A Concise Outline Of The Sequence Of Events Of The End Times

A Concise Outline Of The Sequence Of Events Of The End Times

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A Concise Outline Of The Sequence Of Events Of The End Times

The Seventy Sevens Of Daniel’s

“Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.” ( Dan.9:24-27 ).

The 70 sevens ( 70 x 7 = 490 ) of Daniel are divided into 7 sevens ( 7 x 7 = 49 ) which is 49 years, sixty and two sevens ( 62 x 7 = 434 ) which is 434 years and one seven ( 1 x 7 = 7 ) which is 7 years. The first 7 sevens and the second sixty-two sevens which are continuous equal 69 sevens ( 69 x 7 = 483 ) which are 483 years. The terminus-a-quo ( starting point ) of the 70 sevens ( 70 x 7 = 490 ) is the going forth of the commandment to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem given by the Persian king Artaxerxes Longimanus ( Neh.2:5 ). This commandment was given in 445 BC as conclusively proven by Sir Robert Anderson. The first 7 sevens and the second sixty and two sevens are history. After the second sixty-two sevens or weeks, that is, after 483 years from the commencement of the 70 weeks, the Messiah Jesus was crucified on the Roman execution stake ( Cross of Calvary), outside the wall of the Old City of Jerusalem in 32 AD. After that the Second Temple built by the returning exiles from Babylonian and Assyrian captivity, finished about 515 BC, and extensively and lavishly refurbished by Herod the Great, a puppet of Rome, was destroyed in 70 AD by the Roman general Titus following the rebellion of Jews under Roman domination ( 66-74 AD ). From this prophecy by Daniel, we understand that the Messiah was to come before the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 AD. Therefore any Messiah that appears for the first time after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 AD is a pseudoMessiah. This prophecy conclusively proves that Jesus is the only true Messiah.

There is no gap between the first 7 sevens and the second sixty and two sevens. In other words, the first 7 sevens and the second sixty and two sevens are continuous. But there is a gap of time between the second sixty-two sevens and the last one seven or the 70th seven. This gap occurs at the end of the 69th week. This gap of time is variously named by biblical scholars as the Timeless Period, the Church Age, the Gentile Interlude, the Mysterion or simply the Gap, each of which reflects and is descriptive of some of its aspects.

A whole lot of events have transpired in this gap of time. Within this period the New Covenant was established on the day of Passover, the Last Super, in the upper Room on Mount Zion, and the Church was instituted on the day of Pentecost in Jerusalem. As we have mentioned, the Second Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah was destroyed in 70 AD, and the Jews scattered all over the world, the so called Diaspora. Within this period, the Bar Kochba rebellion( 132-136 AD) occurred. It was lead by the Jewish false Messiah Ben Kosiva whom the revered Rabbi Akiva renamed Bar Kochba, Son Of The Star, a reference to the Star Of David. Emperor Hadrian provoked the Jews to revolt by renaming Jerusalem Aelia Capitolina. After the defeat of the Jews in the Bar Kochba Revolt, Jerusalem was ploughed with yokes of oxen, and Jews barred from it on the pain of death.

Within this period also, the First World War occurred ( 1914-1918 ). Within this period also, Adolf Hitler of cursed memory arose and established the Third Reich. This kingdom is the 7th Beast Empire of Satan that persecuted Israel in exile. It lasted for a short time, a mere twelve years ( 1933-1945 ), according to the prophecy of John the revelator. “And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth. And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space.” ( Rev.17:9-10‬ ‭).

Adolf Hitler led the whole world into the Second World War in which an estimated 45-60 million people perished. During the Second World War, Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler exterminated 6 million Jews in gas chambers and crematoria he built all over Eastern and parts of Western Europe, 2 millions of whom were Jewish children whose lives were snuffed out in the embryo. Within this gap also Israel arose from the ashes of the Holocaust like the proverbial Phoenix and reconstituted itself as an independent nation on 14th May, 1948, following the end of the British Mandate over Palestine. We are now in this gap of time which shall be abruptly brought to an end by the covenant of peace between the antiMessiah and the many from within Israel. “And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.” ( Dan.9:27‬ ‭). The prophet Isaiah calls it the “covenant with death,” agreement with Sheol ( Hell )”, “refuge in lies,” and “hiding under falsehood.” “Wherefore hear the word of the Lord, ye scornful men, that rule this people which is in Jerusalem. Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:” ( ‭‭Is.28:14-15‬ ‭).

Daniel goes on to inform us that the antiChrist shall break this peace agreement with the many from within Israel at the midpoint of the 70th week. “And in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease.” This division of the 70th week into two equal halves is affirmed by John the revelator in the Scroll Of Revelation. “And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months. And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.” ( Rev.11:1-3‬ ). The treading of the outer court under foot for forty and two months is concurrent with the ministry of the two witnesses, and the allotted time of the antiChrist to reign over the Holy City and the people of God. During this period, the woman hides in the wilderness. “And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child. And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.” ( Rev.12:13-14‬ ‭). Since the Scriptures have given us these two divisions of the 70 week of Daniel, it will be inappropriate, and indeed biblically indefensible for us to create a third division or fourth division in order to accommodate our own preconceived notions of the sequence, time, and timing of End Time events. Without these two divisions of the 70th week of Daniel, it would be difficult to understand the sequential chronology of events in the Olivet Discourse. The second half of the 70th week is further divided into two parts of unknown durations: the Great Tribulation, and the Day Of The Lord.

The extra 75 days in two interims of 30 days and 45 days are found in Daniel 12. “And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days. Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.” ( Dan.12:11-12‬ ‭). The 1,260 days, the 1,290 days, and the 1,335 days have the same terminus-a-quo ( starting point ) from the setting up of the abomination that makes desolate at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel. In other words, the 1, 260 days and the 1, 290 days are all comprehended in the 1,335 days. It will be difficult to understand the sequential chronology of the Scroll Of Revelation without these two extra periods of time. Certain events occur within these two extra periods of time without which the Scroll Of Revelation may appear fuzzy.

The other period is the Millennium which is the 1,000-year reign of Christ. “And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.” ( Rev.20:4‬ ‭). The Millennium is synonymous with the New Heaven And The New Earth ( Isa.65:17-25; Rev.21:1 for ). There are some biblical scholars of prophecy that separate the two. This need not be so because what the prophet Isaiah described as the New Heaven And The New Earth is life in the Millennium. After the Millennium will be Eternity future, or what is referred to by some biblical scholars as the Eternal State.

For further reading, see my article, “The Seventy Sevens Of Daniel.” Link:https://mtzionheritage.com/the-70-sevens-of-daniel/.

The 70th Week Of Daniel

The 70th week of Daniel begins when the antiChrist signs a 7-year peace treaty with Israel. This 7-year period is divided into two equal halves of three and one-half years each. The seven seals of the seven-sealed Scroll of Revelation are broken during this period in order to unveil the content of the Scroll. The seals are on the exterior of the scroll. The seals must be broken before the content of the scroll can be accessed and viewed. The first three seals are broken during the first three and one-half years.

The First Half Of The 70th Week: The First Three And One-Half Years

First Seal

The emergence of false christs and the ultimate antiChrist, the man of lawlessness ( Da.9:27a; Matt.24:4,5; Mk.13:5,6; Luk.21:8; Rev.6:1,2 ). Deception will occur both in the religious and political arena. The antiChrist will attempt to win nations to his course of world domination by intrigue and subtle peace diplomacy.

Second Seal

When political intrigue and subtle peace diplomacy fail, the antiChrist will resort to wars, commotions, rumours and threats of wars ( Matt.24:6,7a; Mk.13:7, 8a; Luk.21:9,10; Rev.6:3,4 ). Peace will be taken away from the Earth in order that men might kill one another. There will be utter chaotic confusion.

Third Seal

Famines, pestilences, and earthquakes ( Matt.24:7a; Mk.13:8b; Luk.21:11; Rev.6:5,6 ). These are the natural consequences of wars. The third seal brings to an end the first three and one-half years. During the first three and one-half years, Israel enjoys relative peace being offered protection, on grounds of the Covenant of peace, by the antiChrist, the leader of the most powerful empire in history.

For more details see my article on “The 70th Week Of Daniel: The First Three And One-Half Years.” Link: https://mtzionheritage.com/?s=The+first+three+and-one-half+years.

The Midpoint Of The 70th Week:

At the midpoint of the 70th week certain events unfold. There are 18 events that will occur at the middle of the 70th week. We shall not enumerate all of them here. We shall mention some of the key events like war in the heavenlies ( Rev.12:7,8 ), the expulsion of Satan and his hordes of evil angels from the starry heavens and Dark void to the Earth ( Rev.12:9 ), the removal of the restrainer ( 2 Thess.2:6-8 ), increase in demonic posssession and escalation in evil ( Rev.12:12 ), the possession of the antiChrist by Satan ( Rev.13:2b ), his self-deification ( 2 Thess.2:4 ), the relocation of the headquarters of the antiChrist to the rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem ( Dan.11:45 ), and the abomination of desolation ( Dan.9:27b; Matt.24:15; Mk.13:14; 2 Thess2:4 ), and The Jerusalem campaign by the antiChrist ( Luk.21:20 ). When the antiChrist desecrates the Third Temple, he demands worship of all mortals, and institutes his compulsory mark of allegiance without which no one can buy or sell ( Rev.13:8,12,14,15,16-18 ). The ministry of two witnesses begins also at the midpoint of the 70th week.

There will be a confluence of events at the midpoint of the 70th week that will make the Great Tribulation possible. These are advances in drone technology and robotics, artificial intelligence, hybridization of the human race by incorporation of animal and human genes into the human genome and man-machine meld, and cohabitation of fallen evil angels and human females ( transhumanism, humanoids, nephilim ), cyborgs, cashlessness, biometric implants, and internet of everything ( EOE ) or internet of things ( EOT ). For example the antiChrist and his gang might be able to fish out those without the mark of the Beast using swarming drone technology and facial recognition. With this sort of weapon in place the antiMessiah may be able to wipe all those who do not have his mark of allegiance unless those days are cut short.

For a detailed treatment, see my article: “The Middle Of The 70th Seven.” Link:https://mtzionheritage.com/the-middle-of-the-70th-seven/.

The Second Half Of The 70th Week: The Second Three And One-Half Years

The following events occur in the second half of the 70th week of Daniel:

Fourth Seal

The Great Tribulation begins ( Matt.24:9-26; Mk.13:9-23; Luk.21:12-24; Rev.6:7,8 ). It will be virtually impossible to obtain food and other supplies without the mark of the Beast unless one has stored them away beforehand. Because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold. Men shall betray one another. A man’s foes shall those of his own household.

Fifth Seal

The souls of the martyred saints are arriving in heaven ( Rev.6:9-11 ). The fifth seal being a heavenly scene is not mentioned in the Olivet Discourse. It is a heavenly reflection of the killings going here on Earth under the fourth seal. It does not advance the chronology of the Scroll Of Revelation. As soon as the saints are killed here on Earth, their disembodied spirits and souls arrive in heaven. There is no distance in the realm of the spirit.

Sixth Seal

The Cosmic and celestial disturbances amputate the Great Tribulation ( Isa.24:23; Joe 2:30,31; Matt.24:22,29; Mk.13:20,24,25; Luk.21:25,26; Rev.6:12-17 ). This is the sign of the end of the ages which occurs back-to-back with the sign of His Coming, the Shekinah in the heavens ( Matt.24:3;30b ). This occurs when the number of saints to be martyred is complete ( Rev.13:10 ).

Interlude Between The End Of The Sixth Seal And The Breaking Of The Seventh Seal.

( 1 ) In this interlude, the Sign Of The Coming Of The Son Of Man is given in the heavens ( Matt.24:30b; Mk.13:26; Luk.21:27 ). This sign is the Shekinah in the heavens. Two other events occur in this interlude, vix:

( 2 ) The Sealing Of The 144,000

This event is not revealed in the Olivet Discourse but in the Scroll Of Revelation only ( Rev.7:1-8 )

( 3 ) The Rapture Of The Saints

The innumerable multitude which no man could number. This event is revealed in the Olivet Discourse ( Matt24:31; Mk.13:27; Luk.21:28 ), the Scroll Of Revelation ( Rev.7:9-17; 14:14-16 ), and in other passages of the Scriptures ( Gen.49:10b; 1 Cor.15:50-52; 1 Thess.4:15-18 ).

The Seventh Seal Is Broken: The Day Of The Lord Begins

The same day the saints are raptured, the seventh seal is broken, and the wrath of God begins in the Day Of The Lord. The prophets of old were unequivocal in their proclamation that the Day Of The Lord is preceded by cosmic and celestial disturbances. This singular fact alone invalidates the pretribulational rapture position which teaches that the wrath of God in the day of the Lord begins at the commencement of the 70th week of Daniel after the rapture of the Church which is not preceded by any prophesied event. It invalidates the doctrine of imminence which is the the fundamental pillar of pretribulationism. The wrath of God is contained in the seventh seal. The seventh seal has no judgment of its own but opens into the seven trumpets. The seventh trumpet does not contain any judgments of its own but opens into the seven bowls. Therefore the wrath of God which is poured out in the Day Of The Lord consists of the seven bowls and seven trumpets which are contained in the seventh seal. So, the seventh seal is the wrath of God.

The Relationship Of The Seals To The Wrath Of God

The Fifth Seal: This seal promises the wrath of God.

The Sixth Seal: This seal portends the wrath of God.

Interlude Between The End Of The Sixth Seal And The breaking Of The Seventh Sea:

This interlude protects from the wrath of God. During this interlude, the 144,000 from the twelve tribes of Israel are sealed with the seal of God, and the saints are raptured to heaven- in order to remove them from the scene of persecution by the antiMessiah- and to protect them from the wrath of God.

The Seventh Seal: This seal pronounces the wrath of God. With the breaking of the seventh seal, the wrath of in the Day Of the Lord begins.

The sounding of the seven trumpets begins in the later part of the second half of the 70th week of Daniel ( Rev.8:1,2 ).

The First Trumpet

“The first angel sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.” ( Revelation‬ ‭8:7‬ ‭).

The first trumpet which consists of hail and fire mingled with blood resulted in the destruction of all green grasses and one-third of the trees.

The Second Trumpet

“And the second angel sounded, and as it were a great mountain burning with fire was cast into the sea: and the third part of the sea became blood; And the third part of the creatures which were in the sea, and had life, died; and the third part of the ships were destroyed.” ( Revelation‬ ‭8:8-9‬ ‭).

This is probably a meteorite which pollutes one-third of the salt water sources killing all forms of life in a third of the oceans, seas and salt water lakes.

The Third Trumpet

“And the third angel sounded, and there fell a great star from heaven, burning as it were a lamp, and it fell upon the third part of the rivers, and upon the fountains of waters; And the name of the star is called Wormwood: and the third part of the waters became wormwood; and many men died of the waters, because they were made bitter.” ( Revelation‬ ‭8:10-11‬ ‭).

This is not a literal star. A literal star falling upon the Earth will
Pulverize it. It is probably a comet, an asteroid or meteorite. It is called wormwood. It targeted a third part of the fresh water sources and polluted it, killing all men who were in these waters or drank of these waters.

The Fourth Trumpet

“And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise.” ( Revelation‬ ‭8:12‬ ).

The fourth trumpet targeted a third of the Sun, Moon, and Stars and darkened them. The sun did not shine for a third of the day, and the moon and the stars did not shine for a third of the night. What could be the effect of this cosmic phenomenon on human life, and plant and animals?

The Three Woes

“And I beheld, and heard an angel flying through the midst of heaven, saying with a loud voice, Woe, woe, woe, to the inhabiters of the earth by reason of the other voices of the trumpet of the three angels, which are yet to sound!” ( Revelation‬ ‭8:13‬ ‭).

The last three trumpets are the most severe. They are called the three woes or culminate in the three woes. They are heralded by the horizontal flying angel.

The Fifth Trumpet: The First Woe

“And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit. And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit. And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the earth: and unto them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power. And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads. And to them it was given that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months: and their torment was as the torment of a scorpion, when he striketh a man. And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them. And the shapes of the locusts were like unto horses prepared unto battle; and on their heads were as it were crowns like gold, and their faces were as the faces of men. And they had hair as the hair of women, and their teeth were as the teeth of lions. And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle. And they had tails like unto scorpions, and there were stings in their tails: and their power was to hurt men five months. And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon. One woe is past; and, behold, there come two woes more hereafter.” ( Revelation‬ ‭9:1-12‬ ‭).

The sounding of the fifth trumpet resulted in the release of demonic locusts incarcerated in the bottomless pit. These are fallen evil angels who kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation to cohabit with human females ( Gen.6; Jude 6 ). Their offspring were hybrid humans or transhumans or humanoids named nephilim which in Hebrew means fallen ones. The Hebrew cognate verb is naphal which means to fall. These evil angels and their humanoid offspring are imprisoned ( kept in chain ) under darkness in the abyss, to be used of God in the Great Day of His wrath. Their king is the angel of the bottomless pit named Abaddon in Hebrew or Apollyon in Greek. Both names mean the same thing, destruction or destroyer. These demons with the sting of scorpions will afflict anyone who has not the seal of God in his forehead repeatedly for five months. These will include those who have the mark of the Beast, the remnant of Israel who do not have the mark of the Beast, and the remnant of the Gentiles who do not have the mark of the Beast. Only the 144,000 who have the seal of God in the foreheads are exempt.

The Sixth Trumpet: The Second Woe

“And the sixth angel sounded, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar which is before God, Saying to the sixth angel which had the trumpet, Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates. And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to slay the third part of men. And the number of the army of the horsemen were two hundred thousand thousand: and I heard the number of them. And thus I saw the horses in the vision, and them that sat on them, having breastplates of fire, and of jacinth, and brimstone: and the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions; and out of their mouths issued fire and smoke and brimstone. By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone, which issued out of their mouths. For their power is in their mouth, and in their tails: for their tails were like unto serpents, and had heads, and with them they do hurt. And the rest of the men which were not killed by these plagues yet repented not of the works of their hands, that they should not worship devils, and idols of gold, and silver, and brass, and stone, and of wood: which neither can see, nor hear, nor walk: Neither repented they of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their fornication, nor of their thefts.” ( Revelation‬ ‭9:13-21‬ ‭).

At the blowing of the sixth trumpet, four evil angels incarcerated in the Euphrates River for a day, a month, and a year were released. These demons mobilized 2,000,000 soldiers. These are armored divisions mounted on tanks, the kind of which have not been fielded by any armies in the world. These tanks could fire from both the front and rear end. They wasted away a third of humanity.

The sixth trumpet brings the 70th week to a close. However, the sixth trumpet does not end until the 4th day of the 30-day Reclamation period after the resurrection of the two witnesses from the dead. We know that the 70th week has ended by the death of the two witnesses. They are killed on the last day of the 70th week or early on the first day of the 30-day Reclamation Period.

“And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them. And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves. And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth. And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them. And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them. And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven. The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.” ( Revelation‬ ‭11:7-14‬ ‭).

At this juncture we can hazard a guess as to the length of the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist. Both the Great Tribulation and the first six trumpets occur in the second half of the 70th week which is three and one-half years in duration. Of the first six trumpets, the one with known duration is the fifth trumpet which is five months. The sixth trumpet is probably longer and may last up to a year. If the first four trumpets which are probably shorter in duration last about a year, it therefore follows that the Great Tribulation is about a year in duration with a margin of error of about a month. This is an estimate based on the paucity of information we have in the Scriptures. It is not an explicit teaching of the Scriptures. Therefore, one should not be dogmatic about it.

At the end of the 70th week, three of the six promises of God to Israel dealing with sin are over, namely: to finish the transgression, made an end sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity. The remnant of Israel who have survived the 70th without taking the mark of allegiance to Beast can now be saved. The other three promises of God to Israel, dealing with righteousness shall be accomplished in the Millennium, namely; to bring in everlasting righteousness, to seal up the vision and the prophecy, and to anoint The Most Holy.

For further clarification, see my article, “The 70th Week Of Daniel: The Second Three And One-Half Years.” Link:https://mtzionheritage.com/?s=The+Second+three+and+one-half+years.

The Extra 30-Day Reclamation Period

There are extra 30 days at the end of the 70th week spoken of by Daniel the prophet. The 1,260 days and the 1,290 days have the same terminus-a-quo from the midpoint of the 70th week.

“And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.” ( Daniel‬ ‭12:11‬ ‭).

Events In The 30-Day Reclamation Period

Just as there is an interlude between the end of the sixth seal and the breaking of the seventh seal, there is an interlude between the end of the sixth trumpet and the sounding of the seventh trumpet. Unlike the interlude between the end of the sixth seal and the breaking of the seventh seal which is of unknown duration, the duration of the interlude between the end of the sixth trumpet and the sounding of the seventh trumpet is about seven days.

Day One: The Death Of The Two Witnesses

When the two witnesses have finished their ministry, the anointing of God that protects them is withdrawn. They become as vulnerable as any other mortal. It would be like Sampson losing the seven locks of his hair(Judg.16:16-22). The location of their ministry is right under the nose of the antiChrist at the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. He overpowers them and kills them. The demise of the two witnesses occurs either on the last day of the 70th week or the first day of the 30-day Reclamation Period.

“And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them. And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves. And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth.” ( Rev.11:7-10‬ ‭).

Therefore the death of the two witnesses marks the terminus-ad-quem ( end ) of the 70th week.

Day One – Two: From Edom To Mount Zion

At the rapture Christ appears and stays in the air. He dispatches His angels to gather His elect from the four winds. We meet Him in the air: so, shall we ever be with Lord. “For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord.” ( 1 Thess.4:16-17‬ ‭). Now Christ touches down on the Earth physically. He comes from the heavenly Mount Zion ( Isa.59:20 ) to the earthy Mount Zion ( Rom.11:26 ). He touches down first in Petra in the Edomite wilderness where the 144,000 are hiding during the outpouring of the first six trumpet judgments. He rescues them and other Jews hiding in that area, and matches on with them on foot to the earthly Mount Zion in Jerusalem ( Isa.63:1-4 ). He is the breaker that removes every obstacle on the way ( Mic.2:12,13 ). This is The fulfillment of Habakkuk’s prophecy, “God came from Teman, and the Holy One from Mount Paran. Selah.” ( Hab.3:-6, 12 ). He is with an innumerable company of angels ( Heb.12:22 ), but they are invisible. Unlike Him, they do not have physical bodies. The 144, 000 who are the firsfruits from the house of Israel that shall enter the Millennium(Rev.14:3). They are the core of His human entourage. Every king moves with a retinue. Christ is the King of the Earth.

Day Three: The Mystery Of God Is Finished

Shortly before the blowing of the seventh trumpet, the mystery of God shall be finished as God completes His spiritual kingdom by bringing in the remnant of Israel who survive the 70th week without the mark of the Beast. “But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.” (Rev.10:7‬ ).

