, the seventh seal will be broken, and the wrath of God begins. God cannot recompense Tribulation ( the wrath of God in the Day Of The Lord ) to them until they have troubled us during the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist. As it was in the days of Noah, so shall it be in the day when the Son Of Man is revealed. The same day Noah entered the Ark, rain deluged the heavens and the Earth. “But as the days of Noah were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark, And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.” ( Matt.24:37-39‬ ‭).

After the interlude between sixth and seventh seals is the beginning of the wrath of God in the Day Of The Lord or the Day Of His Wrath in Rev.8. Rev.8 & 9 consist of the first six trumpet judgments. In Rev.8, the seventh seal is broken, and there emerges seven avenging angels bearing the seven trumpets. The wrath of God consists of the seven trumpets and seven bowls. The seven bowls are contained in the seventh trumpet. Both the trumpets and the bowls are sequential, consecutive and progressive. The nature and mode of administration permit no overlap. The first four trumpets are more or less general. The last three trumpets target those with the mark of the Beast. The fifth trumpet consists of demonic locusts from the bottomless pit that afflicts those with the mark of the Beast without killing them outright. It lasts about five months. The head of these demonic locust is the king and the angel of the abyss called Abaddon in Hebrew or Apollyon in Greek. Both names mean the same thing; destruction or destroyer. These locusts are fallen evil angelic beings which did not keep their first estate, but left their habitation, and cohabited with human females, giving rise to a new species of hybrid humans ( humanoids or transhumans ) called the nephelim ( Gen.6:1-8; Jude 6 ).

“For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked:” ( 2 Peter‬ ‭2:4-7‬ ‭). They are humanoids or transhumans. After the destruction of the antediluvian world, they and their offspring were incarcerated in chains under darkness awaiting the judgment of the Great Day Of The Lord ( Jude 6 ). Human spirits are not sent to the abyss at the severance of the body from the spirit and soul. They either go to paradise or Hell. In the OT dispensation, paradise was part of the underworld of the dead. After Jesus rose from the dead, the OT saints were taken to heaven. Paradise is now synonymous with heaven. Today, the departed saints go straight to heaven. The OT paradise is now either empty or nonexistent.

The End Of The fifth trumpet is the first woe. The last three trumpets, fifth, sixth, and seventh are called the three woes. They are more severe. The sounding of the sixth trumpet results in the release of the four fallen evil angels imprisoned in the Euphrates River for an hour, a day, a month, and a year by the sixth avenging angel which resulted in the raising of innumerable number of armored and mechanized divisions of soldiers. These demonic killing machines spewing fire from before and behind ( the rear end ) wiped out a third of the human population. These are probably demonized robotic amoured vehicles. This should not surprise us because man-machine meld through AI ( artificial intelligence ) is anti-God. This punishment, however, did not bring repentance to the surviving wicked earth-dwellers and worshippers and adorers of the antiMessiah. The sixth trumpet brings the 70th week to a close.

Like there is an interlude between the sixth and the seventh seals, there is also an interlude of about seven days between the sixth trumpet and the sounding of the seventh. How do we know that it is about seven days? We shall see from the Scriptures.

The 70th week has come to a close. Three of the six things to be accomplished within the 70 weeks of Daniel dealing with sin are now over. Three of these things are: to finish the transgression, to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity ( Dan.9:24 ). The other three involving the institution of the righteous reign of Christ, to bring in everlasting righteousness, seal up the vision and the prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy, shall be accomplished in the Millennium. The remnants of Israel who did not take the mark of the Beast were not exempt from the wrath of God in the trumpet judgments. The reason is that the Great Tribulation was not sufficient to clease them from the defilement of sin. It was enough to purify the Church which has been washed by the blood of the Lamb. Therefore the remnants of Israel had to go through the trumpet judgments to purge, purify, and cleanse them from sin, to bring them to their knees by breaking their power to trust in themselves to accept Jesus as their personal Lord and Saviour, the much awaited Messiah of Israel.

It is after this horrible experience that they shall be broken, accept Jesus as their Messiah, look upon Him whom they have pierced and be washed with His blood. No man can enter heaven who has not been washed with the blood of the Lamb. And no man can be washed with the blood of the Lamb without acknowledging the Lordship of Jesus. Prior confession of the Lordship of Jesus and purification with the blood of the Lamb are preludial to acceptance and entrance into heaven. “But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:) Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.) But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach; That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.” ( Rom.10:6-11‬ ‭).

But they are exempt from the bowl judgments. Therefore they have to be reconciled to God before the blowing of the seventh trumpet which contains the seven last bowl judgments. Christ has to rescue them personally. He is the mighty or strong angel of Rev.10 who came down from heaven with the Small Scroll. He is the breaker who shall remove every obstacle. “The breaker is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the Lord on the head of them.” ( Micah‬ ‭2:13‬ ‭).

Summary Of Parentheses ( Rev.10-14 )

Rev.10-14 are parenthetical in that the narrative does not immediately advance to the end of the sixth trumpet and the blowing of the seventh. As a result, some bible teachers and commentators say that the Scroll of Revelation is not chronological and proceed to chop it up and to refit it into their own preconceived notions. This is a wrong approach to the study of the Scroll of Revelation.

The 70th week is now over. John the revelator pauses the narrative to provide periscopes on the major dramatic personae. In Rev.10, Christ, the chief dramatic persona, the protagonist is depicted as a strong angel with the Small Scroll from the heavenly Mount Zion to the earthly Mount Zion for the spiritual salvation of the remnants of Israel. In Rev.11, His two special servants, the two witnesses are introduced, and their ministry is narrated. In Rev.12, the Chief eschatological antagonist, the old serpent, also called the Dragon is embroiled in an internecine cosmic conflict with archangel Michael. In Rev. 13, his two special minions, the two Beasts, the first and the second Beasts, the antiChrist and the False prophet are presented with a brief summary of their careers. In Rev.14, Christ appears on the earthly Mount Zion with the 144,000 and other Jews who survived the first six trumpet judgments whom He rescued from the Edomite wilderness, the Judaean wilderness, the remnants from Assyria and Egypt, and the survivors from Jerusalem and its environs. Here on Mount Zion, the remnants of Israel are reconciled to God on the third day of the 30-day Reclamation Period which is the period of national mourning and cleansing. The nation Israel mourned for both Aaron and Moses 30 days each ( Num.20:29; Deut.34:8 ). In Rev.14 Christ to whom God has committed all judgments is depicted as an angel sitting on the cloud of glory with a sickle which signal judgment of God on the wicked earth-dwellers which has already begun in the trumpet judgments. The final phase of the wrath of God ends in bloodbath at Armageddon. Rev.15 is prelude to the seven bowl judgments which begin in Rev.16, and end in Rev.20 with the incarceration of Satan, the old serpent, the supreme personality of evil in the bottomless pit for a thousand years.

The Small Scroll of Rev.10 is the Seven Sealed Scroll of Rev.5 with the exterior seven seals broken in Rev.6-8:1-5, and part of the internal contents dispensed with in the outpouring of the wrath of God in the first six trumpet judgments in Rev.8:6-9:21. There is a lot of arguments as to the identity of this mighty or strong angel. He has been variously identified by biblical scholars of prophecy. This needs not be so. If Jesus is the only one qualified to break the seven seals of the Seven Sealed Scroll and to open it, He is also the only one qualified to handle the Small Scroll. Angels and men are not permitted to swear, only God, and that by Himself (Matt.5:33-37; Heb.6: 13-20 ). When the seventh trumpet is blown, the mystery of God shall be finished as He spoke to His servants the prophets when God shall complete the spiritual kingdom of God by the salvation of the remnants of Israel. Here in Rev.10 Jesus is seen, coming down from the Heavenly Mount Zion from where He broke the seven seals to the earthly Mount Zion for the spiritual salvation of the remnants of Israel. “And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the Lord.” ( Isa.59:20‬ ‭). “And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:” ( Rom.11:26‬ ‭).

“So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.” ( Heb.9:28‬ ). This verse speaks of the spiritual salvation of the remnant of Israel that have survived the 70th week having passed through and purified by the first six trumpets of the wrath of God. They will see Him physically here on Earth when He comes to rescue them before the outpouring of the seven bowl judgments.

He does not come directly to the earthly Mount Zion from the heavenly Mount Zion. He comes to the 144,000 who are sealed with the seal of God prior to the rapture of the Church and the breaking of the seventh seal and the accompanying outpouring of the wrath of God in the trumpet judgments who are hiding in the red rose city of Petra in the Edomite wilderness. He leads them on foot up north along the banks of the Dead Sea across the river Jordan, through the Judaean wildernesses. They are joined by the remnants of Israel who have been given opportunity to fight back against the antiChrist after he has been incapacitated by the Christ at His appearing in the heavens after the breaking of the sixth seal. “And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming:” ( 2 Thessalonians‬ ‭2:8‬ ‭).

After the appearance of the Shekinah in the heavens, the antiChrist shall be paralyzed, masterly inactivated. And the Jewish resistance that have been waging guerrilla war against him in the Judaean wilderness and in and around Jerusalem shall be empowered and emboldened by the news of the arrival of the Messiah of Israel. “In that day shall the Lord defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that is feeble among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David shall be as God, as the angel of the Lord before them.” ( Zech.12:8‬ ‭). Together with the remnants of Israel from the vicinity of Jerusalem, and those from Assyria and Egypt, who have heard that the Messiah has come, they journey on foot to Mount Zion. On the third day which is Day 3 of the 30-Day Reclamation Period, the mystery of God is finished as the remnants of Israel are brought to a saving knowledge of the Messiah of Israel, thus completing the spiritual kingdom of God. They shall see that their long awaited Messiah has nail-pierced hands. They shall be feeled with remorse of conscience, and become mournful and penitent.

“And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon Me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for Him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for Him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddo. And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart; The family of the house of Levi apart, and their wives apart; the family of Shimei apart, and their wives apart; All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart.” ( Zech.12:10-14‬ ).

For the first two days, Israel is in mourning and weeping, on the third day they are reconciled to the Messiah. “Come, and let us return unto the Lord: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the Lord: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth.” ( Hos.6:1-3‬ ‭). Thusly, the mystery of God is finished as the spiritual kingdom of God is complete.

As we have pointed out previously, a very good piece of literature has flashbacks, parentheses, and periscopes. A very important event occurs on the fourth day of the 30-Day Reclamation Period. It is the resurrection and the ascension of the two witnesses into heaven. Apostle John the apocalyptist has not introduced us to their ministry that began at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel. So, the revelator takes us back to the commencement of their ministry at the midpoint of the 70th week when the antiMessiah makes his debut at the rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, desecrates the Temple by the importation of his image into the Holy Of Holies, deifies himself and demands worship of all mortals. This is the abomination that makes desolate and is concurrent and coincident with the surrounding of Jerusalem with the armies of the antiChrist in what is called the Jerusalem Campaign. “When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)” ( Matt.24:15‬ ‭). “And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh.” ( Luk.21:20‬ ‭).

The revelator is given a reed to measure the Rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem and the worshippers therein. This event occurs at the Gentile takeover of the rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem at the midpoint of the 70th Seven of Daniel. He is instructed to leave out the outer court which is given to the Gentiles to thread underfoot forty and two months. The two witnesses are anointed of God to minister for the same length of time, given in days which is 1,260 days.

There is some argument as to the time and location of the ministry of the two witnesses. Some biblical scholars locate it in the first half of the 70th week which is biblically indefensible, but the majority put it in the second half which is biblically defensible. If their ministry occurs in the first half of the 70th week, then they will be killed precisely at the midpoint of the 70th week when the antiChrist makes his debut at the rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. Sounds reasonable, but there are lots of problem with that view. Who will they be antagonizing in the first half of the 70th week of Daniel? They shall rise from the dead on the 4th day of the Second Half of the 70th week which is the commencement of the Great Tribulation. This is utter nonsense. The essence of the ministry of the two witnesses is to provide encouragement to the saints during the horrors of the Great Tribulation. This aim will be defeated if they are killed on the first day of the Great Tribulation and raised from the dead three and one half days later on the 4th day of the second half of the 70th week of Daniel which is also the 4th day of the Great Tribulation.

Of late, some have straddled the ministry of the two witnesses between the first and second half of the 70th week, thusly, creating a third division of the 70th week of Daniel. This is biblically indefensible. There is no such division of the 70th week into three parts. The reason they adduce for this placement is that the two witnesses are Christians and cannot be left behind after the rapture. So, they locate their ministry in such a way as to make their resurrection and ascension into heaven correspond with the Prewrath Rapture of the saints. They are prewrathers that hold such view. This view is borne more out of sentiments than any solid biblical evidence. There is no evidence that the two witnesses are Christians as we are today. Obviously they are Jewish. Their ministry is restricted more or less to the Temple Mount in Jerusalem right under the noses of the antiChrist and his enforcer, the false prophet who is also called the second beast. They mirror OT figures, Moses and Elijah, or some others with their spirits and anointing. No doubt they believe in the Messiah who is Jesus. Apart from spewing fire on their detractors and antagonists, the content of their message are the three angelic announcements.

“And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters. And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication. And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name. Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.” ( Rev.14:6-12‬ ‭).

Their message is one of Judgment. The living wicked earth-dwellers see them as God’s ambassadors and messengers of terror, hence they rejoice at their demise. Those who straddle the ministry of the two witnesses between the two halves of the 70th seven forget that timing the ministry of the two witnesses in such a way as to make their resurrection and ascension into heaven correspond with the rapture will lead to date setting for the rapture, a date which the Son of God does not know nor the angels but the Father only. From the starting point of their ministry, the day and the hour of the Rapture can be calculated; it will be 1,260 + 4 = 1,264 days. This is rediculous. “But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.” ( Matt.24:36‬ ‭). Once they are killed by the antiChrist, they will rise from the dead three and one half days after.

The other reason is that they do not believe that the antiChrist can kill the two witnesses once the Day Of The Lord has begun. This view is also myopic and parochial; for the antiChrist can still gather his forces for the battle of Armageddon several years after the rapture. They also argue that the gathering of the armies of the kings of the nations at Armageddon is done by the three spirits like frogs from the mouths of the Satanic trinity, Satan, antiChrist, and the false prophet. They forget that demons do not have physical bodies, and therefore cannot directly relate to the external physical environments without the possession of intermediate physical objects. They rule by proxy. The antiChrist himself is possessed of Satan, the supreme personality of evil. These armies have officers, captains, generals, and commanders from whom they receive orders. Those are the ones these demons will possess to effective the gathering of the armies of the nations at Armageddon. Every army matches at the behest of its commander not some invisible evil spirits. A king who can gather his armies to fight is not altogether powerless. The antiChrist does not lose control of Jerusalem until Armageddon. So, he can still kill the two witnesses whose ministry is in the land of Israel, in the vicinity of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, the headquarters of the antiChrist at the expiry of their ministry, when divine protection is withdrawn.

The other reason this view is unbiblical is that the death of the two witnesses marks the end of he 70th week of Daniel, and their resurrection and ascension into heaven on the fourth day of the 30-Day Reclamation Period marks the end of the sixth trumpet which is the second woe.

“And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them. And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves. And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth. And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them. And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them. And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven. The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.” ( Rev.11:7-14‬ ‭).

How can anyone separate the resurrection of the two witnesses from the second woe? Does the second woe occur at the Rapture of the Church? Impossible! The ministry of the two witnesses expires on the last day of the 70th week. They are killed on that day or early on the first day of the 30-Day Reclamation Period. Their resurrection and ascension into heaven occur three and one half days later which is late afternoon or early evening of the fourth day of the 30-Day Reclamation Period. This event is accompanied by a horrific earthquake in Jerusalem which destroys a tenth of the city with seven thousand fatalities. By this means God signals to the antiMessiah and his cronies that because you have murdered my servants, there is Hell to pay. This event marks the second woe.

“And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven. The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.” Rev. ( 11:13-14‬ ‭).

Rev. 12 is also a flash back, a parenthesis of sort. The flashback here is outside the Scroll Of Revelation to the first advent of Christ, His incarnation. The pregnant woman with gravid uterus is Israel as a nation. She is clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet. In her hand are twelve stars. In Mideast mythology, the sun is male, the moon, female, and the stars are their male offspring. The sun is Jacob, the father of the twelve patriarchs of Israel, the moon is their mother, the wives of Jacob, Leah, Rachel, Bilhah and Zilpah, subsumed in one figure, and the twelve stars are the twelve patriarchs of Israel ( Gen.29-31, 35, 37 ). The male child is Infant Jesus. That the Dragon drew one third of the stars with his tail refers to the satanic rebellion in eternity past when Satan rebelled against God and convinced a third of the angels in heaven to join in his revolt against God. Stars also refer to the angels of God as also seen in Rev.9:1. Therefore the context determines the meaning. The dragon ready to devour Him is Satan in the person of Herod the Great ( Matt.2:1-23 ). Satan has no physical body with which to relate to the external physical environment. He operates by proxy. He possessed Herod the Great in order to devour the Man Child, Jesus. That the woman pained to be delivered is the travail of the nation of Israel under Roman domination. That the male child was caught up into heaven signals the flight into Egypt and His subsequent resurrection and ascension into heaven.

In verse 7, there is also a another flashback to the midpoint of the 70th week. This is to show us that before the antiChrist metamorphoses into deity, he must be indewlt by Satan who is cast down to the Earth in the cosmic war by Michael the archangel of God in charge of war, and the angels of God under his command. Michael is the angel that fights for the people of God, the children of Israel and the Christians, the followers of Christ who also are spiritually children of Israel. After this heavenly battle in which archangel Michael defeats Satan and his fallen evil angels, and casts them down to the Earth, he will “amad,” that is stand aside or stand still or desist from restraining the Dragon. Until the restrainer is removed, there can be no Great Tribulation ( Dan.12:1 ).

“And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time. For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.” ( 2 Thess.2:6-10‬ ‭).

When Satan is cast down to the Earth, he becomes very angry knowing that he has but a short time before he is cast into the bottomless pit where he will be incarcerated for a thousand years ( Rev.20:1-3 ).

“Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time. And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child.” ( Rev.12:12-13‬ ‭). Until Satan is cast down to the Earth, he indwells the antiChrist, and the archangel Michael “amads,” there can be no Great Tribulation. “And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book. And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.” ( Daniel‬ ‭12:1-3‬ ‭).

This confluent of events is the catalyst that sparks the Great Tribulation. This event occurs precisely at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel. Remember that the Great Tribulation is described as the persecution of the woman, Israel, who has two offspring, those who keep the commandments of God, the observant Jews, and the others, the Christians, those who have the testimony of Jesus. This proves conclusively that the Gentile believers in Jesus the Christ are spiritual offspring of the woman, Israel, and will partake of the time of her persecution, the Great Tribulation, the time of Jacob’s trouble. In this way also, God’s promise to Abraham that his children will be as the stars of heaven in multitude, and the sand which is by the seashore innumerable is fulfilled ( Gen.13:16; 15:5,6; Heb.11:11,12 ). The sons of faith in Christ Jesus are the sons of Abraham irrespective of their ethnicity and color. Ismael and his descendants, both physical and spiritual are not the children of promise.

The Dragon is angry with the woman who is given two wings of a great eagle to fly into the wilderness. This indicates the swiftness with which the woman, the remnants of Israel, the 144,000 as well as other observant Jews and some believers in the land of Israel who understand the times and epochs will flee into the wilderness at the start of the Great Tribulation at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel. “But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let them that be in Judaea flee to the mountains: And let him that is on the housetop not go down into the house, neither enter therein, to take any thing out of his house: And let him that is in the field not turn back again for to take up his garment.” ( Mark‬ ‭13:14-16‬ ‭). There will be no time to waste. It will be dangerous to delay and dilly-dally or to equivocate and vacillate: remember Lot’s wife ( Gen.19:26 ). During the Jewish Revolt against Roman domination ( 66-74 AD ), some Christians in the land of Israel who had knowledge of the times and epochs fled to Pella which is modern day red rose city of Petra in present Jordan to escape Roman persecution and slavery.

He poured out water from his mouth to drown the woman. This is an attempt to destroy the Jews and Christians who flee to the Edomite wilderness and Judaean wilderness. This attempt will be foiled by God by some supernatural means. The soldiers of the antiChrist sent after them to destroy them shall be swallowed up by earthquakes. If waters actually signal a literal flood, then they flood waters will be swallowed up by sinkholes miraculously opened up by God. When he failed to lay hands on the woman, he goes to wage war with the remnant of her seed who keep the commandments of God ( observant Jews who reject the mark of the Beast ), and have the testimony of Jesus Christ [ believers ( Jews and Gentiles) who reject the mark of the Beast ], who did not escape into the Judaean wilderness or the Edomite wilderness.

Rev.13 is also a flashback and a periscope on the career of the antiChrist and his enforcer, the second beast, the false prophet. The Beast that rose up out of the sea of humanity and the underworld of the dead with seven heads and ten horns is the antiChrist. There is a resemblance between the Dragon, Satan, and the First Beast, the antiChrist in that both have seven heads and ten horns with ten crowns. Satan is a spirit and is physically invisible. The antiMessiah is humanoid and visible. Satan has no physical body with which to relate to the external physical environment. He rules the Earth by proxy. The Beast is his direct representative on Earth. The seven heads, ten horns, and ten crowns of the Dragon and the Beast are synonymous. Hence the semblance. In the middle of the week when Satan is cast down to the Earth, he will possess the antiChrist. The two will become one.

The antiChrist is a composite personality, a prodigious figure with the characteristics of the heads of the previous seven Beast Empires of Satan that persecuted Israel. The seven heads are the seven previous Beast Empires. Kings and their kingdoms are synonymous, and there is also the phenomenon of double reference. They are Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medopersia, Greece, Rome, and Nazi Germany ( The Third Reich of Adolf Hitler ). In that sense, the antiChrist can be called an Egyptian, an Assyrian, a Babylonian, a Medopersian, a Greek, a Roman, and a Nazi German. The antiMessiah will exhibit the characteristics of any of the worst rulers of these Beast Empires that persecuted Israel in the past. He is also referred to as the Assyrian ( Isa.10:5, 10:24, 14:25; 30:31; 31:8 ). The Assyrians were notorious for their cruel, barbaric, and merciless treatment of war captives, especially the Israelites of the Northern kingdom. In like manner, the antiChrist will acquire notoriety for his persecution of the children of Israel.

Five of these Beasts are clearly depicted in Dan.2 & 7. When the antiChrist and his Eighth Beast Empire are destroyed by the Stone cut out without hand, which will grow into a mountain that shall fill the whole Earth, Christ’s Millennial Kingdom, the whole image of the Beast Empires of Satan came crashing down ( Dan.2:34,35, 44,45 ). This indicates that the life or better still, the spirit of the seven previous Beast Empires is in the Eighth Beast Empire. They will not be totally destroyed until the Eighth Beast Empire is totally destroyed by Christ at Armageddon. Egypt and Assyria were omitted because they were already history at the time of Nebuchadnezzar and Daniel and the seventh Beast Empire, Third Reich is revealed in Rev.17:9,10. These Empires persecuted the Jewish people in exile or took them into exile. Nazi Germany was also probably omitted because it persecuted Israel in exile, without access to the Holy Land, and Israel had the option of accepting Jesus as the Messiah, and the Roman Empire would have metamorphosed into the Eight And Final Beast Empire. The book of Acts of the Apostles is God’s reoffer of the kingdom to Israel after her rejection of the Messiah.

The ten horns are the ten kings of the Eight and Final Beast Empire, the Fourth Reich. The ten kings are contemporaneous with the Beast. They receive power as kings one hour with the Beast. In verse 3, three of the seven previous Beast Empires are named: leopard ( Greece ), bear ( Medopersia ), lion ( Babylon ). This agrees with Dan.7. They are also three of the ten horns. The rest of the ten horns are named in Ezek.38:1-6. They are Magog, Meshech, and Tuval [ Rome ], Cush, Libya, Persia, Gomer, and Togarmah. Media, the Kurdish people of today are omitted because they will not be part of the ten nation confederation of the Eight And Final Beast Empire though they were the architects of the Medopersian Empire. They are found in Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Turkey, with small pockets in Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia. They are a persecuted people. They will be the first to attack Babylon in revenge. They will not regard silver nor delight in gold. Babylon has never been destroyed like Sodom and Gomorrah as predicted by the prophet Isaiah.

“Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and as for gold, they shall not delight in it. Their bows also shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eye shall not spare children. And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldeans’ excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation: neither shall the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall the shepherds make their fold there. But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there. And the wild beasts of the islands shall cry in their desolate houses, and dragons in their pleasant palaces: and her time is near to come, and her days shall not be prolonged.” ( Isaiah‬ ‭13:17-22‬ ‭).

There is no record in history when Babylon was destroyed with fire and brimstone like Sodom and Gomorrah. Therefore the fulfillment of this prophecy awaits future development. Indeed, the destruction of Babylon is part of the Final Seventh Bowl Judgment ( Rev.17,18 ). Babylon shall be rebuilt, come into commercial and religious prominence and be subsequently destroyed with fire and sulphur like Sodom and Gomorrah during the seventh bowl judgment. The Babylonian Empire itself shall never be rebuilt; it is the empire that was.

Verse 3 tells us the Dragon, Satan shall empower the antiChrist after he ( Satan ) is cast down from his abode in the Dark Void at the midpoint of the 70th week by archangel Michael ( Rev.12:7-9 ). Then the antiMessiah will institute his reign of terror. He will be a dead man come back to life. His deadly wound was healed ( v.3 ). He will demand worship of all mortals when he makes his debut at the rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. He will not regard the God of heaven, and will blaspheme His name. He shall set himself up against all that is called God or worshipped ( 2 Thess.2:4 ). His self-apotheosis in the Holy Of Holies Of The Rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem meant for the worship of the Yahweh of Israel is the abomination that maketh desolate spoken of by Daniel the prophet.

“When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains: Let him which is on the housetop not come down to take any thing out of his house: Neither let him which is in the field return back to take his clothes. And woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days! But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day: For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect’s sake those days shall be shortened.” ( Matthew‬ ‭24:15-22‬ ‭).

The living wicked earth-dwellers will worship him and the Dragon that indwells and empowers him. He will make war with the saints and overcome them ( v.7 ). His allotted time of reign of terror is three and one-half years. Those that shall worship him are those whose names are not written in the Lamb’s Scroll Of Life from the foundation of the world.

There is a teaching afloat of late that the antiChrist shall be a Muslim. They call him the Mideast Beast or the Muslim antiChrist. They say he will come from Turkey. They call him the Assyrian. That he is the king of the North. These interpretations are based either on obscure verses of Scripture or on some others which are stretched beyond their elastic credulity. How can the antiChrist be the king of the North when at the time of the end, the king of the North shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he ( antiChrist ) shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over. He is unstoppable by man. Dan. 11:36-39 speaks of the career of the antiChrist. In verse 40, he is attacked by the king of the South and the king of the North. But he cannot be hindered because he is very powerful. He has the most powerful armies at his beck and call, the armies of Magog, Meshech, and Tubal. These are the most sophisticated armies in the world, up-to-date and equipped with the latest in military technology. He is Gog of the land of Magog, the head of Meshech and Tubal ( Ezek.38:1,2 ). The antiChrist is a magogite.

He shall enter into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hands, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon. These are ancient kingdoms from the vicinity of modern day Jordan. They shall escape because they are allied to the antiChrist. But Egypt shall not escape. He will plunder the archeological treasures of Egypt and the wealth of the nation. He shall be helped by the Libyans and the Cushites ( Sudanese ) who are part of his Eight and Final Beast Empire as listed above. But tidings out of the East and out of the North shall trouble him ( antiChrist): therefore he ( antiChrist) shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many ( verse 44 ). He shall transfer his headquarters to Jerusalem at the midpoint of the 70th week. Yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him. Who is the prophet Daniel speaking about here? Is he the king of the North? We have seen the kings of the North, East, and South. But who is the king of the West. Is he not the antiChrist of whom Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the Greek Syrian king was the prefigure? It is time we stop twisting Scriptures to conform to our preconceived notions.

The other flashback in Rev.13 relates to the second beast or the false prophet. His career is concurrent, coincident, and simultaneous with that of the antiChrist to whom he is subordinate; both of them suffer the same fate at Armageddon. They will be seized alive and cast into the lake of fire and sulphur. He is the enforcer of the antiChrist. He receives his power and authority from the antiChrist. He came out of the Earth. He has two horns like a lamb and speaks like a dragon. He is the mouthpiece of the antiMessiah in religious affairs. He exercises all the power of the first Beast, the antiChrist. His commission is to hypnotize and mesmerize men to worship the Beast whose deadly wound was healed. He is the head of the one world religion that worship the Dragon and the Beast. Since his power and authority derive from the first Beast, the antiChrist, his sole aim is to persuade men to worship the Beast and his image. He does a lot of wonders. He has power to give life to the image of the Beast and to cause it to speak. He has power to make fire fall from heaven in the sight of men. By these miracles, signs, and wonders he would persuade men to worship the Dragon and the Beast and His image. He will persuade adherents of his humanistic religion of the antiChrist, to make images of the Beast in gold, silver, precious metals, iron, and wood, every man according to what he can afford to worship in their homes, cars and offices, and to receive the mark of the Beast in the right hand or forehead without which no one would be able to buy or sell. The number 666 is an eighteen digit computer barcode, a social security number of sort that will be harmonized worldwide, with other biometric data specific to the individual and implanted in the forehead or right arm as a mark of allegiance to the antiMessiah which permits the bearers to buy and sell and to engage in other transactions. Our dear brother, Dr Jaiyesimi Gbenga has written a concise article on the harmonization of bank account number, bank verification number ( BVN ), international passport number, driving license number, cell phones numbers into an international hybrid number which shall be implanted hypodermically ( under the skin ) in the right hand or forearm, a radio frequency identity ( RFID ) of sort that shall serve as the Mark Of The Beast. For the purpose of clarity, please consult the article: https://mtzionheritage.com/satans-number-is-up/

Anyone who wears The Mark Of The Beast is hybridized, and has become a cyborg. The wrath of God will abide on him for ever. “And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name. Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.” ( Rev.14:9-12‬ ). This is the third angelic announcement, one of the three warnings made by three angels at the midpoint of the 70th week.

The financial system of the antiChrist will be cashless. Purchases will be made online using this social security number linked to one’s account, and delivery shall be made at one’s door by robots and drones. There will be internet of things ( IOT ).

In Rev.14, Christ is standing on Mount Zion with the 144,000 He rescued from the Edomite wilderness. They were sealed with the seal of the Almighty prior to the rapture of the Church. There are some that teach that it is at this time they are reconciled to God. Nothing could be farther from the truth. If they did not belong to God, they could not have been sealed with the seal of the Almighty in the interlude between the sixth and the seventh seals ( Rev.7:1-8 ). Seals are for protection, ownership, authenticity, and preservation. They were sealed because they belong to God. They belong to God because they are reconciled to Him. This seal is the Father’s name written on their foreheads. They are the firsfruits from the household of Israel unto God. They are members of Christ’s retinue in all of His earthly journeys during His Parousia. Christ is a king; every king moves with an entourage. The 144,000 are His human entourage. If they were not sealed, God would have been without witnesses on Earth in the interim period between the breaking of the 7th seal and the end of the 70th week of Daniel within which the Church is absent from the Earth having been raptured prior to the breaking of the seventh seal.