Their repentance and salvation is somewhat automatic ( Rom.11:26 ). On day 3 Christ arrives on Mount Zion with the 144,000 and other Jews who survived the first six trumpet judgments whom He rescued from the Edomite wilderness, the Judaean wilderness, Jerusalem and its environs, the remnants from Egypt and Assyria. On the way to Jerusalem, perhaps in the Judean hills, this ever-increasing number of remnants will swell again as they are joined by the remnant from Egypt and Assyria. These Jews like the clans of Judah are on their way to Jerusalem from the lands of Egypt and Assyria where they have been hiding, having heard that the Messiah has come. According to the prophet Hosea, ” They will walk after the Lord: he shall roar like a lion: when He shall roar, then the children shall tremble from the west. They shall tremble as a bird out of Egypt, and as a dove out of the land of Assyria: and I will place them in their houses saith the LORD” ( Hos.11:10,11 ). They are surprised their Messiah has nail-pierced hands. They will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only begotten son.

“Come, and let us return unto the Lord: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight.” ( Hos.6:1-2‬ ‭).

It will be like the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddo.
“And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddo. And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart; The family of the house of Levi apart, and their wives apart; the family of Shimei apart, and their wives apart; All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart.”( Zech.12:10-14‬ ‭).

Day Four: The Resurrection Of The Two Witnesses

There is no question as to the day of the resurrection of the two witnesses. The Scripture is clearly explicit on that. They are killed either on the last day of the 70th week or early on the first day of the 30-day Reclamation Period. They are resurrected after three and one-half days or 84 hours after their demise which will be the late afternoon or early evening of the fourth day of the 30-day Reclamation Period.

“And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven. The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.” ( Rev.11:13-14‬ ).

A voice was heard from heaven saying, “come up hither.”
“And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them. And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them.” ( Rev.11:11-12‬ ‭).

They ascended up into heaven and their enemies beheld them. At the same hour there was a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and there were seven thousand fatalities. They remnant were frightened, and gave glory to the God of heaven. Their acknowledgement of God at this time was out of fear not reverential awe and therefore did not bring salvation. This is the second woe which marked the end of the sixth trumpet.

Day Five: The Seventh Trumpet Is Blown And God Almighty Reclaims His Rule Over The Earth.

The 70th week has ended. The sixth millennium is over. The seventh millennium the shabbat of the Lord is about to begin. The seventh trumpet is blown, and God Almighty reclaims His rule over the Earth usurped by Satan at the fall of Adam.

“And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever. And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God, Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned. And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth. And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.” ( Rev.11:15-19‬ ‭).

This event takes place on the summit of Mount Zion in the presence of the 144,000 and the newly saved remnant of Israel who survived the 70th week of Daniel.

The nations will react angrily, and God responds by pouring out the final seven Bowl judgments on the Earth.

Day Six: The Jewish Remnant Sent To Azal

From the summit of Mount Zion, Christ hops over to the Mount of Olives. The Mount Of Olive cleaves in two from the East to the West. The one part moves up North and the other part moves down South creating a roadway that reaches up to Azal.

“And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.” ( Zech.14:4-5‬ ‭).

Azal is an unknown location in biblical history and geography. There He shall hide the 144,000 and the newly saved remnant of Israel who are still in their natural bodies to shield them from the wrath of God contained in the last seven Bowl judgments. “Come, my people, enter thou into thy chambers, and shut thy doors about thee: hide thyself as it were for a little moment, until the indignation be overpast. For, behold, the Lord cometh out of his place to punish the inhabitants of the earth for their iniquity: the earth also shall disclose her blood, and shall no more cover her slain.” ( Isa.26:20,21 ).
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This event shall fulfill the promise of God to the disciples of Jesus that He shall come in like manner as they saw go into heaven.

“And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight. And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.” ( Acts‬ ‭1:9-11‬ ‭).

Day Seven: The Final Bowl Judgments Begin ( Rev.16-20 ).

Day 7 – Day 30

The last seven bowls are emptied rapidly upon the Earth within the remaining 3 weeks culminating in the Armageddon campaign on day 30. Whilst the final seven Bowl judgments are being poured out, Christ returns to heaven, and conducts the Bema Seat Judgment and the Marriage Of The Lamb in readiness three weeks later for the Battle Of Armageddon where Christ together with the heavenly hosts shall vanquish the armies of the kingdoms of this age.

Bowls 1-4: General

The first four bowls are general. They occur all over the Earth.

Fist Bowl ( Rev.16:1 )

“And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image.”
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At the outpouring of the fist Bowl Judgment, suppurative cutaneous eruptions breaking out into open sores appeared on those who have the mark of Beast and worshipped him and the dragon.

Second Bowl ( Rev.16:3 )

“And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man: and every living soul died in the sea.”

The second Bowl Judgment targets the salt water sources: the oceans, the seas, and the salt water lakes turning into blood, wiping out all forms of life in these bodies of waters.

Third Bowl ( Rev.16:4 )

“And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.”
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The third Bowl Judgment targets the fresh sources: the rivers and fountains of waters, and the fresh lakes, and turned them into blood, thus wiping out all forms of waters in these bodies of waters.

Interlude: Doxology By The Angel Of Waters ( Rev.16:5-7 )

“And I heard the angel of the waters say, Thou art righteous, O Lord, which art, and wast, and shalt be, because thou hast judged thus. For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and thou hast given them blood to drink; for they are worthy. And I heard another out of the altar say, Even so, Lord God Almighty, true and righteous are thy judgments.”

There is a brief interlude between the end of Bowl three and the outpouring of Bowl four. During this brief interlude, the angel of the waters who is not identified, neither his rank nor regalia gives praise to God for His righteous judgments of the unrighteousness wicked.

Fourth Bowl ( Rev.16:8,9 )

“And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire. And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give him glory.”
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This is like adding fuel to fire. Ambient temperatures will be increased resulting in heat stroke, dehydration, exhaustion, and death. In spite of this severe punishment, the beast marked unrighteous wicked are unwilling to repent. But instead, they will blaspheme the name of God.

Bowls 5-7: Specific

The last three bowls are specific. They target the seats of government of the antiChrist and the others kings of the Earth, and his religious institution

Fifth Bowl ( Rev.16:10,11 )

“And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain, And blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds.”

The light and heat of the Sun are withdrawn over the seat of government of the antiChrist and the borders of the his empire resulting in utter darkness and low temperatures. This will lead to vein thromboses, chilblains, painful frostbites and sores, and auto-amputation of the digits. This situation will be worse than when one suddenly finds oneself in the poles without adequate preparations. No warm clothings, and no source of heat.

Sixth Bowl: Preparation For Armageddon ( Rev.16:12-16 )

“And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared. And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. Behold, I come as a thief. Blessed is he that watcheth, and keepeth his garments, lest he walk naked, and they see his shame. And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.”

When the sixth bowl is poured out upon the Earth, two things happen. First, the waters of the Euphrates River dry up to make way for the kings of the East. In the end times, other regions of world have one king each. There is the king of the North, the king of the South, and the king of the West who is the antiChrist ( Dan.11:36-45 ). But the East has many kings because of ideological and religious differences. These are are China, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Japan, etc. Second, the unclean spirits like frogs from the mouths of the satanic trinity will possess the commanders of the armies of the nations to compel them to gather their forces to the Mid East for the Armageddon Campaign.
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Seventh Bowl: The Final Wrath Of God ( Rev.16:17- 21, 17, 18, 19, 20:1-10 )

“And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, It is done. And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great. And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.”

When the seventh bowl is poured out into the air, there came a great voice out of the temple of God in heaven saying, “it is done.” This is reminiscent of the final of Christ’s seven words on the Cross of Calvary, the Execution Stake, “it is finished.” ( Jon.19:30 ). It was finished because the vail of separation was torn from top to bottom, the mosaic law abrogated and grace ushered in. Here it is done because the wrath of God is over, Satan is vanquished eternally, and God Almighty is about to reclaim physical possession of the Earth. It is most probable Christ uttered these words inasmuch as He is in heaven at this time, and God the Father has committed all Judgment to Him. This voice was followed by voices, thunders, and lightnings, the mightiest earthquake that has never been recorded on the Richter’s Scale before. Jerusalem, the international headquarters of the antiChrist shall be divided in three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. These cities are the seats of governments of the kingdoms of the Earth.

The mountains will be leveled by the horrible earthquake, and the islands of the seas shall vanish. As the armies of the kingdoms of the Earth gather for the final Armageddon Campaign, God rains on them hailstones from heaven. Each of these hailstones weigh about 100 lb. These 33.333’ kg hailstones will crush anything that has life they hit. Many of these soldiers of the armies of the nations will perish on their way to the final battle in the Middle East. Lots of their equipments will be damaged beyond repair and lost.

The seventh bowl Judgment is the largest of the seven bowls and probably lasts longer than the others. Rev.17 is the description of the Judgment of the Beast-antiChrist and the harlot city which is the false humanistic religion of the antiChrist headquartered in Babylon. Babylon apart from being a city is a global ideal that teaches that man is God. Rev.18 is the actual judgment of the false humanistic religion called Babylon. Rev.19 is the destruction of the Beast and the armies of the nation at Armageddon where Christ reclaimed physical possession of the Earth.

Satan usurped God’s rule over the Earth at the fall of Adam, and became the God of this age ( Ge.3; Jon.12:31, 14:30, 16:11; Eph.2:2 ). At the sounding of the seventh trumpet, God Almighty reclaimed His rule of the Earth ( Rev.11:15 ). Now, at Armageddon, God reclaims physical possession of the Earth. It is therefore pertinent that Satan, the usurper of God’s rule over the Earth must be evicted from the Earth’s premises. In Rev.20, Satan and all his fallen demons that were cast down from the dark void and starry heavens unto the Earth are now herded in into and incarcerated in the bottomless pit for a thousand years ( 1-6 ).

For more details, consult my article, “Events In The 30-Day Reclamation Period.” Link:https://mtzionheritage.com/events-in-the-30-day-reclamation-period/.

Two Events That Occur In Heaven During The 30-Day Reclamation Period

( a ) The Bema Seat Judgments

The Bema Seat judgment is the trial by fire of the works of the saints. It is not the trial of the saints. It is for the purpose of reward, and to determine our positions in the millennial reign of Christ.

However, it in the book of 1 Corinthians that Paul gives a vivid and
somber picture of what the Bema-Seat judgment will be like. “… I
have planted , Apollos watered; but God gave the increase. So then
neither is he that planteth any thing, neither he that watereth; but
God that giveth the increase. Now he that planteth and he that
watereth are one: and every man shall receive his own reward according
to his own labour. For we are labourers together with God: ye are
God’s husbandry, ye are God’s building. According to the grace of God
given unto me, as a wise masterbuilder, I have led the foundation, and
another buildeth therein. But let every man take heed how he buildeth
thereupon. For other foundation can no man lay than that is laid,
which is Jesus Christ. Now if any man build upon this foundation gold,
silver, precious stones, wood, hay, stubble; every man’s work shall be
made manifest: for the day shall declare it, because it shall be
revealed by fire; and the fire shall try every man’s work of what sort
it is. If any man’s work abide which he hath built thereupon, he shall
receive a reward. If any man’s work shall be burned, he shall suffer
loss: but he himself shall be saved; yet as by fire” ( I Cor.3:6-15).

The scripture is very clear as to the timing of the Bema-Seat
judgment. It is pinpointed as occurring after the blowing of the
seventh trumpet, during the 30-day Reclamation Period following the
close of the seventieth week of Daniel. Because the seventh trumpet is
sounded on day 5/6 of the 30-day Reclamation Period, the Bema-Seat
judgment must occur within the 25-26 days between the blowing of the
seventh trumpet and the battle of Armageddon; for Christ must of
necessity come back to the Earth for the final showdown at Armageddon.

” and the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in
heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this World are become the kingdoms of
our Lord, and of His Christ: and He shall reign for ever and ever. And
the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell
upon their faces, and worshipped God, saying, we give thee thanks, O
Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou
hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned. And the nations
were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they
should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servant
the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small
and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the Earth” (
Rev.11:15-18).

When the seventh trumpet sounds, rule of the Earth is returned to
Almighty God. The rulers of the kingdoms of this World would get
angry. God responds to their anger by pouring the remaining wrath of
God, the seven bowls on the living wicked earth-dwellers, and
desroying those who destroy the Earth. At this time also He rewards
His servants the prophets and the saints, and all those who fear His
name, in preparation for his retaking physical possession of the
Earth and the millennial reign of Christ and the saints. Whilst the Bema-Seat judgment is taking place in heaven, God will begin the destruction of those who destroy the Earth in final
seven bowl judgments.

( b ) The Marriage Of The Lamb

The Scripture is clear as to the timing of the marriage of the Lamb In Heaven.

” and I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the
voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thundering, saying,
Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth. Let us be glad and
rejoice, and give honour to Him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come,
and His wife hath made herself ready. And to her was granted that she
should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white: for the fine linen
is the righteousness of the saints” ( Rev.19:6-8).

The saints must appear with Christ at Armageddon. Therefore, the marriage of the Lamb must occur in Heaven before the Armageddon Campaign.

For detailed treatment, see article, “Two Critical Events That Occur In Heaven During The Remaining 24-25 Days Of The 30-Day Reclamation Period.” Link:https://mtzionheritage.com/555-2/.

The Extra 45-Day Restoration Period ( Dan.12:11,12 )

“And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days. Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.”
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We know that the abomination of desolation will be set up and the midpoint of the 70th week. So also, the abolition of the daily sacrifice resumed at the beginning of the 70th week when the antiMessiah signed a 7-year treaty with Israel. But blessed is he that waits and comes to the 1, 335 days. So, the 1,260, and the 1,290 days are comprehended in the 1, 335 days. So there is extra 45 days beyond the extra 30 days. This extra 45 days is labeled the Restoration Period by Robert Van Kampen of blessed memory.

After the battle of Armageddon, the Earth devastated by the events of the 70th and the final wrath of God would need to be renovated and restored before the commencement of the Millennial Reign Of Christ. For example, it will take seven months to bury all those who died at the battle of Armageddon in the land of Israel, and seven years to burn all the wreckages of warfare ( Ezek.39: 9-16 ). So the cleansing of the land shall continue into the Millennium.

The following events shall occur during the 45-day Restoration Period.

( a ) The Restoration Of Mount Zion.

At the seventh bowl judgment, “the mountains were not found” and the great city Jerusalem was split into three parts” ( Rev.16:19,20 ). In the original Greek manuscript, the definite article the does not occur. It simply reads ” mountains were not found.” It therefore follows that not all the mountains were leveled by the seventh bowl judgment. Besides, after the outpouring of the seventh bowl judgment, the Battle of Armageddon will be fought on the mountains of Israel. antiChrist and his forces will “fall on the mountains of Israel” ( Ezek.39:4 ). It therefore follows that whatever mountains were destroyed by the seventh bowl judgment, it did not include the mountains surrounding the plain of Esdraelon where the Final Battle Of Armageddon will be fought, about 96km north of Jerusaem.

We have shown that not all the mountains on Earth were leveled by the final seventh bowl judgment. Certainly Mount Zion was one of those destroyed  by the Final Bowl Judgment. Hence, the need for Christ to restore Mount Zion before the remnant of Israel can return to Mount Zion to rebuild the city of Jerusalem, and Christ can rebuild the Fourth And Millennial Temple on Mount Zion. Concerning the restoration of Mount Zion, the prophet Zechariah wrote:

” And all the land shall be turned as plain from Geba to Rimmon south of Jerusalem: and it shall be lifted up and inhabited in her place, from Benjamin’s gate unto the place of the first gate, unto the corner gate, and from the tower of Hananeel unto the king’s winepress” ( Zech.14:10 ).

Mount Zion on which Jerusalem shall sit shall rise and be elevated above all other mountains, at least, in the immediate vicinity of Jerusalem. It may perhaps rise above all other mountains on Earth.

” And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD’s house shall be established in the “top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow to it” ( Is.2:2; cf. Mic.4:1 ).

The newly elevated Mount Zion shall become a very high mountain ( Ezek.40:2 ). ” For God’s holy mountain, on the mountains of Israel, declares the Lord God, there the whole house of Israel, all of them , shall serve Me in the land” ( Ezek.20:40).

The Layout Of Mount Zion.

The book of the prophet Ezekiel, more than any other book in the entire Bible, gives us a very detailed description of the layout of the summit of the renovated Mount Zion, the Temple and the  new and earthly city of Jerusalem, and the tribal allotment of the twelve tribes of Israel ( Ezek.40-48). Here we present a general outline of the layout of Mount Zion.

1) In all its entirety, the top of Mount Zion will be holy ( 43:12 ).

2) In the middle of this holy area will be located the sanctuary, the most holy place ( 45:2,3 ).

3) South of the summit of Mount Zion, a short distance down the summit, will be the new city of Jerusalem. It shall be located on a very high mountain ( 40:2; cf.48:25 ). This city shall be built by ” My people of Israel” who are restored from captivity ( Amos 9:14; cf. Is.58:12; 61:4 ).

4) On both sides of this holy allotment and the property for the city shall be a portion for the prince ( 48:21 ).

” And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them. And they shall dwell in the lands that  I gave unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, even they, and their children , and their children’s children for ever: and my servant David shall be their prince for ever” ( 37:24,25).

The identity of the prince is debated amongst biblical scholars. Is it David himself or his greater son, Jesus , the Messiah. Am not dogmatic about any of the positions. There is no need for hair splitting arguments. In the Millennium, we shall know who he is.

( b ) The Restoration Of The Temple

Every period of the kingdom of Israel is associated with a temple on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. Therefore each period of the kingdom is named after the temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. We have the First Temple Period or simply the First Temple. The First Temple was built by King Solomon, the successor and son of King David. This temple was destroyed by king Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon in 586 BC. This kingdom period began when Israel entered the promised land under the leadership of Joshua, though there was no temple until the reign of Solomon which began in 930 BC.

The Second Temple Period, or simply the Second Temple also had a temple built by the returning exiles on the same exact spot as the First Temple on the Temple Mount. This Temple was completed in 515 BC. It was extensively and lavishly refurbished by Herod the Great. This was the Temple in which Jesus, The Messiah ministered. It was destroyed by the Roman general Titus in 70 AD.

Although the Third Temple Period or simply the Third Temple began in 1948, with the creation of an independent Jewish state in the ancient land grant which God gave the children of Israel, up to now there is no Third Temple. However, before the midpoint of the 70th Seven of Daniel, the Third Temple shall be erected on the same spot as the two previous ones on Mount Moriah, the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.

Adequate preparations have been made by the Temple Mount Faithful for the building of the Third Temple. All materials necessary for the building of the temple have been garnered, and over $100 million raised in cash for the rebuilding of the Jewish temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. Members of the High Priestly family of Aaron, and the priestly tribe of Levi have been identified by DNA tests, trained and are practicing and doing test runs in preparation for the resumption of temple worship and daily animal sacrifices and grain offerings when the Third Temple is erected. Recently a complete Golden Altar Of Incense was built. A completely red heifer( Para Aduma) has been identified and is being multiplied by cloning. With modern technology, The Temple could be erected literally overnight at a moment notice as it were. Though a plan of the Third Temple has been drawn based on the dimensions in Ezek.40-43, it is improbable that a temple of this magnitude shall erected in this age. The dimensions of the temple described by prophet Ezekiel are those of the Millennial Temple to be built by Christ Himself.

Following this trend, a Fourth Temple shall also be erected on Mount Moriah, the Temple Mount in Jerusalem during the Fourth Temple Period, or simple the Fourth Temple. The Fourth Temple Period shall be the millennial reign of Christ. Unlike all the previous three temples, which were built through the feeble efforts of man, the Fourth Temple shall be built by Jesus, the Messiah Himself. This Temple shall be built on the summit of Mount Zion which has just been restored by Christ Himself.

” And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is THE BRANCH; and he shall grow up, out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD: even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both” ( Zech.6:12,13).

The BRANCH is no other person than Jesus the Messiah, the Son of David. The prophet Isaiah also referred to Christ as the BRANCH when he described the redeemed remnant of Israel.

” In that day shall the branch of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely for them that are escaped of Israel. And it shall come to pass, that all he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem shall be called holy, even every one that is written amongst the living in Jerusalem” ( Is.4:2,3 ).

His building the Fourth Temple shall be the crowning event during the 45-day Restoration Period. This temple was extensively and exhaustively described by the prophet Ezekiel ( Ezek.40-43 ). The prophet was brought to the nave of them, where he was told by the Lord:

” Afterward he brought me to the temple, and measured the posts, six cubits broad on the one side, and six cubits broad on the other side, which was the breadth of the tabernacle. After he brought me to the gate, even the gate that looked toward the east. And he said unto me, son of man, the place of my throne, and the place of the soles of my feet, where I will dwell in the midst of the children of Israel for ever; and my holy name , shall the house of Israel no more defile, neither they, nor their kings, by their whoredom, nor by the carcases of their kings in their high places” ( Ezek.41:1; 43:1,7 ).

The Fourth Temple, the millennial temple will be the Throne of Christ here on Earth where He will dwell amongst the children of Israel, and from where He will rule over them and the nations of the Earth. After the Sheep and Goat judgment on the First day of the Millennium, the majority of the surviving Gentile remnants who are justified at the Sheep and Goat Judgment shall return to their own lands to repopulate the Earth. Only a handful shall be retained in Jerusalem, and in the land of Israel in direct service to the Messiah and the children of Israel.

The Third temple which the antiChrist shall desecrate shall also be destroyed during the final seventh bowl judgment when the cities of the nations shall fall, and Jerusalem itself split into three parts. The millennial temple shall far exceed the Solomonic temple in glory. Considering the paucity of time between the Final Battle of Armageddon and the commencement of the millennial reign of Christ, this work shall be done rather very quickly. As a supernatural act of the Messiah who created the heavens and the Earth in six days, building the temple described by the prophet Ezekiel shall pose no difficulty.

( c ) The Renovation Of The whole Earth

After the Armageddon campaign, the whole Earth will be devastated from both the wicked rule of the antiChrist and the kings of the other nations and kingdoms and the fires of the wrath of God. This devastation involves the atmospheric and starry heavens, and the Dark Void, the habitation of the Dragon and his evil angels for millions of years after they were driven out from the heaven of heavens following the Satanic revolt in eternity past. They must be cleansed from the defilement of sin. So, the whole Earth, the atmospheric and starry heavens, and the Dark Void must be renovated. The resultant heavens and Earth are the New Heavens And The New Earth. The prophet Isaiah spoke: “For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.” ( Isa.65:17‬ ‭). Apostle John the revelator saw: “And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea.” ( Rev.21:1‬ ). The Greek word rendered new here is “kainos” which is best rendered restored or renewed. It is the same old heavens and Earth which are restored after been cleansed from the defilement sin by fire. It is not new in time. If it were new in time, a different Greek word “naos” would have been used. In this restored heavens and Earth, Christ will reign for a thousand years. This is the Millennium. Therefore, the Millennium is the same as the New Heavens And New Earth.