They have matched with Christ on foot from the Edomite wilderness to Jerusalem for the first two days of the 30-day reclamation period. On the third day they stand with Christ on Mount Zion. On that day, Israel is reconciled to God, thusly completing the spiritual kingdom of God. “Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? or shall a nation be born at once? for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children. Shall I bring to the birth, and not cause to bring forth? saith the Lord: shall I cause to bring forth, and shut the womb? saith thy God.” ( Isaiah‬ ‭66:8-9‬ ‭).

On that day, the mystery of God is finished as He has spoken to His servants the prophets. This is followed by a recapitulation of the three angelic announcements made at the midpoint of the 70th week which constitute the core of message of the ministry of the two witnesses. The remainder of the chapter is a summary of the Final Harvest which has already begun at the breaking of the seventh seal. There is also no consensus as to the identity of the angel with the sharp sickle simply because he is referred to as an angel. In the OT the angel of the Lord is often pre-incarnate Jesus. The fact that he is described as the Son Of Man identifies him as Jesus. The Son Of Man is Christ’s favorite appellation to Himself ( Matt.12:8, 18:11, 24:37; Mk.2:28, 13:26, 14:21,62; Luk.6:5, 12:40,17:26,30,19:10, 21:27, 22:48; Jon.3:14,5:27,6:6, 12232; Acts 7:56 ) and relates to His representative and regius role in the earthly domain of God’s universal kingdom.

In the parable of the wheat and the tares, Jesus identifies the reapers as the angels. In Isaiah Jesus describes Himself as having threaded the wine press alone, and therefore His white garment was stained with the lifeblood of His enemies.

“Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save. Wherefore art thou red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the winefat? I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people there was none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment. For the day of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come. And I looked, and there was none to help; and I wondered that there was none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my fury, it upheld me. And I will tread down the people in mine anger, and make them drunk in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth.” ( Isaiah‬ ‭63:1-6‬ ‭).

The prophet Habakkuk saw the Lord in vision coming from Mount Paran with an entourage of angels: “God came from Teman, and the Holy One from mount Paran. Selah. His glory covered the heavens, and the earth was full of his praise. And his brightness was as the light; he had horns coming out of his hand: and there was the hiding of his power. Before him went the pestilence, and burning coals went forth at his feet. He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the nations; and the everlasting mountains were scattered, the perpetual hills did bow: his ways are everlasting. I saw the tents of Cushan in affliction: and the curtains of the land of Midian did tremble. Before Him the rivers and seas were dried up and the mountains disappeared and the rocks melted away. “Was the Lord displeased against the rivers? was thine anger against the rivers? was thy wrath against the sea, that thou didst ride upon thine horses and thy chariots of salvation? Thy bow was made quite naked, according to the oaths of the tribes, even thy word. Selah. Thou didst cleave the earth with rivers. The mountains saw thee, and they trembled: the overflowing of the water passed by: the deep uttered his voice, and lifted up his hands on high.” ( Habakkuk‬ ‭3:3-10‬ ‭).

This event will be preceded by cosmic and celestial disturbances. “The sun and moon stood still in their habitation: at the light of thine arrows they went, and at the shining of thy glittering spear.” ( Habakkuk‬ ‭3:11‬ ‭). It will occur during the manifestation of divine anger on the heathen and the salvation of the remnants of Israel. At that time, God shall wound the head of the house of the wicked, the antiChrist, to lay him bare from the neck to the the thigh. “Thou wentest forth for the salvation of thy people, even for salvation with thine anointed; thou woundedst the head out of the house of the wicked, by discovering the foundation unto the neck. Selah. Thou didst strike through with his staves the head of his villages: they came out as a whirlwind to scatter me: their rejoicing was as to devour the poor secretly. Thou didst walk through the sea with thine horses, through the heap of great waters.” ( Habakkuk‬ ‭3:13-15‬ ‭). During the period of the wrath of God, over two years or thereabouts, there shall be no farming in the land of Israel, nevertheless, God shall sustain His people, the sons of Jacob. “Although the fig tree shall not blossom, neither shall fruit be in the vines; the labour of the olive shall fail, and the fields shall yield no meat; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and there shall be no herd in the stalls: Yet I will rejoice in the Lord, I will joy in the God of my salvation. The Lord God is my strength, and he will make my feet like hinds’ feet, and he will make me to walk upon mine high places. To the chief singer on my stringed instruments.” ( Habakkuk‬ ‭3:17-19‬ ‭).

So, Christ is the angel with the sharp sickle seated upon the cloud which signal glory. Harvest here has to do with judgment, and God the Father has committed all judgment to the Son ( Jon.5:22 ). That this process was repeated may mean one or two things, inevitability, and or the two components of the wrath of God, the trumpets and the bowls. The graphic description of the sea of blood at the winepress rising to the level of the horse’s bridle, about 1.5 ms and up to a distance of 320 kms is a preview of the carnage at Armageddon where the final threading of the winepress by Christ occurs.

Now the time has come for the final wrath of God to be poured out on the living wicked. On the fifth day of the 30-Day Reclamation Period, the seventh trumpet shall sound, and God Almighty shall reclaim his rule over the Earth preludial to His reclaiming physical possession of the Earth at Armageddon. God’s lease of the Earth to Adam for six days is over. The sixth day is ended. The seventh day, the Shabbat of the Lord is about to begin.

“And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever. And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God, Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned. And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth. And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.” ( Rev.11:15-19‬ ‭).

The nations shall react angrily to God’s reclamation of His rule over the Earth. God shall pour out His Final wrath, the last seven bowls, the worst of its kind upon them. It is time also for God to reward His servants, the saints and the prophets. Before God pours out His wrath on the living wicked Earth-dwellers, the 144,000, and the newly saved remnants of Israel are taken into protective custody in Azel after splitting the Mount Of Olives into two parts. One part shall move up north, and the other part shall move down south, creating a roadway, the valley of the mountains that leads to Azel. There He hides the 144,000, and the saved remnants of Israel, reconciled to Him three days previously, to protect them from the wrath of God which is about to be poured out on the living wicked Earth-dwellers. They cannot follow Him to heaven because they are still in their natural mortal bodies. And flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, neither doth corruption inherit incorruption ( 1 Cor.15:50 ). This event occurs on the 6th or 7th day of the 30-day Reclamation Period.

“Behold, the day of the Lord cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee. For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city. Then shall the Lord go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle. And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.” ( Zechariah‬ ‭14:1-5‬ ‭).

No one knows the location of Azel; for it does not appear anywhere in the geography of the Holy Land. So the antiMessiah cannot reach them. It is from the Mount of Olives that Christ shall return to heaven to hold court at the Bema Seat Judgment of the saints. It is from this same mountain that Christ ascended into heaven at the end of His first advent.

“And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight. And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.” ( Acts‬ ‭1:9-11‬ ‭)

While the wrath of God in the bowls is meted out on Earth on the living wicked earth-dwellers, Jesus returns to heaven and holds court at the Bema Seat judgment of the saints. This is necessarily so because the bride of the Lamb must be decorated with awards of golden crowns at the Marriage Of The Lamb which subsequently follows the Bema Seat Judgment of the saints of the Most High in Heaven. The Marriage supper of the Lamb shall be held on Earth early in the Millennium. These two events, the Bema Seat Judgment and the Marriage Of The Lamb must transpire within the remaining 24 days of the 30-day Reclamation Period because Christ must appear in person at Armageddon 24 days later at the tail end of the Reclamation Period. Jesus will return to the Earth with His lovely wedded wife and an entourage of heavenly hosts at Armageddon in order to reclaim physical possession of the Earth. According to Zech.14:5 referred to above, it is after protection is given to the surviving remnants of Israel in Azel that “the Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.” It is now clear how we come about the 7-Day interlude between the end of the sixth trumpet ( more appropriately the end of the 70th week ), and the sounding of the 7th trumpet.

The seventh trumpet does not have any Judgment of its own, just like the seventh seal, but rather opens into the seven bowls, just as the seventh seal opened into the seven trumpets. Rev.15 is preparation for the outpouring of the seven bowl judgments. The seven last avenging angels having the seven last plagues emerged from the Temple Of God In Heaven. What follows is a scene in the Throne Room Of the Temple Of God in heaven. Unlike the previous scenes in the same Temple in Rev.4 & 5, the resurrected saints who were conspicuously absent are now seen singing praises to God. If the Rapture occurred in Rev.4:1 as pretribs teach, why were the resurrected saints absent in the Throne Room of the Temple of God in Heaven in the heavenly scenes in Rev.4 & 5? One of the four living creatures gave the last seven avenging angels seven bowls full of the wrath of God. This act was followed by the eruption of smoke which signals the glory of God. It was like the rearing up of the tabernacle by Moses in the wilderness ( Exod.40:33-38 ) and the dedication of the First Temple by Solomon in Jerusalem ( 2 Chron.5:13,14 ). It was a preview of the celebration of the victory of God over Satan and his minions. No man was able to enter into the Temple till the seven plagues of the seven avenging angels were fulfilled. It was awesome.

In Rev.16, the seven avenging angels were commissioned to empty their bowls on the Earth. “And I heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the seven angels, Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon the earth.” ( Rev.16:1‬ ‭). The 144,000 and the surviving Jewish remnants are exempted from the last seven bowl judgments. They are taken into protective custody in Azal. The unbranded unbelieving Gentiles are not specifically targeted neither are they offered any special protection like their Jewish counterparts. Therefore they may suffer some collateral damages. As we have stated earlier, like the seven seals and seven trumpets, the seven bowls are consecutive and progressive. Their nature and manner of administration permit no overlap. However, they are emptied out rapidly in quick succession within a short period of twenty-four days. The bowls are shallow saucers the content of which can be easily emptied. The imagery is one of rapid outpouring of dirty water used to do ablution with a quick swish. The prophet used this imagery to describe the rapid outpouring of the final wrath of God in quick succession in the final seven bowl judgments.

The first four bowls generally target those with the mark of the Beast whilst the last three target the seat of government ( Jerusalem ) of the Beast and religious and commercial institutions ( Babylon ). The first bowl results in emerods or suppurative cutaneously eruptions in medical parlance on those with the mark of the Beast, and those who worshipped his image. The second bowl turns the salt water sources: the oceans, seas, and the salt water lakes into the blood of a dead man resulting in loss of marine lives and anyone found in these bodies of waters. The third bowl targets the fresh water sources: rivers, fountains of waters, and fresh water lakes turning them into blood, and resulting in destruction of marine lives and death to anyone present in these bodies of waters. The completion of these three bowls was followed by a doxology to God by the angel of the waters for His righteous judgments of the murderers who have shed the blood of the saints and the prophets of God. It was right to give them blood to drink; for they are worthy. The fourth avenging angel poured out his vial on the sun. It was like adding fuel to fire. The sun became hotter, and men were scotched with great heat. The resulting hyperthermia may lead to heat exhaustion, fainting, loss of consciousness, and perhaps death for some of the Beast marked earth-dwellers. They did not repent of their sins but rather blasphemed the name of God. And refused to offer glory to Him. They have sinned beyond repentance; they were impenitent.

The last three bowls will target the seat of government of the Beast and his religious and commercial institutions. The fifth bowl targets the seat of government of the Beast enveloping it in thick darkness and cold. This is the exact opposite of the fourth bowl judgment. This rapid alternation of extreme low and high temperatures results in tawing, damaging living cells and tissues. Extreme cold temperatures will result in chilblains, thrombotic veins and venous ulcers in the extremities and auto-amputation of the digits. They gnawed their tongues because of their pains. They blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores. They remained unrepentant of their evil deeds. The sixth bowl targets the River Euphrates. It is desiccated to prepare the way for the kings of East and the gathering of their armies at Armageddon. The desiccation of the Euphrates is accomplished by three unclean spirits like frogs from the mouths of the satanic trinity, the Dragon, the Beast, and the the false prophet. In the Armageddon Campaign, there is the antiChrist who as we have proven from Daniel 11:36-45 is the king of the West, the king of the North, the king of the South, and the kings of the East. The kings of the East have ideological differences and divergent religious views. They are China, India, Pakistan, and perhaps Japan, etc.

Armageddon is a Greek transliteration of the Hebrew phrase Har Megiddo which means Mount Megiddo. Mount Megiddo is one of the mountains in the Carmel mountain range that juts out into the Mediterranean Sea. Standing on Mount Megiddo one would see the neighboring Mount Gilboah to the East on which Saul and Jonathan fell. Below is the plain of Jazreel or the valley of Ezdraelon which Napoleon referred to as a natural battlefield. Indeed, countless wars have been fought there. No wonder therefore it shall be the scene of the final and consummate battle of the ages. Bowl six is preparatory to the final battle of Armageddon but not the battle itself. When the seventh bowl was poured into the air, a voice came from the Throne Room of the Temple in Heaven saying, It is done. This lone and great voice was accompanied by other voices, thunders, lightnings, and a massive earthquake beyond what had been witnessed before on Earth. This massive earthquake resulted into the division of the Great City Jerusalem, the Seat of the government of the antMessiah into three parts, the collapse of the cities of the nations, and Great Babylon, the religious and commercial capital of the kingdom of the antiMessiah came into remembrance to give unto her the cup of the wine of fireceness of the wrath of God. The islands of the seas were moved out of their places, and the mountains were leveled. Worst still were great hailstones 33.33 kg ( 100 lb ) in weight skyrocketing from the heavens and crushing anything that has life underneath that they hit. Despite these severe punishments, the Beast marked earth-dwellers blasphemed God.

The seventh bowl judgment is the worst of the bowls. This bowl destroys the religious headquarters of the antiChrist spearheaded by the false prophet ( Rev.17 ), and the associated commercialism ( Rev.18 ), and the kings of the nations and their armies at Armageddon, and the apprehension of the antiChrist and the false prophet, and their incarceration in the Lake of Fire for eternities future ( Rev.19 ), and the apprehension of Satan and his incarceration at the end of Armageddon in the shaft of the abyss for a thousand years ( Rev.20 ).

The mystical Great whore in Rev.17 that sits upon many waters is false humanistic religion headquartered in Babylon. The many waters signal the mass of humanity. The kings of the Earth have ingratiated themselves to this woman in order to gain political power. The inhabitants of the Earth have been made drunk with the wine of her fornication. The inhabitants of the Earth have been hypnotized and mesmerized by this woman. She has so much powerful influence over the living wicked earth-dwellers, worshippers and adorers of the antiMessiah. It is through her diabolical power over the inhabitants of the Earth that she ingratiated herself to the antiMessiah. She sits upon a scarlet colored Beast, full of names of blasphemy, and has seven heads and ten horns. The scarlet colored Beast is politics epitomized in the person of the antiChrist, the ultimate representation of satanic rule over humanity ( satanocracy). The seven heads are the seven previous Beast Empires of Satan which have persecuted Israel in exile or took her into exile. These are Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medopersia, Greece, Rome, and the Third Reich of Adolf Hitler. The ten horns of the scarlet colored Beast are the ten kings of the ten nation confederation, the Eight and Final Beast Empire of Satan, the Fourth Reich. These kings are contemporaneous with the antiChrist. Kings are synonymous with their kingdoms. They are the kings of Magog, Meshech, Tuval, Arphaxad ( Babylon ), Tiras ( Iran or Persia ), Javan ( Greece or Greek Syria ), Cush ( Sudan ), Put ( Phut or Libya ), Gomer and Togarmah ( Turkey ) [ Rev.13:2; Ezek.38:1-6 ]. The seven secondary nations are Islamic and form a circle roundabout Israel. In the battle of Armageddon, God shall make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with her shall be broken to pieces ( Zech.12:3 ).

The woman is arrayed in purple and scarlet colors which signal wealth and nobility. Through her association with the Beast, she has enriched herself. She uses her wealth and position to garner much more wealth and to commit more hideous, heinous and immoral acts. She is Mystery Babylon the great, the mother of harlots and abominations of the Earth. This false humanistic religion of mother-child worship was founded by Nimrod after the flood. Nimrod was a might hunter before the Lord ( Gen.10:9 ). He was a hunter of the souls of men. Nimrod founded the city of Babel. Nimrod was a great grandson of Noah through Ham and Cush. Nimrod was a black man. This false humanistic religion of mother-child worship is found among all peoples of the Earth who migrated from Babylon following the confusion of languages at Babel. Upon this woman is the blood of the saints and martyrs of Jesus.

The woman is a mystery and so also the Beast. Biblical mystery is not something that is mysterious, but that which can be known only by divine revelation. The Beast was and is not, and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition ( 8 ). The Beast is one of the seven heads and the little horn, the eleventh horn ( Dan.7:8,11,20,21,24,25 ). The Beast had lived before and ruled over one of the seven Beast Empires. It was killed with a military weapon in battle. It descended into the abyss from where it shall ascend to rule the Eight and Final Beast Empire. It is therefore not a human spirit having been incarcerated in the bottomless pit. Human spirits are not sent to the abyss at death. The spirits imprisoned in the abyss are fallen evil angels who kept not their first estate but cohabited with human females and gave rise to humanoids ( 2 Pet.2:4 ). In Hebrew they are called nephelim which means fallen ones, and is derived from naphal which means to fall. Because he is a dead man come back to life, those whose names are not in the Scroll Of Life shall fear him, and would not be able to resist him. The other kings of the Earth cannot face him let alone kill him. Christ is the only One who can kill him.

The woman who sits on the scarlet colored Beast also sits on seven mountains. The seven mountains are synonymous with seven heads of the scarlet colored Beast. These are the seven previous Beast Empires which we have enumerated. There are some biblical scholars that think that the seven mountains signify seven hills on which the city of Rome was founded. This cannot be true because the Scripture makes it clear here that the seven heads are seven mountains, and there are seven kings. In ancient near East, mountains signify kingdoms. This is borne out by the fact that there are seven kings also. And kings are synonymous with their kingdoms. The city of Rome was founded on seven hills on the Tiber River. These are Aventine, Caelian, Capitoline, Equiline, Qurimal, Palatine, and Viminal. It later expanded to include two others, Janiculum and Pincian making it a total of nine. None of these hills constituted a kingdom, neither was anyone of them ruled by a king.

At the time of writing of the Scroll Of Revelation by the Apostle John the apocalytist about 96 AD, five of those kingdoms were history. These are Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medopersia, and Greece. One was then in existence which was Rome ( Magog, Meshech, And Tuval ). The other one yet to come at that time that would last for short period of time is Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Germany, The Third Reich ( 1933-45 ). The Eighth kingdom, The Fourth Reich, which is not yet in existence even now is the Eight and Final Beast Empire of Satan. The Eighth will be ruled over by one of the seven previous heads who is also the little horn. He will be a dead man come back to life. He shall go into perdition. He is the antiChrist. He shall come to his end and none shall help him ( Dan.11:45 ).

At the time of writing of the Scroll Of Revelation, the ten kings had not received their kingdoms. In other words they did not exist. They are Magog, Meshech, Tuval, Babylon ( Iraq ), Persia ( Iran ), Greece or Greek Syria ( Javan ), Libya ( Put ), Cush ( Sudan ), Gomer, and Togamar ( Turkey ). But they will reign at the same time with the Eighth head who,is also the eleventh horn. They shall be contemporaneous with the antiChrist. They shall receive power one hour with the Beast, that is, they shall reign at the same time. They have one mind and shall give their power and strength unto the Beast. They shall be subordinate to the Beast. They shall willingly submit and subject themselves to the Beast. They shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them because they that are with Him are called, chosen, and faithful ( 14 ). The whore sits on the mass of humanity ( 15 ). The judgment of the whore shall be effected by the ten kings. They shall hate the whore, make her desolate and naked. They shall eat her flesh and born her with fire. They shall violate her ( 16 ). Though they think they are serving themselves, but they are unwittingly fulfilling God’s will and purpose. God has put it in their hearts to fulfill His will, and to agree, and to give allegiance unto the Beast, until the word of God is fulfilled. As we have stated, kings and their kingdoms are synonymous. When a king gives allegiance to another, he has also given his kingdom over to the other king. So, when the ten kings give allegiance to the Beast, they also give their kingdoms to the Beast ( 17 ). They give their armies to the Beast also. And the Great whore is that false humanistic religion of mother-child worship instituted by Nimrod that reigns over the kings of the Earth ( 18 ).

There are some biblical scholars that identify Babylon as Jerusalem. That cannot be true because it would mean that the ten horns shall destroy the headquarters of the antiChrist. That would also mean that the Medes who are the Kurdish people of today will attack Jerusalem, the capital city of the Final Beast Empire of Satan. The Kurds have no grudges against Jerusalem but Babylon which is modern day Iraq. Saddam Hussein murdered their women and children with poison gas in the 1980s. ISIS have targeted the Kurds, especially the Yazidis for forced conversion to Islam, enslavement and sexual abuse, and extermination. The Medes will be the first to attack Babylon before it will be finally destroyed by the ten kings of the Eight Beast Empire, The Forth Reich. They shall not regard silver and gold. “Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and as for gold, they shall not delight in it. Their bows also shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eye shall not spare children.” ( Isaiah‬ ‭13:17-18 ). They shall be motivated by vengeance rather than envy and greed unlike the ten kings of the Eight Beast Empire who shall eat her flesh. They shall be allied to the antiChrist. They shall not attack Babylon until permitted to do so by the antiMessiah. After Armageddon, Jerusalem shall be rebuilt, but Babylon shall never be rebuilt. It shall become the habitation of doleful creatures. It shall be uninhabited; the Arabian shall not pitch his tent there.

Rev.18 focuses on the judgment of the commerce of the harlot city. The judgment of the Great harlot was announced by another angel. The rank of this angel was revealed by the fact that the Earth was lightened with his glory. We are not told his name or regalia, but that his appearance was glorious. With a great voice he announced the fall of Babylon saying: Babylon the Great is fallen, is fallen , and is become the habitation of demons, and the hold of every foul spirit, and the cage of every unclean and hateful bird. Unclean and hateful bird is a metaphoric description of the evil angels cast down to the Earth at the midpoint of the 70th seven of Daniel during the war between Satan and his fallen evil angels and archangel Michael and the angels of God under his command ( Rev.12:7-9 ). The repetition of the fall of Babylon is a Hebraism indicating the inevitability of God’s judgment of Babylon. Verse 3 gives us the reason for her judgment. The heathen have been drunk with the wrath of the wine of her fornication. The kings of the Earth have have entered into immoral sexual union with her which is idolatry, and the merchants of the Earth have enriched themselves by trading in her wares. Verse 4 calls the people of God to come out of her lest they partake of her sins and plagues. There is speculation as to when this call was made, and who the people of God referred to here are, considering that it is but a few days to Armageddon. This call was probably made at the midpoint of the 70th week. It is also likely that it refers to some inhabitants of this city who do not have the mark of the Beast. They have been living incommunicado so to say. It is now for them to sneak out of the city before its destruction. Some of these survivors will appear at the Sheep and Goat Judgment in the early part of the Millennium and be justified to enter the Millennium and repopulate the Earth with the saved remnants of Israel.

Verse 5-8 talks about the gravity of her offenses and the judgment thereof. Her sins have reached up to the heavens and her iniquities have come into remembrance before God. Therefore God shall reward her even as she has rewarded God; double unto her double according to her works and double according to her cup of iniquity. According to how she has glorified herself and lived deliciously God shall give to her torment and sorrow. She was not ashamed of her immoralities. She was arrogant and bragged about her sexual escapades with the kings of the nations, and their subjects. She said, “I sit a queen, I am no widow, and shall see no sorrow.” Predicated upon her arrogance and shamelessness, her plagues shall come in one day to the fullest: death, mourning, famine, and she shall be utterly burned with fire; for strong is the Lord that judges her. He is the God of faithfulness, without injustice, and true and upright is He ( Deut.32:4 ). He will show no partiality. He cannot be bought over. He is not man; He has no need. He is the possessor of the heavens and the Earth ( Gen.14:19 ), and the sovereign Lord of the universe. All these qualities were depicted in the imagery and glory of the risen Christ in Revelation 1.

Two sets of people will mourn for her. Firstly, the kings of the Earth ( 8,9 ) who have entered into immoral sexual and idolatrous union with her. They derived so much wealth from her and lived delicately and deliciously as though they will never face judgment one day nor die. They shall bewail her and lament for her when they shall see the smoke of her burning. God in His infinite wisdom will permit these kings to see the destruction of Babylon by fire, a few days prior to their demise at Armageddon. They will stand aside from the city, afar off for fear of her torment saying, Alas, alas, that Great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgement come. Secondly, the merchants of the Earth shall weep and mourn for Babylon ( 11 ). They enriched themselves by trading in her wares. No one will buy their merchandise anymore. Verses 12,13 provide us with exhaustive lists of her wares which apart from gold, silver and precious stones and pearls include slaves and souls of men. The reference to the souls of men indicates that she practices witchcraft. All these shall depart from her, and she shall not be able to find them anymore ( 14 ). Like the kings of the Earth, the merchants of her wares shall stand afar off to view her destruction because of fear of her torment. They shall weep and wail for her ( 15 ). They would not be able to run very far for Armageddon is a couple of days away. Standing afar off, they shall say, ” Alas, alas, that Great City, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls! For in one hour so great riches is come to nought ( 17 ). The sailors, and all those that trade by sea shall weep for her when they see the smoke of her torment saying, “What city is like unto this great city!” ( 18 ). That they shall cast dust on their heads while thy weep and mourn for her depicts extreme grief and sorrow of heart. She shall be made desolate in one hour which speaks of rapid and sudden destruction ( 19 ). On the other hand, the saints in heaven, the holy apostles and prophets of the Lamb, and the fifth seal martyrs are called upon to rejoice for God has avenged them on Babylon ( 20 ).

Lastly, there is a final prophetic act by an unidentified angel depicting the consummative and eschatological destruction of Babylon by taking up a great millstone and casting it into the sea, and saying, ” Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all.” The destruction of Babylon shall be summarily final. Even in the Millennium, Babylon shall never be rebuilt nor inhabited. It shall be the roosting place of wild birds. This singular fact makes it clear that Babylon cannot be Jerusalem; for Jerusalem shall be rebuilt and be inhabited in the Millennium. It shall be the seat of the government of the Messiah. All nations shall come yearly to Jerusalem to worship God ( 22,23 ). The reason adduced for this summarily judgment is because in her was found the blood of the prophets, and of the saints, and of all that were slain upon the Earth ( 24 ). Babylon, apart from being a city, is also a global ideal of false humanistic religion, government, commerce and education epitomized in the antiChrist and his philosophy of secular humanism. It is the summation of all false religions: the Romish Church, Islam, Hinduism, Bhudhaism, etc.

Revelation 19 is a continuation of the truncated seventh bowl judgment and the final phase of it which is the Armageddon Campaign. It begins with a heavenly scene singing a doxology to God by the multitude of heavenly hosts praising Him for the salvation of mankind, and His judgment of the Great whore and vengeance for the blood of the saints, more so the fifth seal martyrs. The four living creatures and the four and twenty elders, the permanent members of the Throne Room of God from eternity past who constitute the core of this universal orchestra that swells to include the redeemed of the Lord and the angels of God. The lone voice from the Throne Room in heaven that called for the praise of God may be that of a high ranking angel. However, we are not told his persona or regalia or status. The reason adduced for the call to praise God is because the marriage of the Lamb is come and His wife, the redeemed and resurrected Church in heaven have made herself ready. Apparently she was made ready in the intervening period between the Rapture and the outpouring of the final seventh bowl judgment which is already in progress. To be made ready, she has to appear at the Bema Seat judgment where the saints are rewarded for their works and bejeweled for the marriage of the Lamb. The marriage supper of the Lamb which is the wedding reception will take place here on Earth in the early days of the Millennium. ” Blessed are those who are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb.” ( verse 9 ). Apostle John the apocalyptist was overwhelmed by the appearance of the angel that made this announcement in heaven that he fell at his feet to worship him, but was restrained by the angel himself who happened to be one of the brethren and a servant of the risen Lord. This may signal that departed saints play angelic roles in heaven because they are like angels. He was admonished to worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

Rev.19:11-16 is a description of the risen Christ at Armageddon. He is siting upon a white horse. He is called Faithful and True. In righteousness He judges and wars. His eyes are like flame of fire which signal judgment. On His head are many crowns, royal diadems which signal kingship. He has a name written which no one knows but Himself. Though He is knowable, He is incomprehensible like the other members of the Godhead, the Father and the Holy Spirit. He is clothed in a vesture dipped in blood which goes to support that He is the angel with sickle in Rev.14. Sickle signals harvest which is the judgment of the wicked. He is called the Word Of God ( cp.Jon.1,2,14 ). He is accompanied by the armies or hosts of heaven which may include the saints and the angels in heaven. These armies are mounted on white horses and clothed in fine linen both of which signal righteousness. Out of His mouth protrudes a sharp sword with which He shall smite the nations in judgment. When we see Jesus, do we presume a sharp sword shall protrude out of His mouth? He is the word of God, and the word of God is the sword of the Spirit. He will rule with a rod of iron which signal strict and righteous judgment. He will not be partial though merciful. He treads the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God Almighty which buttresses the fact that He is the angel with the sharp sickle in Rev.14. God the Father has committed all judgment to the Son. On His vestment is written, King Of Kings And Lord Of Lords.

Rev.19:17-21 is a description of the carnage at Armageddon previewed in Rev.14:14-20. It begins with a call by an angel standing in the sun to the carrions of heaven to the Supper Of The Great God. God shall stage a feast for the scavengers. They shall eat the flesh of men, kings and nobles, captains and mighty men, free men and slaves, peasants and elites, and their horses. The Beast and his armies, and all the other kings of the Earth and their armies shall be gathered together against the Lord and His heavenly hosts. They shall be no match for the Lord and His armies. The Beast and the false prophet shall be taken captive and cast into the Lake of fire and brimstone. The armies of the nations shall be slain with the sword that proceeds out of the mouth of the Lord, and the carrions shall be filled with their flesh. The lives of the kings of the ten nation confederation of the antiChrist’s Eighth Beast Empire shall be prolonged for a season before being finally cast into the Lake of Fire and Sulphur.

Rev.20 is also a continuation of the seventh bowl judgment. Armageddon is over. The Earth will soon be renovated during the 45-day Restoration Period and thereafter the Millennium will begin. So, Satan must be incarcerated to keep away his negative and rebellious influences from the subjects of the Millennial Kingdom majority of whom are still in their natural and fallen state. During this period, Satan the archenemy of God, the supreme personality of evil, the ultimate persecutor of the saints of the Most High is bound for a thousand years whilst Christ and the saints reign as kings and priests of the Most High God for the same length of time. “And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.” ( Rev.20:1-3‬ ‭). Following his incarceration in the bottomless pit, the saints who were beheaded for their witness of Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshipped the Beast neither his image, who did not receive his mark of allegiance in their foreheads or in their hands shall be raised from the dead to reign with Christ a thousand years. Greek scholar Robert Gundry tells us that the tense of the verbs for raising, sitting, and reigning are such that they occur at the same time. Besides, the fact that they are referred to as souls indicates that they have not risen from the dead prior to this time.

The rest of the dead were not raised from the dead till the expiry of the Millennium. Those who took part in the first resurrection are blessed and holy. They are different from others. The second death which is eternal separation from God and incarceration for eternity in the Lake of fire and sulphur has no power over them. They shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Christ a thousand years. These are the OT saints that rose from the dead with Christ, the departed NT saints who are raised from the dead and the living NT saints who are translated at the Rapture, and those beheaded for the witness of Christ and the testimony which they held, and for the word of God who as we have seen were raised from the dead on the first day of the Millennium.

At the expiration of the thousand years, Satan shall be paroled by God for a season. But he shall behave true to type, and lead a rebellion of those who are in the outer fringes of the Earth. These kook-fringe malcontents are Magogites who because of their volatile and rebellious nature were dispersed by Christ to the outer fringes of the Earth at the beginning of the Millennium. Their leader is Gog, of the land of Magog. God is a title, not a personal name. The antiChrist is also referred to as Gog in Ezek.38:2. This is a different person altogether but of the same Magogite and Japhethic extraction. Because of good condition in the Millennium, and increased longevity, their population may have swelled into hundreds of millions perhaps into billions ( 8 ). The Heavenly Jerusalem, the camp of the resurrected saints they shall surround, intent on destroying it and its inhabitants. God has had enough. Fire shall descend from heaven and they shall be consumed in the heavenly conflagration. Satan, the invisible architect of their rebellion shall be arrested and finally incarcerated for eternity with his co-triumvirates in the Lake of fire and brimstone ( 9,10 ). At the end of the Millennium will be the White Throne Judgment ( 11-15 ).

The prophet Isaiah refers to the Millennium as the New Heaven And The New Earth. “For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.” ( Is.65:17 ).

How do we know that this period is the same as the Millennium? Because according to prophet Isaiah, people will still die during this period, and there will still be sinners on Earth. “But be ye glad and rejoice for ever in that which I create: for, behold, I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy. And I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and joy in my people: and the voice of weeping shall be no more heard in her, nor the voice of crying. There shall be no more thence an infant of days, nor an old man that hath not filled his days: for the child shall die an hundred years old; but the sinner being an hundred years old shall be accursed. And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of them. They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant, and another eat: for as the days of a tree are the days of my people, and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands. They shall not labour in vain, nor bring forth for trouble; for they are the seed of the blessed of the Lord, and their offspring with them. And it shall come to pass, that before they call, I will answer; and while they are yet speaking, I will hear. The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock: and dust shall be the serpent’s meat. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith the Lord.” ( ‭‭Is.65:18-25‬ ‭).

Here is a description of longevity in the Millennium. Anyone who dies at one hundred years of age or under will be regarded as a baby and a sinner. People will live long during those days. Longevity of man will be as those of the tree like the oaks of Bashan and the cedars of Lebanon covering hundreds of years. The wolf and the lamb shall play together. The lion shall eat straw like the ox. Every animal shall be herbivorous. Snakes will feed on the dust of the Earth, geophagia. If the New Heaven And The New Earth were different from the Millennium, no one would express surprise over these transformations in the New Heaven And The New Earth inasmuch as they have already occurred in the Millennium. And after the Millennium is the White Throne Judgment and the Final Resurrection. After the Millennium, no one will be in this natural mortal body of ours. Physical death will be a thing of the past; for no one will be in this mortal body of ours. Everyone will be in the eternal immortal resurrection body. All those who are justified shall be in their glorified eternal immortal resurrection bodies. It is self-evident therefore that the Millennium of the Scroll Of Revelation is the same as the New Heaven And New Earth of the prophet Isaiah. And after the Millennium will be the Eternal State.

In Rev.21:1, Apostle John the apocalyptist saw a New Heaven and a New Earth: for the First Heaven and First Earth are past away; and there was no more sea. As we have shown from the Scroll of the prophet Isaiah, the New Heaven and the New Earth of Isaiah is synonymous and concurrent with the Millennium of Revelation. So, the Millennium of Rev.20 is the same as the New Heaven and the New Earth of Rev.21. Whereas Rev.20 was concerned with the length of time of the Millennium which is one thousand years, Rev.21 was dealing with the condition of life in the New And Heavenly Jerusalem in the Millennium. Equating the Millennium with the New Heaven And The New Earth resolves the enigma of locating the New And Heavenly Jerusalem in The New Heaven And The New Earth at the end of the Millennium. The New And Heavenly Jerusalem is the abode of the resurrected saints in the Millennium ( Rev.21:24 ). The New And Heavenly Jerusalem has no Temple of its own ( 21:22 ). This city which is cubical in shape, is hollow at its base and is contiguous with the Fourth And Millennial Temple on the renovated Mount Zion built by Christ Himself during the 45-Day Restoration Period after the Armageddon Campaign ( Ezek.40-44; cp. 38,39 ). We must distinguish the Earthly And Millennial New Jerusalem from the New And Heavenly Jerusalem that descends from heaven decorated as a bride adorned for her husband which is now in construction ( 21:2 ). In the Throne Room of the Fourth And Millennial Temple on the earthly and renovated Mount Zion is the Spring of the water of life that flows downwards to heal the Earth and upwards to the New And Heavenly Jerusalem which is the abode of the resurrected saints in their glorified eternal and immortal resurrection bodies ( Ezek.47:1-12; Rev.22:1,2 ).

There is no day nor night in this city ( 21:23 ). The city does not need natural light. Christ is the light of it. Quite frankly the inhabitants are each a light unto himself due to the life and nature of God in them that is unobscured by the sinful natural body which has been done away with at death and the Rapture. Sinners cannot enter into this city ( 21:27 ). To be candid, no one in this natural body of ours can approach this city. The one would literally melt away. The natural body cannot tolerate the glories of this heavenly city. Anyone who has ministered under the anointing which is the glory of God knows that it wears out the physical body. No man in his natural body can approach this eternal glory. If the New Heaven And The New Earth is different from the Millennium and occurs after it, and the New And Heavenly Jerusalem exits in it, no one would be speaking about sinners not being able to enter into it. For after the Millennium is the White Throne Judgment after which all sinners in their unglorified eternal immortal resurrection bodies shall be banished to the Lake Of Fire And Brimstone ( Rev.20:11-15 ). There will be no more sinners. So, why talk about a condition that does not exist? It is from this city that the resurrected saints shall go and rule the nations in the Millennium. This should not surprise us because there is no distance in the realm of the spirit. One could wish to be in London from anywhere in the Universe, and immediately the one is there. It is these resurrected saints, kings and priests, reigning and ministering with and under Christ that shall bring the wealth and offerings of the nation into the New And Heavenly Jerusalem ( 21:24 ). For fuller treatment of The New And Heavenly Jerusalem, see my comments on Rev.21 & 22 posted on this website.

Chronologically, the Scroll of Revelation should end with the description of the White Throne Judgment not the description of life in the New And Heavenly Jerusalem. But as a good literary piece, this style of writing is not unexpected. We have shown that the Scroll of Revelation is highly chronological. It is therefore unnecessary for us to chop it to fit our preconceived notions.

Note: I welcome and cherish comments and constructive criticisms. I urge you to study this article critically with an open mind, alongside the Scroll Of Revelation together with relevant passages of the Scriptures, and decide for yourself whether the Scroll Of Revelation is chronological or not.

Avraham Shallom.

Some Wrong Notions About The End Times

Some Wrong Notions About The End Times

Some Wrong Notions About The End Times

“And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done. Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all. But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces: and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things. Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain. And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over. He shall enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon. He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape. But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps. But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many. And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.” ( Daniel‬ ‭11:36-45‬ ‭).

The KJV translation did well in capitalizing the first letter of the word God in this passage. In the other occurrences of the word God in this passage, the first letter should not have been captitalized, for it it does not refer to the God of Israel. The Hebrew word el ( singular; plural: elohim ) is generic, and could refer to the Yahweh of Judah, the God of Israel, the idols of the nations as well as important human personalities ( Gen.1:1; Exod.20:3, 22:28 ). The antiChrist who is spoken of here will be indwelt and empowered by Satan. “And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority.” ( Rev.13:2‬ ‭). Therefore, the antiChrist will be a Satanist. The god he will honor is Satan whom he will secretly worship. The antiChrist will be possessed and taken over by Satan from the midpoint of the 70th week when he is cast down to the Earth by archangel Michael ( Rev.12:7-9 ). It will be eschatologically jingoistic for any biblical scholar to infer from this passage that the antiChrist will be a Jew who will not worship the Elohim of his fathers, the God of Israel.

That verses 36-40 speak of the career of the antiChrist, biblical scholars are agreed. From verse 40, The king of the South and the king of the North, fade up with his oppressive rule begin to attack him. But he is too powerful for them and unstoppable. My question is if the antiChrist is the king of the North as some teach, how come he is attacked by the king of the North? The king of the North mentioned in this verse, who is he? The cardinal points referred to here are relative to the land of Israel. The north of Israel is vast area stretching from Europe to Asia. Any army invading the land of Israel from this vast area could have been described by the prophet as coming from the north of Israel. He would not have gone into details using such precise terms of location like northwest, northeast, etc., as we do today. In verse 41, we see the antiChrist invading the Holy Land described by the prophet as the glorious land. He spares Edom, Moab, and Ammon. These ancient kingdoms correspond to modern day Jordan. They are most probably allied to him. Some suggest they are neutral, but that is unlikely because, they shall be severely punished by Christ in the Day Of The Lord for their cruelty towards the sons of Jacob.

“For thy violence against thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever. In the day that thou stoodest on the other side, in the day that the strangers carried away captive his forces, and foreigners entered into his gates, and cast lots upon Jerusalem, even thou wast as one of them. But thou shouldest not have looked on the day of thy brother in the day that he became a stranger; neither shouldest thou have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction; neither shouldest thou have spoken proudly in the day of distress. Thou shouldest not have entered into the gate of my people in the day of their calamity; yea, thou shouldest not have looked on their affliction in the day of their calamity, nor have laid hands on their substance in the day of their calamity; Neither shouldest thou have stood in the crossway, to cut off those of his that did escape; neither shouldest thou have delivered up those of his that did remain in the day of distress. For the day of the Lord is near upon all the heathen: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own head.” ( Obadiah‬ ‭1:10-15‬ ).

The Edomites are descendants of Esau ( Gen.25:30, 33:16, 36:6-9 ), Jacob’s twin brother ( Gen.25:19-34 ). The Moabites and Ammonites are the descendants of Lot ( Gen.13:1-13,19:30-38 ), Abraham’s nephew ( Gen.11:27, 12:4 ) through inadvertent incestuous relations with his two daughters in the third degree of inebriation. So, these peoples are related to the Jews by blood. The other side spoken of here is the east bank of the Jordan River. During the Babylonian invasion of Judah in 586 BC, the Edomites, the Moabites and the Ammomites were allies of king Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. There shall be a reapeat performance in the last days during the invasion of the land of Israel by the antiMessiah during the Jerusalem and the Jehoshaphat Campaigns, and the Battle of Armageddon. How do we know that? Because it is written: ” For the Day of the Lord is near upon all the heathen, as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own heads.” Though there was a partial fulfillment of this prophecy in the days of king Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, it shall be fully fulfilled during the reign of the antiChrist in the latter days or better still at the end of time. Jordan has sovereignty over the Temple Mount. During the Yom Kippur in 1967, Israel regained the Temple Mount from Jordan, and gave control to the Muslim Waqf as gesture of goodwill. The Jews shall rebuild their Temple on the Temple Mount after regaining sovereignty over the Temple Mount.

The Jordanians shall be part of the invading armies of the antiChrist. They shall participate in the violation of the precincts of the Holy Temple, and the spoilation of its treasures. They will mount roadblocks, apprehend the sons of Jacob who escape the invading armies of the antiChrist, kill some , and hand over the escapees of judah to the armies of the antiMessiah. God will plead with them to accommodate the escapees of Judah because the extortioner and the oppressor who is the antiChrist is at hand, but they would not. At the start of the Great Tribulation, the 144,000 from the twelve tribes of Israel, and other Jews, both observant and unobservant, and Christians who refuse the mark of allegiance to the Beast, shall seek refuge in the red rose city of Petra in the Edomite wilderness which is in modern day Jordan as also did Christians during the Jewish Revolt under Roman domination ( 66-74 AD ). “For it shall be, that, as a wandering bird cast out of the nest, so the daughters of Moab shall be at the fords of Arnon. Take counsel, execute judgment; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; bewray not him that wandereth. Let mine outcasts dwell with thee, Moab; be thou a covert to them from the face of the spoiler: for the extortioner is at an end, the spoiler ceaseth, the oppressors are consumed out of the land.” ( Isaiah‬ ‭16:2-4‬ ‭). Here the antiChrist is referred to as the spoiler, the extortioner and the oppressor. How else would he finance his vast armies of ten nation confederation other than by looting the treasuries and treasures of conquered nations. In his invasion of Israel, he shall be assisted by the Jordanians which is the reason they shall be spared invasion by him. But the God of Israel will punish them for their cruelty towards their brethren, the Jews. During the Day Of The Lord’s wrath, the Edomites shall be as wondering birds cast out of their nest at the fords of Arnon because of their refusal to show kindness to the sons of Jacob. A memorial fire shall burn in Edom, a symbol of their utter destruction throughout the Millennium.

The prophet Obadiah said that their dealings will return upon their own head. And the prophet Ezekiel said:

” Moreover the word of the Lord came unto me saying, son of man, set thy face against mount Seir, and prophesy against it, and say unto it, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, O mount Seir, I am against thee, and I will stretch out mine hand against thee, and I will make thee most desolate. I will lay thy cities waste, and thou shall know that I am the LORD. Because thou hast had a perpetual hatred, and hast shed the blood of the children of Israel by the force of the sword in the time of their calamity, in the time that their iniquity had an end:….” ( Ezek.35:1-15). When does the iniquity of the children of Israel have an end? During the 70th week of Daniel. “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.” ( Dan.9:24‬ ‭). Mount Seir refers to the region south of the inheritance of Judah which was inhabited by the Edomites, the descendants of Esau, Jacob’s twin brother. There are those who teach that the Edomites have been wiped out and no longer exist. If they do not exist anymore how are they accused of cruelty to the sons of Jacob by God at the time that their iniquity has an end which is during the 70th week of Daniel? So we conclude that the Edomites of old are the Jordanians of today.

The Lord further declared through the prophet Isaiah:

” …..And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree. For my sword shall be bathed in heaven: behold, it shall come down upon Idumea, and upon the people of curse to judgment…. It is the Day Of The Lord’s vengeance, and the year of recompensed for the controversy of Zion. And the streams thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into brimstone, and the land thereof shall become burning pitch. It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up for ever: from generation to generation it shall be waste; none shall pass through it for ever and ever…….” ( Is.34:4,5,8-10). This prophecy has not been fulfilled in antiquity. It shall be fulfilled in the Day Of The Lord’s Vengeance which is during the Day Of His Wrath. Idumea is the Greek version of Edom. There has not been any time in history when the land of Edom was turned into pitch, not when they were sacked by the Nabatean Arabs nor conquered by the Hasmonean king John Hyrcanus ( 135 BC ).

The prophet Jeremiah added his voice to the horror that shall be Edom:

” For I have sworn by myself, saith the Lord, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach , a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes. Also Edom shall be a desolation: everyone that goeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss at all the plagues thereof. And as in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbouring cities thereof, saith the LORD, no man shall abide there, neither shall son of man dwell in it” ( Jer.49:13,17,18). There is no record in antiquity of the punishment of Edom like that of Sodom and Gomorrah with fire and brimstone or sulphur.

We have seen that the prophets are unequivocal in prophesying about the destruction of Edom. Bozrah was the capital city of Edom in ancient times. God will make Edom an eternal example for the nations of the world to see. Because of his hatred and violence toward his brother Jacob, he shall be covered with shame. The land shall be made a burning pitch. It shall not be quenched night or day. Its smoke shall go up for ever and ever. When the nations of the world shall be assembled in the Millennium, no noble man from Edom shall be found ( Is.34:12 ). The land of Edom shall be the habitation of wild beasts of the deserts and the islands. All the carnivorous birds of the air shall lodge in the ruins of Edom. The scavengers shall find habitations in the ruins of Edom. The land of Edom shall be overgrown with thorns, nestles and brambles, and it shall become the habitation of dragons and a court for owls ( Is.34:13-15 ).

Because Egypt is not allied to the antiChrist, the antiChrist shall invade Egypt and loot her archeological, art, and other treasures. He shall be supported by the Libyans and the Cushites ( Sudanese ). These two African nations are Islamic and are part of his ten nation coalition of the Eighth And Final Beast Empire as also shown by the prophet Ezekiel ( Ezek.38:5 ). “Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet:” ( Ezek.38:5‬ ). Ezek.38:6 tells us that Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands: and many people with thee. “Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands: and many people with thee.” ( Ezek.38:6‬ ).

From the table of nations in Gen.10, we can see that Gomer is one of the sons of Japheth as also Magog ( Germanic peoples ), Madai ( Medes, Kurds ), Javan ( Greece ), Meshech and Tuval ( White Russia ), Tiras ( Persia, Iran ). Togarmah is the son of Gomer, and therefore the grandson of Japheth the elder. Togarmah is of the house of Gomer, and they are located north of Israel which is Turkey. If a nation north of Israel is allied to the antiChrist, does this prove that the antiChrist is from Turkey and therefore the king of the North? In Dan.11:44, the antiChrist is infuriated by invasions from the East and the North. Therefore, with great fury, he shall utterly destroy them and take many captive. There shall be no army that shall match the ferocity of Magog, Meshech, and Tuval. They are the most sophisticated, with the latest in military technology. They are the power base of the antiChrist. At the commencement of his military and leadership career, he shall overthrow the three rulers of these three peoples and appoint puppets in their steads. This coup d’etas may be military or else political gerrymandering in which they are voted out of government by the majority. There will always be ten kings. The antiChrist is the eleventh horn ( the little horn ) and the overall leader or the Emperor of the Eighth And Final Beast Empire ( The Fourth Reich ). “I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things. And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.” ( Dan.‭7:8, 24‬ ‭). Biblical scholars are agreed that the antiChrist is the little horn which has eyes which signal intelligence and a mouth speaking blasphemy against the God of Heaven. Far more than Alexander the Great of Macedon, and Napoleon of France, he is shall be a military genius. By the use of the word subdue, it is likely these three kings shall be forced out of power.

Dan.11:45 speaks of the antiChrist relocating his headquarters from the land of Magog to Jerusalem, the glorious Holy Mountain between the two seas, the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River which empties into the Lake of Asphaltes which is the Dead Sea. This transfer occurs at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel when he makes his debut at the Rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. This is the abomination of desolation of Dan.9:27, and the revelation of the Man Of Sin spoken by Apostle Paul in 2 Thess.2:3,4. Three and one-half years later he shall meet his Waterloo at Armageddon ( Rev.19:20,21 ).

In this passage of Daniel 11 under investigation, we have seen the king of the South, the king of the North, and king of the East, but there is no mention of the king of the West. Whatever happened to the king of the West? Does it mean that the whole of Western Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand will not be involved in this Final conflict? Will NATO disintegrate before this time? Will America and Western Europe vanish from the Earth before the 70th week of Daniel? I leave the reader to answer these questions.

As touching the invasion from the East, the Scroll of Revelation gives us more insight. “And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared.” ( Rev.16:12‬ ‭). At the outpouring of the sixth bowl judgment, the waters of the Euphrates River that empty into the Persian Gulf is desiccated making way for the kings of the East. What does this tell us? Unlike the other regions of the world, the East shall not be united. Therefore there shall be more than one king. This is not difficult to understand because the major powers in this region have major ideological and religious differences. India is Hindi in region and democratic in government. China on the other hand is Confusian and Buddhist in religion and communist in government. Pakistan is Islamic in religion and practices pseudodemocracy. If we include Japan, we see that it is Shintoistic and Toistic in religion and democratic in government. These are the reasons why there is no unity amongst the kings and peoples of the East. They are rival kings and kingdoms with different and divergent religious and ideological bases. They are suspicious of one another. Right now there is a face off between India and China. There is a lot of controversy over the ownership of islands in the South China Sea between China and its neighbors.

Now as touching the West, all the nations have judeochristian base, and practice one form of democracy or the other. As at now, they are moving away from judeochristian base to postchristian due to their philosophy of humanistic evolution. The antiChrist will be a secular humanist. And the ultimate form of democracy however, is dictatorship. And the antiChrist will be the ultimate dictator. Ultimate dictatorship has been mirrored by Antiochus Theos Epiphanes of Greek Syria in the late second century BC ( 178-164 ), and Adolf Hitler of Nazi Germany ( The Third Reich ) in the first half of the 20th century AD ( 1933-1945 ), both of whom were of western descent. Adolf Hitler was a Magogite ( Germanic ), whilst Antiochus IV Epiphanes was of Javan ( Greece ). Both of these two world rulers were ardent persecutors of the sons of Jacob. So far, Adolf Hitler, of cursed memory, has the worst record. The antiChrist however, shall be the superlative and ultimate antisemite, and the worst persecutor of the sons of Jacob.

Magog ( Germanic peoples of Europe ) are found in Germany, Austria, sudenland in the Czech Repubilic, Silesia region of Poland, and south and west of Moscow in the Russian Federation. The Anglus and the Saxons who populated England in antiquity came from Lower Saxony in Bavaria, Germany. The original Franks are also Germanic in their ancestry. French and English have their roots in the German language. They are part of the Germanic group of Indo-European languages. In identifying the sons of Noah after the deluge, what is most important is ethnicity not geography. Magog was dominant amongst his brethren and became the natural leader of Meshech and Tuval, who were forefront in pushing out the frontiers of history. They were nomadic. The title Caesar borne by the Roman emperors is the same as the German Kaiser, the White Russian Czar who ruled from Saint Petersburg, and the Iranian Shah. These are different versions of the same title. Magog, Meshech, and Tuval invaded the plain of Latium where the city of Rome was founded. The patrician families that founded Rome were of Magog, Meshech, and Tuval, mainly Magog. Some of the Roman Caesars had Germanicum attached to their names. Anyone who plays down the centrality of Magog in the history and migrations of Europeans has denied the obvious. An ethnic group that led the whole world to two world wars are not pushovers. We must not regard the political indolence of Germany at the moment to mean impotence. They are technologically advanced as any other western nation, and antisemitism is on rise amongst its youths. With heavy immigration from the Arab and Islamic nations in the Middle East, who can tell what it will turn into in the future!

One more word on Egypt. The king of the South is not Egypt as some affirm though south of Israel. It is clearly stated by the prophet Daniel that the antiChrist shall invade and conquer Egypt and loot her treasures. This shall be because Egypt shall be isolated. They shall be neither part of the ten nation confederation of the Eighth And Final Beast Empire ( The Fourth Reich ) nor part of coalition of nations of Africa south of the Sahara. The king of the South that shall attack the antiChrist at the end of time shall most probably be the leader of Africa south of the Sahara. In the end of time, there shall be alliances and coalitions as nations as their rulers see that the antiChrist poses existential threat to them. We should not suppose that the south in the End Times is referent to Egypt only as though God did not know that there would be other inhabitants of the continent of Africa beyond Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia.

We have shown from the Scriptures in Daniel 11:36-40 that the antiChrist is not the king of the North as some teachers of biblical prophecy affirm, because the antiChrist is different from the king of the North and was attacked by the king of the North in the time of the end. The king of the North is not Turkey either because Turkey is part of the ten nation confederation of the Eighth Beast Empire of which the antiChrist is the emperor. The other errors we have to refute are the teaching that the antiChrist will be a Muslim from Turkey and that Turkey is the 8th and Final Beast Empire. From Rev.17, we understand that the seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sitteth. “And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth. And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space. And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition.” ( Revelation‬ ‭17:9-11‬ ‭). The seven heads are synonymous with the seven mountains. Mountains signify kingdoms. There are seven kings. And kings are synonymous with kingdoms in the Mid East. It is obvious that the seven mountains mentioned here do not refer to the seven hills on which Rome was founded because these seven hills were not seven kingdoms with seven kings. Actually there were nine hills on which Rome was founded on the Tiber River. These hills are Aventine, caelian, Capitoline, Equiline, Palatine, Quirimal, Veminal, Janiculum, and Pincian. These hills were not kingdoms neither had they heads nor kings. So, the seven mountains do not refer to the seven hills on which Rome was founded, but rather the seven Beast Empires.

At the time of writing of the Scroll of Revelation by Apostle John, the apocalyptist, about 96 AD, five kingdoms were history. These were Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medopersia, and Greece ( Javan ). The one in existence at that time was Rome ( Magog, Meshech, and Tuval ), the sixth Beast Empire. The one to come which would last for a short time, the seventh Beast Empire was not identified by John. This has led to wild speculations about the identity of this Empire. But this Empire would have certain characteristics by which it could be identified when it appeared on the world stage. Like all the previous six, it would persecute Israel. It is one of the seven heads. Did the Ottoman Empire single out the Jews for persecution as did Rome ( Nero, Caligula, Hadrian ), Greece ( Antiochus Theos Epiphanes ) and genocide and annihilation as did Nazi Germany, the Third Reich? No. Current wall of the Old City of Jerusalem was built by the Ottoman Emperor Suleiman the Magnificent. He did not bar Jews from living or owing property in the city unlike the Roman Emperor Hadrian who after the Bar Kochba Revolt ( 132-135 ), ploughed Jerusalem with yokes of oxen, rebuilt it and renamed it Aelia Capitolina, and barred Jews from the city under the pain of death ( 136 ). There was no genocide of the Jews during the 400 years that the Ottomans reigned over Palestine. Jews lived in the whole Middle East throughout this period. The people singled out for persecution under the Ottoman Empire were Christians, especially Christian Armenia. As a matter of fact, the Ottoman Empire took over Palestine after defeating the Mamluks in 1517. Between 1914 and 1922, the Ottoman Empire liquidated 1.5 million Armenians. Their honorable women and ladies were publicly crucified on Crosses stark naked. On the other hand, there is no record that the Jews were singled out for genocide. Did the Ottoman Empire last for a short time? No. It lasted 623 years.

The two divisions of the Roman Empire, the two legs of iron of the statue of king Nebuchadnezzar’s dream were Rome and Byzantium.

“His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay. Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces. Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth. And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all things: and as iron that breaketh all these, shall it break in pieces and bruise. And whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters’ clay, and part of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay. And as the toes of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken. And whereas thou sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men: but they shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is not mixed with clay.” ( Dan.2:33-35, 40-43‬ ‭).

The capital of the Eastern Roman Empire was Byzantium which was renamed Constantinople in honor of Emperor Constantine. The Eastern Roman Empire is also referred as Byzantium and the period as Byzantine Period. Constantinople is modern day Istanbul in Turkey. The Western Roman Empire with capital in Rome was sacked by the Barbarians who were ethnic Germans from the North, the Visigoths, in 410 AD, and by the Vandals in 455 AD. The Roman Empire in the west ended with the deposition of emperor Romulus Augustulus by Odoacer, a German warlord in 476 AD. Separate rule in the west ended with the death of Julius Nepos in 480 AD. The Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantium continued for another 1,000 years until it was overrun by the Ottoman Turks in 1453 AD. The Ottoman Turks, though Indo-European people come from a different stock. Whilst the founders of Rome were Magog, Meshech, and Tuval, mainly Magog, the Ottoman Turks were from Gomer, and Togarmah. They were all of Japhethic extractions. The Ottoman Turks ruled the whole Mid East and Palestine for a period of 400 years from 1517 and became the dominant power in the Mediterranean world until defeated by the British in 1917 during the First World War. So, the Ottoman Empire lasted for 623 years, a period that can hardly be described as a short space. Remember that the seventh head which is the seventh Beast Empire and its ruler shall last for a short space. Therefore the seventh Beast Empire shall have only one ruler who would rule for a short period of time. This is the only logical conclusion. Does the Ottoman Empire fit the bill? No.

Walid Shoebet and Joel Richardson have argued that because the Roman Tenth Legion, Legion X Frentensis led by the Roman general Titus was composed mainly of Turkmen and Arabs, it was not Titus who destroyed the Second Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem in 70 AD. That when the fire started, Titus gave order that the fire should be extinguished but the Turkmen and the Arabs who constituted the rank and file of his army reneged. That may well be true. However, it does not change the fact that it was the Roman general Titus who destroyed the second Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem in 70 AD. If these soldiers were not Roman citizens, then they were machineries. Every Empire recruited soldiers from conquered people. Those soldiers whatever their ethnicity were maintained by the power that be under whose auspices they fought. This argument is a very weak attempt at best to convince us that the Turks destroyed the Second Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah, and therefore the antiChrist who will take over the Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah at the midpoint of the 70th week will be a Muslim from Turkey, the so called Mideast Beast.

This argument begs the question. At that time neither Islam nor the Ottoman Empire was in existence. Even if they did exist at that time, The Second Temple was not destroyed in the name of Islam or the Ottoman Empire. Secondly neither the Turks nor the Arabs descended from Magog, Meshech and Tuval, and therefore could not be the iron in the image of the dream of King Nebuchadnezzar. The onus for the destruction of the Second Jewish Temple on Moriah in Jerusalem rests with the leadership of the Roman army not the rank and file of the Roman army. During the First World War, France recruited soldiers from the Francophone African countries as also did Great Britain from the Anglophone African countries. After the war, France stationed some of these black soldiers from Senegal in Africa in the Ruhr, the heavily industrialized region of Germany as a form of humiliation to Germany in order to extract reparations and war endemnity. Shall we therefore say that Africa defeated Germany during the Second World War? Was Africa ever at war with Germany? This kind of argument is very misleading, and therefore untenable. Did the Turks and the Arabs rule over the land of Israel after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 AD? During the scramble for Africa, the Igbos, an ethnic group southeast of Nigeria gave the British a tough time. The British recruited soldiers from the Yorubas, an ethnic group in the southwest of Nigeria, and from the Hausas, an ethnic group from the North of Nigeria to fight and defeat the Igbos. Shall we say that the Yorubas and the Hausas defeated the Igbos? Were the Igbos at war with the Yorubas and the Hausas? Who commanded these Hausa and Yoruba soldiers? White British Army officers. The Igbos were defeated, and colonized by the British. Did the Yorubas and the Hausas rule over the Igbos during the colonial era? No. Who did? The British, period.