( d ) The Final Ingathering Of The Jewish Survivors

During the devastating Bowl judgments, the oceans and major seas of the world shall dry up. So also the tongue of the Egyptian sea, that is, the Red Sea and the Suez Canal, shall dry up. This is to facilitate the final ingathering of the Jewish remnants from Africa, Europe, and Asia as well as the gathering of the surviving Gentiles who did not take the mark of allegiance to the Beast for the Sheep And Goat Judgment Of The Gentile Survivors to determine eligibility for entry into the Millennium.

“Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that it shall no more be said, The Lord liveth, that brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt; But, The Lord liveth, that brought up the children of Israel from the land of the north, and from all the lands whither he had driven them: and I will bring them again into their land that I gave unto their fathers.” ( Jeremiah‬ ‭16:14-15‬ ‭).

“Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the Lord, that they shall no more say, The Lord liveth, which brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt; But, The Lord liveth, which brought up and which led the seed of the house of Israel out of the north country, and from all countries whither I had driven them; and they shall dwell in their own land.” ( Jeremiah‬ ‭23:7-8‬ ‭).

We can see that the Jews will return from all over the world. The gathering will include those Jews who were with the Lord on Zion in Jerusalem when the seventh trumpet sounded, who were subsequently secreted to Azal, and safely hidden, as God Almighty pours out His wrath in the devastating final seven bowl judgments and the battle of Armageddon. They will return to the holy land, and to the heights of Zion, with shouts of joy. The others will be the surviving remnants of Israel from the gentile nations, who were protected by the righteous Gentiles.

The occasion will be one of mixed joy and somber reflection, as they make their way through the horrible destruction left behind by the final bowl judgments. They will be brought to the heights of Zion by the gentile survivors of the wrath of God who had been their protectors in the land of their sojourning. They will trust in the Lord, and will no longer put their trust in man, as they did in the antiMessiah who subverted them.

” And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more stay upon him that smothe them ( i.e., the antiChrist ); but shall stay upon the Lord, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. And the remnant of Israel shall return, even the remnant of Jacob unto the Mighty God” ( Is.10:20,21 ).

As we have pointed out, there will be Jews whom God will sovereignly protect from  the fierce persecution of the antiMessiah, those who were graciously hidden and given protection in the  Judaean wilderness, and in the foreign Gentile nations where they resided, Jews in Diaspora. They would have been purged, purified, by the fires of the fierce persecution of the antiChrist as well as the six trumpet judgments. They would have repented of their sins and placed their faith in Jesus the Messiah of Israel and of all mankind. The tragic side of the story is that only a small remnant of Jews who enter the 70th week of Daniel will survive the fierce persecution of the antiChrist and the wrath of God.

” For though thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness. For the Lord GOD of hosts shall make a consumption, even determined in the midst of all the land” ( Is.10:22,23).

Though the number of the children of Israel be as the sand of the sea, only a remnant shall be saved. They shall return from all nations wither the Lord had driven them, to the mountains of Zion, with joy and gladness of heart, unto the Mighty God of Jacob.

” But now thus saith the LORD that created thee, O Jacob, and He that formed thee, O Israel. Fear not: for I have redeemed thee, I have called thee by my name; thou art mine. For I am the LORD thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy saviour: I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee. Fear not: for I am with thee: I will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the west. And I will say to the north, Give up; and to the south, Keep not back: bring my sons from far, and my daughters from the ends of the earth; every one that is called by my name: for I have created him for my glory, I have formed him; yea, I have made him.” ( Is.43:1-7 ).

So, we see that a remnant shall return to enter into the millennial reign of Christ. They shall return, and come with singing unto Zion, and everlasting joy shall be upon their heads. “Therefore the redeemed of the Lord shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy shall be upon their head: they shall obtain gladness and joy; and sorrow and mourning shall flee away.” ( Isaiah‬ ‭51:11‬ ‭).

( e ) The Surviving Gentiles To Mount Zion.

As incredible as it may seem, there will also be some Gentiles who survive the Day Of The Lord’s Wrath. Concurrent with the regathering of surviving Jewish remnants to Jerusalem, the surviving Gentiles shall also gather to Jerusalem for the  Sheep and Goat Judgment. There are some who believe that some of these surviving Gentiles shall bear the mark of the beast. I do not share this view. There are no Scriptures that support this view. Anyone with the mark of the beast shall be executed instantly. What will be the reason for such a person appearing for trial when the verdict is so obvious. Those who appear at the Sheep and Goat Judgment bear no mark of the antiMessiah. The wrath of God abides on any one with the mark of the Beast; he shall be executed at Armageddon.

The basis for the Sheep and Goat Judgment is their treatment of the brethren of the Lord, which may be the reason why they arrive in Jerusalem concurrently with the surviving Jewish remnants. These surviving Jewish remnants will be their witnesses who will testify that they are indeed righteous or unrighteous Gentiles though Jesus Christ our Lord who is the judge knows everything. These surviving Gentiles will be brought to Mount Zion for the Sheep and Goat Judgment ( Matt.25:31-45 ) which will take place on the first day of the Millennium or thereabouts. The prophet Isaiah clearly describes the gathering of Gentile survivors to God’s Holy Mountain.

” For I know their works and their thoughts: it shall come, that I will gather all nations and tongues; and they shall come, and see my glory” ( Is.66:18).

These surviving Gentiles like their Jewish counterparts would have survived the Great Persecution by the antiChrist, the wrath of God, contained in the seven trumpets and seven bowls as well as the final battle of Armageddon. The final seventh bowl judgment would result in a horrible universal earthquake that levels the mountains and the islands of the seas and destroys the cities of the nations. It is incredible how human beings could  survive all these horrific devastations.

” The nations shall see and be confounded at all their might: they shall lay their hands upon their mouth, their ears shall be deaf. They shall lick the dust like a serpent, they shall move out of their holes like worms of the earth: they shall be afraid of the LORD our God, and shall fear because of thee” ( Mic.7:16,17).

These peoples who survive shall be afraid before the Lord. There will also be a few Gentiles who survive these terrible destruction from the land of Egypt and Assyria who make the trip to Mount Zion to join Israel in their worship of Jehovah. These are Gentile children of God. It does seem however that this shall be after the Sheep and Goat Judgment. The prophet Isaiah spoke of these Gentile remnants.

” In that day shall Israel be third with Egypt and with Assyria, even a blessing in the midst of the land: whom the LORD of hosts will bless, saying, blessed be Egypt my people, and Assyria the work of hands, and Israel mine inheritance” ( Is.19:24,25).

It does appear though some of these surviving Gentiles who are justified at the Sheep and Goat Judgment shall decide to dwell amongst their Jewish brethren in the land of Israel and serve the Lord amidst His people.

” Also the sons of the strangers that join themselves to the LORD, to serve Him, and to love the name of the LORD, to be His servants, every one that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant; even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful, in my house of prayer: and their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon my alter; for my house shall be called the house of prayer for all people. The LORD GOD which gathereth the outcasts of Israel saith, Yet will I gather others to him, beside those that are gathered to him” ( Is.55:6-8).

So, in the millennium, there will be quite a number of Gentiles believers who have made the choice to dwell in Jerusalem, and in the other cities in the land of Israel in order that they mighty serve the Lord and minister to His people.

The Restoration Of Adam’s Rule On Earth: The Coronation Of The Of King

Man was not created to dwell in heaven, else he would not need a physical body. “The heaven, even the heavens, are the LORD’s: but the Earth has he given to the children of men” ( Ps.115:16 ). When God created Adam and Eve, he put them in the garden of Eden, and gave them dominion over the earthly realm of His Universal Kingdom. Satan usurped that rule, and became the god of this Age. Adam’s rule over the Earth was to last for six days, the seventh day being the Shabbat of the Lord. Adam never had the title deed of the Earth. It was a lease not a sale.

Satan’s rule would expire at the end of the sixth millennium, the period of the lease to Adam. Thereafter, God Almighty will reclaim his rule over the earthly domain of his Universal Kingdom. Satan, his fallen evil angels and his minions the antiChrist and the living wicked dwellers of the Earth shall be evicted from the Earth’s premises. God will retake physical possession of the Earth, appoint a new human representative, an Adam to rule over the earthly domain of his Universal Kingdom. Neither God the Father nor the Holy Spirit has a physical form with which to relate with the external physical environment. Therefore, God the Father must rule the Earth by proxy.

God unconditionally covenanted to give the rulership of the throne of Israel and the whole Earth to David and his descendants for ever. And we have proven that Jesus is the rightful heir to the throne of David.

At this point in our narrative of the last days of this Age’s history, Jesus the Messiah has reclaimed God’s rule over the Earth at the blowing of the seventh trumpet. Satan and his fallen evil angels, his minions, the antiMessiah, the False Prophet and the living wicked dwellers of the Earth have been defeated at Armageddon and evicted from the Earth’s premises. Christ has retaken physical possession of the Earth at Armageddon. Mount Zion has been restored and elevated above all other mountains. Israel has finally been regathered from the Diaspora to the land God deeded to his friend, Abraham, the Hebrew. The surviving Gentile remnants have been gathered to Jerusalem for the Sheep and Goat Judgment on the first day of the Millennium or thereabouts. The Fourth and Millennial temple has been built by Christ supernaturally. God is now ready to restore his rule over the Earth by proxy, through a human representative, an Adam.

This is a very momentous point in the history of man on Earth. It is an event of tremendous significance. Incidentally, this glorious event does not take place on Earth but in heaven. On this occasion, Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the last Adam, the Second Man, who is the Lord from the heavens shall be given everlasting dominion over ” all peoples, nations and tongues,” by God Almighty. This is the time for God Almighty to restore His rule over the earthly domain of His Universal Kingdom to its rightful king, Jesus the Christ.

After receiving the right to rule over the Earth from God the Father, Christ will return to the Earth as King of kings and Lord of lords. Then “His kingdom shall be an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey Him” ( Dan.7:27 ). When the archangel Gabriel appeared unto Mary, he foretold the kingship of Jesus over the Earth. ” He will be great, and will be called the Son Of The Most High; and the Lord will give Him the throne of His father David” ( Luk.1:32 ). This prophecy was not fulfilled during Christ’s First Advent. But it will be fulfilled during His Second Advent, when God’s rule over the Earth will be restored at the blowing of the seventh trumpet, after the victory of Christ at the Battle of Armageddon, at which point he retakes physical possession of the Earth for the Lord God Almighty, and delivers the physical kingdom of Earth to God the Father, just prior to the beginning of the Millennium. Then God the Father will turn about and ” give Him the throne of His father David, when the time has come “to anoint the Most Holy” ( Dan.9:24 ).

About seven hundred years before the announcement by the angel Gabriel to Mary, the prophet Daniel saw in a vision the coronation of the Christ as King over the Earth after the destruction of the antiChrist.

I beheld then because of the voice of the great words which the horn spake: I beheld even till the beast was slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame. As concerning the rest of the beasts, they had their dominion taken away: yet their lives were prolonged for a season and time. I saw in the night visions, and behold, one like the son of man came with clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him. And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all peoples, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed” ( Dan.7:11-14 ).

The Apostle Paul also spoke of this stupendously magnificent scene:

” Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father: when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power. For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet. The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death” ( 1Cor.15:24-26 ). We must note however, that Christ will not put all enemies under His feet, and abolish the last enemy, death until after the end of the Millennium. This Majestic Scene gives us a glimpse into one of the most profound and significant moments in God’s eternal plan. With this, the work of Christ is complete, ” vision and prophecy” will be sealed, “everlasting righteousness brought in” and God the Father will ” anoint the Most Holy” ( Dan.9:24 ). Christ’s kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom, and all dominion will serve and obey Him ( Dan.7:27 ).

For further details see my article, “The Restoration Period.” Link:https://mtzionheritage.com/the-restoration-period/.

The Millennium: The New Heaven And The New Earth

” And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdom as of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord , and of His Christ; and He shall reign for ever and ever” ( Rev.11:15).

The celebration of the marriage supper of the Lamb marks the completion of the defeat of Satan and his fallen evil angels. Satan, the supreme personality of evil, the corrupter of the Earth and all mankind has been defeated, evicted from the Earth’s premises and incarcerated in the shaft of the abyss. The antiMessiah and the false prophet have been cast into the Lake Of Fire And Brimstone. All those who gave allegiance to Satan by capitulating to the authority of the antiMessiah have been destroyed. God Almighty has reclaimed His rule over the the Earth usurped by Satan. Christ has regained physical possession of the Earth at Armageddon. He has received the Kingdom from the Father, and crowned King of kings, and Lord of lords. He has re-established the Kingdom Of God on Earth over which He, Christ would rule for ever.

” And I heard as it were the voice of a great multitude, and as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of mighty thunderings, saying, Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth ” ( Rev19:6).

The Jewish survivors of the Great Tribulation and the Day Of The LORD have come to the saving knowledge of Christ. The gentile survivors of the Great Tribulation, the wrath of God, and the Sheep And Goat Judgment have been brought to the saving knowledge of Christ. They have entered into the Millennium to repopulate the Earth alongside the remnants of Israel. All nations, kindreds, peoples and tongues are represented. The church has been raptured, The Bema Seat Judgment at which the saints of all ages are rewarded have been held. The decorated bride of Christ is married to Him. The heaven and the Earth have been cleansed from the defilement of sin.

“The new heavens and earth earth have been created. Behold, I create new heavens and a new earth, and the former shall not be remembered nor come to mind” ( Is.65:17). The whole earth is restored and renovated. The new and earthly Jerusalem, the eternal capital of Israel and of the whole Earth has been rebuilt. The fourth and millennial Temple have been built on the summit of Mount Zion, the highest point on the new Earth. The new and heavenly Jerusalem, the abode of the bride of Christ, all resurrected saints and the angels of God has come down from God out of heaven to merge with the the millennial temple at its base on Mount Zion. Christ is reunited with His bride never to party again.

” And I heard a great voice out of heaven saying, Behold, he tabernacle of God is with men, and He will dwell with them and they shall be His people, and God Himself shall be with them and be their God. And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away” ( Rev.21:3,4).

From the Throne Room of God and of Christ, livings waters flow downwards towards Jerusalem and the rest of the Earth, bring healing to the Earth and the seas. The waters team with fish, and there are lots of fishing activities. The tree by the banks of the river yields fruits which are food, and the leaves of the trees are for the healing of the nations of them who dwell on Earth in their mortal bodies of bruises and minor ailments.

From the Throne Room also the rivers flows upwards as it were to the boardway of the new and heavenly Jerusalem. The tree which grows by the banks of the river and in the midst of it yields twelve manner of fruits. The fruits are food for the dwellers of the new and heavenly Jerusalem, some of whom are angels, and others resurrected saints in their glorified eternal immortal resurrection bodies. The leaves of the tree also are for the sustenance of health.

From the Throne Room, Christ shall rule over the Earth with rod of iron. David or his greater son is king over Israel. The twelve apostles judge Israel. The saints reign with Christ over the nations of the Earth, and are priests of Christ, and of God. The glories and wealth of the nation are brought into the new and heavenly Jerusalem in which there is no night. It is always day. Man, angel, and God are in holy communion. The Heavens and Earth are in holy embrace. From year to year, all nations come to worship God in Jerusalem and to observe the yearly feast of tabernacles(Sukkot). Jerusalem and its Holy Temple are the focal point in the Millennium. The Jews are revered all over he world, and there is no more antisemism ( Zech.8:23).

With this, the Earth has been restored more or less to its pristine state before the fall of Adam.

The White Throne Judgment ( Rev.20:11-15 )

“And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works. And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. And death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire.” ( Rev.20:11-15‬ ).

There is a great White Throne and an Occupier, from whose face the Heavens and the Earth fled away and there was no place for them. Who is this personage? Am persuaded He is Jesus in His glory. The reason is that God has committed all judgement to Him ( Acts 10:42; 17:41 ). This is the final resurrection. It is the resurrection of those who lived and died in the millennium. I also believe implicitly that those who did not die during the millennium but lived to the end of it, shall be translated to appear before the White Throne Judgement. No man in his natural mortal body shall be able to appear in the presence of so much glory which neither the Heavens nor the Earth can withstand. In this heavenly court, there were no advocates. The scrolls of records were opened, and every man, small and great, were judged according what is recorded in the scrolls concerning them. There was no partiality ( James 3:17 ). God is no respecter of persons ( Acts 10:34 ). God does not have one law for the rich, great and famous and another for the poor, downtrodden and underprivileged. Every man is judged according to his works.

All the dead were raised: the sea delivered up those who were in it, and so also death and Hell and all were judged according to their works recorded in the scrolls. The scrolls here are different from the one in Rev.6. There were two scrolls, the scroll of works and the scroll of life. Death and Hell were cast into the lake of fire: this is the second death. The first death is the severance of the spirit and soul, the immaterial part of man from the body, the material part of man. This is based on the dichotomous view of man- the basar and the nefesh. The second death therefore is the consignment of the spirit and soul ( nefesh ), the immaterial part of man into the lake of fire. This is the real man . The body is disposable, but the spirit and the soul are not. The sipirit and the soul are inseparable and indivisible. It is only the word of God that divides between the two ( Heb. 4:12 ). There is no spirit without a soul. The soul is the constellation of the will, intellect, and emotions.

In Verse 15, the judgement is very simple and open. There were two scrolls, the scroll of works and the scroll life. Any man whose name was not found in the scroll of life shall be cast in the lake of fire. There are some who believe that no man who appears at The White Throne judgement shall be justified. I do not share that view. I believe there would be some whose names are found in the scroll of life. If those whose names were not found in the scroll of life were condemned and consigned to the lake of fire, this implies there were some whose names were found who shall be justified and enter the eternal state. Would all those who,lived in the Millennium unrepentant sinners? After this judgement shall be the eternal state. So, chronologically, the Scroll Of Revelation ends with the White Throne judgment. Revelation 21,22 record events in the early part of the millennial reign of Christ.

For more in-depth treatment, see my article, “The Millennium.” Link:https://mtzionheritage.com/The-millennium/.

The Eternal State: Eternities Future

After the White Throne Judgment is life in which God, redeemed humanity, and the holy angels are in holy communion and embrace in eternal bliss, whilst Satan, his fallen angels and condemned humanity burn in the Lake of Fire and Sulphur for ever and ever.

Abraham Shallom.

Dr. Jeminusi is preparing a PowerPoint presentation based on this concise outline. When ready, it will be posted on this blog site. I encourage our readers to make their own PowerPoint presentation from this outline. It will be suitable for home Bible Study, group Bible Study or quick discussion with friends over popcorn and ice cream. A section of it it can be taken and quickly trashed out in brief during a break. Be sure to download or reproduce the featured graphic to provide visuals. From laptop, tablet, or smart phone, the featured image can be projected on TV in the living room. There would be no need for projector and screen. We must all work together to get this message to the body of Christ before it is too late. Time cometh when no man shall work. When the night is come, the time of work will be done away. Therefore, let us do the work of Him that called us while it is day( Jon.9:4).

My Objections To A Brother Whose View On The Rapture Is Pretribulational ( 4 )

My Objections To A Brother Whose View On The Rapture Is Pretribulational ( 4 )

My Objections To A Brother Whose View On The Rapture Is Pretribulational ( 4 )

( e ) The Great Tribulation

Pretribs designate the second half of the 70th week the Great Tribulation. This designation flies in the face of Scriptures. The Scriptures make it clear that the Great Tribulation does not last the whole length of the second half of the 70th week which is the three and one-half years allotted to the antiChrist to reign because the Great Tribulation is cut short by the cosmic and celestial disturbances associated with the sixth seal. “And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect’s sake those days shall be shortened.” ( Matt.24:22‬ ‭). At the breaking of the sixth seal, the Sun, Moon, and Stars are darkened, thusly throwing the Earth and the starry Heavens into utter darkness and cold which make it impossible for the antiChrist and his acolytes to continue their killing spree. “And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood; And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind. And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.” ( Rev.6:12-14‬ ). This heavenly phenomenon frightens the unrighteous wicked out of their pants. They take to the rocks and the mountains to seek non-existent refuge. The dark and frozen Earth, the earthquakes, with meteorites, comets, and asteroids flying across the sky to the Earth make it impossible for the antiMessiah and his acolytes to continue their persecution of the saints. “And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains; And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?” ( Rev.6:15-17‬ ‭). This is how the Great Tribulation is amputated.

The essence of the amputation of The Great Tribulation is to save some saints alive for rapture because some saints of the last generation that shall enter the 70th week of Daniel to experience the horrors of the Great Tribulation shall be raptured alive ( translated ) without passage through the intermediate process of death. If the Great Tribulation is not cut short, no believing flesh will be saved alive. The Great Tribulation must be distinguished from the Day Of The Lord which also begins in the second half of the 70th week at the breaking of the seventh seal. The Great Tribulation is not the same as the wrath of God in the Day Of The Lord. The wrath of God consists of the seven trumpets and seven bowls. The seventh trumpet opens into the seven bowls just as the seventh seal opens into the seven trumpets. The first six trumpets occur within the second half of the 70th week of Daniel abutting on the end of the 70th week with the death of the two witnesses. Therefore, the Great Tribulation must be distinguished from the eschatological Day Of The Lord. Pretribs do not make any distinction between the Great Tribulation and the eschatological Day Of The Lord, just as much as they do not make any distinction between the wrath of God and the wrath of Satan ( Rev.6:17; 12:12 ).

( f ) The Seals, Trumpets, And Bowls

The occurrence of the seals, trumpets, and bowls are consecutive and progressive. They are not simultaneous or coincident, except for the fourth and fifth seals. The fifth seal being a heavenly event is superimposed on the fourth. The fifth seal is a heavenly reflection of the killings going on under the fourth seal. There are no overlaps between the seals, trumpets, and bowls. There is an interlude between the end of sixth seal and the breaking of the seventh to enable certain events to transpire. The length of this interlude is not specified. These events are the appearance of the Shekinah in the heavens which dispels the darkness and frigidity precipitated by the breaking of the sixth seal, the sealing of the 144,000, and the rapture of the dead saints and the translation of the living saints. The same day the saints are raptured, the seventh seal is broken, and the wrath of God begins. This interlude is represented by the Rev.7. Rev.6.17 is the end of the cosmic disturbances associated with the breaking of the sixth seal. Rev.8:1 marks the breaking of the seventh seal which inaugurates the day of the Lord in Rev.8,9.

There is also an interlude between the end of the sixth trumpet ( Rev.9:21 ) and the sounding of the seventh ( Rev.10:7 ). Unlike the length of the interlude between the sixth and the seventh seals which is not specified, the length of this interlude is about seven days. This is the first seven days of the 30-day Reclamation period which follows the end of the second three and one-half years of the 70th week of Daniel. “And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.” ( Dan.12:11‬ ‭). This interlude enables certain events to occur between the end of the sixth trumpet and the sounding of the seventh. Within this interlude of seven days, the two witnesses are killed on the first day and raised on the fourth ( Rev.11:1-13 ), and the surviving remnants of Israel are reconciled to the God of Israel on the third day. “Come, and let us return unto the Lord: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the Lord: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth.” ( Hosea‬ ‭6:1-3‬ ‭). Shortly before the blowing of the seventh trumpet, the mystery of God is finished, and His spiritual kingdom complete as the surviving remnants of Israel are brought in. On the fifth day, God Almighty reclaims His rule over the Earth. “But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.” ( Rev.10:7‬ ).

On the sixth day, the surviving Jewish remnants which includes the 144,000 are sent into protective custody in Azel. “And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.” ( Zech.14:5‬ ). On the seventh day, the final seven bowl judgments begin to be poured out by the seven avenging angelic reapers on the unrighteous wicked who bear the mark of the Beast ( Rev.16:1 ).

Anyone who has read the works of the pretribs would quickly notice, they make no distinction between the wrath of Satan and the wrath of God. The seals, trumpets, and bowls are treated as concurrent. But there is a distinction between the wrath of God and the wrath of Satan. The first five seals have nothing to do with the wrath of God. Until the breaking of the sixth seal associated with the cosmic and celestial disturbances which interrupt the Great Tribulation, the wrath of God is not in view. The wrath of God begins with the breaking of the seventh seal.

( h ) The Day Of The Lord

The pretribs conflate the day of the Lord with the whole length of the end time including the Millennium. This is absurd. How could the Day Of The Lord possibly include the Millennium when it is clearly stated in the Scripture that the Day Of The Lord is darkness, not light. “Woe unto you that desire the day of the Lord! to what end is it for you? the day of the Lord is darkness, and not light. As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him. Shall not the day of the Lord be darkness, and not light? even very dark, and no brightness in it?” ( Amos‬ ‭5:18-20‬ ‭). Here the prophet Amos upbraided the Jews who rejected the Mark of the Beast, who believe in the Messiah of Israel, but do not believe in Jesus as the Messiah of Israel, who are in expectation of the Day Of The Lord as a day of deliverance for the whole house of Israel, who are ignorant of the fact that the remnant Of Israel who survive the Great Tribulation without the mark of the Beast must be purified and broken in spirit by going through the first six trumpet judgments in order to accept Jesus as their Messiah who has nail pierced hands.

“And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddo. And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart; The family of the house of Levi apart, and their wives apart; the family of Shimei apart, and their wives apart; All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart.” ( Zech.12:10-14‬ ‭).

After they accepted Jesus as their personal Lord and Saviour, they shall be taken into protective custody in Azel while the remaining wrath of God in the seven bowls is meted out on the Beast marked unrighteous wicked. “Then shall the Lord go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle. And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.” ( Zech.14:3-5‬ ‭).

We have unequivocally proven from the Scriptures that the day of the Lord is synonymous with the day of His wrath, and that it does not start at the commencement the 70th week of Daniel, neither does it encompass the whole length of the second half of the 70th week. We have also shown that the wrath of God must be distinguished from the wrath of Satan, and that the Great Tribulation which is the Great Wrath Of Satan does not cover the whole length of the second half of the 70th week of Daniel which is three and one half years in duration. Both the Great Tribulation and the day of the Lord occur within the second half of the 70th week of Daniel with the later extending to the end of the 30-day Reclamation Period. The major part of the second half of the 70th week of Daniel is taken over by the wrath of God. For example, the fifth trumpet alone lasts as long as five months ( Rev.9:10 ). The sixth trumpet may even be longer. We have also shown that the wrath of God in the Day Of The Lord is contained in the seventh seal which is broken the very same day the saints are raptured. It opens into the seven trumpets. The seventh trumpet opens into the seven bowls. The first six trumpets occur within the remaining part of the second half of the 70th week which ends with the death of the two witnesses whose ministry runs concurrent with the time period allotted to the reign of the antiChrist. The period of the reign of the antiChrist is not the same as the Great Tribulation, although the Great Tribulation occurs within it. Although the antiChrist is incapacitated by the terrestrial and celestial disturbances associated with the breaking of the sixth seal, he does not totally lose power and authority and the seat of his government which is the Third Temple on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem until defeated at Armageddon.

The day of the Lord which begins with the breaking of the seventh seal during the second half of the 70th week ends at Armageddon 30 days after the expiration of the 70th week of Daniel. The extra 45 days that follows the battle of Armageddon is solely for the renovation of the Earth damaged by the wicked reign of the antiChrist and the fires of the wrath of God on the unrighteous wicked, the final ingathering of the Jewish exiles in Diaspora, and the Sheep And Goat Judgment of the Gentiles survivors of the Day Of The Lord Wrath ( Matt.25:31-46 ), preparatory to The Millennial reign of Christ and the resurrected saints in their glorified eternal immortal resurrection bodies.

Avraham Shallom

The Lost Ten Tribes And The 144,000

The Lost Ten Tribes And The 144,000

The Lost Ten Tribes And The 144,000

Spiritualizing and allegorizing biblical passages relating to Israel is not new. In the 1800s there were theologians who mocked the notion of regathering of the Jews into Eretz Yisrael and the reconstitution of Israel as an independent state in her native homeland. Many bible passages relating to Israel were allegorized to relate to the Church. Today many theologians propound the same replacement theology. This type of spiritualizing hermeneutics sees the 144,000 in Rev.7:1-8 as relating to the Church and not to Israel inasmuch as according to them the ten tribes of Israel were lost in captivity more than two millennia ago.

The ten northern tribes were taken into captivity by Assyria in 722 BC. “In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.” ( 2 Kings‬ ‭17:6‬ ‭). There is no historical evidence of a mass return until the two southern tribes also were taken into captivity by Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon in 586 BC. Indeed, there were three waves of deportations, 606, 596, and 586 BC. At the defeat of Assyria by Babylon in 612 BC, the Assyrian Empire was incorporated into the neoBabylonian Empire. So Babylon inherited the Israelite exiles in the realm of Assyria. The neoBabylonean Empire was conquered by Medopersia in 539 BC. So also the Medopersia empire absorbed all Israelite exiles from both the kingdoms of Assyrian and Babylonia as these two kingdoms were incorporated into the Medopersian Empire. In 538 BC king Cyrus of Persia freed all Israelites in his dominion ( Ezra.1:1-4 ). Only a handful of them from all the various tribes were willing to return ( Ezra.2 ). The majority of the Israelites remained in self-imposed exile in Medopersia. The Medopersian Empire extended to Africa and India ( Est.1:1 ). Israelites from both Northern kingdom and the Southern kingdom of Judah remained in self-imposed exile until the destruction of the Second Temple by the Roman general Titus in 70 AD. Thus began the final scattering of the Israelites all over the world.

There are historians who date The Diaspora from 70 AD. Prior to 70 AD, there were Israelites exiles from the ten Northern tribes in the Indian subcontinent, China, Japan, and Central Asia. The ten Northern tribes were not lost. There are ethnic groups in China, India, and Japan who claim ancestry to the Jewish people. The Ben Menashe have begun emigrating to Israel. The Falashas Of Ethiopia are already absorbed in Israel. The Shinlung in India have petitioned the Israeli government. The Shinto Japanese claim origin from the ten Northern tribes. So also the Pashtun in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and the Igbos of South Eastern Nigeria. There are those who doubt the Jewishness of these various ethnic groups. Ancestry is not only determined by paternity through DNA, but by other modalities like conversion to Judaism, adoption and legality. Orthodox Jews define a Jew as any person with one grand Jewish parent. In this regard there are any number of persons who do not know they are Jews. In the OT, if a servant refuses to part with his master, and has married and begotten children, he and his children are his masters irrespective of his ancestry ( Exod.21:1-6; Deut.15:12-18 ). There was one law for both the native Israelite and the stranger that sojourned amongst them ( Exod.12:49 ). If these claims are false, how come the Sacred Stones of the Aros and the Shinto Japanese are inscribed with the Jewish Tetragrammaton YHWH in Hebrew letters? The Igbos celebrate the First month and the Seventh month and also circumcise their male infants on the eighth day as do the Jews. These feasts and the practice of circumcision were observed by the Igbos long before the arrival of Christianity through colonial Europeans.

The 3 million Israelites who left Egypt during the exodus were not all from the ten tribes. There were other from the various peoples of Egypt who joined the Israelites. Israel in the wilderness was a mixed multitude. “And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.” ( Exod.12:38‬ ‭). There were some who found it extremely difficult to continue the journey into the promised land and turned back in the wilderness. “And all the congregation lifted up their voice, and cried; and the people wept that night. And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness! And wherefore hath the Lord brought us unto this land, to fall by the sword, that our wives and our children should be a prey? were it not better for us to return into Egypt? And they said one to another, Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt.” ( Num.14:1-4‬ ‭). The Igbos claim they migrated to South Eastern Nigeria from Egypt.

It was during the reign of the Medopersian kings that all Israelites irrespective of their tribe, whether they were from the Southern kingdom or Northern kingdom were generally referred to as Jews. They were named after Judah. This should not be a surprise because Judah would be the one his brethren shall praise. Following the fall of Reuben from grace ( Gen. 35:22, 49:3,4 ), the right of primogeniture was shared among his three brethren, Judah, Levi, and Joseph. The mantle of leadership fell on Judah ( Gen.49:10 ). Levi received the mantle of priesthood, whilst the right of double inheritance was given to Joseph by his father Jacob in recognition of his faithfulness ( Gen.48:1-22, 49:22-26, ). Levi and Simeon were scattered in Israel by their father Jacob in repudiation of the wrath they exhibited in their merciless massacre of the Shechemites in retaliation to the sexual violation of their sister Dinah by Hamor, the son of Shechem. ( Gen.34, 49:5-7 ). However the Levites obtained the priesthood because of their zeal for the Lord in the slaying of their brethren who apostasized in the Sinai and worship the golden calf ( Exod.32:26-29, Deut.32:8-11 ). The mantle of priesthood originally intended for the first born male from every tribe of Israel ( Exod.13:12-16, 34:19,20; Num.3:11-13 ) effectively executed their scattering amongst the tribes of Israel, whilst at the same time conferring the blessing of obedience to the voice of God through His servant Moses. How wonderful are the ways of God and His paths past findings? ( Rom.11:33 ). These developments were not immediate: they took sometime to evolve.

The Israelites of the Southern kingdom of Judah were called Yehudim, men of Judah by the Babylonians. This was because the Southern kingdom of Israel was lead by the house of David who were of the tribe of Judah. But we must also remember that the tribe of Benjamin was one of the two tribes alongside the tribe of Judah that constituted the Southern kingdom. So the appellation men of Judah was also applied to the Benjaminites. During the oppressive and idolatrous rule of the various dynasties in the Northern kingdom, there were some from the various tribes in the Northeast kingdom that emigrated to the Southern Kingdom.

Neither the Assyrians nor the Babylonians deported every Israelite. They were interested in their rulers, nobles and artisans. “And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths: none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land.” ( 2 Kings‬ ‭24:14‬ ‭).

The poor and the downtrodden were not deported. “But the captain of the guard left of the poor of the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen.” ( 2 Kings‬ ‭25:12‬ ‭). “And as for the people that remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left, even over them he made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, ruler.” ( 2 Kings‬ ‭25:22‬ ‭).

So, there was never a time when there were no Israelites from various tribes in Eretz Yisrael. There were also some nobles who escaped to neighboring nations and returned afterwards.

“And when all the captains of the armies, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, there came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan the son of Kareah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men. And Gedaliah sware to them, and to their men, and said unto them, Fear not to be the servants of the Chaldeans: dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon; and it shall be well with you. But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, that he died, and the Jews and the Chaldeans that were with him at Mizpah.”( 2 Kings‬ ‭25:23-25‬ ‭).

The point I would like to prove here is that all the various tribes were represented in the land of Israel at all times albeit in very small numbers. There were Israelites whose ancestral families never left the land of Israel. During the religious revival in the reign of Josiah, all Israelites from the twelves were present in Jerusalem during the celebration of the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. “And the children of Israel that were present kept the passover at that time, and the feast of unleavened bread seven days. And there was no passover like to that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet; neither did all the kings of Israel keep such a passover as Josiah kept, and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah was this passover kept.” ( 2 Chronicles‬ ‭35:17-19‬ ‭).

There is no need for us to allegorize and Christianize the 144,000. Oh! the ten tribes were lost, therefore God must be referring to Christians. Before the commencement of the 70th week, all the ten tribes of Israel will fully be represented in the land of Israel. The 144,000 will be sealed in the land of Israel. God would not need to go the Jews in the Diaspora to find the 144,000. He will not seal a few among the Shinto Japanese or Shinlung Indians or Igbos of South Eastern Nigeria. They will be found in the land of Israel. They will seek refuge in the Edomite wilderness during the outpouring of the wrath of God in the Day Of The Lord. “The breaker is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the Lord on the head of them.” ( Micah‬ ‭2:13‬ ‭).

That is where Jesus will meet them. It is there they will match with Him to the summit of Mount Zion in Jerusalem.

“And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father’s name written in their foreheads. And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps: And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth. These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb. And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.” ( Rev.14:1-5‬ ‭).

In the light of the above scenario, British-American Israelism is false. It has no biblical basis. It is founded on a faulty theological system. Replacement theology is not sustained by Scriptures neither is supersessesionism. It is based on a faulty eseigetical and allegorical hermeneutics. The Church does not, cannot, and will not replace Israel, neither are the British and the Americans the so called lost ten tribes.

Avraham Shallom.

The Chronology Of The Scroll Of Revelation

The Chronology Of The Scroll Of Revelation

The Chronology Of The Scroll Of Revelation

Introduction

There are some biblical scholars even prewrathers that teach that the Scroll Of Revelation is not chronological. Therefore they proceed to chop it up into various parts and try to refit them up to conform to their preconceived notions of eschatological timeline. But a closer examination of the Scroll Of Revelation reveals a highly organized and sequential chronology that is in conformity to the chronology of eschatological timeline. The chronology of the Scroll of Revelation is in consonance with the sequential chronology of eschatological timeline derivable from the Olivet Discourse. The Olivet prophecy and the Scroll Of Revelation give us full treatment of the chronology of eschatological timeline alongside with the OT book of Daniel. However, the Scroll Of Revelation gives us fuller and more detailed information than the Olivet Discourse and the book of Daniel since it reveals not only earthly events but also heavenly events at the same time. Just like any good literary piece, it contains flashbacks, parentheses, and periscopes that give fuller and more detailed treatment of previously described events.

Neither the Olivet Discourse nor the OT book of Daniel nor the Scroll Of Revelation itself gives us a full chronology of eschatological timeline without complementary input from the others. The OT book of Daniel is basic in that it introduces us to the 70 sevens prophecy of Daniel.

“Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.” ( Dan.9:24-27 ).

The 70 sevens ( 70 x 7 = 490 ) of Daniel are divided into 7 sevens ( 7 x 7 = 49 ) which is 49 years, sixty and two sevens ( 62 x 7 = 434 ) which is 434 years and one seven ( 1 x 7 = 7 ) which is 7 years. The first 7 sevens and the second sixty-two sevens which are continuous equal 69 sevens ( 69 x 7 = 483 ) which are 483 years. The terminus-a-quo ( starting point ) of the 70 sevens ( 70 x 7 = 490 ) is the going forth of the commandment to restore and to rebuild Jerusalem given by the Persian king Artaxerxes Longimanus ( Neh.2:5 ). This commandment was given in 445 BC as conclusively proven by Sir Robert Anderson. The first 7 sevens and the second sixty and two sevens are history. After the second sixty-two sevens or weeks, that is, after 483 years from the commencement of the 70 weeks, the Messiah Jesus was crucified on the Roman execution stake ( Cross of Calvary), outside the wall of the Old City of Jerusalem in 32 AD. After that the Second Temple built by the returning exiles from Babylonian and Assyrian captivity, finished about 515 BC, and extensively and lavishly refurbished by Herod the Great, a puppet of Rome, was destroyed in 70 AD by the Roman general Titus following the rebellion of Jews under Roman domination ( 66-74 AD ). From this prophecy by Daniel, we understand that the Messiah was to come before the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 AD. Therefore any Messiah that appears for the first time after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 AD is a pseudoMessiah. This prophecy conclusively proves that Jesus is the only true Messiah.

There is no gap between the first 7 sevens and the second sixty and two sevens. But there is a gap of time between the second sixty-two sevens and the last one seven or the 70th seven. This gap occurs at the end of the 69th week. This gap of time is variously named by biblical scholars as the Timeless Period, the Church Age, the Gentile Interlude, the Mysterion or simply the Gap, each of which reflects and is descriptive of some of its aspects. A whole lot of events have transpired in this gap of time. As we have mentioned, the Second Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah was destroyed in 70 AD, and the Jews scattered all over the world, the so called Diaspora. Within this period the New Covenant was established on the day of Passover, the Last Super, in the upper Room on Mount Zion, and the Church was instituted on the day of Pentecost in Jerusalem. Within this period also, the First World War occurred ( 1914-1918 ). Within this period also, Adolf Hitler of cursed memory arose and established the Third Reich. This kingdom is the 7th Beast Empire of Satan that persecuted Israel in exile. It lasted for a short time, a mere twelve years ( 1933-1945 ), according to the prophecy of John the revelator. “And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth. And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space.” ( Rev.17:9-10‬ ‭).

Adolf Hitler led the whole world into the Second World War in which an estimated 45-60 million people perished. During the Second World War, Nazi Germany under Adolf Hitler exterminated 6 million Jews in gas chambers and crematoria he built all over Eastern and parts of western Europe, 2 millions of whom were Jewish children whose lives were snuffed out in the embryo. Within this gap also Israel arose from the ashes of the Holocaust like the proverbial Phoenix and reconstituted itself as an independent nation on 14th May, 1948, following the end of the British Mandate over Palestine. We are now in this gap of time which shall be abruptly brought to an end by the covenant of peace between the antiMessiah and the many from within Israel. “And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.” ( Dan.9:27‬ ‭). The prophet Isaiah calls it the “covenant with death,” agreement with Sheol ( Hell )”, “refuge in lies,” and “hiding under falsehood.” “Wherefore hear the word of the Lord, ye scornful men, that rule this people which is in Jerusalem. Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves:” ( ‭‭Is.28:14-15‬ ‭).

Daniel goes on to inform us that the antiChrist shall break this peace agreement with the many from within Israel at the midpoint of the 70th week. “And in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease.” This division of the 70th week into two equal halves is affirmed by John the revelator in the Scroll Of Revelation. “And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, Rise, and measure the temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. But the court which is without the temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months. And I will give power unto my two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth.” ( Rev.11:1-3‬ ). The treading of the outer court under foot for forty and two months is concurrent with the ministry of the two witnesses, and the allotted time of the antiChrist to reign over the Holy City and the people of God. During this period, the woman hides in the wilderness. “And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child. And to the woman were given two wings of a great eagle, that she might fly into the wilderness, into her place, where she is nourished for a time, and times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent.” ( Rev.12:13-14‬ ‭). Since the Scriptures have given us these two divisions of the 70 week of Daniel, it will be inappropriate, and indeed biblically indefensible for us to create a third division or fourth division in order to accommodate our own preconceived notions of the sequence, time, and timing of End Time events. Without these two divisions of the 70th week of Daniel, it would be difficult to understand the sequential chronology of events in the Olivet Discourse. The second half of the 70th week is further divided into two parts of unknown durations: the Great Tribulation, and the Day Of The Lord.

The extra 75 days divided in two interims of 30 days and 45 days are found in Daniel 12. “And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days. Blessed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.” ( Dan.12:11-12‬ ‭). The 1,260 days, the 1,290 days, and the 1,335 days have the same terminus-a-quo ( starting point ) from the setting up of the abomination that makes desolate at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel. In other words, the 1, 260 days and the 1, 290 days are all comprehended in the 1,335 days. It will be difficult to understand the sequential chronology of the Scroll Of Revelation without these two extra periods of time. Certain events occur within these two extra periods of time without which the Scroll Of Revelation may appear fuzzy.

The other period is the Millennium which is the 1,000-year reign of Christ. “And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.” ( Rev.20:4‬ ‭). The Millennium is synonymous with the New Heaven And The New Earth ( Isa.65:17-25; Rev.21:1 for ). There are some biblical scholars of prophecy that separate the two. This need not be so because what the prophet Isaiah described as the New Heaven And The New Earth is life in the Millennium. After the Millennium will be Eternity future, or what is referred to by some biblical scholars as the Eternal State.

Having outlined the sequential chronology of events in the 70th week of Daniel and beyond, we shall now examine the Scroll Of Revelation to see how it fits perfectly into this chronology. At the end we shall leave the reader to be the judge and to draw his or her own conclusions.

Rev.1 is introductory to the whole Scroll of Revelation. It is the unveiling of the risen Christ, Jesus our Saviour in His glory. “The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto Him, to shew unto His servants things which must shortly come to pass; and He sent and signified it by His angel unto his servant John:” ( Rev.1:1‬ ‭). God the Father gave it to Him to show unto His servants things that must shortly come to pass. It was revealed to Apostle John, the apocalyptist ( revelator ) through the mediation of an angel. We are not told who this angel is nor his regalia and status. It may well be archangel Gabriel, the bringer of good news. It may well be that this angel is Jesus Himself. It was not unusual in the OT to refer to the second person of the Godhead, pre-incarnate Jesus as the angel of the Lord. The Scroll Of Revelation is different from all other epistles because it is a direct communication from Christ to John. Jesus is the author; Apostle John the revelator was His amanuensis. It is the word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ. John was in the spirit and recorded what he saw and heard.

In the evelation are letters addressed to seven churches in Asia Minor. These were actual local assemblies of believers in Jesus Christ that existed at that time. Asia Minor is in present day Turkey. They were not the only ones in Asia Minor at that time. Christ chose them as representatives of all local assemblies of believers at that time, at all times during the Church Age, and more importantly as prototypes ( specimens ) of the local assemblies of believers in the 70th week of Daniel, the last seven years of this Age as we know it. Any local assembly of believers will fit into one of these prototypes at all times, and more so in the 70th week of Daniel. Some of these cities have survived, but the local assemblies have not, which goes to show that the messages have relevance beyond the immediate period and the local assemblies of believers in Jesus referred, and to the body of Christ in the End Times at all locations. The other reason also being that in each epistle, Jesus made reference to His second Coming and reward to overcomers. ( 2:7,11,17, 26-28; 3:5,11-12,21 ). These churches must enter into the 70th week of Daniel, encounter the eschatological antagonist, the antiChrist ( antiMessiah ), overcome his reign of terror, before being raptured and rewarded.