The Sixth Beast Empire, the Seventh Beast Empire, and the Eighth Beast Empire have their roots in the iron legs of the image of king Nebuchadnezzar’s dream. The iron we have identified as Magog, Meshech, and Tuval. But the Ottoman Turks and modern day Turkey are from Gomer and Togarmah. Besides the Ottoman Empire did not persecute Israel in exile, neither had it only one ruler nor was it of short duration. The only Empire in history that meets these criteria or qualifications is Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Germany ( The Third Reich ). The Germans are Magogites. The Third Reich of Adolf Hitler lasted for a very short time of 12 years ( 1933-1945 ). So far as history records, Nazi Germany has been the worst persecutor of the sons of Jacob. During the reign of terror by the Nazi dictator, Adolf Hitler, six millions Jews perished in the gas chambers and crematoria all over Eastern and parts of Western Europe, amongst whom were 2 millions Jewish children whose lives were snuffed out in the embryo. One factor that is common amongst the seven Beast Empire of Satan is their persecution of the sons of Jacob. Neither Joel Richardson nor Walid Shoebet has emphasized this glaring fact in their identification of the Seventh Beast Empire as the Ottoman Empire. Why? Because it is conspicuously absent. If we say that the Ottoman Empire is the seventh Beast Empire of Satan, what shall we say of Hitler’s Nazi Germany? If the Empire that killed more Jews than any other in history is not one of the Beast Empires of Satan, which other Empire has the qualification? It baffles me that these scholars are silent about the role of Nazi Germany, the Fourth Reich, as a Beast Empire of Satan. Is this theological antisemitism or historical revisionism by deliberate omission?

If the Seventh Beast Empire is Magogite, the Eighth Beast Empire which is the revived Seventh Beast Empire must also be Magogite. Kings are synonymous with their kingdoms. If the revived kingdom is Magogite, the revived king also must be Magogite. So the antiChrist, the revived head of the revived Seventh Beast Empire must be Magogite. This logic is born out by the fact that the prophet Ezekiel identified the antiChrist as Gog of the land of Magog, the head or natural ruler of Meshech, and Tuval ( Ezek.38:1,2 ). In Ezek.38,39, he leads the armies of his ten nation confederation against Christ at Armageddon. Ezek.38,39 which some scholars isolate as the Gog and Magog war, which according to them, especially the pretribulationists, shall be the final war before the Rapture, is nothing other than the war of Armageddon. After this war is the rebuilding of the Fourth And Millennial Temple by Christ Himself ( Ezek.40-43 ) on the new elevated and renovated Mount Zion during the 45-day Restoration Period ( Dan.12:11,12 ). Let me make it clear here that although the Jews have drawn a plan of the Third Temple based on Ezek.40-43, procured materials and raised over $100 millions for the rebuilding of the Third Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, they shall not be able to erect a temple of this magnitude in this age. The Third Temple shall be a much smaller structure hastily set up and will last for a brief period of time. Ezek.40-48 is a description of Jerusalem and the land of Israel in the Millennium.

The pretribbers say that the Rapture is imminent and can occur at any moment without any prophetic event preceding it, yet they tell us the Gog and Magog war in which Russia and its allies shall invade Israel is the last prophetic event that shall unfold before the Rapture can take place. Is the Gog and Magog war not a prophetic event? They say no prophetic event will precede the Rapture, yet they hold prophecy conferences every week all over North America. What are they prophesying about if no prophetic event will occur before the Rapture? I wonder!

If the Ottoman Empire was of Magogite origin, what then is the origin of the Roman Empire? So, the antiChrist cannot come from Turkey. The antiChrist is an atheist, and so cannot be a Muslim in practice ( Dan.11:36-39, 2 Thess.2:4 ). Some biblical scholars have strictures with that. Muslims are not atheists. The only god that the antiChrist would recognize is the barrel of the gun. He shall be a Chairman Mao; power belongs to the barrel of the gun. He shall worship the god of forces, the god of munition. His career begins with overthrow, and metamorphoses into subtle peace diplomacy and war. The antiMessiah will be a powerful and extremely ungodly military leader. He will lead his vast armies in the Jerusalem campaign in which he relocates his headquarters from Europe to Jerusalem. When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, let him that readeth understand ( Matt.24:15 ). “He shall plant the tabernacle of palace between the seas in the glorious Holy Mountain” ( Dan.11:45 ). He shall lead his armies in the Jehoshaphat campaign ( Joel 3:1,2,9,12-16, Zechariah.14:2 ). He shall lead his armies at Armageddon ( Ezek. 38:4,8,9; Dan.11:38 ). He will conquer Egypt. He shall go forth conquering and to conquer ( Rev.6:2 ). Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all ( Dan.11:37). So the antiMessiah shall be a warrior and a powerful military leader, but an ungodly one for that matter.

There are really no true atheists. Atheism is a misnomer. Atheism is a religion. Their god is “no-god” which is falsehood, the origin of which is Satanic. So, Satan is the god of all atheists. All atheists are idolaters. All atheists are satanists. Atheism is idolatry. All atheists are pagans. To that extent and in that sense, the antiChrist will be a pagan. Quite frankly he is a secular humanist in public, but secretly he worships Satan who indwells and empowers him, and whom he represents ( Rev.13:2 ), and practices witchcraft as also did also Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler would say publically there is no God, yet he was a member of a witches and wizards coven. See “The Sword Of Longinus.” The antiChrist shall be the consummate superman which is the end product of secular humanism and evolution.

Another error is that the land of Shinar is Mecca in Arabia. The land of Shinar is Babylon which is in modern day Iraq. “And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.” ( Gen.10:10‬ ‭). If the Tower of Babel, the ancient Ziggurats are in Babylon, and Babylon is in the land of Shinar, how can Mecca be the land of Shinar.

“Then I turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a flying roll. And he said unto me, What seest thou? And I answered, I see a flying roll; the length thereof is twenty cubits, and the breadth thereof ten cubits. Then said he unto me, This is the curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole earth: for every one that stealeth shall be cut off as on this side according to it; and every one that sweareth shall be cut off as on that side according to it. I will bring it forth, saith the Lord of hosts, and it shall enter into the house of the thief, and into the house of him that sweareth falsely by my name: and it shall remain in the midst of his house, and shall consume it with the timber thereof and the stones thereof. Then the angel that talked with me went forth, and said unto me, Lift up now thine eyes, and see what is this that goeth forth. And I said, What is it? And he said, This is an ephah that goeth forth. He said moreover, This is their resemblance through all the earth. And, behold, there was lifted up a talent of lead: and this is a woman that sitteth in the midst of the ephah. And he said, This is wickedness. And he cast it into the midst of the ephah; and he cast the weight of lead upon the mouth thereof. Then lifted I up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came out two women, and the wind was in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork: and they lifted up the ephah between the earth and the heaven. Then said I to the angel that talked with me, Whither do these bear the ephah? And he said unto me, To build it an house in the land of Shinar: and it shall be established, and set there upon her own base.” ( Zech.5:1-11‬ ‭).

The ephah is a holy measure. A woman in a holy measure is an abomination. The woman in the ephah is Semiramis or Anat, the wife of Nimrod and mother of Tammuz or Osiris. The ephah was taken to its base in the land of Shinar where mother-child worship introduced by Nimrod began. It was Nimrod who founded Babel. It was from Babylon in the land of Shinar that it spread to all other parts of the world after the confusion of languages at Babel. Mother-child worship did not begin in Mecca in Arabia. So, Mecca in Arabia cannot be the land of Shinar.

That Islam is the symbol of mother-child worship is true, so also every other false religion. That Mecca is Babylon the Great, the Great Whore of Rev.17,18 is not true, though the spirit of Babylon, the spirit of mother-child worship controls Mecca as it does also Rome and did Pergamos, and the center of every other false religion other than true Christianity. So Rev.17,18 are not about Mecca. Neither is it about Jerusalem, for that would mean that the ten kings of the Eighth Beast Empire shall destroy the headquarters of the antiChrist and the capital city of the His empire. “And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast. These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast. These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful. And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues. And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire. For God hath put in their hearts to fulfil his will, and to agree, and give their kingdom unto the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled. And the woman which thou sawest is that great city, which reigneth over the kings of the earth.” ( Rev.17:12-18‬ ‭). Will the ten kings of the Eighth Beast Empire burn down the capital city of the antiChrist to whom they are allied? The antiChrist shall be in control of Jerusalem until defeated by Christ at the final battle of Armageddon.

It is about ancient Babylon which has been rebuilt by Saddam Hussein in modern day Iraq. It shall be the religious and commercial center of the Eighth Beast Empire ( The Fourth Reich ). With regards to the end time scenario, Saudi Arabia and Mecca are insignificant, irrelevant, and inconsequential. There is no prominence give to Saudi Arabia and Mecca in the End Times. Biblical eschatology is silent about them. It is not proper therefore for us to twist Scriptures to include and give them prominence. These ministers who hold this opinion are former Muslims or Christian ministers who minister to Muslims. They have seen how deeply seated is the Islamic ideology of world domination. They cannot see Islam playing second fiddle. Is it therefore difficult for God to alter the stats quo?

We should not interpret biblical prophecy in the light of current affairs, rather current affairs should be viewed through the prism of biblical prophecy. There are many books written on biblical prophecy which became bestsellers in their times. They were based on the geopolitics of their times. They were sensational. They sold millions of copies and their authors made their money. When we pick them up today, what do we see? They are not worth the paper on which they were written. Books on biblical prophecy should have value and normative authority till the end of time. Some books on biblical prophecy which are advocating that the antiChrist is the king of the North, and will be the Mideast Beast, and a Muslim from Turkey or an Assyrian will become irrelevant in the coming decades with changes in the geopolitics of the world. Pleasantly surprising though, the geopolitics of the future will lead to the realignment of nations in such a way as to conform to biblical prophecy as announciated by the statue of the dream of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon in Dan.2 and the four beasts of Dan.7.

That the ten horns of the nondescript Beast are the ten kings of Arabia is also false. Saudi Arabia is not part of the ten nation confederation of the Eighth And Final Beast Empire ( The Fourth Reich ). The Bible tells us who they are. “And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority.” ( Rev.13:2‬ ‭). According to Dan.7, the lion is Babylon, the leopard is Greece, the bear Medopersia, and the nondescript Beast is Rome.

“The first was like a lion, and had eagle’s wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man’s heart was given to it. And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh. After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it. After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns.” ( Dan.7:4-7‬ ‭).

The fourth Beast, the composite nondescript ferocious Beast with ten horns is representative of the Sixth Beast Empire ( Rome ), the Seventh Beast Empire ( Nazi Germany ), and the Eighth Beast Empire. That was why the fourth Beast could not be represented by a single animal. It was composite and nondescript. The Seventh and the Eighth Beast Empires are subsumed in the Sixth Beast Empire ( Roman Empire ). They emerged out of the Roman iron root. They are of the same ancestry as Rome. There are some that teach that the Seventh Beast Empire is not represented in Dan.7. However, that assumption is not true. Obviously the ten horns are a representation of the composition of the Eighth Beast Empire. But why is the Fourth Beast a nondescript composite Beast? It is because it composed of more than one Beast. There is a reason for whatever God does. All the other Beast Empires were represented by a single clearly identifiable animals, but when it came to Rome, it was represented as a monster of a creature. These three beasts have a common ancestry. This is the only logical conclusion. Even if the Ottoman Empire were of Roman ancestry, which obviously it was not, it would still not qualify as the Seventh Beast Empire because it did not single out the Jews for genocide, neither did it last for a short period of time.

The ten horns are the ten kings of Magog, Meshech, and Tuval ( nondescript beat; Rome ), Javan ( Leopard; Greece or Greek Syria ), Arphaschard ( winged Lion; Babylon or Iraq ), Persia ( bear; Iran or Tiras ). The other four, Put ( Libya ), Cush ( Sudan ), Gomer and Togarmer ( Turkey ) were not represented by beasts simply because they were not Beast Empires [ Ezek.38:1-6; Rev.13:2 ]. The four heads of the leopard are the four divisions of the Greek Empire after the demise of Alexander the Great of Macedon in 323 BC. We can see that neither modern Turkey nor the Ottoman Empire is one of the seven Beast Empires of Satan. After the demise of Alexander the Great of Macedon, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the seventh ruler of one of the four divisions of the Greek Empire was a persecutor of the sons of Jacob. Alexander himself never persecuted the sons of Jacob. Am inclined to believe that Javan refers to Greek Syria of which Antiochus IV Epiphanes was the head, who was also a prefigure of the antiChrist, neither Egypt nor Greece nor Macedonia proper .

Turkey will be part of the ten nation confederation of the Eighth And Final Beast Empire ( The Fourth Reich ) but not the head neither one of the power base nations of Magog, Meshech, and Tuval. Turkey is part of the clay of the ten toes of the image of king Nebuchadnezzar’s dream. The leadership of the ten nation confederation, the Eighth And Final Beast Empire of Satan is in the iron root, not the clay. The nondescript composite ferocious Beast had iron teeth. The life of the Beast is in the iron teeth with which it tears the prey. The iron is the power base of the Beast. The antiChrist must come from the iron base. The life of the Beast is not in the secondary horns. The antiChrist cannot come from the clay. Therefore, the antiChrist cannot come from Turkey nor any of the other six secondary nations. Clay is a mixture of all kinds of substances held together by water. So also the clay in the ten toes of the statue of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream is an admixture of all the sons of Noah after the deluge. All the descendants of Shem, Ham, and Japheth are represented. Those of Hamitic extraction are Put ( Libya ) and Cush ( Sudan ). Those of Semitic extraction are Arphaschard ( Babylon ), and perhaps Greek Syria. Those of Japhethic extraction are Gomer, Togarmer ( Turkey ), and Iran ( Persia or Tiras ). Gomer, Togarmer, and Tiras ( Persia ) are Indo-European peoples. The only thing that holds these peoples together is the Islamic religion. Joel Richardson has asked the question, if the antiChrist is not a Muslim how is he able to gain the allegiance of Muslims? And I ask why did Saudi Arabia and Kuwait permit Christian US soldiers to enter into their lands and defend them against Saddam Hussein, a Muslim ruler of a Muslim nation? It is a marriage of convenience. It is survival of fittest. In politics there are no permanent friends, but permanent interests. The Muslims want world domination. They want to establish a global caliphate that will rule the world. The west also want world domination. It is a marriage of convenience. Therefore, they will mingle themselves in the seed of men, but will not cleave to one another. “And whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters’ clay, and part of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay. And as the toes of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken. And whereas thou sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men: but they shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is not mixed with clay.” ( Daniel‬ ‭2:41-43‬ ‭).

There are also those who claim the antiChrist is the Assyrian. The descendants of the ancient Assyria are found in modern day Iraq. They are few in number and are mainly Christians. They are a persecuted minority in Iraq. They are Semitic people. So if the Assyrians are part of the Eighth And Final Beast Empire, they are part of the clay not the iron. The leadership of the Eighth Beast Empire is from the Iron which is of Roman ancestry ( Magog, Meshech, and Tuval ). So, the antiChrist cannot be an Assyrian unless of course in a metaphorical sense ( Isa.14:25 ). The Assyrians were known for their cruel treatment of war captives. It is exegetically unacceptable to twist Scriptures already fulfilled in antiquity to justify our preconceived notions. Assyria was used by God to punish Israel ( Isa.10:5 ). That was in the past. Assyria will never rise up as an Empire or people to dominate the world neither would Babylon nor Egypt nor Greece nor the Medes and the Persians no matter how hard they try. Geopolitical revival is the exclusive preserve of the Roman Iron, the nondescript composite Beast. Saddam Hussein’s efforts to revive the glories of the neoBabylonian Empire under king Nebuchadnezzar was doomed to failure from the beginning. According to Dan Hayden, Babylon is the Empire that was. So also the efforts of Iranian leadership to rise to the former glories of the Persian Empire by regaining world domination. There is a movement of power amongst the sons of Noah after the flood from Ham to Japheth with which it rests till the end of time.

Ham -> Shem -> Japheth

Ham was the first of the sons of Japhet to establish an empire in history though he was the last born of Noah. That was the Egyptian Empire. From Ham, power moved to the Semitic peoples. Shem was the second son of Noah. They established two empires that impacted Israel negatively, Assyria and Babylon. Although the foundation of the city of Babylon was Hamitic; for Nimrod, a grandson of Ham through Cush was the founder of Babylon, the Sumerians and the Akkadians built the ancient Babylonian Empire. The neoBabylonian Empire of Nebuchadnezzar was founded by the Chaldeans. “And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Put, and Canaan. And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtecha: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan. And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the Lord: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.” ( Gen.10:6-10‬ ‭).

From the Semitic peoples, power moved to the Japhetic peoples. Japheth was the eldest son of Noah. He had the right of primogeniture which included leadership, priesthood and double inheritance. For unrevealed reason the priesthood went to Shem, but Japheth retained the leadership. Ham was to play a subordinate role because he viewed the nakedness of his father, Noah, in a state of inebriation. Both Ham and Japheth dwell in the spiritual tent of Shem. Salvation is of the Jews ( John 4:22 ). “And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren. And he said, Blessed be the Lord God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.” ( Genesis‬ ‭9:25-27‬ ‭). The tent spoken of here is spiritual tent, the origin of which is divine and rests in the hands of the sons of Jacob, a Semitic people.

“And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham is the father of Canaan. These are the three sons of Noah: and of them was the whole earth overspread. And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard: And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without. And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father’s nakedness. And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him. And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren. And he said, Blessed be the Lord God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.” ( Genesis‬ ‭9:18-27‬ ‭).

The first of the Japhetites to build an empire were the Medes and the Persian ( Medopersia ). The Medes ( Medai ) and the Persians ( Tiras ) are Indo-European peoples. They descended from Japheth the elder. Next to them were the Greek ( Javan ). Finally we have the descendants of Magog, Meshech, and Tuval ( Rome ). Power will remain not only with the sons of Japheth, but with Magog till the end of time. If we do not have this understanding, we shall be beating about the bush by speculating about the ancestry of the Eighth Beast Empire and the antiChrist. This is all revealed in the image of king Nebuchadnezzar’s dream in Dan.2, and the beasts of Daniel’s dream in Dan.7. The iron and the nondescript composite ferocious beast ( Rome ) prevailed till the end of time. The clay was brought in to assist the Iron. The ten horns developed on the nondescript composite and ferocious beast. And the clay is composed of all the descendants of the three sons of Noah: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

But the iron in the statue of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream which is Rome ( Magog, Meshech, and Tuval ) will dominate the world till the End Of The Ages. If the antiChrist is a Muslim from either Ottoman Empire or Assyria, which kings of these two empires would he be? One outstanding characteristics of the antiChrist is that he will be a man who has ruled one of the seven previous Beast Empires, was killed with a military weapon in battle, descended into the abyss, and shall ascend from the abyss to rule over the Eighth And Final Beast Empire. He shall be recognizable when he unveils himself at his debut at the Rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel. “And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast.” ( Rev.13:3‬ ‭). “And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition.” ( Rev.17:11‬ ‭). “Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.” ( 2 Thess.‬ ‭2:3-4‬ ).

The fact that the antiChrist is a dead man who had ruled one of the seven previous Beast Empires in the past and is come back to life to rule over The Eighth Beast Empire ( The Fourth Reich ) shall be the most singular fact that shall grant him overwhelmingly influence over the lives of the living wicked earth-dwellers. Even the kings of the other kingdoms of the Earth in existence at that time shall fear him. Therefore he shall have worldwide influence. “And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast. And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him? And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months. And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven. And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations. And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.” ( Rev.13:3-8 ).

They shall worship the Dragon who gave authority to the Beast, and they shall worship the Beast, saying who is able to make war with him? “And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him?” ( Rev.13:4‬ ‭). Who is like unto him is an expression of wonder because he is a dead man come back to life. He shall be invincible in battle against these other kings. No human king will be able to defeat the antiChrist in battle. The only person that shall defeat him is Christ at the final battle of Armageddon. The antiChrist is not a human spirit. He is a fallen evil angel. He ascends out of the bottomless pit and shall go into perdition. “And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.” ( Rev.11:7‬ ‭). Why is it that he ascends out of the bottomless pit? It is because he has been there. He had lived before and was killed with a military weapon in battle. This is not something future. It has already happened. He ruled over the Seventh Beast Empire. He was sent there because he is not a human spirit. Human spirits are sent to Hell or Heaven not the abyss. The abyss is the abode of fallen angels who did note keep their first estate but in defiance to God’s command to keep men and angels separate, cohabited with human females ( Gen.6 ). They are reserved in chains under darkness waiting for the judgment of the Great Day ( Jude 6 ).

The Muslim nations that shall be allied to the antiChrist shall worship the Dragon as well as the Beast. They shall be idolaters and Satanists as they have always been though they name America as they Great Satan.

Those who claim the antiChrist will be a Mid East Muslim either from Ottoman Empire which modern day Turkey or from Assyria must show us which emperor of one of these two empires he would be who ruled for short time, and was killed with a military weapon in battle, was an ardent persecutor of the sons of Jacob, and will be recognizable at his debut when he unveils himself at the Rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, as a dead man come back to life, at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel. If on the other hand, Nazi Germany ( The Third Reich ) is the seventh Beast Empire, not the Ottoman Empire, then there is no doubt who its sole leader who reigned for a short space was; Adolf Hitler fits the bill. Admiral Carl Doenitz merely surrendered to the Allies. He shall be recognizable when he unveils himself at the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. There is a mystery surrounding his death, though he shot himself with a pistol at the Chancellery in Berlin while the Russians were closing in on him. Adolf Hitler is the most recognizable face on television worldwide, and he is not about to give up his position. Besides, there is another huddle; they must show us that he has iron root ( Roman ancestry ) and is Gog, of the land of Magog, the head or natural ruler of Meshech, and Tuval ( Ezek.38:1,2 ). Impossible!

The antiChrist who is the little horn shall arise out of the nondescript Beast which is Rome. Did the Ottoman Empire come out of Rome? They merely defeated the Easthern Roman Empire or Byzantium. “These great beasts, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise out of the earth. But the saints of the most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever. Then I would know the truth of the fourth beast, which was diverse from all the others, exceeding dreadful, whose teeth were of iron, and his nails of brass; which devoured, brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with his feet; And of the ten horns that were in his head, and of the other which came up, and before whom three fell; even of that horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spake very great things, whose look was more stout than his fellows. I beheld, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them;” ( Dan.‭7:17-21‬ ). We have to go back to Dan.2 in order to understand that the power base is in the iron and not the clay. The nails were of brass ( bronze ) which is suggestive of Greece. Javan ( Greece ) is one of the ten horns of the Eighth Beast Empire. Turkey is one of the seven secondary nations of the Eighth Beast Empire. The Ottoman Empire does not feature at all. It is not one of the Beast Empires. The Ottoman Empire did not have iron root neither did it come out Rome.

That the dispersion of mother-child worship began from Babylon is true, and that the sacred stone in the Ka’aba in Mecca which Muslim pilgrims kiss is the image of the secret of Semiramis is also true. That Islam is a monotheistic religion is false. Islam is polytheistic. There are 360 gods in the Arabian pantheon worshipped at the Ka’aba in Mecca by the Quraish tribe. Anat or Semiramis was made the patron deity by prophet Mohammed. She is a female goddess. That she is worshipped as a male deity Allah which is an acrostic from Al ila which means the god, is an occultic inversion. Allah is not a personal name but a title. The crescent Moon which is the symbol of Islam is female in Mid East Mythology, and the Sun male. Osiris is the son of Semiramis or Anat. The sons of the gods, their male offspring are the stars ( Rev.12:1 ). The crescent Moon is Semiramis and the lone star is Osiris, who is both husband and son of Semiramis. An abomination. The sun is one of the smallest stars. The lone star doubles as the sun and the star. In other words, Nimrod, the husband of Semiramis is subsumed in the son, Thammuz who is also the husband of Semiramis, Nimrod come back to life. Most Muslim Imams practise witchcraft. They have charms and talisman for every imaginable desire of fallen and deprave humanity. However, that the Ottoman Empire is the Seventh Beast Empire, and that Turkey is the Eighth Beast Empire , and that the antiChrist will be a Mid East Muslim from Turkey, and the king of the North are false.

Avraham Shallom.

Introduction To Eschatology

Introduction To Eschatology

Introduction to Eschatology.

(1) Importance of eschatology.

I view eschatology as one of the most important subjects in the Bible, on equal footing with Faith and prayer and fellowship with God, salvation, healing, evangelism, divine protection , meeting our daily needs, etc. If we do not understand eschatology, we cannot pray properly for the world in the  time in which we live. Proper prayer is biblical. It is based on the word of God. It is an invitation to God to act in accordance with His Word, an invocation of His faithfulness. Eschatology is the future history of the world. A believer who understands eschatology needs not be afraid of the future. Eschatology is a catalyst for holy living ( Marvin J. Rosenthal ). Eschatology tells us how the world would end.

There are many things which can render one very fearful in our world nowadays: freak accidents, natural desasters like tsunamis, hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes; nuclear blow ups, wars, famines, terror attacks. There are lots of demented people out there, loose in our societies, ready to commit crimes and acts of terror who are not in anyway linked up to criminal gangs or criminal and terror organizations. A biblical understanding of the end times tells us the major historical events of the future. Therefore eschatology is so vital to our spiritual equilibrium who live at the edge of history.

Virologists tell us some virulent virus enzootic in animals may jump off and wreak havoc on humanity and lead to viromaggedon. Scientists in their quest for knowledge may one day revive some extremely virulent organism asleep in the Canadian  permafrost which may wipe out humanity. Stephen Hawkings tells us AIs may wipe out humanity. He is not the first to say that: Raymond Kurzweil talks about singularity and the death of human civilization. Earlier and late in the 19th Century, the German philosopher, Martin Heidegger warned technology would destroy humanity. Elon Musk tells us to become cyborgs or become obsolescent and loose our jobs to robots. In the midst of all these predictions by eminent scholars and innovators and philosophers, one may develop a hang up on “Sudden Disaster Syndrome” and be filled with anxiety and fear. For us believers in Messiah, Jesus, it needs not be so. Our Daddy has revealed to us in His Word how the World would end. We must avail ourselves of this knowledge. If we do not, we shall be like the people of the world, fearful and on edge all the time. My submission is that a proper biblical understanding of eschatology would help us to remain balanced in a gloomy World bedeviled with sin and evil.

When America invaded Iraq to oust Saddam Hussein from power, some brethren came to me, fearful that Saddam Hussein had chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons, and that the world may end in a nuclear holocaust. I told then plainly, in a bald language that that was not to be. They asked how I knew. My answer was very simple: that was not how God said in His Word, The Bible that the world was going to end. At that time I was not sure whether Saddam Hussein had any or all of those weapons of mass destruction. Even if he had them, it did not matter much, he could not have possibly wiped out the whole of humanity that way and in effect end human civilization.

(2) Definition of eschatology.
Eschatology is a compound word derived from two Greek words eschaton and logi. Eschaton means the last things and logi the study of. Therefore, eschatology is the study of the last things. It is the study of the last things from biblical perspectives. All religions have their views of the last things. We shall not concern ourselves with views which stem from other religions. We shall limit ourselves to the biblical view of eschatology which is so vital to our well being in these last days.

(3) The terminology of Eschatology.

Jewish theology has a dichotomous view of eschatology: olam haze ( the present age ) and olam haba ( the age to come ). This dichotomous view is also biblical.

In between the two ages is what is called the end of the ages. In this period, there is an intensification of activities on Earth in order to bring this age to an end, a conclusion, and usher in another, the age to come (aioneis). The life of the age to come ( zoe aioneis ) is what is commonly translated as eternal life in the KJV: God so loved the world that he gave His only begotten Son that whosoever believers in Him shall not perish but have everlasting ( eternal ) life ( Jon.3:16 ). Born again believers ( more biblically accurate, born from above, Greek: genetenai annotein ), though living in this age , possess the life of the age to come. Jesus told the Jewish religious leader: you are of this age, I am not of this age; you are from beneath, I am from above ( Jon.8:23 ). Without this life of the age to come, it is practically impossible to live the christian life.

The ends of the ages which is also called simply the end, the lord’s day etc, occurs within the 70th Seven of Daniel’s 70 Seven prophecy. This 7-year period is divided into two equal halves by the abomination of desolation in the midst of it. Each half consists of three and one-half years of 1, 260 days or 42 weeks. Most of the terminology of eschatology derives from events in the 70th Seven of Daniel.

Some biblical scholars of bible prophecy choose to refer to the last 7-years of the present age as the Tribulation period, and the second half of it as The Great Tribulation. This may be somewhat confusing and build an apriori case for pretribulation rapture view. Not all of the second half of the 70th Seven is covered by the Great Tribulation: in fact the Tribulation the Great is truncated by the 6th seal judgement, the cosmic disturbance. I prefer to call it simply the 70th Seven

There is a dichotomy and duality in eschalogical terminology and the cosmic struggle: Christ and the antiChrist, day and night, above and beneath, the present age and the age to come, sin and evil, light and darkness, the saints ( the holy ones ) and the wicked earth-dwellers, God and Satan, demons and angels, temporality and eternality, the present and the future, life and the afterlife.

(4) God’s view of time.

In the beginning God created the Heavens and the earth (Gen. 1:1). God finished His work in six days. He rested the seventh day and hollowed it ( Gen.2:2 ). From here arises the concept of the Shabbat. The Shabbat is the day of rest. We know that God’s ways are not our ways. As the heavens are higher than the earth, so are His ways higher than our ways and his thoughts than our thoughts ( Is.55:8,9 ). And again, one day is with the Lord as a thousand years and a thousand years as one day ( 2 Pet.3:8 ). Daddy created the present age to last for a seven. Each of those seven days shall be a thousand years. At the end of the 6th day or better still 6th millennium would be a Shabbat. The Shabbat shall last for a thousand years. Here lies the concept of the millennium. Millennium comes from the Latin, Mille and annum which mean 1000 years. Therefore, the premillennial view of eschatology is biblically accurate. This view teaches that at the end of this age, God Almighty shall takeover the rulership of the Earth and reign for a thousand years.

The Jewish calendar begins from day 1 of creation. This year on the Jewish calendar is 5,775. That leaves us with 225 years to the end of the 6th millennium. We cannot be so sure of the accuracy of this calendar, but give and take, it tells somewhat how precariously close we are to the ends of the ages. We cannot know the day and the hour of His coming, but we can know the general time period. No matter whatever angle we view the world, we are fast approaching the ends of the ages.

God is sovereign Lord over His universal kingdom. But gave rulership of the earthly domain of His kingdom to Adam, his representave on the earthly domain of His Universal kingdom. Adam sold out to the devil. It was a legal transaction and therefore binding. Adam had the legal right to transfer rulership of the Earth to Satan, God’s adversary, but not the moral right, inasmuch as he, Adam had rulership of the Earth from God. Adams lease of the Earth to Satan shall expire and the end of the 6th millennium, the 6th day as it were. At the end of the 6th millennium, the rulership of the Earth shall be returned to God Almighty, the Sovereign Lord of the universe, and He shall reign for one day or better still, a 1000years.

(5) Eschalogical timeline.

We have dealt in a panoramic view with the 70 Sevens. Beyond the 70th seven is the 30-day Reclamation Period and the 45-day Restoration Period mentioned in Daniel 12:11,12: “And from the time the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninty days. Blessed is he that waits, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and thirty days days.” The 1,290 days and the 1,335 days have the same terminus-a-quo. The starting point here is the abomination of desolation which occurs precisely in the middle of the 70th Seven when the antiChrist makes his debut at the rebuilt temple on Mount Mariah, Temple Mount in Jerusalem, and demands worship and allegiance from all mortals, both Jews and Gentiles. Beyond this is the The Shabbat, the millennium when God Almighty regains physical possession of the the earthly realm of His Universal Kingdom.

(6) Principles of Biblical Eschatological Hermeneutics

Biblical scholars have found out that there are certain principles that should be followed in interpreting scriptures in order to avoid confusion and contradictions. If these principles are consistently followed, the result would be the same no matter who interprets the scripture and when and where the scripture is interpreted. We must not come to scripture with our own theological predispositions and dogma and preconceived ideas, opinions and notions. These principles are as follows:

1) Literal Sense of Scripture:

Scripture must be interpreted in its literal common sense. Cooper’s definition of literal sense is when the literal sense of scripture makes common sense seek no other sense,….. Martin Luther called it sensus literalis. It a well know fact that most of the advancement made in interpretation of scriptures during the reformation were as a result of adherence to this principle. Others biblical writers like Robert van Kampen call it face value hermeneutics. Scripture must be interpreted in its face value. This principle does not prohibit the use of symbolism. Every prophetic scripture must be literally fulfilled. If a prophetic scripture is not literally fulfilled, neither the prophecy not the prophet should be regarded.

(2) Context of Scripture.

Scripture must be interpreted in its context and settings. The immediate and wider contexts must be taken into cognizance. When a text is taken out of context , it is no more than a pretext. The context involves the personalities addressed and their settings and situations.

(3) Comparing Scripture with Scripture.

What this means is that when a particular text, sentence, phrase or word is being studied, we must do so in the light of its related passages and texts in order to get the overall picture. Some passages are not as clear as others, and some truth are more implicit than explicit. Scripture is its own best interpreter, therefore, related truths must be compared

(4) Prohibition of Antinomies.

An antimony is a contradiction between two apparently equally valid principles or between inferences drawn from such principles. When we deal with a particular issue in scripture, there must be no contradiction between the related passages or principles derived from those passages. When contradictions exist, a higher common denominator must be found which resolves and harmonizes the contradiction. No interpretation is valid except such as harmonizes any apparent contradictions. God’s word is inerrant, therefore it cannot be contradictory. However, if ideas are mutually exclusive, they can never be reconciled.

(5)Near and Far View of Prophecy.

Some prophecies in the Scriptures have relevance to the immediate period as well as in the end times. These near and far view implications and applications may be the source of confusion where they are not recognized and harmonized. Sometimes a part of prophecy is fulfilled in the immediate period while the remaining part is fulfilled in the future. For example, when our Lord Jesus quoted Isaiah’s prophecy in 61:1-3 in reference to His ministry in Luke 4:18-2, He stopped in the middle of a verse. When Peter made reference to Joel’s prophecy in Acts 2:14-21, not all of it was fulfilled in that day. So, some prophetic passages have immediate and wider implications and applications. Some are partially fulfilled in the immediate period whilst full fulfillment awaits the future .

(7) Subjects Relevant To The Study Of Eschatology.

There are a number of subjects relevant to the study of eschatology. A good student of eschatology must do well to familiarize himself with these subjects.

1) The Bible: a fair knowledge of the bible is a prerequisite, especially

prophetic books like Daniel, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Revelation. The Olivet Discourse in Matt.24-25, Mark 14 and Luke 21 is of utmost importance, and so also Paul,s espitles to the Thessalonians.

2) History:

(a) Biblical history: history of Old and New Testaments;
(b) History of ancient and modern Israel;
(c) History of ancient and modern Neareast;
(d) History of migration of the sons Noah after the flood; Study of postdiluvian migrations and settlements of the sons Noah is relevant to the identification and settlements of the various peoples groups germane to eschatology.
(e) World history;

(3) Geography:

(a) Ancient and modern Israel;
(b) Ancient and modern Neareast;
(c) Political geography of the modern world.

(4) Current Affairs:

we must acquaint ourselves with the goings-on in our worlds. Whilst some events in our world are relevant to eschatology, others are eschatologically inconsequential. We must be conversant with the goings-on in Europe and The Middle East.

(5) Modern Technology and Science:

Any serious believer who can read and write should have a fair knowledge of the development in modern science and technology, and how it relates to the Mark of the Beast.

(6) Finance:

We must have money to transact business. Even in a cashless society we must have money credited to our account in order to carry out any transactions. Therefore we must acquaint ourselves with the developments in finance in order to understand how The Beast shall manipulate it in order to use it to his advantage.

(7) Religion:

We should also acquaint ourselves with the goings-on in the world of region with regards to ecumenism and the formation of one world religion. Of late Chrislam has been proposed. Chrislam is the union of Islam with Christianity. Is this practicable?

This list is daunting. It is enough to scare one off the study of eschatology. However this is not the intent of the writer. We do not need to be professors and gurus in all these fields and no one is. What is needed is a fair and working knowledge in order to understand eschatology and the analyze and relate current affaires to the end times.

 

 

The Millennium

The Millennium

The Millennium

The word millennium is derived from two Latin words, mille which means thousand, and annum which means year. Millennium therefore means one thousand years. In eschatology, the millennium refers to the one thousand

-year reign of Christ which occurs at the end of the present age after the battle of Armageddon. The word millennium occurs only in chapter 20 of the Scroll of Revelation in the entire Bible. It is used six times in the first seven verses of Revelation 20. It refers to the literal one thousand-year reign of Christ. Although the reign of the Messiah was well known to the OT prophets, the length of that reign was not specified. Therefore its duration was not known to the OT prophets. They knew it would be for a long time; for the prophet Isaiah wrote: ” There shall be no more thence an infant of days, nor an old man that has not filled his days: for the child shall die an hundred years old; but the sinner being an hundred years old shall be accursed” ( Is.65:20). If a man who dies at the age of one hundred years is regarded as a child, then certainly the old shall be several hundreds of years of age.

It is part of the mysteries of the kingdom of God.  A biblical mystery is something that has always been part of God’s plan which was not revealed in the OT, but was revealed in the NT, and is always known by divine revelation. We can see that the millennium has all the three characteristics of a biblical mystery. It therefore qualifies, and should be referred to as a biblical mystery; for there is no way John the revelator would have known it other than by divine revelation, inasmuch as it was not revealed to any of the OT or NT prophets who were before him. It was not even revealed to any of his contemporary apostles and prophets. Though they were aware of the millennial reign of the Messiah, none of them other than the Apostle John the revelator specified its duration in their writings.

God created the world in six days. On the seventh day He rested, and He hallowed it ( Gen.2:1-3). After the creation of man, God leased the world to Adam. The heaven of heavens belong to God, but the earth has He given to the sons of men ( Ps.115:16). Adam was to be God’s representative in the earthly domain of His Universal Kingdom. God is a spirit being without a physical body with which to relate to the external physical environment . So, He could not rule the world directly. He could only do so by proxy. Adam became His point man. Adam was to reign over the earth for six days, each day corresponding to a thousand years or a millennium ( 2Pet.3:8). The seventh day is the Shabbat of the Lord. Man works for six days, the seventh is the Shabbat of the Lord ( Exod.20:8-11). Therefore Adam’s rule over the earth was to last six millennia. According to Jewish calendar we are in the sixth millennium. This year beginning Tishri 1 is 5776. The Jewish calendar which is lunisolar is dated from day one of the creation of Adam. At the expiry of the sixth millennium, at the commencement of the seventh millennium, the rulership of the earth will revert back to God who is the owner and Land Lord of the earth. ” Blessed be Abram of the Most High God, possessor of the heavens and the earth” ( Gen.14:19).

But Adam transferred the rulership of the earth to Satan when he transgressed the commandment of the LORD ” not to eat the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the Garden of Eden, the tree of the knowledge of good and evil” ( Gen.2:16,17). Satan became the God of this Age. Satan’s rule over the earth will expire at the end of the sixth millennium which is the end of God’s lease to Adam. Adam’s transaction with Satan was legal and binding inasmuch as Adam was God’s representative in the earthly realm of His Universal Kingdom. Adam had the legal right to transfer the lease to Satan inasmuch as he was God’s representative in the earthy domain of His Universal Kingdom, but not the moral right.

In the temptation Satan promised to hand over to Jesus the kingdoms of the world and the glory of them if He would bow down and worship him ( Matt.4:9; Luk.4:6,7). Jesus did not question Satan’s right to the rulership of the earth, simply because it was a legal transaction between Satan and Adam. If it were not so, the temptation would carry no weight. As a matter of fact, Jesus addressed him as the prince of this age ( Jon.14:30). He is the god of this age and the prince of the power of the air ( Eph.2:2). Satan was seeking a subordinate role for Jesus under his rulership in the Millennium. He attempted to trick Jesus into accepting  the crown  without the cross. If Jesus had failed, there would have been no pure human blood with which to redeem man. There would have been no kinsman redeemer or Goel. He very well knew that Jesus was God’s representative in the earthly realm of His Universal Kingdom after the fall of Adam. Satan being the trickster that he is never mentioned to Jesus the duration of his  reign over the earth. It was a limited rule based on the duration of God’s lease to Adam.

Adam never had the Title Deed of the earth. The earth was never sold to Adam. The earth was leased to him. What he had was the certificate of occupancy which would be withdrawn at the expiry of the lease. The Title Deed of the earth belongs to God who is the eternal LORD of the earth. The Title Deed of the earth is the Seven-sealed Scroll which is kept in storage at the Throne Room of the Temple in heaven. Adam was not qualified to break the seven seals and to open the Scroll. No man in heaven nor on earth was qualified to break the seals and to open the Scroll. No angel was qualified either ( Rev.5:1-3). No wonder therefore that John the revelator wept sore ( Rev.5:4). But the Lion from the tribe of Judah has prevailed to break the seals and to open the Scroll ( Rev.5:4-14). Man could play the role of the goel, but he was not sinless. Angels were sinless being locked in righteousness but could not play the role of the goel because they were not human. The goel must be human being the kinsman redeemer. Jesus though God is both human and sinless. So, He has prevailed. He is the kinsman redeemer, the goel.

At the expiry of the sixth millennium, God will recover his rulership of the earth. Because God the father has no physical body, He can only rule the earth by proxy. The first Adam failed. The second man prevailed.  ” The first man is of the earth earthy: the second man is the Lord from the heaven” ( 1Cor.15:47). As the last Adam, Jesus took the whole of humanity to the cross. As the second man, He created a new species of humans. If any man be in  Christ jesus, he is a new species of human being ( 2Cor.5:17). Jesus created a new species of human beings, the 42nd generation ( Matt.1:17). Jesus will be the Father’s representative here. Though He is God, He is also man. He has a physical body with which to relate to the external physical environment. Of all the three persons of the Godhead, Jesus is the only one who possesses a physical body with which to relate with external physical environment. Because He is the Son Of Man He can represent God here on earth. In the millennium, Jesus shall reign over the earth in the behalf of the Father.

Throughout all ages, great men have assayed to establish a kingdom on earth that would last a thousand years. Charlemagne nursed the ambitious plan of a thousand year Holy Roman Empire. Adolf Hitler, the Fuhrer of Nazi Germany, referred to his empire as The Thousand-year Reich. That men had toyed, romanced and grappled with the idea and notion of a thousand year kingdom on earth is evident in history. They could not achieve it because they did not begin to fill the lofty credentials of the Goel. It is the prerogative of the God-man. Jesus is the God-man, the heavenly archetypal man.

The Millennial Reign Of Christ.

The Millennium will begin 75 days after the close of the seventieth  of Daniel, 40 days after Christ physically repossesses the earth at the end of the Battle of Armageddon. At the start of the Millennium, Satan shall be evicted from the earth’s premises, and incarcerated in the bottomless pit throughout the entire length of one thousand year reign of Christ” ( Rev.20:1-3). According to the prophet Daniel, after God recovers His rule over the earth from Satan, The LORD GOD Almighty will set up a kingdom which will never be destroyed:

” And in the days of these kings shall the God of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall never be left to another people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever” ( Dan.2:44).

God Almighty shall reclaim His rule over the earth at the blowing of the seventh trumpet. The antiChrist and his 8th and final beast empire, the kings of the east, north and south and their kingdoms shall still be in existence at that time. They shall be annihilated four weeks late at the battle of Armageddon.

Prior to the breaking of the seals, God the Father hands over the Tittle Deed of the earth to the Son who then proceeds to break the seals. This is very significant. Adam never had the Tittle Deed of the earth. Therefore Adam was never the sovereign ruler of the earth. As we have pointed out, Jesus is given the Tittle Deed of the earth. In other words, He shall be sovereign over the earth. The Father shall give Him full authority to rule the earth. Nevertheless He shall be subject to the Father in order that the Father may be all in all. ” For He has put all things under His feet. But when He saith all things are put under Him, it is manifest that He is excepted, which put all things under Him. And when all things shall be subdued unto Him, then shall the Son also Himself be subject unto Him that put all things under Him, that God may be all in all” ( 1Cor.15:27,28).

Although Jesus will be the absolute and sovereign ruler of the earth in the Millennium, He shall still be subject to the Father who is the sovereign Lord of the universe.

David: The King Of Israel

This is a controversial subject. Would it be David, the king of Israel who would be resurrected to rule over the nation of Israel in the Millennium? Or would it be David’s greater son, our Lord and savior Jesus the Christ? We will probably never be that sure until we enter the Millennium.

On both sides of the top of elevated Mount Zion on which sits the millennial temple will be areas designated for the residence of David, King of Israel. The prophet Jeremiah wrote: ” But they shall serve the LORD their God, and David their king, whom I shall raise up unto them” ( Jer.30:9). Whether this is a direct reference to David who shall be raised up to rule over Israel in the Millennium, or David’s greater son, Jesus, is not readily resolved. The prophet Ezekiel added his voice: ” And David my servant shall be king over them; and they shall have one shepherd: and they shall walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes , and do them” ( Ezekiel.37:24).

The nation of Israel shall no longer be divided. They shall have one shepherd and one God, and David will be prince over them. There will be no more false gods, and idolatry shall be wiped off from the earth. The gods that have not made the heavens and the earth, even they shall perish from the earth and from under these heavens ( Jer.10:11). ” And I will set up one shepherd over them, and shall feed them, even my servant David; he shall feed them and he shall be their shepherd. And I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David a prince among them; I the LORD have spoken it” ( Ezek.24:23,24).

 

Robert Van Kampen, one of my fathers in eschatology is of the opinion that whereas Christ rules over the whole earth, David shall rule over Israel. Christ shall rule over the whole earth from His Throne Room in the rebuilt Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. This will be the fourth and the millennial temple sitting atop the summit of the renovated, expansive and elevated Mount Zion. On either side of the holy area, to the east and to the west, will be areas designated for the prince, from where David will rule over Israel. Jerusalem, the capital city of Israel shall be renovated and so also the whole land of Israel. ” Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I will bring again the captivity of Jacob’s tents, and have mercy on his dwelling places; and the city shall be builded upon her own heap, and the place shall remain after the manner thereof” ( Jer.30:18).

The twelve Apostles of the Lamb shall be rulers over the twelve tribes of Israel. ” Ye are they which have continued with Me in my temptations. And I appoint unto a kingdom, as My Father hath  appointed unto me; That ye may eat and drink in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel” ( Luk.22:28-30). ” And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, that ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son Of Man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye shall also sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel” ( Matt.19:28).

Other Kings And Kingdoms 

During the Millennium, there will still be nations. These nations will be administered by their own rulers. The resurrected saints shall have oversight over these nations. The resurrected saints shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years. ” Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years” Rev.20:6).  The saints who were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, who had not worshipped the beast neither his image, who refused to be beast-marked either on their foreheads or in their hands shall also be resurrected on the first day of the Millennium, and shall reign with Christ a thousand years. ” And saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years” ( Rev.20:4).

These other nations shall have their own governmental structure and organization under the overall rulership of Christ. During the Millennium, God’s glory shall illuminate not only Israel and her Holy City Jerusalem, but also all the other nations of the world and their cities. ” And the nations of them which are saved shall walk in the light of it: and the kings of the earth do bring their glory and honor into it. Solomon, the wise, rich and opulent king of Israel is usually not spoken of as a prophet, but in Psalm 72, he prophesied about the universal reign of the Messiah over the nations and kings of the earth. ” He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth. They that dwell in the wilderness ( the Arab and Asian nations) shall bow before Him: and His enemies shall lick the dust. The Kings of Tarshish and of the isles( European and Asian nations ) shall bring presents: the Kings of Sheba and Seba ( African nations) shall offer gifts. Yea, all kings shall fall down before Him: all nations shall serve Him” ( Ps.72:8-11).

During the Millennium, all the nations of the earth will not only serve and glorify God, they shall also serve and honor Israel. They shall not afflict the Jewish people any more as they do in the present age. ” Thus saith the LORD GOD, Behold, I will lift up my hand to the Gentiles, and set up my standard to the people:  and they shall bring thy sons in their arms, and thy daughters shall be carried upon their shoulders. And Kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers: and thou shall know that I am the LORD: for they shall not be ashamed that wait for me” ( Is.49:22,23). The final ingathering of the Jews from the diaspora at the end of the Battle of Armageddon shall be effected by the Gentile survivors of the Day Of The LORD. As they congregate to Jerusalem for the sheep and goat judgment, they shall bring the Jews who survive the wrath of God in the diaspora. The Jews who survive the Day Of The LORD in diaspora shall be witnesses of these Gentiles in the Sheep and Goat judgment of the Gentile nations, either to justify or condemn them: inasmuch as these Gentiles will be judged on the bases of their treatment of the Jews during the Great Tribulation at the hands of the antiChrist.

These nations are the Gentile survivors of the wrath of God. ” The nations shall see and be confounded at all their might: they shall lay their hand upon their mouth, their ears shall be deaf. They shall lick dust like the serpent, they shall move out of their holes like worms of the earth: they shall be afraid of the LORD our God, and shall fear before Him” ( Mic.7:16,17). They shall come out of their fortresses where they were hiding during the wrath of God. They shall come trebling, and in fear and dread of our LORD. They shall assemble in Jerusalem for the Sheep and Goat judgment. ” when the Son Of Man shall come in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then shall He sit upon the throne of His glory: And before Him shall be gathered all nations: and He separate them one from another, as the shepherd divideth his sheep from the goat” ( Matt.25:31,32). The sheep shall be justified. They shall enter the millennium and repopulate the earth. The goats shall be liquidated.

During the Millennium, the Jew shall be revered unlike in the present age when they are persecuted. ” Thus saith the LORD of hosts; It shall yet come to pass, that there shall come people, and the inhabitants of many cities: And the inhabitants of one city shall go to another, saying, Let us go speedily to pray before the LORD, and to seek the LORD of hosts in Jerusalem, and to pray before the LORD. Thus saith the LORD of hosts; In those days it shall come to pass, that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations, even shall take hold of him that is a Jew, saying, We will go with you: for we have heard that God is with you” ( Zechariah.8:20-23). This should not be a surprise; for Jesus shall rule the world from His Throne Room in the millennial temple on Mount Zion. People shall come from all over the world to see God in Jerusalem. In those days, it shall be fashionable to befriend a Jew in order to facilitate access.

Events In The First Day Of The Millennium 

There are about five specific events that occur on the first day of the Millennium. These events are recorded sequentially in Revelation 20 & 21, with the exception of Rev.20:7-15, which is parenthetic and records the The White Throne Judgment which occurs at the end of the Millennium. The parenthesis of Rev.20:7-15 is a detailed explanation of the second death which occurs at the end of the Millennium at The White Throne Judgment. The second death is the Lake Of Fire. ” And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire” ( Rev.20:14,15). The Sheep and Goat Judgment which also occurs on the first day of the Millennium is not recorded in the Scroll of Revelation, but is recorded in Matt.25:31-46.

(1) Satan Chained

God gave Adam a limited control over the earthly domain of His Universal kingdom. This limited but powerful control over the earth was usurped by Satan when Adam fell through transgression. So, Satan became the god of this age. The consequence of the fall was the corruption of the whole human race and the entire creation. Jesus came to reverse the consequences of the fall. The redemption of man and the whole creation occurs in  stages. At the first advent Jesus dealt with spiritual death brought about by sin. At His second advent, He will wrest physical control of the starry heaven and the earth from Satan. He will reclaim God’s rule over the earth. He will receive absolute, divine and sovereign control over the earth. Therefore Satan and his demonic hordes shall be evicted from the dark void and the starry heaven and from the earth’s premises.

Precisely at the midpoint of the 70th seven, Satan and his hordes of fallen evil angels were evicted from their abode in the dark void and the starry heavens. ” And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels. And prevailed not; neither was their place found any more in heaven. And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him” Rev12:7-9).

At Armageddon, Satan’s forces under the command of the antiMessiah shall be totally annihilated. The antiChrist and the false prophet shall be cast into the lake of fire, but Satan and his fallen evil angels shall still be roaming the earth until incarcerated in the shaft of the abyss. To eliminate his influence in the lives of the citizens of the millennial kingdom of God, Satan and his evil demonic hordes must be evicted from the earth’s premises and incarcerated in the bottomless pit.

” And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years. And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal of upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years shall be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season” ( Rev.20:1-3).

Christ would have none of Satan’s influence on the citizens of his millennial kingdom. Therefore he must be bound and incarcerated. Although it is not mentioned that his demons were bound, it is obvious that they too were bound with him, lest they negatively influence the citizens of the millennial kingdom of the Messiah. Because he will be bound for a thousand years, he will, of necessity be bound on the first day of the Millennium.

(2) The Sheep And Goat Judgment 

With the antiChrist’s army and the armies of the others kings and kingdoms of the earth destroyed at Armageddon, and anyone with the mark of the beast executed, all that will be left would be the ones who do not have the mark of the beast. Before any of these can enter the Millennium to repopulate the earth, they must pass through the Sheep and Goat Judgment to determine their eligibility to enter into the millennial reign of the Messiah.

” When The Son Of Man shall come in His glory, and all the holy angels with Him, then shall He sit upon the throne of His glory: And before Him shall be gathered all nations: and He shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats; And He shall set the sheep on His right hand, but the goats on His left. Then shall the King say unto them on His right hand, Come Ye blessed of My Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world: For I was an hungered , and ye gave me Me meat: I was thirsty and ye gave Me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took Me in: Naked, and ye clothed Me: I was sick and ye visited Me: I was in prison, and ye came unto Me. Then shall the righteous answer Him, saying, Lord, when saw we Thee an hungered, and fed Thee? or thirsty, and gave Thee drink? When saw we Thee a stranger, and took Thee in? or naked, and clothed Thee? Or when saw we Thee sick, or in prison, and came unto Thee? And the King shall answer and say unto them, VerilyI say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, Ye have done it unto Me. Then shall He say unto them on the left hand, Depart from Me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire prepared for the devil and his angels: For I was an hungered, and ye gave Me no meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave Me no drink: I was a stranger, and ye took Me not in: naked, and ye clothed Me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited Me not. Then shall they answer Him, saying, Lord, when saw we Thee an hungered, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto Thee? Then shall He answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to Me. And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteous into life eternal”  ( Matt.25:31-46).

Jesus shall personally conduct this judgment from His Throne in the Throne Room of the newly built millennial Temple at the center of the holy area at the summit of renovated and elevated Mount Zion. It shall occur when He comes in His glory with His holy angels, just as we have pointed out after the Battle Of Armageddon ( Rev.19:11-21). All nations shall be gathered unto Him in Jerusalem. All survivors of the day of His Wrath who were not immediately executed as a result of being beast-marked shall appear before Him in Jerusalem. None of the Gentiles who appear at the sheep and goat judgment shall have the mark of the beast. Any survivors of the wrath of God who bears the mark of the beast shall be immediately executed.

All His angels will be with Him. It therefore follows these survivors shall be miraculously gathered to Jerusalem, considering the devastation caused by the final wrath of God. It shall take 45 days to gather all surviving Gentiles to the land of Israel for this judgment. It is within this 45-day period, the restoration period, that the earth will be renovated.

Jews who survive the wrath of God would not be required to appear at this judgment, having accepted Him as their Messiah when they see His nail-pierced hands ( Zech.12:10-14), shortly before the sounding of the seventh trumpet when the mystery of God is finished at the completion of the spiritual kingdom of God. Of course, Jews who survive the day of His Wrath, who are beast-marked, shall be executed instantly like all others. But the plain truth is that no one with the mark of the beast will survive the wrath of God; for the wrath of God abides on any one who is beast-marked( Rev.14:9,10). The Greek word translated nations in KJV is ethnos which could also be rendered heathen, peoples, or Gentiles. The Hebrew equivalent is Goyim which is used by Jews to refer to non-Jewish peoples. It is not a reference to independent political states. It refers to individuals of all ethnic groups other than the Jew. So the sheep and goat judgment is the judgment of individuals of all ethnic groups other than the Jew who survive the day of His wrath, rather than independent nation states. No Jew will be judged at the sheep and goat judgment.

God’s wrath would have destroyed anyone who has the mark of the beast ( Zeph.1:17). ” And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of His indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the lamb: And the smoke of their torment ascended up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name” ( Rev.14:9-11).

When the first avenging angel poured his bowl into the earth, it became a noisome and grievous sore upon the men who had the mark of the beast, and upon them who worshipped his image ( Rev.16:2). Most probably therefore, no one with the mark of the beast shall survive the Day Of His Wrath which ends with the seventh and final bowl judgment at Armageddon. However if any man who is beast-marked is left alive after the Battle of Armageddon, the one shall be instantly executed; for no man with the mark of the beast shall appear at the sheep and goat judgment much less enter the Millennium.

Besides, those who appear at the sheep and goat judgment do not seem to know why they are being judged. This is not what one would expect of those who have denied Christ and were beast-marked. It is therefore obvious that it will be Gentiles who rejected the mark of the beast, who neither acknowledged the antiChrist as God, nor Christ as Messiah, who somehow survived  the wrath of Satan during the Great Tribulation, and God’s wrath during the day of the Lord, who will be required to make their way to Jerusalem during the 45-day restoration period to appear at the sheep and goat judgment.

The basis of this judgment will be the Gentiles treatment of Jews and Christians in hiding during the great tribulation by the antiChrist. ” And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as you have done it unto one of the lest of these my brethren, you have done it unto me ( Matt.25:40). Their treatment of these Jews and Christians would be considered as their treatment of Christ Himself. ” Then shall He answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as Ye did it not to one of the least of these, Ye did it not to me” ( Matt.25:45). The witnesses at this trial will be surviving Jews who have just been regathered from the diaspora, and perhaps resurrected saints who will reign with Christ in the Millennium. The reason why I include Christians among His brethren is because the Dragon shall make war with the remnant of the offspring of the woman who keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus Christ ( Rev.12:17). Just as Jewish remnants in their mortal bodies gathered to the land of Israel from the diaspora at the end of the Battle of Armageddon shall be present to witness the sheep and goat judgment, so also shall the resurrected saints in their new glorified eternal immortal resurrection resurrection bodies be present to witness; for they shall reign with Christ for a thousand years.

” Bring forth the blind people that have eyes and the deaf that have ears. Let all nations be gathered together, and let the people be assembled: who among them can declare this, and show us former things? Let them bring forth their witnesses, that they may be justified: or let them hear, and say, it is truth. Ye are my witnesses, saith the LORD, and my servant whom I have chosen; that Ye may know and believe me, and understand that I am He: before me there is no God formed, neither shall there be after me” ( Is.43:8-10).

The Jewish witnesses will not be objects of Christ’s judgment. When the nations are gathered, the Gentiles will be permitted to present their witnesses from amongst the Jewish survivors in order that they may be justified. The surviving Jews from amongst the Gentiles are God’s witnesses that He is just in His acquittal or as the case may be His condemnation of the Gentiles. The resurrected saints shall also be witnesses that He is just in His acquittal or else condemnation of the Gentiles as the case may be. Those who have  harmed Jews and Christians or otherwise refused them assistance in their time of distress shall be condemned whether or not they are beast-marked.

” Then shall He say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from Me, Ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels” ( Matt.25:41). Those who befriended Jews and assisted them, the righteous Gentiles shall be spared, and go into eternal life, but those who did not shall go into everlasting punishment ( Matt.25:46).

It is not enough not to take the mark of the beast. It is not enough not to harm believers. Indifference towards persecuted Jews and Christians merits one the status of a goat. Christ shall say to them, ” inasmuch as ye did it  not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me. And these shall go away into everlasting punishment: but the righteousness into life eternal” ( Matt.25:45,46). The cynical ones who believe that the fact that they are not beast-marked merits salvation shall be condemned. On the other hand, those who are not beast-marked, who lay no claim to salvation shall be justified. Although these gave drink to His thirsty brethren, fed the hungry, clothed those who were naked, visited the prisoners, invited the strangers and destitute amongst them into their homes, they did not believe it was sufficient to earn them salvation, nor did hey believe they were doing it to Jesus. They expressed wonder as to when they did all these. Salvation is by grace alone through faith, and that also the gift of God. These righteous Gentiles were also elected before the foundation of the world ( Eph.1:4,5;2:8,9).

 (3) The Beheaded Martyrs Resurrect

The time of resurrection of the beheaded martyrs is a controversial issue amongst biblical scholars. Were they raised from the dead at time of the rapture of the saints, or were they raised, and given a new eternal immortal resurrection body on the first day of the Millennium? One thing is very clear, this group of martyrs are not the same as those under the altar at the breaking of the fifth seal who were given a new eternal immortal resurrection body at the rapture.

” And when He had broken the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the testimony which they held: And they cried with aloud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on the earth? And white robes were given to every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled” ( Rev.6:9-11).

The fifth seal martyrs were told to wait until their fellow brethren who were to be killed were also martyred. There is a complement of believers to be martyred during the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist. When that number is complete, God amputates the Great Tribulation with cosmic disturbances associated with the sixth seal. At the rapture of the church when the Shekinah appeared in the heaven, shortly before the breaking of the seven seal, these martyrs were also raptured and received new eternal immortal resurrection bodies. If the beheaded saints were part of the fifth seal martyrs, why were they left out until the first day of the Millennium?

” And I saw thrones, and they that sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the word of God, which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image , neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years” ( Rev.20:4).

As we have pointed out earlier, when they came to life, and received their new eternal immortal resurrection bodies, earlier at the rapture of the church or on the first day of the Millennium is a debated issue in some theological circles. Malvin J. Rosenthal and Robert Van Kampen are of the opinion that these particular souls, beheaded because of the testimony of Jesus, and because of the word of God, must be given their new eternal immortal resurrection bodies on the first day of the Millennium. The Greek verb translated ‘lived’ in the KJV or ‘came to life’ in the NASV is ezesan. It is in the aorist active tense. Dr. Robert Gundry, the noted Greek scholar, in a private communication with Robert Van Kampen, commented:

” The parallelism of the aorist verb in this passage, for sitting, giving, living and reigning, indicate actions that take place at the same time. Naturally it is the context which determines the time referred to by these verbs, clearly at the beginning of the Millennium, because the passage in question ends with ” and they came to life and reigned with Christ for a thousand years, ” thus defining exactly when the action takes place.”