In verse 11, Jesus introduces Himself as the Alpha and Omega. In verse 8, He is quoted as describing Himself as Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the beginning and the ending. In the OT, the Alpha and Omega ( the First and the Last ), the first and last letters of the Greek Alphabets are used to describe the Yahweh of Israel ( Isa.44:6 ). If Jesus were not God, it will be blasphemous for Him to make this claim. The rest of the chapter is the vision of the risen Christ in His glory with seven stars in His right hand, walking in the midst of the seven candlesticks. The seven stars are the angel of the seven churches, and the seven candlesticks are the seven churches or local assemblies themselves. Representative angels of the churches stand before God in His Throne Room in the Temple of God in Heaven. There are also angels that guard these churches here on Earth.

They are also human representatives, the messengers of God, who stand before God as representatives of the churches, and also before men as representatives of God. This dual role puts them in a unique position before God and Man. The symbols and images in this chapter are interpreted to us within the chapter. So, we do not need to look elsewhere for elucidation. His snowy white hair signal righteousness and justice. He is the judge of the whole Earth. God the Father has committed all judgment to Him. His fiery eyes signal His indignation toward sin, evil, wickedness, and all unrighteousness. His golden girdle is indicative of his kingship and royalty. He is the son of David. He is the son of God. He has the Title Deed of the Earth. His legs of brass signal judgment.

Chapters 2 & 3 are descriptions of the condition and state in each of the seven local churches. In each letter, Christ is introduced and certain aspects of His person germane to the local assembly is revealed. The condition of the local assembly is stated. The church is commended or condemned. A recommendation is made and an invitation is extended to the local assembly to overcome with respect to the soon coming of the Lord. “He that has ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches.” In relation to the coming of the Lord, any local assembly will fall into one of these seven categories. It also refers to individual Christians. Local assemblies as well as individual Christians could fall into one of these seven categories. The seven churches could be further broken down into three categories: faithful and uncompromising as exemplified by the church of Philadelphia and perhaps the church of Smyrna, the dead church or Christian as exemplified by the church of Sardis, and the unfaithful and compromising church or Christian exemplified by the church of Thyatira. Five of the churches are unfaithful and compromising. The majority of believers are unfaithful and compromising. Few are spiritually dead though they exhibit all the paraphernalia of religion. They have not the life of the Son Of God. They call Jesus Lord, Lord, but do not seek nor obey His will. They know nothing about God’s will for their lives and are not careful to walk in the light of His word. Majority of them will take the Mark Of Beast without bathing an eye. They are so much into the world and the world into them. However, there is a segment of them that will repent and accept Jesus as their personal Lord and Saviour and die for their faith in Him. This will be an uphill task. We must began now to examine ourselves, and make the necessary adjustments in order that we may not be caught off guard. Few are faithful and uncompromising. The Church of Philadelphia and perhaps the Churchof Smyrna depending on one’s view, are the only one or two local assemblies which received unqualified commendations. Such will be the conditions in the churches and the state of individual Christians prior to and into the 70th week of Daniel. In the light of these, it behoves us to examine ourselves whether we are in the faith, and to upgrade accordingly.

Revelation is a book of sevens. There are seven churches, seven benedictions, seven heads, seven mountains, seven horns and seven eyes, seven thunders, seven seals, seven trumpets, seven bowls, seven kings, etc. Seven is the number of perfection and completeness. God is about to bring history to a consummate end. There are some that interpret the seven churches to represent seven church ages. This cannot be biblically substantiated. Who determines when one age ends and the other begins? What are the criteria? There are others that teach that each of the seven churches corresponds to the seven years of the 70th week. This view too, like the first cannot be biblically substantiated. It will turn the chronology of the End Times on its head, as it would mean that the last church, the church of Laodecia shall be here till the last year of the 70th week which perhaps would be the sixth trumpet judgment. Why the lukewarm Church instead of the dead Church, the Church of Sardis. This kind of interpretation does violence to the Scriptures. It is biblically unjustified.

Chapters 4 & 5 are a heavenly scene. The revelator, Apostle John is invited into the Throne Room of God in the heavenly Temple. In chapter 4, the Throne Room is described. God the Father is seated on the Throne enveloped in glory like the rainbow. Roundabout His Throne are twenty and four other thrones on which are seated twenty and four elders. Roundabout and in the midst of the Throne are four living creatures with the appearance of lion, calf, the face of man and the fourth like a flying eagle which are representative of all creatures, domestic animals, wild animals, man, and the fowls of the heavens. These are actually angels which continually worship the thrice holy God, saying, Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God Almighty, which was, and is, and is to come. There are some pretribs that teach that the Rapture occurs when Apostle John, the revelator, was invited into the Throne Room in heaven. This also is a strained interpretation which cannot be biblically substantiated.

In chapter 5, God the Father is seated on the Throne with the seven sealed Scroll in His hand. A search was conducted in Heaven and on Earth, no man was found worthy to break the seven seals of the Scroll and to open the Scroll. Apostle John, the revelator wept sore. One of the elders consoled him, saying, ” weep not: behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the root of David, hath prevailed to open the Scroll, and to break the seven seals thereof” ( 5 ). Christ was seen standing in the midst of the Throne , the four living creatures, and of the twenty and four elders, like a lamb slain, having seven horns and seven eyes which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the Earth. Jesus is our kinsman redeemer, the goel. He came, he conquered. He has prevailed. He is God the Father’s Son and representative in the earthly realm of His universal kingdom. He is the last Adam, and the second man, the Lord from the heavens ( 1 Cor.15:47 ). He has the right of primogeniture. He has right to the title deed of the Earth, as the Son of God, the Son Of Man, and the heir to the throne of David. He is the perfect God-Man. He is the heavenly archetypal man. Seven is the number of divine perfection. Eyes signal intelligence and horns power and authority. Seven eyes and seven horns signal perfect intelligence, understanding, knowledge, wisdom, and authority and power. The seven spirits of God signal divine perfection. Jesus is in perfect harmony with the Father and the Holy Spirit. The seven sealed Scroll is the Title Deed of the Earth. The Earth was leased to Adam not sold for six days each of corresponds to a millennium. “But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.” ( 2 Peter‬ ‭3:8‬ ‭). The Title Deed of the Earth is in heaven. God is the possessor of the heavens and the Earth. “And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth:” ( Genesis‬ ‭14:18-19 ). The Earth is the Lord’s and the fullness thereof. “The earth is the Lord’s, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein. For he hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods.” ( Psalms‬ ‭24:1-2‬ ‭).

No one else could take that seven-sealed Scroll and break the seals. The seals are on the exterior of the Scroll. They have to be broken before the contents of the Scroll can be accessed. The seals are conditions to be met before the Scroll can be opened. He has vacated His seat on the right hand of the Majesty in the heavens. He is about to return to the Earth to reclaim God’s rule over the Earth usurped by Satan. The lease to Adam usurped by Satan will soon expire at the end of the sixth millennium. The seventh millennium will be the Shabbat of the Lord. When He took the Scroll, there was jubilation in heaven. The four living creatures and the four and twenty elders began to harp praises to Him. Vials of odors containing sweet incense of prayers of the saints were offered to Him. They were joined by innumerable angels and indeed all creation in a universal orchestra singing a doxology to God the Son. The redeemed saints are conspicuously absent which argues against the notion that the rapture occurred in Rev.4:1. After the raptured occurred in Rev.7, the redeemed saints are conspicuously present in the heavenly scenes in Rev.14 & 15.

We can see that the first five chapters of the Scroll Of Revelation form an introduction and a background to the whole Scroll. Chapter 6 introduces us to the 70th week of Daniel, the beginning of the chronology of the Scroll Of Reveation. The 70th week of Daniel is divided into two equal halves of three and one-half years each, 42 months or 1,260 days. The Jewish calendar which is lunar began from day one of the creation of man. Each month is 30 days, and each year is 360 days. So, three and one-half years will be 42 months or 1,260 days.

Revelation 6 is dualistic in nature in that it reveals both heavenly and earthly scenes. Christ is standing in the midst of the Throne Room in the Temple in heaven. He has taken the seven-sealed Scroll from the Father. He breaks a seal, and certain events unfold here on Earth. The first four seals are supervised by the four living creatures in the Throne Room in the Temple in heaven. God is in sovereign control, but He is not responsible for the evils that are accomplished by the first four seals. God does permit evil in His Universe, but He does not approve of neither does He perpetrate evil. These are human activities orchestrated by Satan and his human and angelic minions that eventuate in man’s inhumanity to man. These are not the wrath of God at all ( Rev.6:17 ). The wrath of God does not begin until the breaking of the seventh seal ( Rev.8:1 & ff). They are the wrath of Satan administered by man ( Rev.12:12 ). They are consecutive and progressive.

Revelation 6 parallels the Olivet Discourse or prophecy in Matt.24. The first seal is the emergence of false christs and the ultimate false christ, the antiChrist, the rider upon a white horse ( 1,2; Matt.24:4,5 ). He has a bow but there are no arrows in it. This is subtle peace diplomacy by the antiChrist to gain control of world domination. He shall go forth conquering and to conquer through false peace alliances. He signs a seven year peace treaty with the many from within Israel, and stations a protection force in Israel to protect the Jewish state ( Dan.9:27a ). This is the terminus-a-quo ( starting point ) of The 70th week of Daniel. He tries to gain world domination through political intrigue. It fails because not all nations will be deceived and worn over by false peace alliances.

The next movement is a rider upon a red horse which signals wars, commotions, rumours and threats of wars ( 3,4; Matt.24:6,7a ). He tries to conquer weaker nations which rebuff his peace overtures by war. The third seal which brings the first three and one half years to a close is the natural consequence of wars, which are famines, pestilence or plagues, and earthquakes ( 5,6, Matt.24:7b ). The first three and one half years is termed the beginning of sorrows or the beginning of birth pangs in the Olivet prophecy ( Matt.24:8 ). These three seals are like the early stage of labor pain in a woman about to give birth. The last stages of labor are the real travail as the woman travails in pain to give birth.

The fourth seal begins at the midpoint of the 70th week. The fourth seal is Death and Hell ( 7,8; Matt.24:9-26 ). This is the Great Tribulation. The fifth seal is a bit unique in that it is entirely a heavenly scene, a reflection of the killings going on here on Earth under the fourth seal ( 9,10,11 ). It is concurrent and simultaneous with the fourth. The souls of those who were killed for the word of God and the testimony which they held are arriving in heaven and are quartered under the golden altar of incense in the heavenly temple from where they make their plea of vengeance to God. God answered in the affirmative. But they have to wait until their number is complete. There is a complement of believer to be martyred. When that number is complete, God interrupts the Great Tribulation, the killing of the saints going on here on Earth, perpetrated by the antiChrist and his cronies, with cosmocelestial disturbances in order to save some saints alive for Rapture ( Matt.24:22 ). The fifth seal has no parallel in the Olivet Discourse in that the Olivet Discourse reveals only earthly events. It does not reveal what is going on in the Throne Room in the Temple of God in Heaven. At the time they make their plea in heaven, the killings under the fourth seal was still going on Earth. So, the fifth seal is coincident with the fourth.

There is a complement of believers to be martyred. When that number is complete, God amputates the Great Tribulation with cosmocelestial disturbances which is the sixth seal ( 12,13,14; Matt.24:29 ). Therefore the fifth seal promises the wrath of God. On the other hand, the sixth seal portends the wrath of God. The sixth seal is preceded by a series of massive universal earthquakes. The sun will be darkened, the moon will not give its light. The sun will most probably become sunspot. Meteorites, comets and asteroids will fall from the heavens. This will throw the Earth into utter darkness and confusion. Communications will be disrupted by the CMEs ( coronal mass ejections), EMPs ( electromagnetic pulse waves ) from the sunspot which will throw asteroids, comets, and meteorites to the Earth, causing wild fires and devastations. Temperatures will drop very rapidly, and the Earth will be frozen. How long this phenomenon will last, we are not told. It will be one long night as time will fail. When the Shekinah appears and dispels the darkness and defrosts the Earth, the New Moon may be revealed. It will be Yom Teruah, the blowing of the trumpet at the sighting of the New Moon. The sixth seal signals that the wrath of God is about to begin. Men will throw away their idols, images of the Beast they have made in gold, silver, precious metals and stones, iron, and wood, to seek non-existent refuge in the rocks and the mountains. The humanists, evolutionists, and atheists will know instinctively that God is about to punish them for their evils. They are not able to stand the wrath of the Lamb ( 15,16,17; Isa.2:18-22 ).

There is an interlude between the sixth and the seventh seals. This interlude protects from the wrath of God. During this interlude, the Shekinah appears in the heavens. God dispatches His angels with the great sound of a trumpet to gather His elect from the four winds of the earth ( Matt.24:31 ). But before the dead believers resurrect and the surviving ones are raptured, the 144,000, 12,000 from each of the twelve tribes of Israel are brought into saving relationship with the God of Israel and sealed with the seal of the Almighty God ( Rev.7:1-8; 14:1 ). The essence of this seal is to protect them from the impending wrath of God. How can they be sealed with the seal of God if they are not brought into a saving relationship with God? How can they be sealed if they do not belong to God? Seals are for authenticity, protection, preservation, genuineness, the real McCoy. God will not leave Himself without a witness on Earth. The church is taken away, the 144,000 become God witnesses on Earth. It is like the handing over of a baton in a relay race. This will logically, sequentially, and chronologically lead us to Rev. 7.

The pretribs err in starting the wrath of God from the commencement of the 70th week of Daniel. In doing so they failed to distinguish the wrath of Satan ( Rev.12:12,13,17 ) from the wrath of God ( Rev.6:15-17 ). The wrath of Satan is against the believers in Christ and others who reject the mark of the Beast, whilst the wrath of God is against the unbelievers who accept the mark of the Beast. Which one comes first? The wrath of Satan. God will recompense Tribulation ( the wrath of God ) to those who trouble ( the Great Tribulation) us believers during the Great Tribulation. Therefore the wrath of God must be preceded by the Great Tribulation.

“Seeing it is a righteous thing with God to recompense tribulation to them that trouble you; And to you who are troubled rest with us, when the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with His mighty angels, In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ: Who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord, and from the glory of his power; When he shall come to be glorified in his saints, and to be admired in all them that believe (because our testimony among you was believed) in that day.” ( 2 Thessalonians‬ ‭1:6-10‬ ).

If the Church is raptured before the commencement of the 70th week of Daniel, then the 144,000 from the twelve tribes of Israel must also be sealed before the beginning of the 70th week because they have to take over from the Church as God’s representatives on the earthly domain of His universal kingdom: a very tall order. God will not leave Himself without a witness on Earth. The 144,000 must take over from the Church. Israel handed over the baton to the Church in 32 AD before going into exile in 70 AD. The Church must also hand over the baton to Israel before being raptured into heaven. These two events that occur in the interlude between the sixth and the seventh seals are preceded by a third event, the appearance of the The Shekinah in the Heavens which is the visible presence of God. Every eye shall see Him ( Rev.1:7; Matt.24:30 ). Pretribs do not make the argument that the 144,000 must be sealed before the commencement of the 70th week of Daniel for the simple reason that the central pillar of pretribulationism is imminence. Imminence means that no prophesied event must occur before the rapture can take place, in other words, the rapture can occur at any moment. If the 144,000 are sealed before the raptures occurs, then the doctrine of imminence is invalidated because it will no longer be signless. The truth is that neither of these two events occur until shortly before the breaking of the seventh seal in Rev.8.

In Rev.7, the 144,000 are sealed for protection ( 1-8 ) and the church is raptured ( 9-17 ), an innumerable multitude which no man could number from all tribes, tongues, and nations, who came out of the Great Tribulation. This innumerable multitude could not all have been martyred in the short period of the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist, neither does the Scripture say they were all martyrs. If the Church has been raptured pretribulationally how can we account for this innumerable company of men and women from all tribes and tongues? How can we account for the fifth seal martyrs who are quartered under the golden altar of incense in heaven from where they make a plea of vengeance to God? If the Church has been raptured, when will the so called Tribulation Saints rise from the dead? The very same day the Church is raptured, the seventh seal will be broken, and the wrath of God begins. God cannot recompense Tribulation ( the wrath of God in the Day Of The Lord ) to them until they have troubled us during the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist. As it was in the days of Noah, so shall it be in the day when the Son Of Man is revealed. The same day Noah entered the Ark, rain deluged the heavens and the Earth. “But as the days of Noah were, so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. For as in the days that were before the flood they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered into the ark, And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.” ( Matt.24:37-39‬ ‭).

After the interlude between sixth and seventh seals is the beginning of the wrath of God in the Day Of The Lord or the Day Of His Wrath in Rev.8. Rev.8 & 9 consist of the first six trumpet judgments. In Rev.8, the seventh seal is broken, and there emerges seven avenging angels bearing the seven trumpets. The wrath of God consists of the seven trumpets and seven bowls. The seven bowls are contained in the seventh trumpet. Both the trumpets and the bowls are sequential, consecutive and progressive. The nature and mode of administration permit no overlap. The first four trumpets are more or less general. The last three trumpets target those with the mark of the Beast. The fifth trumpet consists of demonic locusts from the bottomless pit that afflicts those with the mark of the Beast without killing them outright. It lasts about five months. The head of these demonic locust is the king and the angel of the abyss called Abaddon in Hebrew or Apollyon in Greek. Both names mean the same thing; destruction or destroyer. These locusts are fallen evil angelic beings which did not keep their first estate, but left their habitation, and cohabited with human females, giving rise to a new species of hybrid humans ( humanoids or transhumans ) called the nephelim ( Gen.6:1-8; Jude 6 ).

“For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; And spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly; And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned them with an overthrow, making them an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly; And delivered just Lot, vexed with the filthy conversation of the wicked:” ( 2 Peter‬ ‭2:4-7‬ ‭). They are humanoids or transhumans. After the destruction of the antediluvian world, they and their offspring were incarcerated in chains under darkness awaiting the judgment of the Great Day Of The Lord ( Jude 6 ). Human spirits are not sent to the abyss at the severance of the body from the spirit and soul. They either go to paradise or Hell. In the OT dispensation, paradise was part of the underworld of the dead. After Jesus rose from the dead, the OT saints were taken to heaven. Paradise is now synonymous with heaven. Today, the departed saints go straight to heaven. The OT paradise is now either empty or nonexistent.

The End Of The fifth trumpet is the first woe. The last three trumpets, fifth, sixth, and seventh are called the three woes. They are more severe. The sounding of the sixth trumpet results in the release of the four fallen evil angels imprisoned in the Euphrates River for an hour, a day, a month, and a year by the sixth avenging angel which resulted in the raising of innumerable number of armored and mechanized divisions of soldiers. These demonic killing machines spewing fire from before and behind ( the rear end ) wiped out a third of the human population. These are probably demonized robotic amoured vehicles. This should not surprise us because man-machine meld through AI ( artificial intelligence ) is anti-God. This punishment, however, did not bring repentance to the surviving wicked earth-dwellers and worshippers and adorers of the antiMessiah. The sixth trumpet brings the 70th week to a close.

Like there is an interlude between the sixth and the seventh seals, there is also an interlude of about seven days between the sixth trumpet and the sounding of the seventh. How do we know that it is about seven days? We shall see from the Scriptures.

The 70th week has come to a close. Three of the six things to be accomplished within the 70 weeks of Daniel dealing with sin are now over. Three of these things are: to finish the transgression, to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity ( Dan.9:24 ). The other three involving the institution of the righteous reign of Christ, to bring in everlasting righteousness, seal up the vision and the prophecy, and to anoint the Most Holy, shall be accomplished in the Millennium. The remnants of Israel who did not take the mark of the Beast were not exempt from the wrath of God in the trumpet judgments. The reason is that the Great Tribulation was not sufficient to clease them from the defilement of sin. It was enough to purify the Church which has been washed by the blood of the Lamb. Therefore the remnants of Israel had to go through the trumpet judgments to purge, purify, and cleanse them from sin, to bring them to their knees by breaking their power to trust in themselves to accept Jesus as their personal Lord and Saviour, the much awaited Messiah of Israel.

It is after this horrible experience that they shall be broken, accept Jesus as their Messiah, look upon Him whom they have pierced and be washed with His blood. No man can enter heaven who has not been washed with the blood of the Lamb. And no man can be washed with the blood of the Lamb without acknowledging the Lordship of Jesus. Prior confession of the Lordship of Jesus and purification with the blood of the Lamb are preludial to acceptance and entrance into heaven. “But the righteousness which is of faith speaketh on this wise, Say not in thine heart, Who shall ascend into heaven? (that is, to bring Christ down from above:) Or, Who shall descend into the deep? (that is, to bring up Christ again from the dead.) But what saith it? The word is nigh thee, even in thy mouth, and in thy heart: that is, the word of faith, which we preach; That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved. For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation. For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.” ( Rom.10:6-11‬ ‭).

But they are exempt from the bowl judgments. Therefore they have to be reconciled to God before the blowing of the seventh trumpet which contains the seven last bowl judgments. Christ has to rescue them personally. He is the mighty or strong angel of Rev.10 who came down from heaven with the Small Scroll. He is the breaker who shall remove every obstacle. “The breaker is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the Lord on the head of them.” ( Micah‬ ‭2:13‬ ‭).

Summary Of Parentheses ( Rev.10-14 )

Rev.10-14 are parenthetical in that the narrative does not immediately advance to the end of the sixth trumpet and the blowing of the seventh. As a result, some bible teachers and commentators say that the Scroll of Revelation is not chronological and proceed to chop it up and to refit it into their own preconceived notions. This is a wrong approach to the study of the Scroll of Revelation.

The 70th week is now over. John the revelator pauses the narrative to provide periscopes on the major dramatic personae. In Rev.10, Christ, the chief dramatic persona, the protagonist is depicted as a strong angel with the Small Scroll from the heavenly Mount Zion to the earthly Mount Zion for the spiritual salvation of the remnants of Israel. In Rev.11, His two special servants, the two witnesses are introduced, and their ministry is narrated. In Rev.12, the Chief eschatological antagonist, the old serpent, also called the Dragon is embroiled in an internecine cosmic conflict with archangel Michael. In Rev. 13, his two special minions, the two Beasts, the first and the second Beasts, the antiChrist and the False prophet are presented with a brief summary of their careers. In Rev.14, Christ appears on the earthly Mount Zion with the 144,000 and other Jews who survived the first six trumpet judgments whom He rescued from the Edomite wilderness, the Judaean wilderness, the remnants from Assyria and Egypt, and the survivors from Jerusalem and its environs. Here on Mount Zion, the remnants of Israel are reconciled to God on the third day of the 30-day Reclamation Period which is the period of national mourning and cleansing. The nation Israel mourned for both Aaron and Moses 30 days each ( Num.20:29; Deut.34:8 ). In Rev.14 Christ to whom God has committed all judgments is depicted as an angel sitting on the cloud of glory with a sickle which signal judgment of God on the wicked earth-dwellers which has already begun in the trumpet judgments. The final phase of the wrath of God ends in bloodbath at Armageddon. Rev.15 is prelude to the seven bowl judgments which begin in Rev.16, and end in Rev.20 with the incarceration of Satan, the old serpent, the supreme personality of evil in the bottomless pit for a thousand years.