We conclude therefore that the beheaded martyrs were raised from the dead on the first day of the Millennium rather than at the rapture of the church.

The First Resurrection 

The first resurrection refers to the general resurrection of believers and saints of all ages unto life. As we have borne the image of the earthy, so shall we bear the image of the heavenly ( 1Cor.15:49). It is accomplished in phases. The first phase occurred when Christ who is the firstfruits of them that slept rose from the dead. ” But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept” ( 1Cor.15:20). When Christ rose from the dead, the OT saints and believers also rose with Him. ” And the graves were opened; and many bodies of the saints which slept arose, And came out of the graves after His resurrection, and went into the city, and appeared unto many” ( Matt.27:52,53).

The second phase is the resurrection of the dead in Christ which occurs at the rapture.

” Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood shall not inherit the kingdom of God; neither corruption inherit incorruption. Behold, I show you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible shall put on incorruption, and this mortal shall put on immortality” ( 1Cor.15:50-53).

We shall be raptured to meet the Lord in the air, and so shall we ever be with Him.

” For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also who,sleep in Jesus will God bring with Him. For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them that are asleep. For the Lord Himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rose first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. Wherefore comfort one another with these words” ( 1Thess.4:14-18).

 

The third phase will be the resurrection of the beheaded martyrs on the first day of the Millennium. 

” And I saw thrones, and they that sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they live and reigned with Christ a thousand years”

The fourth phase of the first resurrection is the resurrection of the saints who lived in the Millennium. Although it is not explicitly mentioned in the Scriptures, it is logically reasonable that those who entered the Millennium in this mortal body, and repopulated the earth will some day exchange it with a new glorified  eternal immortal resurrection body; inasmuch as flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, neither doth corruption inherit incorruption ( 1Cor.15:50).

I personally believe that the millennial saints would be the ones whose names are found in the scroll of life at the White Throne Judgment, and therefore would be justified. There are some biblical scholars who believe and teach that all those who appear at the White Throne Judgment will be condemned. Why are there the scroll of life and the scroll of works? If those whose names were not found in the scroll of life were condemned, it therefore follows that those whose names were found in the scroll of life would be justified.

If the millennial saints are not justified at the White Throne Judgment, where then are they justified? The essence of the scroll of works is to show everyone who appears at the White Throne Judgment that by works no man shall be justified. By works every man shall be condemned, because by works of the law shall no man be justified ( cp Rom.3:20). All have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God( Gal.2:16,17; 3:11,24; 5:5:4; Rom.3:23 ). And again the wages of sin death, but the gift of God is eternal life through our Lord Jesus the Christ ( Rom.6:23)

The resurrection of Christ who is the firstfruits of them that slept, the resurrection of the dead in Christ, the resurrection of the beheaded martyrs, and the resurrection of the millennial saints are all part and parcel of the first resurrection which is the resurrection unto life. “Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection, on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years” ( Rev.20:6).

The Second Resurrection: The Second Death

The second resurrection is the resurrection unto condemnation. It is the resurrection of judgment( Jon.5:29). It is the second death. It occurs at the White Throne Judgment.

” Death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death” ( Rev20:14). 

This is in contrast to the first resurrection which is the resurrection unto life. The firstfruits of the second resurrection, the resurrection unto condemnation, will be the antiChrist and the false prophet, who shall be taken captive at the Battle of Armageddon and cast alive into the lake that burneth with fire and brimstone( Rev.19:20).

The Identity Of The Beheaded Martyrs

Robert Van Kampen of blessed memory was of the opinion, though not adamantly that the beheaded martyrs of Rev.20:4, are the same as the fifth seal Martyrs under the altar. I personally do not share this view. I do  have some strictures with his view. First, the fifth seal martyrs were told to wait until their fellow brethren to be killed were fulfilled. Then and only then would God avenge their death. There is a complement of believed to be martyred during the Great Tribulation by the antiMessiah. When this is number of saints to be martyred is complete, God interrupts the Great Tribulation with cosmic disturbances. And then the church shall be taken away from the scene of persecution, raptured as it were. Second, what will be the reason for leaving those beheaded martyrs behind when their fellow saints are raptured? Thirdly, it is not mentioned that the fifth seal martyrs were beheaded. All we were told is that they were slain for the word of God and the testimony which they upheld. The way and manner in which they were martyred was not revealed. Fourthly, it is highly probable that the beheaded saints were amongst them, but is evident that not all those who were killed for the word of God and the testimony of Jesus had their heads cut off. Rev.20:4 stated unequivocally that these martyrs had their heads cut off. It therefore follows that they are a special group of saints whose testimony were particularly provocative and  insulting to the antiChrist and his evil empire.

However, I do share the view with Robert Van Kampen that these martyrs who had their head cut off were Jewish believers who would bear witness of Christ in the Holy Land during the Great Tribulation. These Jewish believers do not only refuse the mark of the beast but will go about brazenly, from one city to  another in the land of Israel, right under the noses of the antiChrist and the false prophet, proclaiming the gospel and persuading their fellow countrymen not to be chipped with the mark of the beast. Their behavior would be considered subversive to the government of the antiChrist. It is likely that the antiChrist would not see them as religious buffoons who are to be ignored but rather as treasonous felons. The antiChrist will view them as political rivals and anti-governmental subversives.   Hence, the execution by decapitation. The Greek word is cephalizo which means to cut off the head, or decapitation. This is to show the gravity of their offense, and to serve as a deterrent to other would-be subversives. They are indeed anti-governmental and subversive; for they represent the rival government of the Messiah.

We know that they would not have gone all over the cities of Israel before the Son Of Man comes ( Matt.10:23). In other words their job would only be complete when the Messiah annihilates the antiChrist and his armies at Armageddon, and retakes physical possession of the earth. Therefore their number is probably not complete until the end of Armageddon. Hence, their resurrection on the first day of the Millennium 45 days after the Battle of Armageddon. So, some of them who were amongst the fifth seal martyrs would have have to wait till the first of the Millennium to receive their new eternal immortal resurrection bodies, rather than at the rapture of the church. Without the faithful witness of these martyrs, the remnant of Israel who would follow the Messiah into the Millennium would have died in unbelief. Because of their special witness, they shall be raised to life to reign with Christ for a thousand years. They have led many to Christ at the expense of their own lives. They shall shine like the stars for ever ( Dan.12:3).

(4) The New Heaven And New Earth

Before the Millennium begins, the present heaven and earth have to be cleansed from the defilement of sin. The wars, the famines, the pestilences and earthquakes, the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist, the cosmic disturbances asssociated with the breaking of the sixth seal, the seventh seal and its attendant trumpet and bowl judgments and the final Battle of Armageddon will cause a lot of devastation on the earth and its environment and the atmospheric and starry heavens. Therefore the earth and its environment, the atmospheric and starry heavens shall be renovated to make the earth habitable again before the millennial reign of Christ begins. As touching this, the prophet Isaiah wrote:

” For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come mind. But be ye glad and rejoice in that which I create: for, behold, I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy” ( Is.65:17,18).

The destruction of the present heaven and earth shall be a limited destruction not total annihilation. Apostle Peter in mockery of the scientific uniformintarians who deny that God ever intervened in human affairs in the past nor shall intervene in the future called attention to the Noahic flood.

” Knowing this first, that there shall come in the last days scoffers, walking after their own lusts, And saying, Where is the promise of His coming? For since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of creation. For this they willing are ignorant of, that by the word of God the heaven were of old, and the earth standing out of the water and in the water: Whereby the world that then was, being overflowed with water, perished: But the present heavens and the earth, which are now, by the same word are kept in store, reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. The Lord is not slack concerning His promise as some count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance. But the day of Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with a fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. Seeing that all these things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness, Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? Nevertheless we, according to His promise, look for new heaven and a new earth, wherein dwelleth righteousness” ( 2Pet3:3-13).

As the world of Noah perished in the waters of the deluge and had to be renovated, even so shall the present heavens and earth perish in the fires of the Day Of His Wrath, and shall be renovated to make it habitable again. It is also comparable to the kind of devastation that occurred in Sodom and Gomorrah, and the cities of the plain, Zeboim and Adama when they were destroyed with fire, brimstone and sulfur from heaven. Except for the Jewish and Gentile remnants protected by God, the entire earth shall be filled with death and destruction. The destruction caused by the Day Of The LORD, shall be a limited one, not total annihilation. So the new heavens and new earth shall not be entirely new but refurbished heavens and earth. The Greek word translated new here is not naos but kainos, which refers to something old but renewed or refurbished. So this is  not creation ex nihilo, creation out of nothing, which is a primary creative act. It is not a direct creative act. It is and indirect or secondary creative act, that is, creation out of what is already in existence. It does not refer to something entirely new, which has not exited before, but rather the renewal of something that has existed before.

The renovation of the heavens and the earth shall begin on the first day of the 45-day Restoration Period and completed by the first day of the Millennium. It is difficult to imagine how Jesus will renovate the heavens and the earth. The survivors of the wrath of God, and the Sheep and Goat Judgment shall still be in their mortal bodies. They shall repopulate the earth.

The eternal fires shall burn in Edom throughout the Millennium as a momorial of His indignation towards antisemism. 

” Also Edom shall be a desolation: every one that goeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss at the plague thereof. As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities thereof, saith the LORD , no man shall abide there, neither shall the son of man dwell in it” ( Jer. 49:17,18).

t will take seven months to bury the dead at Armageddon, and seven years to dispose of the wreckages  of war. 

” Behold, it is come, and it is done, saith the Lord GOD; this the day whereof I have spoken. And they that dwell,in the cities of Israel shall go forth, and shall set on fire and burn the weapons, both the shields and the bucklers, the bows and the arrows, and the hand staves, and the spears, and they shall burn them with fire seven years: So that they shall take no wood out of the field, neither cut down any out of the forests; for they shall burn the weapons with fire: and they shall spoil those that spoiled them, and rob those that robbed them, saith the Lord GOD.

And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will give unto Gog a place there of the grave sin Israel, the valley of the passengers on the east of the sea: and it shall stop the noses of the passengers: and there shall they bury Gog and his multitude: and they shall call it The valley of Hamongog. And seven months shall the house of Israel be burying of them, that they may cleanse the land. Yea, all the people of the land shall bury them; and it shall be to them a renown the day that I shall be glorified, saith the Lord GOD. And they shall severe out men of continual employment, passing through the land to bury with the passengers those that remain upon the face of the earth, to,cleanse it: after the end of seven months shall they search. The passengers that pass through the land, when they seeth a man’s bone, then shall he set up a sign by it, till the buriers have buried it in the valley of Hamongog. And the name of the city shall be Hamonah. Thus shall they cleanse the land” ( Ezek.39: 8-16).

There will be a restoration of the edenic relationship between heaven and earth. It will be new heavens and a new earth wherein dwelleth righteousness ( 3Pet.3:13). The evil consequences of the fall of Adam shall be removed. There will be no more erratic weather patterns, no excessive monsoon rains, no hurricanes and tropical storms. There will be no more swelling of the oceans, no more flooding. There shall be no more oceans in the first. There shall be seas or perhaps big rivers. Animals will be restored to their pristine edenic state. There will be no more carnivores. All animals will be herbivorous. The lion will eat straw like the ox. A toddler shall put its finger in the den of the cockatrice. There shall be no hurt and destruction in the Holy Mount of the Lord. There shall be no more poisonous serpents. All animals will be tamed by the glory of God that fills the earth as the waters cover the sea.

” And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots: And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon Him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, and the spirit of counsel and mighty, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; And shall make Him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and He shall not judge after the sight of His eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of His ears: But with righteousness shall He judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek,of the earth: and He shall smite the earth with the rod of His mouth, and with the breath of His lips shall He slay the wicked. And righteousness shall be the girdle of His loins, and faithfulness the girdle of His reigns. The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the falling together; and the little child shall lead them. And the cow and the bear shall feed; their young ones shall lie down together: and the lion shall eat straw like the ox. And the suckling child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice den. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea” ( Is.2:1-9).

We see here that all creatures shall revert to their pristine pre-fall estate. The rule of the jungle will no more apply. It shall be no more be dog-eat-dog society, the survival of the fittest. All creatures will be tamed. Men will no more be mugged by wild beasts; for there shall be no wide beasts at all. All animals whether domestic or living in the forest shall be tame. There shall be no more poisonous snakes. All snakes shall lose their venom. There shall be no more snake bites let alone envenomation. The rattle snake, the spitting cobra, the constricting boa and the anaconda, the grizzly bear, the lion, the tiger and the leopard, the rhinoceros, the chimpanzee, the buffalo, and all other animals and creatures shall be at peace with one another and with man.

There shall be no poisonous lizards and insects. There shall be no more blood sucking insects. All mosquitos shall feed on fruit juice. All insects shall feed on fruit juice and vegetations. The vampire bat shall no more suck blood either of animals or of humans.

There shall be no more poisonous sea snakes. All fishes shall be at peace with one another. The shark shall become herbivorous, so also,the whale, and all other sea creatures. They shall not hurt no devour in My holy mountain; for the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the LORD as the waters cover the sea.

The deserts of the earth shall be reclaimed. The whole earth will be of one weather, subtropical. There shall be no more torrential downpours. The earth shall be wetted by the dew of the heavens every morning and evening. The Canadian and Siberian permafrost shall be reclaimed. So also the Arctic and Antarctic oceans. The Atlantic and Pacific oceans shall varnish freeing huge expanse of land for farming and human habitation. In this age scientists tell us that one-fourth of the ice-free surface of the earth can support a population of 40 billion people. Food does not go round because of human greed. In the Millennium the curse on the earth shall be lifted. The earth shall yield her increase. There shall be no more drought and no more famines and dearth. There shall be no pestilences, no earthquakes, no tsunamis, and no volcanic eruptions. Mountains shall no more spew hot ash and larva. There will be plenty to eat and drink. Human greed and corruption shall be things of the past. There shall be no more hoarding of commodities. Food preservation will be at the optimum level. Wastage of food, if any, shall be minimized. There shall be equitable distribution of wealth. Everyone will produce maximally and take what one needs. There shall be no competition let alone cut-throat.

There shall be no more insect vectors of diseases. There shall be no more parasites. All bacteria, viruses, rickettsia and chlamidia shall be non-pathogenic. The river of life from under the Throne Room of the Lord shall water the earth, bringing healing to the land. It will always be planting season and harvest time. There will be natural drip irrigation from the river of life from the Throne of the Messiah in the fourth and millennial Temple on the renovated and elevated Mount Zion in Jerusalem, and the dew of heaven shall wet the earth morning and evening. The tree that shall grow by the banks of the river of life shall yield twelve manner of fruits for the nourishment of the body. The leaves of the tree shall be for the healing of the nations and for the maintenance of health. Citizens of the millennial kingdom shall live out their lifetime. Those who die at the age of one hundred shall be regarded as infants. They shall be no more infants of days. But the sinner being an hundred years old shall be cursed ( Is.65:20).

This shall be the time the whole creation had waited and travailed for.

” For we reckon that the sufferings of the present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory that shall be revealed us. For the earnest expectation of the creature waiters for the manifestation of the sons of God. For the creature was subject to vanity, not willingly, but by reason of him that hath subjected the same in hope, Because the creature itself shall be delivered from the bondage of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of God. For we know that the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain together until now. And not only they, but ourselves also, which have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves groan within ourselves, waiting for the adoption, to wit, the redemption of our body. For we are save by hope: but hope that is seen is not hope: for a man seeth, why doth he yet hope for? But if we hope for that we see not, then do we with patience wait for it( Rom.8:19).

The whole creation alongside the redeemed of the Lord groan and travail together until the present time, waiting for the redemption of our body, when we shall receive our glorified eternal and immortal bodies, when we shall be free from the frailties and restrictions of our mortal bodies, into the glorious Liberty of the sons of God. The whole creation itself shall be freed from the bondage of corruption into the glorious Liberty of the sons of God.

It is the time of regeneration.

” And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son Of Man shall sit upon the throne of His glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel” ( Matt.19:28).

We see here that the twelve apostles of the Lamb shall judge the twelve tribes of Israel in the Millennium. 

It is the time of restoration of all things. ” And He shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you: whom the heavens must receive nail the time of restitution of all things, which God at spoken by the mouth of all His holy prophets since the world began” ( Acts 3:21).

Jesus must remain in heaven until the time of restitution of all things when God Almighty shall regain control of the earth; then shall,He sit upon the throne of His father David, and rule over Israel and the whole earth.

Nations will not learn war any more; for there shall be no more wars. ” And He shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plow shares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more” ( Is.2:4)

Hebrew shall be the universal language in the Millennium. This will ease travels and communications. Because there will be good infrastructure, it will be extremely easy to move around. Though there will be national boundaries, border crossing will be facilitated by one international language and the good intentions of the citizens of the millennial kingdom.

The Lord shall rule the earth with a rod of iron. No murderer will be kept alive at the expense of law abiding citizens of the millennial kingdom.

The nations shall congregate to Israel to worship the Lord in His Temple on Mount Zion in Jerusalem. ” And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to,the house of the God of Jacob; and He teach us of His ways, and we shall walk in His paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem” ( Is.2:3).

There shall be no more arguments as to which is the true God; for Satan and his hordes of fallen evil angels shall be evicted from the earth’s premises and bound in the shaft of the abyss for a thousand years. There shall be no more idols to worship. “The idols shall be abolished from the earth. For all the gods of the nations are idols: but the LORD made the heaven” ( Ps.96:5). “Their idols are silver and gold” ( Ps.115:4). ” The idols of the heathen are silver and gold, the work of men’s hands” ( Ps.135:15). “The gods that have no made the heaven and the earth, even they shall perish from under the earth, and from under these heavens” ( Jer.10:11). “And the idols He shall utterly abolish” ( Is.2:18). All the idols would have bee done away during the Day Of His wrath.

” And they shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of His majesty, when He arises to shake terribly the earth. In that day, a man shall cast his idols of silver, and his idols of gold, which they have made each one for himself to worship, to,the moles and to the bats; to go into the clefts of the rocks, into the tops of the ragged rocks, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of His majesty, when He ariseth to shake terribly the earth. Cease from man, whose breath is in his nostrils: for wherein is he to be accounted of?” ( Is.2:19-22).

Men shall no more practice witchcraft. There shall be no more observers of times nor necromancers nor star gazers. There shall be no more secret societies nor false religions. With Satan and his fallen evil angels bound in the bottomless pit, the antiChrist and the false prophet cast into the Lake of fire and brimstone, and all the idols and graven images destroyed during the Day Of His Wrath, there shall be no more sacrilege. This shall be the state of affairs throughout the Millennium until Satan is paroled at the end of the Millennium, when he shall deceive the nations in the four quarters of the earth.

” And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison, And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters OT the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea” ( Rev.20:7,8).

With the curse on humanity greatly reduced, Satan and his fallen evil angels incarcerated in the shaft of the abyss, the antiMessiah and the false prophet cast into the Lake of fire and brimstone, and the idols utterly abolished from the earth, God, man, and His angels shall have unbounded fellowship and communion. It will be heaven on earth. The heavens and the earth shall be in holy embrace.

The New And Heavenly Jerusalem 

There are some biblical scholars, especially of the pretribulation persuasion that teach that the new and heavenly Jerusalem shall appear at the end of the Mellennium as part of the new heaven and new earth. How long this new heavens and earth will last is not specified. Beyond this, according to them is the eternal state. But a careful examination of the Scriptures will reveal that the new heavens and new earth is synonymous with the millennial reign of Christ. And the new and heavenly Jerusalem and the conjoint fourth and millennial temple on the renovated and elevated Mount Zion is the focal point of the millennial reign of Christ. After the Millennium and the subsequent Whiten Throne Judgment is the Eternal State. Whatever the eternities future would look like, we are not told. The secret things are for God; but the things which are revealed are for us and our children, to the end we may keeps the words of the instruction ( Deut.29:29). Therefore we shall be content with what is revealed, and not venture to thinker and speculate with divine secrets of the future.

Jesus promised His disciples that after the rapture, He will never again be separated from them. 

” Let not your heart be troubled: ye believe in God, believe also in Me. In My Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you. And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again , and receive you unto Myself; that where I am, there ye may be also” ( Jon.14:1-3).

After the rapture we shall never be separated from Christ again.

” But I would not have you to be ignorant, brethren, concerning them which are asleep, that ye sorrow not, even as others who have no hope. For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with Him. For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them that are asleep. For the Lord Himself shall descend from heaven with a shout , with the voice of the archange,  and with the trump of God: and the dead inChrist shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. Wherefore comfort one another with these words” ( 1Thess.4:13-18).

As we can see, it explicitly clear that the church will never again be separated from Christ after the rapture. And in the mouth of two or three witnesses, every word shall be established ( 1Cor.13:1; Numb.35:30). This is indeed so because after the rapture of the church, after the end of the 70th, during the 30-day reclamation period, while the forces of God are pounding the antiChrist and his evil kingdom here on earth, the bema seat judgment of the believers at which the saints are rewarded and the marriage of the Lamb to His decorated bride will take place in heaven. The bride who now becomes the wife, will never again be separated from her husband. The new Jerusalem which is now in construction in heaven will descend from heaven to rest on summit of the renovated and elevated mount Zion. At the summit of mount Zion is the fourth and millennial temple described by the prophet Ezekiel ( Ezek. 40-43), built by Christ Himself during the 45-day restoration period. The new and heavenly Jerusalem shall be the residence of the resurrected saints, the wife of Christ and the OT saints and the angels of God during the millennial reign of Christ.

” And I John saw the holy city , new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for husband. And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God is with men, and he will dwell with them, and they shall be his people, and God himself shall be with them, and be their God. And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away. And He that sat on the throne said, Behold, I make all things new. And He said unto me, Write: for these words are true and faithful. And He said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely. He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be his God, and he shall be my son ” ( Rev.21:2-7).

Here the new and heavenly Jerusalem is referred to as a bride adorned for her husband. This is a metaphor. It is no more the bride of Christ as the house of the newly wed is the wife of the man. The house of the newly married man is the bride to extent that the wife dwells in that house. When he is home, he sees the wife who welcomes him. She is the center  of attraction and the joy of the husband, and vice versa. The just decorated church at the bema seat judgment, newly wed at the marriage of the Lamb now abides with Him in the new and heavenly Jerusalem descended from God out of heaven. It is the tabernacle of God amongst men. It is hollow at the base and merges with the Throne Room of the fourth and millennial temple at the summit of Mount Zion. This city has no temple, God and Christ are the temple of it ( Rev.21:22). In reality the city does not need another temple. It is conjoint and contiguous at the base with the fourth and millennial temple on the renovated and elevated Mount Zion, the highest point on earth in the Millennium. The fourth and millennial temple projects upwards in the center of the city.

The inhabitants of this city shall not need the light of the sun ,moon,  and stars to get by. The dwellers of this city are God, His angels and the resurrected saints. God and his angels  have no physical bodies. Jesus and the resurrected saints have eternal immortal resurrection bodies. Neither God and his angels nor Christ and the resurrected saints require the physical light of the sun , moon and stars. They have the life of God, Zoe aeoneis, in themselves. The life of God in them is the light. In Him was life, and the life was the light of men. The Lamb is the light thereof ( Rev.21:23). The light shineth in the darkness, and the darkness comprehended it not ( Jon.1:4,5). The light source of the believer is in his spirit. It is the new life in Christ. In this age, it is eclipsed by the mortal body. But in the regeneration, it shall be unhindered, unhamperd, and unimpeded by the new and eternal immortal resurrection body. The resurrected body is both transparent and translucent. In the resurrection  there are secrets. Everyone sees through everyone and knows what the other person is thinking. Thoughts are loud and transparent. There shall be no night in this city. It shall be always 12 noon.

In that city, there shall be no death, no ache, no pain, no sorrow, therefore there shall be no crying. The former things of pain, sickness, disease, death are passed away. These are the consequences of sin. When sin is eliminated, so are its consequences. The nations of them that serve Him shall walk in the light of it: and the Kings of the earth shall bring their glory into it ( Rev.21:23). These are not earthly kings in their mortal bodies. The risen and glorified saints shall reign with Christ. They are the kings and priests of Christ. They shall be given rulership over nations, peoples, and tongues. They are the ones who shall bring the glories of the nations of the earth in the Millennium into the new and heavenly Jerusalem.

Men in their  mortal bodies cannot approach this city. Flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incoruuption ( 1Cor.15:50 ). They mortal body cannot tolerate the light of this city. It shall literally melt away. Anyone who ministers in the anointing of the Holy Spirit knows that it wears out the physical body. There is a level of the anointing that this mortal body of ours cannot tolerate. ” There shall in wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither whatsoever worketh abomination, or maketh a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb’s scroll of life” ( Rev.21:27). The unglorified saints living in their mortal bodies here on earth in the Millennium cannot approach this city. They have not experienced consummative sanctification or glorification. There are still intrinsic imperfections in these souls in their mortal bodies. Therefore they cannot approach this city. They can worship In the temple but they cannot enter into the new and heavenly Jerusalem.

In contrast to the earth in the Millennium, though minimized, because Christ shall rule the earth with a rod of iron ( Ps.2:9; Rev.12:5; 19:5 ), there will be pain, ache, sorrow and death. It will be so, because those who enter the Millenium and repopulate the earth, do so in their mortal bodies. They shall still be subject to sin. They still have to come to the saving knowledge of Christ every man on his own. Some will not accept Christ as their personal Saviour. Because they sin, they shall die young. Those who die at the age of 100 years shall be regarded as babies. There shall be no more thence and infant of days, nor an old man that hath not fulfilled his days: for the child shall die an hundred years old; but the sinner being an hundred years old shall be acursed ( Is.65: 20). There shall still be sin in the Millennium amongst those living in the mortal body. But it shall be reduced to the barest minimum due to the presence Christ, the saints, and the holy angels, and the absence of Satan and his fallen evil angels.

” And He showed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb. In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bear twelve manner of fruits, and yielded her fruit every month: the leaves of the trees were for the healing of the nations. And there shall be no more curse: but the throne of God and of the Lamb shall be in it; and His servants shall serve Him: And they shall see His face; and His name shall be in their foreheads. And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: and they shall reign for ever and ever” ( Rev.22:1-5).

As we have pointed out, the new and heavenly Jerusalem which descends from God out of heaven shall be contiguous with fourth temple at the summit of the renovated and elevated Mount Zion. The renovated and earthly Jerusalem shall be the capital of the world. The temple is the center of attraction in the Millennium. It is the seat of Christ’s government, the headquarters of His Administration. Men from all over the world shall flock to it to pray and to see God in the flesh. In this temple, the heavens and earth are in holy union and embrace. In the temple, God, man, the resurrected as well as those in their mortal bodies, and the angels of God are in holy communion. It is the focal point of the Millennium. It is the merging of the spheres. In it, the living in their mortal bodies and the dead and resurrected in their eternal immortal resurrection bodies are in holy communion.

The Throne Room of Christ’s government shall be in the temple. From that Throne Room, the river of life shall flow in two directions. Upwards to the heavenly Jerusalem. Downwards to the earthly Jerusalem and the rest of the world. The river that flows downwards to the earthy Jerusalem and the rest of the world is described in Ezekiel 47. This river shall water the land of Israel and the rest of the world. It shall be teaming with fishes. It will heal the land and make it fruitful. It will make the desert blossom like the rose. It shall flow into the sea ( Ezek.47:8). The seas of the world which have been polluted by human activities and the judgment of God in the day of His wrath shall be healed, and purified by the waters of this river of life. There are some that teach that there shall be no seas in the Millennium because the seas and the fresh water lakes were destroyed by the wrath of God. And there were no more sea (  Rev. 21:1). But it is obvious from Ezek47:8 that the downward flowing river shall end up in the sea. The prophet Zechariah spoke of living waters that shall flow out of Jerusalem: ” And it shall be that in that day, that living waters shall go out from Jerusalem; half of them toward the former sea, and half of them toward the hinder sea: in summer and in winter shall it be” ( Zech.14:8). The prophet Joel predicted that a stream shall flow out of the house of the Lord: ” And it shall come to pass in that day, that the mountains shall drop down new wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, and a fountain shall come forth out of the house of the LORD, and shall water the valley of Shittim” ( Joel 3:18).

The trees shall also bear fruits for food. The leaves thereof shall be for the healing of the nations ( Ezek.47:12). The Hebrew word translated medicine here means bruises and minor ailments. That is quite understandable because sin itself and its evil effects on the human body shall be drastically minimized. We shall elaborate on this in our study of the earthly Jerusalem in the Millennium.

Here we are more interested in the river that flows upwards to the new and heavenly Jerusalem. It flows in its Broadway. On either side of the river, and in the midst of it, shall be a tree that bears  twelve manner of fruits. This fruits shall be food for the dwellers of the new and heavenly Jerusalem. The leaves shall be for the healing of the nations of them that are saved. Now, do the inhabitants of this city ever get sick? No. Why do they need healing? They do not need healing. They need the leaves of this tree for the maintenance of health. Angels eat food. Manna is the food of the angels ( Ps.78:24,25 ). When Jesus rose from the dead, He ate broiled fish (  Luk.24:42 ). Resurrected saints also eat food. Food is for maintenance of the body. The leaves of this tree aid in the maintenance of health.

The Dimensions Of The City

” And he that talked with me had a golden reed to measure the city, and the gates thereof and the wall thereof. And the city lieth four-square, and the length is as large as the breadth: and he measured the city with the reed, twelve thousand furlongs. The length and the breadth and the heights of it are equal. And he measured the wall thereof, an hundred and forty and four cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel” Rev.21:15-17).

One of the seven avenging angels with the seven last plagues who talked with John the revelator has a golden reed to measure the city, the wall and the gates. That one of the seven avenging angels was called to measure the city probably indicates that this is not an event that occurs at the end of the Mellennium, that is one thousand years after the wrath of God, but rather prior to it, at the beginning of the Mellennium. The city has the shape of a cube. The length, the breadth and the height of it are equal, about twelve thousand furlongs. A furlong is about one-eighth of a mile. This is about 1500 miles or 2500 km. A reed is a measuring instrument used in the ancient Near East. It is about ten and one-half feet long, about 10 meters. He measured the wall thereof, it was about 144 cubits, according to the measure of a man, that is, of the angel. A cubit is the length of an average man from the tip of the middle finger to the tip of the elbow. 144 cubits is equal to 216 ft, or 72 yards, about 66 meters. This is the thickness of the wall. It is thicker than the wall of Jericho and Nebuchadnezzar’s Babylon. It is virtually impregnable. The wall of the city was made of glass, and the city itself of pure gold like clear glass.

A full description of the new and heavenly Jerusalem is given in our commentary on the Scroll of Revelation. In that commentary, the other aspects of the city like the gates of the city, the foundations of the city, the substance of the foundations, the substance of the gates and the lights of the city are described in fine details.