The Small Scroll of Rev.10 is the Seven Sealed Scroll of Rev.5 with the exterior seven seals broken in Rev.6-8:1-5, and part of the internal contents dispensed with in the outpouring of the wrath of God in the first six trumpet judgments in Rev.8:6-9:21. There is a lot of arguments as to the identity of this mighty or strong angel. He has been variously identified by biblical scholars of prophecy. This needs not be so. If Jesus is the only one qualified to break the seven seals of the Seven Sealed Scroll and to open it, He is also the only one qualified to handle the Small Scroll. Angels and men are not permitted to swear, only God, and that by Himself (Matt.5:33-37; Heb.6: 13-20 ). When the seventh trumpet is blown, the mystery of God shall be finished as He spoke to His servants the prophets when God shall complete the spiritual kingdom of God by the salvation of the remnants of Israel. Here in Rev.10 Jesus is seen, coming down from the Heavenly Mount Zion from where He broke the seven seals to the earthly Mount Zion for the spiritual salvation of the remnants of Israel. “And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the Lord.” ( Isa.59:20‬ ‭). “And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob:” ( Rom.11:26‬ ‭).

“So Christ was once offered to bear the sins of many; and unto them that look for him shall he appear the second time without sin unto salvation.” ( Heb.9:28‬ ). This verse speaks of the spiritual salvation of the remnant of Israel that have survived the 70th week having passed through and purified by the first six trumpets of the wrath of God. They will see Him physically here on Earth when He comes to rescue them before the outpouring of the seven bowl judgments.

He does not come directly to the earthly Mount Zion from the heavenly Mount Zion. He comes to the 144,000 who are sealed with the seal of God prior to the rapture of the Church and the breaking of the seventh seal and the accompanying outpouring of the wrath of God in the trumpet judgments who are hiding in the red rose city of Petra in the Edomite wilderness. He leads them on foot up north along the banks of the Dead Sea across the river Jordan, through the Judaean wildernesses. They are joined by the remnants of Israel who have been given opportunity to fight back against the antiChrist after he has been incapacitated by the Christ at His appearing in the heavens after the breaking of the sixth seal. “And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming:” ( 2 Thessalonians‬ ‭2:8‬ ‭).

After the appearance of the Shekinah in the heavens, the antiChrist shall be paralyzed, masterly inactivated. And the Jewish resistance that have been waging guerrilla war against him in the Judaean wilderness and in and around Jerusalem shall be empowered and emboldened by the news of the arrival of the Messiah of Israel. “In that day shall the Lord defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and he that is feeble among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David shall be as God, as the angel of the Lord before them.” ( Zech.12:8‬ ‭). Together with the remnants of Israel from the vicinity of Jerusalem, and those from Assyria and Egypt, who have heard that the Messiah has come, they journey on foot to Mount Zion. On the third day which is Day 3 of the 30-Day Reclamation Period, the mystery of God is finished as the remnants of Israel are brought to a saving knowledge of the Messiah of Israel, thus completing the spiritual kingdom of God. They shall see that their long awaited Messiah has nail-pierced hands. They shall be feeled with remorse of conscience, and become mournful and penitent.

“And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon Me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for Him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for Him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddo. And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart; The family of the house of Levi apart, and their wives apart; the family of Shimei apart, and their wives apart; All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart.” ( Zech.12:10-14‬ ).

For the first two days, Israel is in mourning and weeping, on the third day they are reconciled to the Messiah. “Come, and let us return unto the Lord: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the Lord: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth.” ( Hos.6:1-3‬ ‭). Thusly, the mystery of God is finished as the spiritual kingdom of God is complete.

As we have pointed out previously, a very good piece of literature has flashbacks, parentheses, and periscopes. A very important event occurs on the fourth day of the 30-Day Reclamation Period. It is the resurrection and the ascension of the two witnesses into heaven. Apostle John the apocalyptist has not introduced us to their ministry that began at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel. So, the revelator takes us back to the commencement of their ministry at the midpoint of the 70th week when the antiMessiah makes his debut at the rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, desecrates the Temple by the importation of his image into the Holy Of Holies, deifies himself and demands worship of all mortals. This is the abomination that makes desolate and is concurrent and coincident with the surrounding of Jerusalem with the armies of the antiChrist in what is called the Jerusalem Campaign. “When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:)” ( Matt.24:15‬ ‭). “And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh.” ( Luk.21:20‬ ‭).

The revelator is given a reed to measure the Rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem and the worshippers therein. This event occurs at the Gentile takeover of the rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem at the midpoint of the 70th Seven of Daniel. He is instructed to leave out the outer court which is given to the Gentiles to thread underfoot forty and two months. The two witnesses are anointed of God to minister for the same length of time, given in days which is 1,260 days.

There is some argument as to the time and location of the ministry of the two witnesses. Some biblical scholars locate it in the first half of the 70th week which is biblically indefensible, but the majority put it in the second half which is biblically defensible. If their ministry occurs in the first half of the 70th week, then they will be killed precisely at the midpoint of the 70th week when the antiChrist makes his debut at the rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. Sounds reasonable, but there are lots of problem with that view. Who will they be antagonizing in the first half of the 70th week of Daniel? They shall rise from the dead on the 4th day of the Second Half of the 70th week which is the commencement of the Great Tribulation. This is utter nonsense. The essence of the ministry of the two witnesses is to provide encouragement to the saints during the horrors of the Great Tribulation. This aim will be defeated if they are killed on the first day of the Great Tribulation and raised from the dead three and one half days later on the 4th day of the second half of the 70th week of Daniel which is also the 4th day of the Great Tribulation.

Of late, some have straddled the ministry of the two witnesses between the first and second half of the 70th week, thusly, creating a third division of the 70th week of Daniel. This is biblically indefensible. There is no such division of the 70th week into three parts. The reason they adduce for this placement is that the two witnesses are Christians and cannot be left behind after the rapture. So, they locate their ministry in such a way as to make their resurrection and ascension into heaven correspond with the Prewrath Rapture of the saints. They are prewrathers that hold such view. This view is borne more out of sentiments than any solid biblical evidence. There is no evidence that the two witnesses are Christians as we are today. Obviously they are Jewish. Their ministry is restricted more or less to the Temple Mount in Jerusalem right under the noses of the antiChrist and his enforcer, the false prophet who is also called the second beast. They mirror OT figures, Moses and Elijah, or some others with their spirits and anointing. No doubt they believe in the Messiah who is Jesus. Apart from spewing fire on their detractors and antagonists, the content of their message are the three angelic announcements.

“And I saw another angel fly in the midst of heaven, having the everlasting gospel to preach unto them that dwell on the earth, and to every nation, and kindred, and tongue, and people, Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters. And there followed another angel, saying, Babylon is fallen, is fallen, that great city, because she made all nations drink of the wine of the wrath of her fornication. And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name. Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.” ( Rev.14:6-12‬ ‭).

Their message is one of Judgment. The living wicked earth-dwellers see them as God’s ambassadors and messengers of terror, hence they rejoice at their demise. Those who straddle the ministry of the two witnesses between the two halves of the 70th seven forget that timing the ministry of the two witnesses in such a way as to make their resurrection and ascension into heaven correspond with the rapture will lead to date setting for the rapture, a date which the Son of God does not know nor the angels but the Father only. From the starting point of their ministry, the day and the hour of the Rapture can be calculated; it will be 1,260 + 4 = 1,264 days. This is rediculous. “But of that day and hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels of heaven, but my Father only.” ( Matt.24:36‬ ‭). Once they are killed by the antiChrist, they will rise from the dead three and one half days after.

The other reason is that they do not believe that the antiChrist can kill the two witnesses once the Day Of The Lord has begun. This view is also myopic and parochial; for the antiChrist can still gather his forces for the battle of Armageddon several years after the rapture. They also argue that the gathering of the armies of the kings of the nations at Armageddon is done by the three spirits like frogs from the mouths of the Satanic trinity, Satan, antiChrist, and the false prophet. They forget that demons do not have physical bodies, and therefore cannot directly relate to the external physical environments without the possession of intermediate physical objects. They rule by proxy. The antiChrist himself is possessed of Satan, the supreme personality of evil. These armies have officers, captains, generals, and commanders from whom they receive orders. Those are the ones these demons will possess to effective the gathering of the armies of the nations at Armageddon. Every army matches at the behest of its commander not some invisible evil spirits. A king who can gather his armies to fight is not altogether powerless. The antiChrist does not lose control of Jerusalem until Armageddon. So, he can still kill the two witnesses whose ministry is in the land of Israel, in the vicinity of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, the headquarters of the antiChrist at the expiry of their ministry, when divine protection is withdrawn.

The other reason this view is unbiblical is that the death of the two witnesses marks the end of he 70th week of Daniel, and their resurrection and ascension into heaven on the fourth day of the 30-Day Reclamation Period marks the end of the sixth trumpet which is the second woe.

“And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them. And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves. And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth. And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them. And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, Come up hither. And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them. And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven. The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.” ( Rev.11:7-14‬ ‭).

How can anyone separate the resurrection of the two witnesses from the second woe? Does the second woe occur at the Rapture of the Church? Impossible! The ministry of the two witnesses expires on the last day of the 70th week. They are killed on that day or early on the first day of the 30-Day Reclamation Period. Their resurrection and ascension into heaven occur three and one half days later which is late afternoon or early evening of the fourth day of the 30-Day Reclamation Period. This event is accompanied by a horrific earthquake in Jerusalem which destroys a tenth of the city with seven thousand fatalities. By this means God signals to the antiMessiah and his cronies that because you have murdered my servants, there is Hell to pay. This event marks the second woe.

“And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven. The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly.” Rev. ( 11:13-14‬ ‭).

Rev. 12 is also a flash back, a parenthesis of sort. The flashback here is outside the Scroll Of Revelation to the first advent of Christ, His incarnation. The pregnant woman with gravid uterus is Israel as a nation. She is clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet. In her hand are twelve stars. In Mideast mythology, the sun is male, the moon, female, and the stars are their male offspring. The sun is Jacob, the father of the twelve patriarchs of Israel, the moon is their mother, the wives of Jacob, Leah, Rachel, Bilhah and Zilpah, subsumed in one figure, and the twelve stars are the twelve patriarchs of Israel ( Gen.29-31, 35, 37 ). The male child is Infant Jesus. That the Dragon drew one third of the stars with his tail refers to the satanic rebellion in eternity past when Satan rebelled against God and convinced a third of the angels in heaven to join in his revolt against God. Stars also refer to the angels of God as also seen in Rev.9:1. Therefore the context determines the meaning. The dragon ready to devour Him is Satan in the person of Herod the Great ( Matt.2:1-23 ). Satan has no physical body with which to relate to the external physical environment. He operates by proxy. He possessed Herod the Great in order to devour the Man Child, Jesus. That the woman pained to be delivered is the travail of the nation of Israel under Roman domination. That the male child was caught up into heaven signals the flight into Egypt and His subsequent resurrection and ascension into heaven.

In verse 7, there is also a another flashback to the midpoint of the 70th week. This is to show us that before the antiChrist metamorphoses into deity, he must be indewlt by Satan who is cast down to the Earth in the cosmic war by Michael the archangel of God in charge of war, and the angels of God under his command. Michael is the angel that fights for the people of God, the children of Israel and the Christians, the followers of Christ who also are spiritually children of Israel. After this heavenly battle in which archangel Michael defeats Satan and his fallen evil angels, and casts them down to the Earth, he will “amad,” that is stand aside or stand still or desist from restraining the Dragon. Until the restrainer is removed, there can be no Great Tribulation ( Dan.12:1 ).

“And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time. For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.” ( 2 Thess.2:6-10‬ ‭).

When Satan is cast down to the Earth, he becomes very angry knowing that he has but a short time before he is cast into the bottomless pit where he will be incarcerated for a thousand years ( Rev.20:1-3 ).

“Therefore rejoice, ye heavens, and ye that dwell in them. Woe to the inhabiters of the earth and of the sea! for the devil is come down unto you, having great wrath, because he knoweth that he hath but a short time. And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth, he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child.” ( Rev.12:12-13‬ ‭). Until Satan is cast down to the Earth, he indwells the antiChrist, and the archangel Michael “amads,” there can be no Great Tribulation. “And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book. And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame and everlasting contempt. And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever.” ( Daniel‬ ‭12:1-3‬ ‭).

This confluent of events is the catalyst that sparks the Great Tribulation. This event occurs precisely at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel. Remember that the Great Tribulation is described as the persecution of the woman, Israel, who has two offspring, those who keep the commandments of God, the observant Jews, and the others, the Christians, those who have the testimony of Jesus. This proves conclusively that the Gentile believers in Jesus the Christ are spiritual offspring of the woman, Israel, and will partake of the time of her persecution, the Great Tribulation, the time of Jacob’s trouble. In this way also, God’s promise to Abraham that his children will be as the stars of heaven in multitude, and the sand which is by the seashore innumerable is fulfilled ( Gen.13:16; 15:5,6; Heb.11:11,12 ). The sons of faith in Christ Jesus are the sons of Abraham irrespective of their ethnicity and color. Ismael and his descendants, both physical and spiritual are not the children of promise.

The Dragon is angry with the woman who is given two wings of a great eagle to fly into the wilderness. This indicates the swiftness with which the woman, the remnants of Israel, the 144,000 as well as other observant Jews and some believers in the land of Israel who understand the times and epochs will flee into the wilderness at the start of the Great Tribulation at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel. “But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let them that be in Judaea flee to the mountains: And let him that is on the housetop not go down into the house, neither enter therein, to take any thing out of his house: And let him that is in the field not turn back again for to take up his garment.” ( Mark‬ ‭13:14-16‬ ‭). There will be no time to waste. It will be dangerous to delay and dilly-dally or to equivocate and vacillate: remember Lot’s wife ( Gen.19:26 ). During the Jewish Revolt against Roman domination ( 66-74 AD ), some Christians in the land of Israel who had knowledge of the times and epochs fled to Pella which is modern day red rose city of Petra in present Jordan to escape Roman persecution and slavery.

He poured out water from his mouth to drown the woman. This is an attempt to destroy the Jews and Christians who flee to the Edomite wilderness and Judaean wilderness. This attempt will be foiled by God by some supernatural means. The soldiers of the antiChrist sent after them to destroy them shall be swallowed up by earthquakes. If waters actually signal a literal flood, then they flood waters will be swallowed up by sinkholes miraculously opened up by God. When he failed to lay hands on the woman, he goes to wage war with the remnant of her seed who keep the commandments of God ( observant Jews who reject the mark of the Beast ), and have the testimony of Jesus Christ [ believers ( Jews and Gentiles) who reject the mark of the Beast ], who did not escape into the Judaean wilderness or the Edomite wilderness.

Rev.13 is also a flashback and a periscope on the career of the antiChrist and his enforcer, the second beast, the false prophet. The Beast that rose up out of the sea of humanity and the underworld of the dead with seven heads and ten horns is the antiChrist. There is a resemblance between the Dragon, Satan, and the First Beast, the antiChrist in that both have seven heads and ten horns with ten crowns. Satan is a spirit and is physically invisible. The antiMessiah is humanoid and visible. Satan has no physical body with which to relate to the external physical environment. He rules the Earth by proxy. The Beast is his direct representative on Earth. The seven heads, ten horns, and ten crowns of the Dragon and the Beast are synonymous. Hence the semblance. In the middle of the week when Satan is cast down to the Earth, he will possess the antiChrist. The two will become one.

The antiChrist is a composite personality, a prodigious figure with the characteristics of the heads of the previous seven Beast Empires of Satan that persecuted Israel. The seven heads are the seven previous Beast Empires. Kings and their kingdoms are synonymous, and there is also the phenomenon of double reference. They are Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medopersia, Greece, Rome, and Nazi Germany ( The Third Reich of Adolf Hitler ). In that sense, the antiChrist can be called an Egyptian, an Assyrian, a Babylonian, a Medopersian, a Greek, a Roman, and a Nazi German. The antiMessiah will exhibit the characteristics of any of the worst rulers of these Beast Empires that persecuted Israel in the past. He is also referred to as the Assyrian ( Isa.10:5, 10:24, 14:25; 30:31; 31:8 ). The Assyrians were notorious for their cruel, barbaric, and merciless treatment of war captives, especially the Israelites of the Northern kingdom. In like manner, the antiChrist will acquire notoriety for his persecution of the children of Israel.

Five of these Beasts are clearly depicted in Dan.2 & 7. When the antiChrist and his Eighth Beast Empire are destroyed by the Stone cut out without hand, which will grow into a mountain that shall fill the whole Earth, Christ’s Millennial Kingdom, the whole image of the Beast Empires of Satan came crashing down ( Dan.2:34,35, 44,45 ). This indicates that the life or better still, the spirit of the seven previous Beast Empires is in the Eighth Beast Empire. They will not be totally destroyed until the Eighth Beast Empire is totally destroyed by Christ at Armageddon. Egypt and Assyria were omitted because they were already history at the time of Nebuchadnezzar and Daniel and the seventh Beast Empire, Third Reich is revealed in Rev.17:9,10. These Empires persecuted the Jewish people in exile or took them into exile. Nazi Germany was also probably omitted because it persecuted Israel in exile, without access to the Holy Land, and Israel had the option of accepting Jesus as the Messiah, and the Roman Empire would have metamorphosed into the Eight And Final Beast Empire. The book of Acts of the Apostles is God’s reoffer of the kingdom to Israel after her rejection of the Messiah.

The ten horns are the ten kings of the Eight and Final Beast Empire, the Fourth Reich. The ten kings are contemporaneous with the Beast. They receive power as kings one hour with the Beast. In verse 3, three of the seven previous Beast Empires are named: leopard ( Greece ), bear ( Medopersia ), lion ( Babylon ). This agrees with Dan.7. They are also three of the ten horns. The rest of the ten horns are named in Ezek.38:1-6. They are Magog, Meshech, and Tuval [ Rome ], Cush, Libya, Persia, Gomer, and Togarmah. Media, the Kurdish people of today are omitted because they will not be part of the ten nation confederation of the Eight And Final Beast Empire though they were the architects of the Medopersian Empire. They are found in Iraq, Iran, Syria, and Turkey, with small pockets in Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Georgia. They are a persecuted people. They will be the first to attack Babylon in revenge. They will not regard silver nor delight in gold. Babylon has never been destroyed like Sodom and Gomorrah as predicted by the prophet Isaiah.

“Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and as for gold, they shall not delight in it. Their bows also shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eye shall not spare children. And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldeans’ excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. It shall never be inhabited, neither shall it be dwelt in from generation to generation: neither shall the Arabian pitch tent there; neither shall the shepherds make their fold there. But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of doleful creatures; and owls shall dwell there, and satyrs shall dance there. And the wild beasts of the islands shall cry in their desolate houses, and dragons in their pleasant palaces: and her time is near to come, and her days shall not be prolonged.” ( Isaiah‬ ‭13:17-22‬ ‭).

There is no record in history when Babylon was destroyed with fire and brimstone like Sodom and Gomorrah. Therefore the fulfillment of this prophecy awaits future development. Indeed, the destruction of Babylon is part of the Final Seventh Bowl Judgment ( Rev.17,18 ). Babylon shall be rebuilt, come into commercial and religious prominence and be subsequently destroyed with fire and sulphur like Sodom and Gomorrah during the seventh bowl judgment. The Babylonian Empire itself shall never be rebuilt; it is the empire that was.

Verse 3 tells us the Dragon, Satan shall empower the antiChrist after he ( Satan ) is cast down from his abode in the Dark Void at the midpoint of the 70th week by archangel Michael ( Rev.12:7-9 ). Then the antiMessiah will institute his reign of terror. He will be a dead man come back to life. His deadly wound was healed ( v.3 ). He will demand worship of all mortals when he makes his debut at the rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. He will not regard the God of heaven, and will blaspheme His name. He shall set himself up against all that is called God or worshipped ( 2 Thess.2:4 ). His self-apotheosis in the Holy Of Holies Of The Rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem meant for the worship of the Yahweh of Israel is the abomination that maketh desolate spoken of by Daniel the prophet.

“When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) Then let them which be in Judaea flee into the mountains: Let him which is on the housetop not come down to take any thing out of his house: Neither let him which is in the field return back to take his clothes. And woe unto them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days! But pray ye that your flight be not in the winter, neither on the sabbath day: For then shall be great tribulation, such as was not since the beginning of the world to this time, no, nor ever shall be. And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect’s sake those days shall be shortened.” ( Matthew‬ ‭24:15-22‬ ‭).

The living wicked earth-dwellers will worship him and the Dragon that indwells and empowers him. He will make war with the saints and overcome them ( v.7 ). His allotted time of reign of terror is three and one-half years. Those that shall worship him are those whose names are not written in the Lamb’s Scroll Of Life from the foundation of the world.

There is a teaching afloat of late that the antiChrist shall be a Muslim. They call him the Mideast Beast or the Muslim antiChrist. They say he will come from Turkey. They call him the Assyrian. That he is the king of the North. These interpretations are based either on obscure verses of Scripture or on some others which are stretched beyond their elastic credulity. How can the antiChrist be the king of the North when at the time of the end, the king of the North shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he ( antiChrist ) shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over. He is unstoppable by man. Dan. 11:36-39 speaks of the career of the antiChrist. In verse 40, he is attacked by the king of the South and the king of the North. But he cannot be hindered because he is very powerful. He has the most powerful armies at his beck and call, the armies of Magog, Meshech, and Tubal. These are the most sophisticated armies in the world, up-to-date and equipped with the latest in military technology. He is Gog of the land of Magog, the head of Meshech and Tubal ( Ezek.38:1,2 ). The antiChrist is a magogite.

He shall enter into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hands, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon. These are ancient kingdoms from the vicinity of modern day Jordan. They shall escape because they are allied to the antiChrist. But Egypt shall not escape. He will plunder the archeological treasures of Egypt and the wealth of the nation. He shall be helped by the Libyans and the Cushites ( Sudanese ) who are part of his Eight and Final Beast Empire as listed above. But tidings out of the East and out of the North shall trouble him ( antiChrist): therefore he ( antiChrist) shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many ( verse 44 ). He shall transfer his headquarters to Jerusalem at the midpoint of the 70th week. Yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him. Who is the prophet Daniel speaking about here? Is he the king of the North? We have seen the kings of the North, East, and South. But who is the king of the West. Is he not the antiChrist of whom Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the Greek Syrian king was the prefigure? It is time we stop twisting Scriptures to conform to our preconceived notions.