The Marriage Supper Of The Lamb

The timing of this event in the millennial reign of Christ is not specified in Scripture, we know it shall take place in the early stage of the Millennium. The marriage of the Lamb to His bride has taken place in heaven during the 30-day reclamation period after the bema seat judgment of the saints. The bride is now rewarded and decorated with crowns of gold studded with precious stones, jewelries, and gems. The earth has been restored during the 45-day restoration period. The earth and the heavens have been cleared of demons. Satan is bound in the bottomless pit for a thousand years. The fallen evil angels are sent to hell. The antiChrist and the false prophet have been cast into the lake of fire and brimstone.

The new and heavenly Jerusalem has descended from God out of heaven. It is merged at its base with the fourth and millennial temple built by Christ on the renovated and elevated Mount Zion. The 144,000 Jews hidden in Azel during the final wrath of God are now reunited with Jesus, the Messiah of Israel and all mankind. All Israel is now saved. The Gentiles who survived the Great Tribulation, the wrath of God, and were justified in the Sheep and goat judgement have repopulated the earth. The  new heavens and new earth have been created. The earthly and millennial Jerusalem have been renovated, and has become the eternal capital of the earth. Jesus, the Messiah of Israel and all mankind has be coronated King of kings, and Lord of lords. He sits on the throne of His father David, and reigns king for ever from the throne of God and of Christ in the Throne Room on the fourth and millennial Temple on Mount Zion. All is now set for the marriage supper of the Lamb. The bride is united with her husband in the new and heavenly Jerusalem.

The marriage supper of the Lamb is the reception that follows the wedding or marriage of the Lamb that has taken place in heaven earlier. On that day, Christ will drink anew the fruit of the vine with His disciples in His Father’s Kingdom. ” But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in My Father’s Kingdom” ( Matt.26:29). It is interesting that here Christ refers to the millennial kingdom as My Father’s Kingdom. Although He is sovereign over the earth, He is subject to the Father who is all in all.

This will be the most glamorous wedding of all ages, with all the pomp and pageantry. God Almighty will make a feast of wines on the lees for all nations.

” And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make unto all peoples a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined. And He will destroy in this mountain the face of the covering cast over all people, and the veil that is spread over all nations. He will swallow up,death in victory; and the LORD GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces; and the rebuke of His people shall He take away from off the earth: for the LORD hath spoken it” ( Is.25:6-8).

Food and drink shall be in excess of everyone’s fill. The bride shall be resplendent in glory, and the scene stupendous. The only thing that shall be compared to it will be the marriage of the Lamb that took place earlier in heaven.

” Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honor to Him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come , and His wife has made herself ready. And to,her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen is the righteousness of the saints. And He saith unto me, Write, Blessed are they which are called to,the marriage super of the Lamb. And He saith unto me , These are the true sayings of God” ( Rev.19:7-9).

The heavens, the galaxies will display their stupendous glories in magnificent splendor. It will be a lavish banquet unlike anything seen before. Blessed are those who are called to the marriage supper of the Lamb ( Rev.19:9).  The bride will be adorned for her husband, gorgeously appareled  ( Rev.21:2). Christ Himself shall be so glorious in appearance that the light of His countenance shall illuminate the whole universe. The marriage supper of the Lamb shall be part of the celebration of God’s victory over the kingdom of darkness, on the same footing as the marriage of the Lamb , and the bema seat judgment of the saints.

The Bride

There are some biblical scholars who believe and teach that the bride will consists of the saints of all ages. I do not share that view for the simple fact that John the baptizer refers to himself as the friend of the bridegroom. He that has the bride is the bridegroom. Jesus is the bridegroom, that is not debatable.

” He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, which standeth and heareth Him, rejoiceth because of the bridegroom’s voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled. He must increase, but I must decrease. He that cometh  from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly , and speaketh of the earth: He that cometh from above is above all” ( Jon.3:29-31).

John’s own testimony about himself is that is a friend of the bridegroom. He stands by the  bridegroom and hears His voice. This therefore my joy is fulfilled. He cannot be Christ friend standing by Him at the wedding and the subsequent reception, the marriage supper, and be part of the bride at the same time. My conclusion therefore is that John is Christ bestman.

Christ’s own testimony about John the baptizer is that: ” Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater that he” ( Matt.11:11).

Of all those born of women, there hath not arisen any greater than John the Baptist: but he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he. The questions are who are those born of women, and who are the least in the Kingdom of heaven. My understanding is that Christ was referring to the OT saints, and the NT saints. Of all the OT saints there was none greater than John the Baptist, but the least among the NT saints, the church, the bride of Christ, the least is greater then he. My conclusion therefore is that the OT saints are not part of the bride of Christ, inasmuch as John the baptizer who is the greatest of them all is less than the least of the NT saints, is not part of the bride but his friend or bestman at the wedding in heaven and the marriage supper, the reception on Mount Zion in the new and earthly Jerusalem.

The Attendees

At every wedding and the subsequent reception, there are invited guests. At the marriage super of the Lamb there will also be invited guests. The Father and the Holy Spirit though invisible to those in their mortal bodies will be the hosts of the wedding. The OT saints will be the there. John the baptizer will be Christ’s bestman. Some of the greats among the OT saints like fathers  Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Moses, Elijah, David etc will be seated at the table.The angels of God will be there. Some of them, like the archangels Michael and Gabriel will be seated at the table. A good number of the angels will wait on the guests, inasmuch as they are ministering spirits sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation ( Heb.2:14) Those in there mortal bodies who repopulate the earth in the Millennium will be there. The 144,000 of the children of Israel who follow the Lamb wherever He goes will be there. They will most probably be part of heaven’s security details.

How do we know that the marriage supper of the Lamb shall take place on earth? Because there was found there one who did not have a wedding garment ( Matt.22:11-14 ). This is probably one of the survivors of the sheep and goat judgment. This cannot happen in heaven. This cannot happen in heaven because flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, neither doth corruption inherit in corruption ( 1Cor.15:50).

Summary 

” And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdom as of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord , and of His Christ; and He shall reign for ever and ever” ( Rev.11:15).

The celebration of the marriage supper of the Lamb marks the completion of the defeat of Satan and his fallen evil angels. Satan, the supreme personality of evil, the corrupter of the earth and all mankind has been defeated, evicted from the earth premises and incarcerated in the shaft of the abyss. The antiMessiah and the false prophet have been cast into the Lake Of Fire And Brimstone. All those who gave allegiance to Satan by capitulating the authority of the antiMessiah have be destroyed. God Almighty has reclaimed His rule of the the earth usurped by Satan. Christ has  regained physical possession of the earth at Armageddon. He has received the Kingdom from the Father, and crowned King of kings, and Lord of lords. He has re-established the Kingdom Of God on earth over which He, Christ would rule for ever.

” And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth ” ( Rev19:6).

The Jewish survivors of the Great Tribulation and the Day Of The LORD have come to the saving knowledge of Christ. The gentile survivors of the Great Tribulation, the wrath of God, and the Sheep And Goat Judgment have been brought to the saving knowledge of Christ. They have entered into the Millennium to repopulate the earth alongside the remnants of Israel. All nations, kindreds, peoples and tongues are represented. The church has been raptured, The Bema Seat Judgment at which the saints of all ages are rewarded have been held. The decorated bride of Christ is married to Him. The heaven and the earth have been cleansed from the defilement of sin.

 

“The new heavens and earth earth have been created. Behold, I create new heavens and a new earth, and the former shall not be remembered nor come to mind” ( Is.65:17). The whole earth is restored and renovated. The new and earthly Jerusalem, the eternal capital of Israel and the whole earth has been rebuilt. The fourth and millennial Temple have been built on the summit of Mount Zion, the highest point on the new earth. The new and heavenly Jerusalem, the abode of the bride of Christ, all resurrected saints and the angels of God has come down from God out of heaven to merge with the the millennial temple at its base on Mount Zion. Christ is reunited with His bride never to party again.

 

” And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, he tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them and they shall be His people, and God Himself shall be with them and be their God. And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away” ( Rev.21:3,4).

 

From the Throne Room of God and of Christ, livings waters flow downwards towards Jerusalem and the rest of the earth, bring healing to the earth and the seas. The waters team with fish, and there are lots of fishing activities. The tree by the banks of the river yields fruits which are food, and the leaves of the trees are for the healing of the nations of them who dwell on earth in their mortal bodies of bruises and minor ailments.

 

From the Throne Room also the rivers flows upwards as it were to the boardway of the new and heavenly Jerusalem. The tree which grows by the banks of the river and in the midst of it yields twelve manner of fruits. The fruits are food for the dwellers of the new and heavenly Jerusalem, some of whom are angels, and others resurrected saints in their eternal immortal resurrection bodies. The leaves of the tree also are for the sustenance of health.

 

From the Throne Room, Christ shall rule over the earth with rod of iron. David or his greater son is king over Israel. The twelve apostles judge Israel. The saints reign with Christ over the nations of the earth, and are priests of Christ, and of God. The glories and wealth of the nation are brought into the new and heavenly Jerusalem in which there no night. It is always day. Man, angel, and God are in holy communion. The heaven and earth are in holy embrace. From year to year, all nations come to worship God in Jerusalem and to observe the yearly feast of tabernacles. Jerusalem and its Holy Temple are the focal point in the Millennium. The Jews are revered all over he world, and there is no more antisemism ( Zech.8:23).

 

With this, the earth has been restored more or less to its pristine state before the fall of Adam.

 

 

The Day Of The LORD

The Day Of The LORD

The Day Of The LORD

Chapter 4 of the Scroll of Revelation gives us a description of God’s Throne Room in the Temple in Heaven.  In chapter 5, our Lord Jesus the Christ,  the Son Of God,  who up to now from His ascension and session was seated at the right hand of the Father,  sits up.  The focus now is on the Large Scroll of the Book of Revelation.  The Large Scroll has seven seals.  The seals represent conditions to be met before the Large Scroll can be opened. Jesus The Christ is introduced as the Lion Of The Tribe of Judah,  the only one who has prevailed to break the seals of the Large Scroll and to open the Scroll. The seals which are the exterior of the Scroll must be broken before the Scroll is opened.  He is standing,  because He is about to judge the world,  in preparation to His reclaiming God’s rule over and physical possession of the Earth after evicting Satan and his fallen evil angels from the Earth’s premises. This perfectly fulfills Christ’s word: ” For this purpose came I to this hour;…. Now judgment is upon this world; now is the ruler of this world judged” ( Jon.5:27,31). The purpose which Jesus spoke about was His death on the execution stake at Calvary,  without which He could not administer God’s rule over the Earth. 

The seven seals represent the conditions to be met before the Large scroll can be opened.  The opening of the Large scroll ushers in the Day Of The Lord’s judgement upon the living wicked earth-dwellers. Only the Lion of the tribe of Judah-  Jesus as judge of the Earth- can open the scrolls: “for God has appointed a day in which He will judge the world by a man whom He has appointed,  having furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead”( Acts 17:31).

Judgment must begin at the house of God. That is the essence of the great tribulation,  to judge and purify the house of God. If it first begins with us, what shall the end be for those who obey not the gospel of God?  ( 1 Pet.4:17). When the Great Tribulation at the hands of the antiChrist is cut short by the Cosmic disturbances,  and the appearance of the Sign of the coming of the Son Of Man in the heavenlies,  the living wicked earth-dwellers,  those who do not obey the gospel,  shall know automatically that God is about to punish them for their evils. ” Behold,  He cometh with the clouds; and every eye shall see Him,  and they also who pierced Him: and all the kindred of the Earth shall wail because of Him.  Even so,  Amen” ( Rev.1:7).  And again when He had broken the 6th seal: …. And the kings of the Earth,  and the great men,  and the rich men,  and the chief captains,  and the mighty men,  and every bondman,  and every free man,  hid themselves in the dens and rocks of the mountains; and said to the mountains and rocks,  fall on us,  and hide us from the face of Him that sitteth on the throne,  and from the wrath of the Lamb: for the Great Day Of His Wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?”  ( Rev.6:15-17).

The first four seals are not the wrath of God.  They are the wrath of Satan. But ultimately God is in sovereign control,  hence the supervision of the first four seals by the seraphim of God.  They are for the purpose of purifying the Church and the natural line of Abraham through Jacob who have not yet come to the saving knowledge of the Christ.  It is now harvest time, and the reapers are the angels. The wheat and the tares which up to this time are growing together, must be separated. The Saints must be tested,  tried and purified. ” That the trial of your faith being more precious than of gold that perisheth,  though it be tried with fire,  might be found unto praise and honour and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ”  ( 1 Pet.1:7). 

The fifth seal is a heavenly scene,  a reflection of the killings going on here on Earth during the 4th seal,  the Great Tribulation. There is a certain number of saints to be killed here on Earth.  Their souls arriving in heaven,  are kept under the altar of incense,  awaiting the vengeance of God during His Day Of The Lord Judgment of the  living wicked earth-dwellers. We are not told the number of saints to be martyred. It is a divine secret.  Neither are we told who would be martyred or who would not. “The secret things are for God,  but the things which are revealed are for us and our children,  in order that we may do the words of this law” (  Deut.29:29). But one thing is certain,  “if any one is to be killed with sword,  with the sword,  the one will be killed: and if any man is to go into captivity,  into captivity the one goes. Here is the faith and patience of the saints” ( Rev.13:10). We believers must understand that some of us are destined into captivity, and some to to the sword. This understanding will help us to face death and captivity without flagging.

The condition for the sixth seal is the fifth,  which is the completion of the number of the faithful martyrs to be killed for the name of Christ.  The sixth seal initiates the Day Of The Lord judgment.  In the interlude between the sixth and the seventh seals,  is the multitude which no one could number arriving in heaven,  out of the Great Tribulation,  as the true church is rescued from the wrath of Satan( Rev. 12:12), and brought into the presence of God, and the 144,000 sealed for protection before the wrath of God is poured out on the remaining living wicked earth-dwellers. It is now time to break the 7th seal.  When the 7th seal is broken,  the large scroll can be opened.  The events of the large scroll, the trumpet and the bowls constitute the Day Of The Lord,  ” for the great day of His wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?”  ( Rev.6:17). This is the eschatological End Of The Ages or simply The End. “For lo, I am with you unto the end of the ages.”  ” But he that endureth unto the end shall be saved.” ( Matt.10:22, 28:20 ). ” Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonitions, upon whom the ends of the world are come” ( 1Cor.10:11 ). The Greek word translated world here is better rendered ages. 

The Definition Of The Day Of The Lord. 

What exactly is the Day Of The Lord?  What will this momentous day be like?  Some of the vivid writing in all of the Scriptures are used to describe this awesome period.  There is no event like the Day Of The Lord in all of the history of man upon the Earth,  neither before nor after.  The Day Of The Lord is that period,  after the Rapture of the true Church,  at the End Of The Ages,  when God Almighty pours out His Wrath upon the living wicked earth-dwellers,  adorers and worshippers of the Dragon-Beast. The Day Of The Lord is described in graphic details by eight prophets in the OT. It is mentioned explicitly by three NT writers,  Luke,  Peter and Paul,  and alluded to by all the other NT authors.  The importance of this period can not be overemphasized.  It is crucial that we have a thorough understanding of this period of judgment so that we may have a clear perspective of the end times.  It is the focal point of the end times.  The events associated with the second coming of Christ,  the parousia and the Day Of The Lord are one and the same. For the unbelievers who are ignorant of God’s Word,  it will come as a thief in the night.  It will begin suddenly and unexpectedly when God intervenes in human affairs as in the days of Noah and Lot,  to amputate the Great Tribulation  by the antiMessiah. The deliverance of the righteous –  the day of Christ –  and the beginning of God’s judgment of the wicked –  The Day Of The Lord –  will occur simultaneously at Christ’s Second Advent as both Saviour of the saints and judge of the living wicked earth-dwellers. In other words,  The Day Of The Lord will be initiated by the glorious deliverance of the saints at the appearance of the Son Of Man whom God has appointed as the Judge of the Earth. It is pertinent for us to understand what this would mean for the ungodly who remain on Earth after the Rapture of the true church. 

All the passages in the Scriptures dealing with the Day Of The Lord focus on two separate parts of this great event,  the Rapture Of The Church,  God’s Elect,  cutting short the Great Tribulation, the terrible persecution of the elect at the hands of Satan,  when the object of the Wrath of Satan administered by the antiChist is removed.  On the same day the Church is raptured,  God will unleash His Wrath,  the Day Of The Lord judgment against the wicked who remain,  and against the antiMessiah and his 8th and final beast empire nations in particular. This is the very heart of the Day Of The Lord. It will be the fiery judgment of God  upon the entire Earth and it’s inhabitants who remain after the rescue of the saints. It is an intervention by God in human affairs,  comparable only to the the first judgment of the world,  the Great Flood in the days of Noah,  and on a limited sense to the complete and total destruction of the cities of the plain,  Sodom,  Gomorrah,  Zeboim and Adamah. 

The specific term,  The Day Of The Lord,  is used by the OT prophets a total of nineteen times.  The NT writers,  Luke,  Paul,  and  Peter,  use them in four passages,  all of which refer to the time of God’s wrath upon the wicked earth-dwellers. There are additional passages in the NT,  primarily in Philippians which use the phrase ” Day Of Christ”  or “Day Of Jesus Christ.”  These two phrases,  are generally understood as a reference to the event that initiates the Day Of The Lord,  that is,  the Rapture of the saints. Whilst the Day Of The Lord has the negative connotation of God’s wrath and punishment upon the wicked who remain after the Rapture of the true church,  the Day Of Christ,  or the Day Of Jesus Christ,  has the positive connotation of God’s deliverance of the righteous saints,  the elect of God, that great hope of every believer that initiates the Day Of The Lord upon the living wicked wicked earth-dwellers, adorers and worshippers of the beast-antiChrist. 

Every reference to The Day Of The Lord is primarily a reference to this single end time event,  initiated by the Rapture Of The True Church,  followed by the wrath of God on the wicked who remain.  In every instance in the scriptures where the Day Of The Lord is mentioned,  referred or alluded to,  the language of the text indicates that the context is worldwide and futuristic. Robert Van Kampen has written: ” In the few cases in which the phrase”  Day Of The Lord ” ( or its equivalent)  is not used explicitly of the end times,  a near/far view application of these texts and their contexts do not exclude association with the end times,  as these nonspecific references to the Day Of The Lord contribute directly or indirectly to a better understanding of God’s revelation regarding the last days.”

OT Confirmation. 

As we have already pointed out,  the Day Of The Lord is spoken in several passages in the OT. One of the most powerful  is Zephanaiah  1:14-18. ” The great day of the Lord is near,  It is near,  and hasteneth greatly,  even the voice of the day of the Lord: the mighty man shall cry there bitterly.  That day is a day of wrath,  a day of trouble and distress,  a day of wasteness and desolation,  a day of darkness and gloominess,  a day of clouds and thick darkness,  a day of the trumpet and alarm against the fenced cities,  and against the high towers. And I will bring distress upon men,  that they shall walk like blind men,  because they have sinned against the Lord: and their blood shall be poured out as dust,  and their flesh as the dung.  Neither their silver no their gold shall be able to deliver them in the day of the Lord’s wrath; but the whole land shall be devoured by the fire of His jealousy: for He shall make even a speedy riddance of them that dwell in the land.”

We can see here the reason why the Saints are exempt from the day of the Lord.  It is a day of God’s wrath against the unrepentant sinner.  It is a day of trouble and distress for the unbelievers as the Great Tribulation will be a day of trouble and distress for the believers. It is appropriate for God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble us ( 2Thess.1:6).  It will be that climatic event in history when God will pour out His wrath upon the living wicked earth-dwellers. It is a day of trumpet,  and alarm upon God’s Holy mountain. The day of the Lord occurs at the last trump: “for the trumpet shall sound,  and the dead shall be raised incorruptible,  and we shall be changed”- and then the wrath of God contained in the Seven trumpets of the Scroll of Revelation shall be poured out upon the living wicked earth-dwellers. 

NT Confirmation. 

In response to the mockery of evolutionist uniformitarians,  Apostle Peter wrote: ” Knowing this first,  that there shall come in the last days scoffers walking after their own lust, and saying,  Where is the promise of His coming? for since the fathers fell asleep, all things continue as they were from the beginning of the creation. For this they willingly are ignorant of,  that by the word of God,  the heavens were of old,  and the Earth standing out of the water and in the water: whereby the world that then was,  being overflowed with water,  perished: but the heavens and the Earth,  which are now,  by the same word are kept in store,  reserved unto fire against the day of judgment and perdition of ungodly men. But beloved,  be not ignorant of this one thing,  that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years,  and a thousand years as one day.  The Lord is not slack concerning His promise,  as some count slackness; but is long-suffering to usward,  not willing that any should perish,  but that all should come  to repentance. But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise,  and the elements shall melt with fervent heat,  the Earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. Seeing then that all these things shall be dissolved,  what manner of persons ought ye to be in all manner of conversation and godliness,  looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of the Lord,  wherein the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved,  and the elements shall melt with fervent heat” ( 2Pet.3:4-12).

We see here that the believers shall be here till the day of the Lord begins.  It is on that that day that the believers are rescued,  that the Day Of The Lord judgment of the living wicked earth-dwellers shall commence,  which shall result in the desolution of the present heavens and Earth and the works that are therein with fire. What manner of persons ought we to be indeed,  seeing that the present Earth and all the works that are  therein shall melt away with fervent heat. 

For a number of reasons,  we can see that the context of the Day Of The Lord spoken of in  2Peter 3, occurs before the Millennium,  rather than at the end of it as taught by some biblical scholars,  especially of the Pretribulation persuasion. Firstly,  the phrase ” the last days”  in  verse 3, is no where used in Scripture as a reference to the end of the Millennium,  but rather frequently used in relation to the Rapture( Jon.6:39,40,54), to the resurrection of the dead( Jon.11:24), and to the end of this present age( Acts 2:17; 2 Tim.3:1). Secondly,  were Peter to be speaking of the Day Of The Lord at the end of the Millennium,  no one would be asking question about the whereabouts of the promise of His coming( v. 4), because He would presently be ruling over the Earth,  just as He did for the previous one thousand years. Thirdly,  were the dual Day Of The Lord view to be correct,  the Day Of The Lord at the second Advent of Lord- the most traumatic event in  history-  would have occurred a thousand years previously. No one living during the Millennium,  most of whom would live a long while( Is.65:20), would make the absurd comment that ” all things continue as they were from the beginning of creation” ( v. 4). Fourthly,  In verse 4, Peter refers to the Day Of The Lord coming like a thief in the night.  This parallels Paul’s Day-Of-The-Lord  passage in 1Thess.5:2-4, where he explains that the times and the seasons of Christ’s coming to rapture the Church will be like a thief in the night.  Fifthly,  Peter illustrated his teaching on the end times with the deluge and the destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah ( 2Pet.2:4; 3:6),  which are abbreviated versions of identical illustrations given by Christ in the Olivet Discourse, the subject matter of both of them being the wrath of God which will be poured out upon the living wicked earth-dwellers at Christ second advent. Finally,  in conclusion,  Peter made reference to Paul’s teaching: ” even as our beloved  brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you; as also in all his epistles speaking of these things” ( 2Pet.3:15,16). The phrase ” these things”,  obviously refers to the Day Of The Lord.  Paul taught more about the Day Of The Lord  that occurs before the Millennium,  the one that will be initiated by the second coming of Christ,  than any other NT writer,  with the exception of John in the Book of Revelation,  more so in his two letters to the church at Thessalonica. Evidently,  Peter makes it clear,  he and our brother Paul are teaching the same truth about the Day Of The Lord.  There is no biblical evidence that the Day Of The Lord is spoken about in the plural in the NT. 

In summary,  the Day Of The Lord will be unlike any other day in history.  The only comparison in terms of the totality of its devastation,  will be the destruction of the antedeluvian world by a worldwide flood in Noah’s day,  and the awesome destruction of Sodom and Gomorrah with fire and brimstone in the day of Lot ( Luk.17:26-30). The deluge was the judgment of the world by water,  after which God guaranteed never to destroy the world with water again( Gen.9:12-15). God has never promised not to destroy the world  by fire,  but rather foretold unequivocally and unconditionally that the present heavens and Earth are reserved unto fire,  awaiting the judgment and destruction of the ungodly( 2Pet.3:7).

A Fiery Supernatural Judgment

The Day Of The LORD will be a day of judgment by fire. Although fire is symbolic of God’s judgment, the fire associated with the final outpouring of God’s judgment is to be taken literally. The prophet Isaiah proclaimed, ” For behold, the LORD will come with fire, and with His chariots like a whirlwind, to render His anger with fury, and His rebuke with flames of fire. For by fire and by His sword will the LORD plead with all flesh: and the slain of the LORD shall be many” ( Is.66:15,16). 

Joel made reference to fire in speaking of The Day Of The LORD: ” Blow ye the trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let  all the inhabitants of the land tremble: for The Day Of The LORD cometh, for it is nigh at hand; A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and thick darkness, as the morning spread upon the mountains: a great people and strong; there hath not been ever the like, neither shall be any more after it, even to the years of many generations. A fire devoureth before them; and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilderness; yea, and nothing shall escape them” ( Joel 2:1-3). 

The prophet Zephaniah served God’s notice to the living wicked earth-dwellers in the latter days, ” Therefore wait ye upon Me, saith the LORD until the day that I rise up to the prey: for my determination is to gather the nations, that I may assemble the kingdoms, to pour upon them mine indignation, even all my fierce anger; for the earth shall be devoured with the fire of my jealousy”( Zeph.3:8). 

In the NT, John the Baptizer spoke about the harvest at The End Of The Ages, ” Whose winnowing fork is in His hand, and He will throughly purge His floor, and gather His wheat into the garner; but He will born off the chaff with unquenchable fire” ( Matt.3:12). In like manner also, Jesus speaking of the harvest at the end of the Ages said, ” So shall it be at The End Of The Ages: the angels shall come forth, and severe the wicked from among the just, And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth” ( Matt.13:49,50). According to  Apostle Paul, the Lord Jesus shall be ” revealed from heaven with His mighty angels, In flaming fire fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not The Gospel Of Our Lord Jesus Christ: who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of His power; when He shall come to be glorified in His saints, and to be admired in all them that believe ( because our testimony among was believed) in That Day” ( 2Thess.1:8-10). 

In the past God used natural disasters as His instruments in the execution of His wrath upon the wicked ( Joel 1:4). He also used nations as instruments in the execution of His wrath. For example, God used Assyria( Is.10:5), and Babylon ( Hab.1:6-10) to punish His people Israel for the sins. But His judgment of the living wicked earth-dwellers in The Day Of His Wrath shall be supernatural, administered by God through the agency of His avenging angels. It is shall not be one great power against a lesser power. It shall not be executed by humans or natural means, unlike the events associated with the first three seals of the 70th week. There will be no doubt in any ones mind as to the origin and source of these fiery calamities upon the living wicked. The entire inhabitants of the earth shall know that this is the judgment of God ( Rev.6:15-17), not an offensive strike by hostile nations or so called acts of nature or natural disasters ( Ezek.38:23; cp. Is.2:7). 

The Breaking Of The Seventh Seal

With the breaking of the seventh seal, the large scroll of Rev.5 is opened, and the wrath of God is revealed. The breaking of the seventh seal marks the starting point- terminus-a-quo of The Day Of The LORD. The breaking of the seventh seal shall be awesome as heaven observers in silence( Rev.8:1 ). After the silent period of half an hour, there emerges from the temple of God in heaven, seven avenging angels bearing seven trumpets which are the wrath of God. 

” And when He had broken the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour. And I saw the seven angels which stood before God; and unto them were given seven trumpets. And another angel came and stood at the altar, having a golden censer; and there was given unto him much incense, that he should offer it with the prayers of the saints upon the golden altar which was before the throne. And the smoke of the incense, which came with the prayers of the saints, ascended up before God out of the angel’s hand. And the angel took the censer, and filled it with fire of the altar, and cast it into the earth: and there were voices, and thundering, and lightnings, and an earthquake. And the seven angels which had the seven trumpets prepared themselves to sound ” ( Rev.8:1-6). 

The First Six Trumpet Judgments 

We have given full treatment to the trumpet judgments in my commentary on the scroll of Revelation, and a less fuller and limited treatment in the chapter of this book on the Second Three And One-Half Years. Here we shall give a summary of the trumpet judgments. 

The First Trumpet 

When the first avenging angel bearing the first trumpet sounded, ” there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of the trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up” ( Rev.8:7). 

The first trumpet targeted the green vegetation of the earth, destroying a third part of the trees, and all green grass. This will worsen the food scarcity caused by the third seal- famine, pestilences and earthquakes. This will have a devastating effect on livestock that depend on green grass and hay for nutrition. It will also directly and indirectly affect human nutrition. Plants take in carbon dioxide for photosynthesis, and give out oxygen. The increased carbon emission will worsen climate change, leading to erratic weather patterns, increased temperatures, and swelling of the oceans.

The Second Trumpet 

At the sounding of the second trumpet by the second avenging angel, ” and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood; and the third part of the creatures which were in the sea and had life, died; and the third part of the ships were destroyed” ( Rev.8:8,9). 

The second trumpet judgment targeted and destroyed a third part of the salt water sources of the earth. This burning mountain, perhaps fragments of a meteorite or disintegrated supernova turned a third of  the  salt water sources of the earth into blood. Since the viscosity of blood is not the same as water, it cannot support biological life, and the floatation of ocean going vessels. Therefore a third of the biological life in the seas and oceans of the world will be destroyed. A third of ocean going vessels of the world with their crews and cargoes will be destroyed. This will include nuclear submarines. The implication is that a third of the seas and oceans of the world shall become toxic with dead and decaying organic matter and toxic biological, chemical and nuclear waste. A third part of the seas and oceans of the world shall be rendered unpliable. There will be scarcity of sea foods, further worsening the famine caused by war (second seal ), and the destruction of vegetation by the first trumpet.

The Third Trumpet 

And the third avenging angel sounded the third trumpet, 

” and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamb, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters; the name of the star is called wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter” ( Rev.8:10,11). 

This is not a full star. The sun which is the star in our solar system, The Milky Way or simply The Galaxy, is one of the smallest stars. It is approximately 149 million km away from the earth. Were it to get closer, the earth would melt away. Were it to get farther away, the earth would be frozen. The prophet was using the vocabulary of his day to convey a thought. It is most probably a meteorite or fragment of a disintegrated supernova. Whatever it is anyway, targeted the fresh water sources of the earth, and polluted them. They became wormwood. They were made bitter.

Wormwood is an ancient antihelmintheic. Bitter though, not toxic, except in cases of overdosage. The fresh water sources of the earth were rendered bitter and toxic; those who made use of them died. The mortality from fresh pollution would be very high. We are not told the exact number, but many men died from use of the polluted fresh water sources. 

The Fourth Trumpet 

The fourth avenging angel sounded the fourth trumpet,

” and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise” ( Rev.8:12). 

It is difficult to visualize what kind of celestial phenomenon that would produce this kind of effect on our solar system. Anyhow, the partial eclipse of the sun moon and stars would produce extreme low temperatures in the part of the earth affected which may lead to frostbites and chilblains. 

The Three Woes

” And I Beheld, and I heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, woe, woe, woe, to the inhabitants of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are yet to sound” ( Rev.9:13).

The last three trumpets are the three woes or culminate in the three woes. The seventh trumpet has no judgement of its owns, but opens into the seven bowl judgments. Here we shall look at the fifth and the sixth trumpets. 

The Fifth Trumpet: The First Woe

And the fifth avenging angel sounded,

” and I saw star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit. And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of my pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit. There came out of the smoke locusts upon the earth: and unto them was power, as scorpions of the earth have power. And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads. And to them it was given that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months: and their torment was as the torment of a scorpion, when he striketh a man. And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it: and desire to die, and death shall flee from them. And the shapes of the locusts were like unto horse prepared unto battle; and on their heads were as it were crowns like gold, and their faces were as the faces of men. And they had hair as the hair of women, and their teeth were as the teeth of lions. And they had breastplates as the breastplates iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle. And they had tails like unto scorpions, and there were stings in their tails: and their power was to hurt men five months. And they had a king over them , which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon. One woe is past; and, behold, there come two woes more hereafter” ( Rev.9:1-12). 

The imagery of a star falling from heaven connotes a fallen angel, but one cannot be dogmatic about that. That the angel is given the key to the bottomless is indicative of the fact that he is a high ranking angel in the service of His Divine Majesty. He is probably the same angel that locked up Satan in the bottomless pit  throughout the entire length of the Millennium ( Rev.20:1,2). 

When he opened the bottomless pit, there came out a thick cloud of smoke, out of which emerged demons clothed with the physiognomy of locusts. These demons are the fallen angels who did not keep their first estate, but left their own habitation to cohabit with human females, giving rise to hybrid humans called nephelim in the Hebrew tongue ( Gen.6:1-4). These demons, in defiance to God, participated in the satanic hybridization programme for the human race. An attempt by Satan to prevent the birth of the Messiah by preventing the existence of a pure human lineage. God ordained a distinction between human and angelic species, Satan and these fallen angels attempted to obliterate the distinction. Just like in our day, some have attempted to obliterate the distinction between men and women. But God will not let man prevail ( Ps.9:19), just as much as He did not permit Satan to prevail. God is supreme. Ultimately, His word will triumph over human will and the powers of darkness.

At the destruction of the hybridized human race during the deluge, the nephelim were reserved in chains under darkness waiting for the judgment of The Great Day ( Jude 1:6 ). Noah and his family were exempted because they were not hybridized. The statement that Noah was just and perfect in his generation is better translated Noah was pure in his descendants. In other words, Noah and his progeny were pure humans.

The allusion to The Great Day here is undeniably The Great Day Of The LORD.  These demons were incarcerated in the abyss because of their vile nature. However, their incarceration in the abyss for thousands of years has made them more vile. They were reserved to be employed by God in The Day Of His wrath judgment of the wicked living earth-dwellers. God has reserved the wicked for The Day Of Wrath ( Prov.16:4). In other words, God will employ the wicked in the execution of His wrath. And again the wrath of man shall praise thee ( Ps.76:10 ).

These demons have a king over them who is the angel of the bottomless pit whose name is Abaddon in the Hebrew tongue, or  Appollyon in Greek. In both languages, the name means the same thing, destroyer or destruction. That they have a king implies order of sort. These horrible looking creatures were to torment men who have not the seal of God for five months. This is selective punishment. The sting of these demonic scorpions would not kill, but would lead to such excruciating pain that the victims would wish they were dead. This horrible episode will last as long as five months. ” The first woe is past; and, behold, and there come two woes more hereafter” ( Rev.9:12).

The Sixth Trumpet: The Second Woe

And the sixth avenging angel sounded the sixth trumpet, 

” and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God, Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates, And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month,  and a year, for to slay the third part of men. And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand: and I heard the number of them. And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone. By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths. For their power is in their mouths, and in their tails: For their tails were like unto serpents, and had heads, and with them they do hurt. And the rest of the dead which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk:  Neither repented they of their murders, nor of their sorceress, nor of their fornication, nor of their theft” ( Rev.9:13-21). 

The sounding of the sixth trumpet resulted in the liberation of four fallen angels incarcerated in the Euphrates River for an hour, a day, a month, and a year. The liberation of these demons resulted in the mobilization of mechanized divisions totaling 200 million soldiers . China can field this number of soldiers, so can India. Later on, at the outpouring of the sixth bowl judgment, the same river, the Euphrates River, where those four horrible demons were incarcerated shall be desiccated to make way for the kings of the east to gather their armies at Armageddon ( Rev.16:12). 

These millions of soldiers were mounted on the most sophisticated modern tanks equipped with laser technology and artificial intelligence ( AI). They have the capacity to incinerate and pulverize their victims instantaneously. By these three- the fire, the smoke, and the brimstone-that issued of their mouths were a third of mankind annihilated. Did this horrible death and devastation yield penitence in the hearts of the survivors? ” And the rest of the men who were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship demons, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk: neither repented they of their murders nor sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts” ( Rev.9:21). 

Although the sixth trumpet appears to end here, however, the second woe does not come up until after the death of the two witnesses on the last day of the 70th week of Daniel, and their resurrection, and ascension into heaven on the 4th day of the 30-day Reclamation Period, and the attendant earthquake that devastated a tenth part of the City of Jerusalem, the tactical headquarters of the antiMessiah, with a death toll of seven thousand. ” The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly” ( Rev11:14). 

Divine Purpose For The Day Of The LORD

God has revealed Himself generally in nature. He has also revealed Himself specifically in His word, the Bible. For men to deny the existence of God is to deny the self-evident facts of their own existence. Therefore humanistic evolution is an affront on God. Besides the atheist and evolutionists who deny the existence of God, there are those like the deist and theists who believe there is God, but deny that He has any interest in the affairs of men. Deism says God is dead. That is as bad as saying He does not exist; for God cannot die. He is an eternal being. There are also those who believe that there is God, that he has interest in the affairs of men, but make no effort whatsoever to live a righteous life. These are bloody hypocrites. There are also the phony religionists who tell us that God has mandated them to make everyone to live according to their own pony ideas about God. They are ready to kill those of us who do not agree or conform to their own pony ideas about God. 

There those who believe that God is so loving that He will not punish sin. God is love in deed. ” He that loveth knoweth God; for God is love” ( 1Jon.4:16 ). God so loved us that He gave His only begotten Son ( Jon.3:16). God is so longsuffering that He is “not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance” ( 2Pet.3:9). This is one side of the coin, the obverse. The reverse side is also true; God is holy and righteous. He is of purer eyes than to behold evil ( Hab.1:13). He is equally a God of justice. He has commanded all men everywhere to repent ( Acts 17:30). Although He is longsuffering, His patience will one day run out. He has appointed a day in which He will judge the world by Jesus Christ whom He has chosen ( Acts 17:31).

In That Day, the wrath of God will be “revealed from heaven against all unrighteousness of men who hold the truth in unrighteousness” ( Rom.1:18 ). The present heaven and earth are “reserved unto fire, kept for the day of judgement and destruction of ungodly men” ( 2Pet.3:7). The two fold purpose of The Day Of The LORD will be to judge the ungodly, and to cleanse, purge, and purify Israel.

To Judge The Ungodly

In That Day, God will pour out His wrath upon the ungodly. This is the righteous consequence of His attributes as God of love and holiness. The God of love and holiness will not infinitely continue to permit men to do as they please without calling them to account. All men will one day give account to God ( Rom.14:12). All men will one stand before God. Before that day, God would have given all men opportunity to repent, and call upon Him for mercy. Men would waste these opportunities, reject God’s entreaties through His servants, and choose rather to worship the beast and his image of gold, silver, brass, stone,  and wood which they have made for themselves to worship ( Is.2:20,21 ). God’s justice in punishing the wicked will be self-evident in that despite God’s wrath being poured out on them, they will not repent. “… and they did not repent of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their theft” ( Rev.9:20,21). Therefore the wrath of God will be the necessary and just consequence of man’s intransigence towards God, his blantant sin, and rebellion against God, and the impenitence of his heart. 

To Cleanse, Purge, And Purify Israel

The other purpose that the wrath will serve is to cleanse, purge, and purify Israel. Apart from the 144,000 from the twelve tribes of Israel who would be sealed with the seal of the living God before the wrath of God begins, the rest of the remnant of Israel will go through the wrath of God unprotected as it were, in order to cleanse, purge, and purify them. 

That the rest of the remnant of Israel will go through The Day Of The LORD is proven by the fact that when the children of Israel who are under siege by the antiMessiah during the Great Tribulation see the sign given in the sun, moon, and stars, they will cry peace and safety( 1Thess.5:3), thinking that God is about to deliver them, not knowing that His wrath is inclusive of them too. The destruction will be The Day Of The LORD which God shall unleash at the breaking of the seventh seal. They miscalculated. They did not heed the warning of their prophet: 

” Woe unto them that desire the day of the LORD! To what end is it for you? The day of the LORD is darkness, and not light, as if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him. Shall not the day of the LORD be darkness, and not light? Even very dark, and no brightness in it?” ( Amos 5:18-20).

God will discard the dross, those who have bowed to the image of the beast, while at the same time refining the remnant of the woman that will soon come into a saving relationship with the true Messiah, our Lord Jesus Christ. The prophet Isaiah proclaimed:

” Therefore saith the Lord, the LORD of hosts, the mighty One of Israel, Ah, I will ease me of mine adversaries, and avenge me on mine enemies: and I will turn my hand upon thee, and purely purge away thy dross, and take away all thy tin: and I will restore thy judges as at the first, and thy counsellors as at the beginning: afterwards thou shall be called The city of righteousness, the faithful city. Zion shall be redeemed with judgment, and her converts with righteousness. And the destruction of the transgressors and of the sinners shall be together, and they that forsake the LORD shall be consumed” ( Is.1:24-28).

Jews who worship the antiMessiah shall escape the great tribulation only to witness the wrath of God. In That Day, ” They shall cast their silver in the streets, and their gold shall be removed: their silver and their gold shall not be able to deliver them in the day of the wrath of the LORD: they shall not satisfy their souls, neither fill their bowels; because it is the stumbling block of their iniquity. As for the beauty of his ornament, he set in majesty: but they made the images of their abominations and of their detestable things therein: therefore have I set far from them” ( Ezek.7:19,20). 

God will make their idols an abhorrent and detestable thing to them. The prophet Malachi also spoke of the purification of the house of Israel in day of the Lord. ” Who may abide the day of His coming? And who shall stand when He appeareth? For He is like a refiner’s fire, and a fuller’s soap: And He shall sit like a refiner and a purifier of silver: and He shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as silver and gold, that they offer unto the LORD an offering in righteousness” ( Mal.3:2,3). 

The prophet Zechariah added his voice also, ” And it shall come to pass, that in all the land, saith the LORD, two parts therein shall be cut off and die; but the third shall be left therein. And I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined, and will try them as gold is tried: and they shall call on my name, and I will answer them: I will say, It is my people: and they shall say, The LORD is my God” ( Zech.13:8,9). 

We can see that the prophets are unequivocal in testifying of the purification of the house of Israel. Of all Jews who enter the 70th week of Daniel, two parts shall refuse the mark of the beast and be killed by the antiChrist. The remaining one-third shall pass through the fires of the wrath of God to be purified as silver is purified, and refined as gold is refined. The Day Of The LORD shall be as the refiner’s fire and as a fuller’s soap to purge, purify and refine the house of Israel, as He did the 144, 000 in the Edomite wilderness ( Ezek.20:33-38). 

Between the wrath of God and the wrath of Satan, only a third of unbelieving Jews who enter the 70th week of Daniel ( Dan.9:24), will survive at the end of it,  when the fullness of the Gentiles is come in ( Rom.11:25). Only then shall ” all Israel be saved” ( Rom.11:26); then and only then will they all as a nation, and as individuals acknowledge, ” The Lord is my God” ( Zech.13:9). Thus will the mystery of God be finished, and the spiritual kingdom of God complete, bringing to a terminal end the rule of Satan over the earthly realm of God’s Universal Kingdom.

AntiChrist Paralyzed

Precisely in the middle of the 70th week, Satan shall be cast down to the earth. He shall exercise “great wrath, knowing that he hath but a short time” ( Rev.12:12). Satan’s divinely permitted but restricted presence and power on earth will run throughout his allotted time of 42 months, from the midpoint to the end  of the 70th week . Thereafter, he shall only be permitted to kill the two witnesses ( Rev.11:7-14), and gather his forces for the final battle at Armageddon where he shall meet his Waterloo ( Rev.19:20,21). At the breaking of the sixth, the cosmic disturbances associated with it shall bring about a significant reduction in the amount of freedom and power that Satan’s minion, the antiChrist exercised since the removal of the restrainer, archangel Michael. At the appearance of His coming, the perousia, which also marks the starting point of The Day Of The LORD, or The Day Of His Coming, the antiMessiah shall once again be under restraint. This time around, the restrainer shall be Christ Himself.

Right from the breaking of the sixth seal, and the cosmic disturbances associated with it, as the antiMessiah comes under Christ’s restraint, some of the Jews in the land of Israel who refused allegiance to the antiMessiah, who have been living in hiding up until this time, shall begin to fight back against the forces of the antiMessiah, in and around Israel, more so around the Holy City, Jerusalem. This will be like the Jews who fought in the Maccabean Revolt, in the days of Antiochus Epiphanes, who is the prefigure of the antiMessiah.

The decisive change in the limits of the power of the antiMessiah evident from the breaking of the sixth seal and attendant cosmic disturbances, and the perousia of Christ, prior to his final destruction at Armageddon can be seen in Paul’s second letter to the Thessalonians. 

” The mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. And then shall that wicked one be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the Spirit of His mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of His coming: Even him whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders” ( 2Thess.2:7-9). 

Obviously, Paul seems to be a bit redundant when he says The Messiah will both consume the wicked one and destroy him. Anyone who is consumed is destroyed. When viewed carefully, verse 8 describes a separate and distinct result of Christ’s Second Coming. At the final battle of Armageddon, Christ will ultimately destroy the antiChrist. Initially, by the brightness or appearance of His coming, Christ shall render the antiChrist useless. The Greek word rendered destroyed is katageo. A better translation of this word is given in Rotherham’s Bible, which renders it paralyzed.

The restrictions of the power of the antiMessiah shall occur at the parousia- the appearance of His Coming. It is at the parousia that every eye shall see Him ( Rev.1:7). The brightness or appearance of His Coming is the Shekinah in the heaven. This is the only sign Christ gave to His disciples in the Olivet Discourse, when they asked Him, ” Tell us when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the End Of The Ages ( sunteleia)?” There is only one sign (Semeion) of His Coming and of the End Of The Ages. He gave the answer to their question in verse30.

 ” Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heaven shall be shaken: And then shall appear the sign of the Son Of Men in the heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son Of Man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And He shall send His angels with the great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together His elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other”( Matt.24:29-31).

As we have pointed out, the restrictions will occur at the appearance of His coming. The appearance of His coming is the same as the sign of the Son Of Man in the heaven. It is then that “every eye shall see Him; and all the kindreds of the earth shall wail because of Him” ( Rev.1:7). “And then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn.” Then shall “the dead in Christ rise first, and then we who are alive and remain shall be gathered together in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air, and so shall we ever be with the Lord. Wherefore, comfort one another with these words” ( 1Thess.4:16-18). 

At that time the antiMessiah shall be rendered useless, paralyzed. Only the LORD shall be exalted in That Day ( Is.2:17), until the time of his final judgment, when he shall be cast alive into the lake that burneth with fire and brimstone( Rev.19:20) alongside his enforcer, the second beast, also called the false prophet ( Rev.13:11-18).

This excellent exegesis by Robert Van Kampen and Marvin J. Rosenthal interprets Jesus’s statement that ” except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elects’ sake, those days shall be shortened” ( Matt.24:22). Our brethren of the Pretribulation persuasion interpret those days to mean the entire length of the second half of the 70th week. This cannot be true; for if the 70th is cut short, it is no longer one week in duration. It will make the prophecy of Daniel 9 false altogether. What is cut short is the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist. The Greek word translated cut short or shortened is koloboo. It is better rendered amputated. It is a surgical term. The Great Tribulation is the diseased part of the second half of the 70th seven. It is amputated just as a diseased part of the limb is amputated. 

The Great Tribulation by the antiMessiah is terminated when the object of his disaffection, the church is taken away from the earth’s premises, and Christ renders him useless, idle, and paralyzed by the brightness of His Coming at His appearance in the heavens till his destruction at Armageddon. 

This interpretation also fits perfectly into Isaiah’s Day-of-the-Lord prophecy model. ” For the day of the LORD of hosts shall be upon every one that is proud and lofty, and upon every one that is lifted up; and he shall be brought low. And upon all the ceders of Lebanon, that are high and lifted up, and upon all the oaks of Bashan, And upon all the high mountains, and upon all the hills that are lifted up, And upon every tower, and upon every fenced wall, And upon all the ships of Tarshish, and upon all pleasant pictures. And the loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of men shall be made low: and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day” ( Is.2:12-17). During The Day Of The LORD, the ungodly will be abased. Their leader, the antiMessiah shall be rendered useless, paralyzed, prior to their final judgment and destruction at Armageddon. During The Day Of The LORD, only Christ shall be exalted. Though Satan shall have limited power through his proxy, the antiChrist; it shall be only within narrow limits defined by God until his final destruction at the Battle of Armageddon. 

This excellent interpretation should also put to rest the notion and idea that the cruel and ungodly persecution of the saints at the hands of the antiMessiah could ever be considered part of God’s wrath, which as they teach begins at the commencement of the 70th week. It is inconceivable that the antiChrist could desecrate the temple, declare himself God, demand the worship of all mortals, persecute the saints and elect of God during a period of time when only the Lord will be exalted ( Is.2:17). 

Jewish Counteroffensive 

Following the breaking of the sixth seal and the associated cosmic disturbances, the antiChrist shall be greatly restricted. Persecuted Jews shall be able to fight back since the antiMessiah took control of Jerusalem in the Jerusalem campaign at the midpoint of the 70th week when he relocated his headquarters to Jerusalem. They and the rest of the world shall have opportunity to carry out a resistance movement against the antiChrist. Those Jews who did not take his mark of allegiance,  who have escaped his persecution, shall be able to launch guerrilla war against the antiChrist and the surrounding nations allied to him who have gathered against Israel in the  valley of Jehoshaphat prior to the commencement of  The Day Of The LORD ( Joel 3:11-16). 

This will be like the resistance movement in the Maccabean revolt against Antiochus Epiphanes who attempted to hellenize the Jews. Like them, these Jews will hide in the Judean Hills from where they will launch military incursions against the military installations of the antiMessiah. The prophet Zechariah described this guerilla style warfare embarked upon by the Jewish survivors.

” In That Day will I make the governors of Judah like an hearth of fire among the wood, and like a touch of fire in a sheaf; and they shall devour all the people round about, and on the right hand and on the left: and Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in her own place, even in Jerusalem” ( Zech.12:6). 

Obviously, ‘That Day’ is a reference to The Day Of The LORD, during which the antiMessiah shall be paralyzed and rendered useless, by the appearance or brightness of His Coming ( 2Thes.2:8).  Then those Jews who did not capitulate to the authority of the antiChrist, who have been hiding in underground sewers, bunkers, and cellars in and around Jerusalem, shall begin to dwell in their own sites in Jerusalem. In other words, they shall be able to get a foothold in some part of the city. Then the clans of Judah who thus far have hid in the Judean wilderness shall be able to make incursions against the antiMessiah in and around Jerusalem. God will help the clans of Judah by supernaturally destroying the soldiers of the antiMessiah. The prophet Zechariah wrote:

” And this shall be the plague wherewith the LORD will smite all the people that have fought against Jerusalem: Their flesh shall consume away while they stand upon their feet, and their eyes shall consume away in their holes, and their tongue shall consume away in their mouth. And it shall come to pass in That Day, that a great tumult from the LORD shall be among them; and they shall lay hold one on the hand of his neighbour, and his hand shall rise up against the hand of his neighbour. And Judah shall fight at Jerusalem; and the wealth of the heathen round about shall be gathered together, gold, silver, and apparel, in great abundance” ( Zech.14:12-14). 

The word of God calls it a plague, but what kind of plague will cause the flesh of men to rot away while they are yet standing? That will cause the eyes to rot away in their sockets, and the the tongues in their mouths? This will be a sudden catastrophic phenomenon. It seems to me there will be nuclear exchanges. It may be there are some chemical and biological weapons that men might develop prior to that time. Lassa fever, for instance, can kill its victim within 3-4 hours. But to cause the tongue to rotten in the mouth, and the eyes in their sockets while the victim is yet alive, would be extreme virulent organism that men might wake up some day from the Canadian permafrost. Right now scientists are busy in laboratories around the world trying to alter viral genomes through genetic engineering to produce extremely virulent viral biotypes. Whatever  is the case, whether through human genius or entirely by supernatural means, God will intervene to help the sons of Israel, and the men of Judah who, shall be surrounded by extremely hostile and mortal enemies and allies of the antiChrist. Besides this strange phenomenon, the armies of the world shall become mad and destroy each his fellow soldier. Chemical weapon attack can produce this can of effect in humans.

The End Of The 70th Week: The Fulfillment Of Dan.9:24

The death of the two witnesses marks the end of the 70th week of Daniel; for their ministry lasts for three and one half years, which biblical scholars are agreed occurs within and is equivalent in length to the second half of the 70th seven. According to the archangel Gabriel’s word to the prophet Daniel, 

” Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and the prophesy, and to anoint the most holy” ( Dan.9:24 ). 

As we have pointed out severally, six things are to be accomplished within this period of time relating to God’s plan and purposes concerning the children of Israel, and their Holy City, Jerusalem. In other words, within this interim of seventy weeks or 490 years according to the Jewish calendar, the following things shall be accomplished for Israel and her Holy City, Jerusalem:  (1) to finish the transgression, (2) to make an end of sins, (3) to make reconciliation or atonement for iniquity, (4) to bring in everlasting righteousness, (5) to seal up the vision and the prophecy, and (6) to anoint The Most Holy. 

At the end of the 70th week, we discover that only three of these six things, the ones related to sin have been accomplished. At the expiration of the 70th week, the transgression of the nation of Israel will be finished, and their sin against God ended, and atonement or reconciliation or satisfaction for wrong doing in the behalf of the nation of Israel and her Holy City, Jerusalem made. When their iniquity before God is satisfied, the jail sentence is over, the requisite right has been performed. This also corresponds with the expiration of the ministry of the two witnesses. It is exactly this same issue that Apostle Paul addressed in Romans: 

” I say then, Have they stumbled that they should fall? God forbid: but rather through their fall fall salvation is come unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy. Now if the fall of them be the riches of the world, and the diminishing of them the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fullness? For I would not brethren that you should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fullness of the Gentiles be come in. And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob” ( Rom.11:11-12;25-26). 

The bad news was that Israel make an end of her sins, finish her transgression, and then make atonement for her iniquity. All these come to a climax, and completion at the end of the 70th week, before which God will not be satisfied with Israel. In other words, the spiritual blinders of Israel will not be removed until the completion and expiry of the 70th week. This is the reason why Israel returned to the land of covenant as dry bones ( Ezek.37:7-14). Aside from been decimated by the Holocaust, they were spiritually impoverished. They were still spiritually blinded to the fact the Messiah has already come before the destruction of the temple in 70 AD ( Dan.9:26). There spiritual blinders shall not be taken off until the surviving remnant of Israel, the natural line of Abrahm, have been purged, purified, and cleansed, and their iniquity atoned for. Then and only then will God bring in everlasting righteousness, seal up the vision and the prophecy, and anoint The Most Holy, which is the enthronement and coronation of Jesus The Messiah of Israel and all mankind as King of kings, and LORD of lords.

The Small Scroll

Rev.5:1-9:21 records the sequence of events of the 70th week in chronological order. The 70 week expires after the sixth trumpet judgment kills a third of mankind, after the first woe associated with the end of the fifth trumpet judgment, but before the second woe that occurs prior to the sounding of the seventh trumpet, after the resurrection of the two witnesses. The seals, trumpets and bowls of Revelation transpire sequentially. The Great Tribulation ( the fourth seal), and martyred saints arriving in heaven ( the fifth seal), are concurrent, and begin at the midpoint of the 70th week. They are followed by the cosmic disturbances ( the sixth seal), and the sign of the coming of The Day Of The LORD, the brightness or appearance of His Coming which is the Shekinah in the heavens. This is followed by the seventh seal which is The Day Of The LORD.

The two witnesses live and minister during the second half of the 70th week. Their ministry which lasts three and one-half years expires at the end of the 70th week. In other words, the death of the two witnesses marks the end, the terminus-ad-quem of the 70th seven. They will be martyred at the end of the sixth trumpet that annihilates a third of mankind, but before the second woe, and the sounding of the seventh trumpet, at which point God Almighty reclaims His rule over the earth. Therefore the 70th week must end before the sounding of the seventh trumpet, followed immediately, on the same day by the martyrdom of the two witnesses , and four days later by their resurrection, after which the seventh trumpet will be sounded.

At the completion of the 70th week, Israel and her Holy City, Jerusalem, would have been trodden under foot for forty and two months or three and one-half years or 1,260 days by the Gentiles ( Rev.11:2). The Times Of The Gentiles would have been fulfilled ( Luk.21:24). The purging, purifying, refining, and cleansing of Israel would also have been completed. The fullness of the Gentiles would also have come in. Therefore all Israel is now poised to be saved. The time of their full redemption, to bring in everlasting righteousness ( Dan.9:24), will begin with the opening of The Small Scroll ( Rev.10:2). 

The Little Scroll contains bittersweet truth. ” And the voice which I heard from heaven spake unto me again, and said, Go and take the little book which is open in the hand of the angel which standeth upon the sea and upon the earth. And I went unto the angel, and said unto him, Give me the little scroll. And he said unto me, Take it, and eat up; and it shall make thy belly bitter, but it shall be sweet in thy mouth as honey. And I took the little book out of the angel’s hand, and ate it up; and it was in my mouth sweet as honey: and as soon a s I had eaten it, my belly was made bitter. And he said unto me, Thou must prophesy again before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings” ( Rev.10:8-11). 

The sweetness represents God’s gracious redemption of Israel, which completes the spiritual kingdom of God, and occurs shortly before the sounding of the seventh trumpet, thusly bringing in the physical Kingdom of God over which Christ would rule. The bitterness thereof is the Final Wrath of God, the worst of its kind ever to be poured out on the living wicked earth-dwellers. It will be swift and devastating on the kingdom of darkness. So, these events, the martyrdom of the two witnesses, the sounding of the seventh trumpet, the subsequent seven bowl judgments, and the climactic Battle of Armageddon shall occur after the completion of the 70th week, during the 30-day Reclamation Period. Whereas The Large Scroll represents the events of the 70th week, The Small Scroll, with its bittersweet content, on the other hand, represents the events that transpire after the completion of the 70th week. 

The 30-Day Reclamation Period 

This period of 30-days that follows the end of the 70th week is aptly named the Reclamation Period by Robert Van Kampen. During this period, Christ reclaims the remnant of Israel that have survived the 70th week: God Almighty reclaims His rule over the earth usurped by Satan at the fall of man; and our Lord Jesus The Christ reclaims physical possession of the earth as God’s representative in the earthly domain of His Universal Kingdom.

Scriptural Basis For Additional 30-Days

The prophet Daniel tells us there is additional time after the end of the 70th week before the beginning of the Millennium.

” And from the time the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days” ( Dan.12:11). Our Lord Jesus in His Olivet discourse also referred to the abomination of desolation, ” When ye therefore see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the Holy Place, whosoever readeth, let him understand: ” ( Matt.24:15).

The Great Tribulation begins precisely in the middle of the 70th week. It will be sparked by the abomination of desolation or the abomination that maketh desolate. This shall occur when the antiChrist erects an image of himself in the Holy Of Holies of the rebuilt Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. The Temple shall be deserted by observant Jews when they see that the man they entered into covenant with for seven years has not only defiled the Holy Place by erecting an image of himself in the Holy Of Holies of the Temple but also reveals himself as a dead man come back to life, and demands worship of all mortals. ” Let no man deceive you by any means: for That Day  shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and the man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; who opposeth exalteth himself above all that is called God, or worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself as God” ( 2 Thess.2:3,4). 

It is obvious the the abomination that maketh desolate referred to by Daniel the prophet is the antiChrist who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God or worshipped, who takes his seat in the temple built for the worship of Jehovah, displaying himself as God ( 2Thess.2:4). It could appear as though 1, 290 days separates the abolition of the regular daily sacrifice from the abomination of desolation. But it is explicitly obvious from other scriptures that the two events are initiated the same day, same time, at the middle of the 70th week. 

” And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation , and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate” ( Dan.9:27). 

It is clear that the abolition of the regular daily sacrifice and the setting up of the abomination of desolation will be initiated the same day, same time at the midpoint of the 70th week. We can see that Daniel was referring to the duration of the abomination, and not the interval between the abolition of the regular daily sacrifice and the erection of the image of the beast-antiChrist which is the abomination that maketh desolate. The desecration of the Temple by the antiMessiah will start at the midpoint of the 70th week, from the time  he puts a stop to the daily sacrifice and grain offering, and last for 1,290 days, until a complete destruction, that is decreed, is poured out upon the one who makes desolate, that is the antiChrist. 

A we have pointed out, the Jewish calendar is lunar. Each month consists of 30 days. The Jewish year is therefore 360 days. The three and one half years of the second half of the 70th week will be 360 x 3.5 = 1,260 days. It therefore follows that there are additional 30 days beyond the end of the second half of the 70th week. C. F. Keil, the noted Hebrew and OT scholar shares the same view and position. 

“Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days” ( Dan.12:12). 

All interpreters are agreed that the 1,290 and the 1,335 days have the same terminus-a-quo ( starting point). Therefore the 1,290 days are comprehended in the 1,335 days, the latter extending beyond the former by 45 days. According to C. F. Keil, the oppression cannot properly last longer than 1,290 days, if he who reaches to the 1,335 days is to be regarded as blessed. The antiMessiah shall be destroyed by Christ at Armageddon, 1,290 after he desecrates the Temple, abolishes the daily sacrifice and grain offerings, and demands worship of all mortals at the midpoint of the 70th week. That is three and one-half years plus additional 30 days. This is in conformity with literal sequential view of the Scroll of Revelation. A literal hermeneutics of Revelation demands that The Day Of The LORD will continue beyond the end of the 70th week, culminating 30 days later at the Battle of Armageddon. It therefore follows that although the antiChrist is given authority to act for 42 months, he will not be evicted from the earth premises until the end of the additional 30 days after the end of the 70th week. This hermeneutics harmonizes the prophecies of Daniel with the sequential movement of the seals, trumpets and bowls of the Scroll of Revelation.