The other flashback in Rev.13 relates to the second beast or the false prophet. His career is concurrent, coincident, and simultaneous with that of the antiChrist to whom he is subordinate; both of them suffer the same fate at Armageddon. They will be seized alive and cast into the lake of fire and sulphur. He is the enforcer of the antiChrist. He receives his power and authority from the antiChrist. He came out of the Earth. He has two horns like a lamb and speaks like a dragon. He is the mouthpiece of the antiMessiah in religious affairs. He exercises all the power of the first Beast, the antiChrist. His commission is to hypnotize and mesmerize men to worship the Beast whose deadly wound was healed. He is the head of the one world religion that worship the Dragon and the Beast. Since his power and authority derive from the first Beast, the antiChrist, his sole aim is to persuade men to worship the Beast and his image. He does a lot of wonders. He has power to give life to the image of the Beast and to cause it to speak. He has power to make fire fall from heaven in the sight of men. By these miracles, signs, and wonders he would persuade men to worship the Dragon and the Beast and His image. He will persuade adherents of his humanistic religion of the antiChrist, to make images of the Beast in gold, silver, precious metals, iron, and wood, every man according to what he can afford to worship in their homes, cars and offices, and to receive the mark of the Beast in the right hand or forehead without which no one would be able to buy or sell. The number 666 is an eighteen digit computer barcode, a social security number of sort that will be harmonized worldwide, with other biometric data specific to the individual and implanted in the forehead or right arm as a mark of allegiance to the antiMessiah which permits the bearers to buy and sell and to engage in other transactions. Our dear brother, Dr Jaiyesimi Gbenga has written a concise article on the harmonization of bank account number, bank verification number ( BVN ), international passport number, driving license number, cell phones numbers into an international hybrid number which shall be implanted hypodermically ( under the skin ) in the right hand or forearm, a radio frequency identity ( RFID ) of sort that shall serve as the Mark Of The Beast. For the purpose of clarity, please consult the article: https://mtzionheritage.com/satans-number-is-up/

Anyone who wears The Mark Of The Beast is hybridized, and has become a cyborg. The wrath of God will abide on him for ever. “And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, The same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which is poured out without mixture into the cup of his indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name. Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus.” ( Rev.14:9-12‬ ). This is the third angelic announcement, one of the three warnings made by three angels at the midpoint of the 70th week.

The financial system of the antiChrist will be cashless. Purchases will be made online using this social security number linked to one’s account, and delivery shall be made at one’s door by robots and drones. There will be internet of things ( IOT ).

In Rev.14, Christ is standing on Mount Zion with the 144,000 He rescued from the Edomite wilderness. They were sealed with the seal of the Almighty prior to the rapture of the Church. There are some that teach that it is at this time they are reconciled to God. Nothing could be farther from the truth. If they did not belong to God, they could not have been sealed with the seal of the Almighty in the interlude between the sixth and the seventh seals ( Rev.7:1-8 ). Seals are for protection, ownership, authenticity, and preservation. They were sealed because they belong to God. They belong to God because they are reconciled to Him. This seal is the Father’s name written on their foreheads. They are the firsfruits from the household of Israel unto God. They are members of Christ’s retinue in all of His earthly journeys during His Parousia. Christ is a king; every king moves with an entourage. The 144,000 are His human entourage. If they were not sealed, God would have been without witnesses on Earth in the interim period between the breaking of the 7th seal and the end of the 70th week of Daniel within which the Church is absent from the Earth having been raptured prior to the breaking of the seventh seal.

They have matched with Christ on foot from the Edomite wilderness to Jerusalem for the first two days of the 30-day reclamation period. On the third day they stand with Christ on Mount Zion. On that day, Israel is reconciled to God, thusly completing the spiritual kingdom of God. “Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? or shall a nation be born at once? for as soon as Zion travailed, she brought forth her children. Shall I bring to the birth, and not cause to bring forth? saith the Lord: shall I cause to bring forth, and shut the womb? saith thy God.” ( Isaiah‬ ‭66:8-9‬ ‭).

On that day, the mystery of God is finished as He has spoken to His servants the prophets. This is followed by a recapitulation of the three angelic announcements made at the midpoint of the 70th week which constitute the core of message of the ministry of the two witnesses. The remainder of the chapter is a summary of the Final Harvest which has already begun at the breaking of the seventh seal. There is also no consensus as to the identity of the angel with the sharp sickle simply because he is referred to as an angel. In the OT the angel of the Lord is often pre-incarnate Jesus. The fact that he is described as the Son Of Man identifies him as Jesus. The Son Of Man is Christ’s favorite appellation to Himself ( Matt.12:8, 18:11, 24:37; Mk.2:28, 13:26, 14:21,62; Luk.6:5, 12:40,17:26,30,19:10, 21:27, 22:48; Jon.3:14,5:27,6:6, 12232; Acts 7:56 ) and relates to His representative and regius role in the earthly domain of God’s universal kingdom.

In the parable of the wheat and the tares, Jesus identifies the reapers as the angels. In Isaiah Jesus describes Himself as having threaded the wine press alone, and therefore His white garment was stained with the lifeblood of His enemies.

“Who is this that cometh from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength? I that speak in righteousness, mighty to save. Wherefore art thou red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the winefat? I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people there was none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment. For the day of vengeance is in mine heart, and the year of my redeemed is come. And I looked, and there was none to help; and I wondered that there was none to uphold: therefore mine own arm brought salvation unto me; and my fury, it upheld me. And I will tread down the people in mine anger, and make them drunk in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth.” ( Isaiah‬ ‭63:1-6‬ ‭).

The prophet Habakkuk saw the Lord in vision coming from Mount Paran with an entourage of angels: “God came from Teman, and the Holy One from mount Paran. Selah. His glory covered the heavens, and the earth was full of his praise. And his brightness was as the light; he had horns coming out of his hand: and there was the hiding of his power. Before him went the pestilence, and burning coals went forth at his feet. He stood, and measured the earth: he beheld, and drove asunder the nations; and the everlasting mountains were scattered, the perpetual hills did bow: his ways are everlasting. I saw the tents of Cushan in affliction: and the curtains of the land of Midian did tremble. Before Him the rivers and seas were dried up and the mountains disappeared and the rocks melted away. “Was the Lord displeased against the rivers? was thine anger against the rivers? was thy wrath against the sea, that thou didst ride upon thine horses and thy chariots of salvation? Thy bow was made quite naked, according to the oaths of the tribes, even thy word. Selah. Thou didst cleave the earth with rivers. The mountains saw thee, and they trembled: the overflowing of the water passed by: the deep uttered his voice, and lifted up his hands on high.” ( Habakkuk‬ ‭3:3-10‬ ‭).

This event will be preceded by cosmic and celestial disturbances. “The sun and moon stood still in their habitation: at the light of thine arrows they went, and at the shining of thy glittering spear.” ( Habakkuk‬ ‭3:11‬ ‭). It will occur during the manifestation of divine anger on the heathen and the salvation of the remnants of Israel. At that time, God shall wound the head of the house of the wicked, the antiChrist, to lay him bare from the neck to the the thigh. “Thou wentest forth for the salvation of thy people, even for salvation with thine anointed; thou woundedst the head out of the house of the wicked, by discovering the foundation unto the neck. Selah. Thou didst strike through with his staves the head of his villages: they came out as a whirlwind to scatter me: their rejoicing was as to devour the poor secretly. Thou didst walk through the sea with thine horses, through the heap of great waters.” ( Habakkuk‬ ‭3:13-15‬ ‭). During the period of the wrath of God, over two years or thereabouts, there shall be no farming in the land of Israel, nevertheless, God shall sustain His people, the sons of Jacob. “Although the fig tree shall not blossom, neither shall fruit be in the vines; the labour of the olive shall fail, and the fields shall yield no meat; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and there shall be no herd in the stalls: Yet I will rejoice in the Lord, I will joy in the God of my salvation. The Lord God is my strength, and he will make my feet like hinds’ feet, and he will make me to walk upon mine high places. To the chief singer on my stringed instruments.” ( Habakkuk‬ ‭3:17-19‬ ‭).

So, Christ is the angel with the sharp sickle seated upon the cloud which signal glory. Harvest here has to do with judgment, and God the Father has committed all judgment to the Son ( Jon.5:22 ). That this process was repeated may mean one or two things, inevitability, and or the two components of the wrath of God, the trumpets and the bowls. The graphic description of the sea of blood at the winepress rising to the level of the horse’s bridle, about 1.5 ms and up to a distance of 320 kms is a preview of the carnage at Armageddon where the final threading of the winepress by Christ occurs.

Now the time has come for the final wrath of God to be poured out on the living wicked. On the fifth day of the 30-Day Reclamation Period, the seventh trumpet shall sound, and God Almighty shall reclaim his rule over the Earth preludial to His reclaiming physical possession of the Earth at Armageddon. God’s lease of the Earth to Adam for six days is over. The sixth day is ended. The seventh day, the Shabbat of the Lord is about to begin.

“And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, The kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our Lord, and of his Christ; and he shall reign for ever and ever. And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God, Saying, We give thee thanks, O Lord God Almighty, which art, and wast, and art to come; because thou hast taken to thee thy great power, and hast reigned. And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth. And the temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in his temple the ark of his testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.” ( Rev.11:15-19‬ ‭).

The nations shall react angrily to God’s reclamation of His rule over the Earth. God shall pour out His Final wrath, the last seven bowls, the worst of its kind upon them. It is time also for God to reward His servants, the saints and the prophets. Before God pours out His wrath on the living wicked Earth-dwellers, the 144,000, and the newly saved remnants of Israel are taken into protective custody in Azel after splitting the Mount Of Olives into two parts. One part shall move up north, and the other part shall move down south, creating a roadway, the valley of the mountains that leads to Azel. There He hides the 144,000, and the saved remnants of Israel, reconciled to Him three days previously, to protect them from the wrath of God which is about to be poured out on the living wicked Earth-dwellers. They cannot follow Him to heaven because they are still in their natural mortal bodies. And flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God, neither doth corruption inherit incorruption ( 1 Cor.15:50 ). This event occurs on the 6th or 7th day of the 30-day Reclamation Period.

“Behold, the day of the Lord cometh, and thy spoil shall be divided in the midst of thee. For I will gather all nations against Jerusalem to battle; and the city shall be taken, and the houses rifled, and the women ravished; and half of the city shall go forth into captivity, and the residue of the people shall not be cut off from the city. Then shall the Lord go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle. And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.” ( Zechariah‬ ‭14:1-5‬ ‭).

No one knows the location of Azel; for it does not appear anywhere in the geography of the Holy Land. So the antiMessiah cannot reach them. It is from the Mount of Olives that Christ shall return to heaven to hold court at the Bema Seat Judgment of the saints. It is from this same mountain that Christ ascended into heaven at the end of His first advent.

“And when he had spoken these things, while they beheld, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight. And while they looked stedfastly toward heaven as he went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel; Which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing up into heaven? this same Jesus, which is taken up from you into heaven, shall so come in like manner as ye have seen him go into heaven.” ( Acts‬ ‭1:9-11‬ ‭)

While the wrath of God in the bowls is meted out on Earth on the living wicked earth-dwellers, Jesus returns to heaven and holds court at the Bema Seat judgment of the saints. This is necessarily so because the bride of the Lamb must be decorated with awards of golden crowns at the Marriage Of The Lamb which subsequently follows the Bema Seat Judgment of the saints of the Most High in Heaven. The Marriage supper of the Lamb shall be held on Earth early in the Millennium. These two events, the Bema Seat Judgment and the Marriage Of The Lamb must transpire within the remaining 24 days of the 30-day Reclamation Period because Christ must appear in person at Armageddon 24 days later at the tail end of the Reclamation Period. Jesus will return to the Earth with His lovely wedded wife and an entourage of heavenly hosts at Armageddon in order to reclaim physical possession of the Earth. According to Zech.14:5 referred to above, it is after protection is given to the surviving remnants of Israel in Azel that “the Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.” It is now clear how we come about the 7-Day interlude between the end of the sixth trumpet ( more appropriately the end of the 70th week ), and the sounding of the 7th trumpet.

The seventh trumpet does not have any Judgment of its own, just like the seventh seal, but rather opens into the seven bowls, just as the seventh seal opened into the seven trumpets. Rev.15 is preparation for the outpouring of the seven bowl judgments. The seven last avenging angels having the seven last plagues emerged from the Temple Of God In Heaven. What follows is a scene in the Throne Room Of the Temple Of God in heaven. Unlike the previous scenes in the same Temple in Rev.4 & 5, the resurrected saints who were conspicuously absent are now seen singing praises to God. If the Rapture occurred in Rev.4:1 as pretribs teach, why were the resurrected saints absent in the Throne Room of the Temple of God in Heaven in the heavenly scenes in Rev.4 & 5? One of the four living creatures gave the last seven avenging angels seven bowls full of the wrath of God. This act was followed by the eruption of smoke which signals the glory of God. It was like the rearing up of the tabernacle by Moses in the wilderness ( Exod.40:33-38 ) and the dedication of the First Temple by Solomon in Jerusalem ( 2 Chron.5:13,14 ). It was a preview of the celebration of the victory of God over Satan and his minions. No man was able to enter into the Temple till the seven plagues of the seven avenging angels were fulfilled. It was awesome.

In Rev.16, the seven avenging angels were commissioned to empty their bowls on the Earth. “And I heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the seven angels, Go your ways, and pour out the vials of the wrath of God upon the earth.” ( Rev.16:1‬ ‭). The 144,000 and the surviving Jewish remnants are exempted from the last seven bowl judgments. They are taken into protective custody in Azal. The unbranded unbelieving Gentiles are not specifically targeted neither are they offered any special protection like their Jewish counterparts. Therefore they may suffer some collateral damages. As we have stated earlier, like the seven seals and seven trumpets, the seven bowls are consecutive and progressive. Their nature and manner of administration permit no overlap. However, they are emptied out rapidly in quick succession within a short period of twenty-four days. The bowls are shallow saucers the content of which can be easily emptied. The imagery is one of rapid outpouring of dirty water used to do ablution with a quick swish. The prophet used this imagery to describe the rapid outpouring of the final wrath of God in quick succession in the final seven bowl judgments.

The first four bowls generally target those with the mark of the Beast whilst the last three target the seat of government ( Jerusalem ) of the Beast and religious and commercial institutions ( Babylon ). The first bowl results in emerods or suppurative cutaneously eruptions in medical parlance on those with the mark of the Beast, and those who worshipped his image. The second bowl turns the salt water sources: the oceans, seas, and the salt water lakes into the blood of a dead man resulting in loss of marine lives and anyone found in these bodies of waters. The third bowl targets the fresh water sources: rivers, fountains of waters, and fresh water lakes turning them into blood, and resulting in destruction of marine lives and death to anyone present in these bodies of waters. The completion of these three bowls was followed by a doxology to God by the angel of the waters for His righteous judgments of the murderers who have shed the blood of the saints and the prophets of God. It was right to give them blood to drink; for they are worthy. The fourth avenging angel poured out his vial on the sun. It was like adding fuel to fire. The sun became hotter, and men were scotched with great heat. The resulting hyperthermia may lead to heat exhaustion, fainting, loss of consciousness, and perhaps death for some of the Beast marked earth-dwellers. They did not repent of their sins but rather blasphemed the name of God. And refused to offer glory to Him. They have sinned beyond repentance; they were impenitent.

The last three bowls will target the seat of government of the Beast and his religious and commercial institutions. The fifth bowl targets the seat of government of the Beast enveloping it in thick darkness and cold. This is the exact opposite of the fourth bowl judgment. This rapid alternation of extreme low and high temperatures results in tawing, damaging living cells and tissues. Extreme cold temperatures will result in chilblains, thrombotic veins and venous ulcers in the extremities and auto-amputation of the digits. They gnawed their tongues because of their pains. They blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores. They remained unrepentant of their evil deeds. The sixth bowl targets the River Euphrates. It is desiccated to prepare the way for the kings of East and the gathering of their armies at Armageddon. The desiccation of the Euphrates is accomplished by three unclean spirits like frogs from the mouths of the satanic trinity, the Dragon, the Beast, and the the false prophet. In the Armageddon Campaign, there is the antiChrist who as we have proven from Daniel 11:36-45 is the king of the West, the king of the North, the king of the South, and the kings of the East. The kings of the East have ideological differences and divergent religious views. They are China, India, Pakistan, and perhaps Japan, etc.

Armageddon is a Greek transliteration of the Hebrew phrase Har Megiddo which means Mount Megiddo. Mount Megiddo is one of the mountains in the Carmel mountain range that juts out into the Mediterranean Sea. Standing on Mount Megiddo one would see the neighboring Mount Gilboah to the East on which Saul and Jonathan fell. Below is the plain of Jazreel or the valley of Ezdraelon which Napoleon referred to as a natural battlefield. Indeed, countless wars have been fought there. No wonder therefore it shall be the scene of the final and consummate battle of the ages. Bowl six is preparatory to the final battle of Armageddon but not the battle itself. When the seventh bowl was poured into the air, a voice came from the Throne Room of the Temple in Heaven saying, It is done. This lone and great voice was accompanied by other voices, thunders, lightnings, and a massive earthquake beyond what had been witnessed before on Earth. This massive earthquake resulted into the division of the Great City Jerusalem, the Seat of the government of the antMessiah into three parts, the collapse of the cities of the nations, and Great Babylon, the religious and commercial capital of the kingdom of the antiMessiah came into remembrance to give unto her the cup of the wine of fireceness of the wrath of God. The islands of the seas were moved out of their places, and the mountains were leveled. Worst still were great hailstones 33.33 kg ( 100 lb ) in weight skyrocketing from the heavens and crushing anything that has life underneath that they hit. Despite these severe punishments, the Beast marked earth-dwellers blasphemed God.

The seventh bowl judgment is the worst of the bowls. This bowl destroys the religious headquarters of the antiChrist spearheaded by the false prophet ( Rev.17 ), and the associated commercialism ( Rev.18 ), and the kings of the nations and their armies at Armageddon, and the apprehension of the antiChrist and the false prophet, and their incarceration in the Lake of Fire for eternities future ( Rev.19 ), and the apprehension of Satan and his incarceration at the end of Armageddon in the shaft of the abyss for a thousand years ( Rev.20 ).

The mystical Great whore in Rev.17 that sits upon many waters is false humanistic religion headquartered in Babylon. The many waters signal the mass of humanity. The kings of the Earth have ingratiated themselves to this woman in order to gain political power. The inhabitants of the Earth have been made drunk with the wine of her fornication. The inhabitants of the Earth have been hypnotized and mesmerized by this woman. She has so much powerful influence over the living wicked earth-dwellers, worshippers and adorers of the antiMessiah. It is through her diabolical power over the inhabitants of the Earth that she ingratiated herself to the antiMessiah. She sits upon a scarlet colored Beast, full of names of blasphemy, and has seven heads and ten horns. The scarlet colored Beast is politics epitomized in the person of the antiChrist, the ultimate representation of satanic rule over humanity ( satanocracy). The seven heads are the seven previous Beast Empires of Satan which have persecuted Israel in exile or took her into exile. These are Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medopersia, Greece, Rome, and the Third Reich of Adolf Hitler. The ten horns of the scarlet colored Beast are the ten kings of the ten nation confederation, the Eight and Final Beast Empire of Satan, the Fourth Reich. These kings are contemporaneous with the antiChrist. Kings are synonymous with their kingdoms. They are the kings of Magog, Meshech, Tuval, Arphaxad ( Babylon ), Tiras ( Iran or Persia ), Javan ( Greece or Greek Syria ), Cush ( Sudan ), Put ( Phut or Libya ), Gomer and Togarmah ( Turkey ) [ Rev.13:2; Ezek.38:1-6 ]. The seven secondary nations are Islamic and form a circle roundabout Israel. In the battle of Armageddon, God shall make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people: all that burden themselves with her shall be broken to pieces ( Zech.12:3 ).

The woman is arrayed in purple and scarlet colors which signal wealth and nobility. Through her association with the Beast, she has enriched herself. She uses her wealth and position to garner much more wealth and to commit more hideous, heinous and immoral acts. She is Mystery Babylon the great, the mother of harlots and abominations of the Earth. This false humanistic religion of mother-child worship was founded by Nimrod after the flood. Nimrod was a might hunter before the Lord ( Gen.10:9 ). He was a hunter of the souls of men. Nimrod founded the city of Babel. Nimrod was a great grandson of Noah through Ham and Cush. Nimrod was a black man. This false humanistic religion of mother-child worship is found among all peoples of the Earth who migrated from Babylon following the confusion of languages at Babel. Upon this woman is the blood of the saints and martyrs of Jesus.

The woman is a mystery and so also the Beast. Biblical mystery is not something that is mysterious, but that which can be known only by divine revelation. The Beast was and is not, and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition ( 8 ). The Beast is one of the seven heads and the little horn, the eleventh horn ( Dan.7:8,11,20,21,24,25 ). The Beast had lived before and ruled over one of the seven Beast Empires. It was killed with a military weapon in battle. It descended into the abyss from where it shall ascend to rule the Eight and Final Beast Empire. It is therefore not a human spirit having been incarcerated in the bottomless pit. Human spirits are not sent to the abyss at death. The spirits imprisoned in the abyss are fallen evil angels who kept not their first estate but cohabited with human females and gave rise to humanoids ( 2 Pet.2:4 ). In Hebrew they are called nephelim which means fallen ones, and is derived from naphal which means to fall. Because he is a dead man come back to life, those whose names are not in the Scroll Of Life shall fear him, and would not be able to resist him. The other kings of the Earth cannot face him let alone kill him. Christ is the only One who can kill him.

The woman who sits on the scarlet colored Beast also sits on seven mountains. The seven mountains are synonymous with seven heads of the scarlet colored Beast. These are the seven previous Beast Empires which we have enumerated. There are some biblical scholars that think that the seven mountains signify seven hills on which the city of Rome was founded. This cannot be true because the Scripture makes it clear here that the seven heads are seven mountains, and there are seven kings. In ancient near East, mountains signify kingdoms. This is borne out by the fact that there are seven kings also. And kings are synonymous with their kingdoms. The city of Rome was founded on seven hills on the Tiber River. These are Aventine, Caelian, Capitoline, Equiline, Qurimal, Palatine, and Viminal. It later expanded to include two others, Janiculum and Pincian making it a total of nine. None of these hills constituted a kingdom, neither was anyone of them ruled by a king.

At the time of writing of the Scroll Of Revelation by the Apostle John the apocalytist about 96 AD, five of those kingdoms were history. These are Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medopersia, and Greece. One was then in existence which was Rome ( Magog, Meshech, And Tuval ). The other one yet to come at that time that would last for short period of time is Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Germany, The Third Reich ( 1933-45 ). The Eighth kingdom, The Fourth Reich, which is not yet in existence even now is the Eight and Final Beast Empire of Satan. The Eighth will be ruled over by one of the seven previous heads who is also the little horn. He will be a dead man come back to life. He shall go into perdition. He is the antiChrist. He shall come to his end and none shall help him ( Dan.11:45 ).

At the time of writing of the Scroll Of Revelation, the ten kings had not received their kingdoms. In other words they did not exist. They are Magog, Meshech, Tuval, Babylon ( Iraq ), Persia ( Iran ), Greece or Greek Syria ( Javan ), Libya ( Put ), Cush ( Sudan ), Gomer, and Togamar ( Turkey ). But they will reign at the same time with the Eighth head who,is also the eleventh horn. They shall be contemporaneous with the antiChrist. They shall receive power one hour with the Beast, that is, they shall reign at the same time. They have one mind and shall give their power and strength unto the Beast. They shall be subordinate to the Beast. They shall willingly submit and subject themselves to the Beast. They shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them because they that are with Him are called, chosen, and faithful ( 14 ). The whore sits on the mass of humanity ( 15 ). The judgment of the whore shall be effected by the ten kings. They shall hate the whore, make her desolate and naked. They shall eat her flesh and born her with fire. They shall violate her ( 16 ). Though they think they are serving themselves, but they are unwittingly fulfilling God’s will and purpose. God has put it in their hearts to fulfill His will, and to agree, and to give allegiance unto the Beast, until the word of God is fulfilled. As we have stated, kings and their kingdoms are synonymous. When a king gives allegiance to another, he has also given his kingdom over to the other king. So, when the ten kings give allegiance to the Beast, they also give their kingdoms to the Beast ( 17 ). They give their armies to the Beast also. And the Great whore is that false humanistic religion of mother-child worship instituted by Nimrod that reigns over the kings of the Earth ( 18 ).

There are some biblical scholars that identify Babylon as Jerusalem. That cannot be true because it would mean that the ten horns shall destroy the headquarters of the antiChrist. That would also mean that the Medes who are the Kurdish people of today will attack Jerusalem, the capital city of the Final Beast Empire of Satan. The Kurds have no grudges against Jerusalem but Babylon which is modern day Iraq. Saddam Hussein murdered their women and children with poison gas in the 1980s. ISIS have targeted the Kurds, especially the Yazidis for forced conversion to Islam, enslavement and sexual abuse, and extermination. The Medes will be the first to attack Babylon before it will be finally destroyed by the ten kings of the Eight Beast Empire, The Forth Reich. They shall not regard silver and gold. “Behold, I will stir up the Medes against them, which shall not regard silver; and as for gold, they shall not delight in it. Their bows also shall dash the young men to pieces; and they shall have no pity on the fruit of the womb; their eye shall not spare children.” ( Isaiah‬ ‭13:17-18 ). They shall be motivated by vengeance rather than envy and greed unlike the ten kings of the Eight Beast Empire who shall eat her flesh. They shall be allied to the antiChrist. They shall not attack Babylon until permitted to do so by the antiMessiah. After Armageddon, Jerusalem shall be rebuilt, but Babylon shall never be rebuilt. It shall become the habitation of doleful creatures. It shall be uninhabited; the Arabian shall not pitch his tent there.

Rev.18 focuses on the judgment of the commerce of the harlot city. The judgment of the Great harlot was announced by another angel. The rank of this angel was revealed by the fact that the Earth was lightened with his glory. We are not told his name or regalia, but that his appearance was glorious. With a great voice he announced the fall of Babylon saying: Babylon the Great is fallen, is fallen , and is become the habitation of demons, and the hold of every foul spirit, and the cage of every unclean and hateful bird. Unclean and hateful bird is a metaphoric description of the evil angels cast down to the Earth at the midpoint of the 70th seven of Daniel during the war between Satan and his fallen evil angels and archangel Michael and the angels of God under his command ( Rev.12:7-9 ). The repetition of the fall of Babylon is a Hebraism indicating the inevitability of God’s judgment of Babylon. Verse 3 gives us the reason for her judgment. The heathen have been drunk with the wrath of the wine of her fornication. The kings of the Earth have have entered into immoral sexual union with her which is idolatry, and the merchants of the Earth have enriched themselves by trading in her wares. Verse 4 calls the people of God to come out of her lest they partake of her sins and plagues. There is speculation as to when this call was made, and who the people of God referred to here are, considering that it is but a few days to Armageddon. This call was probably made at the midpoint of the 70th week. It is also likely that it refers to some inhabitants of this city who do not have the mark of the Beast. They have been living incommunicado so to say. It is now for them to sneak out of the city before its destruction. Some of these survivors will appear at the Sheep and Goat Judgment in the early part of the Millennium and be justified to enter the Millennium and repopulate the Earth with the saved remnants of Israel.

Verse 5-8 talks about the gravity of her offenses and the judgment thereof. Her sins have reached up to the heavens and her iniquities have come into remembrance before God. Therefore God shall reward her even as she has rewarded God; double unto her double according to her works and double according to her cup of iniquity. According to how she has glorified herself and lived deliciously God shall give to her torment and sorrow. She was not ashamed of her immoralities. She was arrogant and bragged about her sexual escapades with the kings of the nations, and their subjects. She said, “I sit a queen, I am no widow, and shall see no sorrow.” Predicated upon her arrogance and shamelessness, her plagues shall come in one day to the fullest: death, mourning, famine, and she shall be utterly burned with fire; for strong is the Lord that judges her. He is the God of faithfulness, without injustice, and true and upright is He ( Deut.32:4 ). He will show no partiality. He cannot be bought over. He is not man; He has no need. He is the possessor of the heavens and the Earth ( Gen.14:19 ), and the sovereign Lord of the universe. All these qualities were depicted in the imagery and glory of the risen Christ in Revelation 1.

Two sets of people will mourn for her. Firstly, the kings of the Earth ( 8,9 ) who have entered into immoral sexual and idolatrous union with her. They derived so much wealth from her and lived delicately and deliciously as though they will never face judgment one day nor die. They shall bewail her and lament for her when they shall see the smoke of her burning. God in His infinite wisdom will permit these kings to see the destruction of Babylon by fire, a few days prior to their demise at Armageddon. They will stand aside from the city, afar off for fear of her torment saying, Alas, alas, that Great city Babylon, that mighty city! for in one hour is thy judgement come. Secondly, the merchants of the Earth shall weep and mourn for Babylon ( 11 ). They enriched themselves by trading in her wares. No one will buy their merchandise anymore. Verses 12,13 provide us with exhaustive lists of her wares which apart from gold, silver and precious stones and pearls include slaves and souls of men. The reference to the souls of men indicates that she practices witchcraft. All these shall depart from her, and she shall not be able to find them anymore ( 14 ). Like the kings of the Earth, the merchants of her wares shall stand afar off to view her destruction because of fear of her torment. They shall weep and wail for her ( 15 ). They would not be able to run very far for Armageddon is a couple of days away. Standing afar off, they shall say, ” Alas, alas, that Great City, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls! For in one hour so great riches is come to nought ( 17 ). The sailors, and all those that trade by sea shall weep for her when they see the smoke of her torment saying, “What city is like unto this great city!” ( 18 ). That they shall cast dust on their heads while thy weep and mourn for her depicts extreme grief and sorrow of heart. She shall be made desolate in one hour which speaks of rapid and sudden destruction ( 19 ). On the other hand, the saints in heaven, the holy apostles and prophets of the Lamb, and the fifth seal martyrs are called upon to rejoice for God has avenged them on Babylon ( 20 ).

Lastly, there is a final prophetic act by an unidentified angel depicting the consummative and eschatological destruction of Babylon by taking up a great millstone and casting it into the sea, and saying, ” Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all.” The destruction of Babylon shall be summarily final. Even in the Millennium, Babylon shall never be rebuilt nor inhabited. It shall be the roosting place of wild birds. This singular fact makes it clear that Babylon cannot be Jerusalem; for Jerusalem shall be rebuilt and be inhabited in the Millennium. It shall be the seat of the government of the Messiah. All nations shall come yearly to Jerusalem to worship God ( 22,23 ). The reason adduced for this summarily judgment is because in her was found the blood of the prophets, and of the saints, and of all that were slain upon the Earth ( 24 ). Babylon, apart from being a city, is also a global ideal of false humanistic religion, government, commerce and education epitomized in the antiChrist and his philosophy of secular humanism. It is the summation of all false religions: the Romish Church, Islam, Hinduism, Bhudhaism, etc.

Revelation 19 is a continuation of the truncated seventh bowl judgment and the final phase of it which is the Armageddon Campaign. It begins with a heavenly scene singing a doxology to God by the multitude of heavenly hosts praising Him for the salvation of mankind, and His judgment of the Great whore and vengeance for the blood of the saints, more so the fifth seal martyrs. The four living creatures and the four and twenty elders, the permanent members of the Throne Room of God from eternity past who constitute the core of this universal orchestra that swells to include the redeemed of the Lord and the angels of God. The lone voice from the Throne Room in heaven that called for the praise of God may be that of a high ranking angel. However, we are not told his persona or regalia or status. The reason adduced for the call to praise God is because the marriage of the Lamb is come and His wife, the redeemed and resurrected Church in heaven have made herself ready. Apparently she was made ready in the intervening period between the Rapture and the outpouring of the final seventh bowl judgment which is already in progress. To be made ready, she has to appear at the Bema Seat judgment where the saints are rewarded for their works and bejeweled for the marriage of the Lamb. The marriage supper of the Lamb which is the wedding reception will take place here on Earth in the early days of the Millennium. ” Blessed are those who are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb.” ( verse 9 ). Apostle John the apocalyptist was overwhelmed by the appearance of the angel that made this announcement in heaven that he fell at his feet to worship him, but was restrained by the angel himself who happened to be one of the brethren and a servant of the risen Lord. This may signal that departed saints play angelic roles in heaven because they are like angels. He was admonished to worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

Rev.19:11-16 is a description of the risen Christ at Armageddon. He is siting upon a white horse. He is called Faithful and True. In righteousness He judges and wars. His eyes are like flame of fire which signal judgment. On His head are many crowns, royal diadems which signal kingship. He has a name written which no one knows but Himself. Though He is knowable, He is incomprehensible like the other members of the Godhead, the Father and the Holy Spirit. He is clothed in a vesture dipped in blood which goes to support that He is the angel with sickle in Rev.14. Sickle signals harvest which is the judgment of the wicked. He is called the Word Of God ( cp.Jon.1,2,14 ). He is accompanied by the armies or hosts of heaven which may include the saints and the angels in heaven. These armies are mounted on white horses and clothed in fine linen both of which signal righteousness. Out of His mouth protrudes a sharp sword with which He shall smite the nations in judgment. When we see Jesus, do we presume a sharp sword shall protrude out of His mouth? He is the word of God, and the word of God is the sword of the Spirit. He will rule with a rod of iron which signal strict and righteous judgment. He will not be partial though merciful. He treads the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God Almighty which buttresses the fact that He is the angel with the sharp sickle in Rev.14. God the Father has committed all judgment to the Son. On His vestment is written, King Of Kings And Lord Of Lords.

Rev.19:17-21 is a description of the carnage at Armageddon previewed in Rev.14:14-20. It begins with a call by an angel standing in the sun to the carrions of heaven to the Supper Of The Great God. God shall stage a feast for the scavengers. They shall eat the flesh of men, kings and nobles, captains and mighty men, free men and slaves, peasants and elites, and their horses. The Beast and his armies, and all the other kings of the Earth and their armies shall be gathered together against the Lord and His heavenly hosts. They shall be no match for the Lord and His armies. The Beast and the false prophet shall be taken captive and cast into the Lake of fire and brimstone. The armies of the nations shall be slain with the sword that proceeds out of the mouth of the Lord, and the carrions shall be filled with their flesh. The lives of the kings of the ten nation confederation of the antiChrist’s Eighth Beast Empire shall be prolonged for a season before being finally cast into the Lake of Fire and Sulphur.

Rev.20 is also a continuation of the seventh bowl judgment. Armageddon is over. The Earth will soon be renovated during the 45-day Restoration Period and thereafter the Millennium will begin. So, Satan must be incarcerated to keep away his negative and rebellious influences from the subjects of the Millennial Kingdom majority of whom are still in their natural and fallen state. During this period, Satan the archenemy of God, the supreme personality of evil, the ultimate persecutor of the saints of the Most High is bound for a thousand years whilst Christ and the saints reign as kings and priests of the Most High God for the same length of time. “And I saw an angel come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand. And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years, And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.” ( Rev.20:1-3‬ ‭). Following his incarceration in the bottomless pit, the saints who were beheaded for their witness of Jesus and for the word of God, who had not worshipped the Beast neither his image, who did not receive his mark of allegiance in their foreheads or in their hands shall be raised from the dead to reign with Christ a thousand years. Greek scholar Robert Gundry tells us that the tense of the verbs for raising, sitting, and reigning are such that they occur at the same time. Besides, the fact that they are referred to as souls indicates that they have not risen from the dead prior to this time.

The rest of the dead were not raised from the dead till the expiry of the Millennium. Those who took part in the first resurrection are blessed and holy. They are different from others. The second death which is eternal separation from God and incarceration for eternity in the Lake of fire and sulphur has no power over them. They shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Christ a thousand years. These are the OT saints that rose from the dead with Christ, the departed NT saints who are raised from the dead and the living NT saints who are translated at the Rapture, and those beheaded for the witness of Christ and the testimony which they held, and for the word of God who as we have seen were raised from the dead on the first day of the Millennium.

At the expiration of the thousand years, Satan shall be paroled by God for a season. But he shall behave true to type, and lead a rebellion of those who are in the outer fringes of the Earth. These kook-fringe malcontents are Magogites who because of their volatile and rebellious nature were dispersed by Christ to the outer fringes of the Earth at the beginning of the Millennium. Their leader is Gog, of the land of Magog. God is a title, not a personal name. The antiChrist is also referred to as Gog in Ezek.38:2. This is a different person altogether but of the same Magogite and Japhethic extraction. Because of good condition in the Millennium, and increased longevity, their population may have swelled into hundreds of millions perhaps into billions ( 8 ). The Heavenly Jerusalem, the camp of the resurrected saints they shall surround, intent on destroying it and its inhabitants. God has had enough. Fire shall descend from heaven and they shall be consumed in the heavenly conflagration. Satan, the invisible architect of their rebellion shall be arrested and finally incarcerated for eternity with his co-triumvirates in the Lake of fire and brimstone ( 9,10 ). At the end of the Millennium will be the White Throne Judgment ( 11-15 ).

The prophet Isaiah refers to the Millennium as the New Heaven And The New Earth. “For, behold, I create new heavens and a new earth: and the former shall not be remembered, nor come into mind.” ( Is.65:17 ).

How do we know that this period is the same as the Millennium? Because according to prophet Isaiah, people will still die during this period, and there will still be sinners on Earth. “But be ye glad and rejoice for ever in that which I create: for, behold, I create Jerusalem a rejoicing, and her people a joy. And I will rejoice in Jerusalem, and joy in my people: and the voice of weeping shall be no more heard in her, nor the voice of crying. There shall be no more thence an infant of days, nor an old man that hath not filled his days: for the child shall die an hundred years old; but the sinner being an hundred years old shall be accursed. And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of them. They shall not build, and another inhabit; they shall not plant, and another eat: for as the days of a tree are the days of my people, and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands. They shall not labour in vain, nor bring forth for trouble; for they are the seed of the blessed of the Lord, and their offspring with them. And it shall come to pass, that before they call, I will answer; and while they are yet speaking, I will hear. The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock: and dust shall be the serpent’s meat. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith the Lord.” ( ‭‭Is.65:18-25‬ ‭).

Here is a description of longevity in the Millennium. Anyone who dies at one hundred years of age or under will be regarded as a baby and a sinner. People will live long during those days. Longevity of man will be as those of the tree like the oaks of Bashan and the cedars of Lebanon covering hundreds of years. The wolf and the lamb shall play together. The lion shall eat straw like the ox. Every animal shall be herbivorous. Snakes will feed on the dust of the Earth, geophagia. If the New Heaven And The New Earth were different from the Millennium, no one would express surprise over these transformations in the New Heaven And The New Earth inasmuch as they have already occurred in the Millennium. And after the Millennium is the White Throne Judgment and the Final Resurrection. After the Millennium, no one will be in this natural mortal body of ours. Physical death will be a thing of the past; for no one will be in this mortal body of ours. Everyone will be in the eternal immortal resurrection body. All those who are justified shall be in their glorified eternal immortal resurrection bodies. It is self-evident therefore that the Millennium of the Scroll Of Revelation is the same as the New Heaven And New Earth of the prophet Isaiah. And after the Millennium will be the Eternal State.

In Rev.21:1, Apostle John the apocalyptist saw a New Heaven and a New Earth: for the First Heaven and First Earth are past away; and there was no more sea. As we have shown from the Scroll of the prophet Isaiah, the New Heaven and the New Earth of Isaiah is synonymous and concurrent with the Millennium of Revelation. So, the Millennium of Rev.20 is the same as the New Heaven and the New Earth of Rev.21. Whereas Rev.20 was concerned with the length of time of the Millennium which is one thousand years, Rev.21 was dealing with the condition of life in the New And Heavenly Jerusalem in the Millennium. Equating the Millennium with the New Heaven And The New Earth resolves the enigma of locating the New And Heavenly Jerusalem in The New Heaven And The New Earth at the end of the Millennium. The New And Heavenly Jerusalem is the abode of the resurrected saints in the Millennium ( Rev.21:24 ). The New And Heavenly Jerusalem has no Temple of its own ( 21:22 ). This city which is cubical in shape, is hollow at its base and is contiguous with the Fourth And Millennial Temple on the renovated Mount Zion built by Christ Himself during the 45-Day Restoration Period after the Armageddon Campaign ( Ezek.40-44; cp. 38,39 ). We must distinguish the Earthly And Millennial New Jerusalem from the New And Heavenly Jerusalem that descends from heaven decorated as a bride adorned for her husband which is now in construction ( 21:2 ). In the Throne Room of the Fourth And Millennial Temple on the earthly and renovated Mount Zion is the Spring of the water of life that flows downwards to heal the Earth and upwards to the New And Heavenly Jerusalem which is the abode of the resurrected saints in their glorified eternal and immortal resurrection bodies ( Ezek.47:1-12; Rev.22:1,2 ).

There is no day nor night in this city ( 21:23 ). The city does not need natural light. Christ is the light of it. Quite frankly the inhabitants are each a light unto himself due to the life and nature of God in them that is unobscured by the sinful natural body which has been done away with at death and the Rapture. Sinners cannot enter into this city ( 21:27 ). To be candid, no one in this natural body of ours can approach this city. The one would literally melt away. The natural body cannot tolerate the glories of this heavenly city. Anyone who has ministered under the anointing which is the glory of God knows that it wears out the physical body. No man in his natural body can approach this eternal glory. If the New Heaven And The New Earth is different from the Millennium and occurs after it, and the New And Heavenly Jerusalem exits in it, no one would be speaking about sinners not being able to enter into it. For after the Millennium is the White Throne Judgment after which all sinners in their unglorified eternal immortal resurrection bodies shall be banished to the Lake Of Fire And Brimstone ( Rev.20:11-15 ). There will be no more sinners. So, why talk about a condition that does not exist? It is from this city that the resurrected saints shall go and rule the nations in the Millennium. This should not surprise us because there is no distance in the realm of the spirit. One could wish to be in London from anywhere in the Universe, and immediately the one is there. It is these resurrected saints, kings and priests, reigning and ministering with and under Christ that shall bring the wealth and offerings of the nation into the New And Heavenly Jerusalem ( 21:24 ). For fuller treatment of The New And Heavenly Jerusalem, see my comments on Rev.21 & 22 posted on this website.

Chronologically, the Scroll of Revelation should end with the description of the White Throne Judgment not the description of life in the New And Heavenly Jerusalem. But as a good literary piece, this style of writing is not unexpected. We have shown that the Scroll of Revelation is highly chronological. It is therefore unnecessary for us to chop it to fit our preconceived notions.

Note: I welcome and cherish comments and constructive criticisms. I urge you to study this article critically with an open mind, alongside the Scroll Of Revelation together with relevant passages of the Scriptures, and decide for yourself whether the Scroll Of Revelation is chronological or not.

Avraham Shallom.

Some Wrong Notions About The End Times

Some Wrong Notions About The End Times

Some Wrong Notions About The End Times

“And the king shall do according to his will; and he shall exalt himself, and magnify himself above every god, and shall speak marvellous things against the God of gods, and shall prosper till the indignation be accomplished: for that that is determined shall be done. Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all. But in his estate shall he honour the God of forces: and a god whom his fathers knew not shall he honour with gold, and silver, and with precious stones, and pleasant things. Thus shall he do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain. And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over. He shall enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon. He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape. But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps. But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many. And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.” ( Daniel‬ ‭11:36-45‬ ‭).

The KJV translation did well in capitalizing the first letter of the word God in this passage. In the other occurrences of the word God in this passage, the first letter should not have been captitalized, for it it does not refer to the God of Israel. The Hebrew word el ( singular; plural: elohim ) is generic, and could refer to the Yahweh of Judah, the God of Israel, the idols of the nations as well as important human personalities ( Gen.1:1; Exod.20:3, 22:28 ). The antiChrist who is spoken of here will be indwelt and empowered by Satan. “And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority.” ( Rev.13:2‬ ‭). Therefore, the antiChrist will be a Satanist. The god he will honor is Satan whom he will secretly worship. The antiChrist will be possessed and taken over by Satan from the midpoint of the 70th week when he is cast down to the Earth by archangel Michael ( Rev.12:7-9 ). It will be eschatologically jingoistic for any biblical scholar to infer from this passage that the antiChrist will be a Jew who will not worship the Elohim of his fathers, the God of Israel.

That verses 36-40 speak of the career of the antiChrist, biblical scholars are agreed. From verse 40, The king of the South and the king of the North, fade up with his oppressive rule begin to attack him. But he is too powerful for them and unstoppable. My question is if the antiChrist is the king of the North as some teach, how come he is attacked by the king of the North? The king of the North mentioned in this verse, who is he? The cardinal points referred to here are relative to the land of Israel. The north of Israel is vast area stretching from Europe to Asia. Any army invading the land of Israel from this vast area could have been described by the prophet as coming from the north of Israel. He would not have gone into details using such precise terms of location like northwest, northeast, etc., as we do today. In verse 41, we see the antiChrist invading the Holy Land described by the prophet as the glorious land. He spares Edom, Moab, and Ammon. These ancient kingdoms correspond to modern day Jordan. They are most probably allied to him. Some suggest they are neutral, but that is unlikely because, they shall be severely punished by Christ in the Day Of The Lord for their cruelty towards the sons of Jacob.

“For thy violence against thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever. In the day that thou stoodest on the other side, in the day that the strangers carried away captive his forces, and foreigners entered into his gates, and cast lots upon Jerusalem, even thou wast as one of them. But thou shouldest not have looked on the day of thy brother in the day that he became a stranger; neither shouldest thou have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction; neither shouldest thou have spoken proudly in the day of distress. Thou shouldest not have entered into the gate of my people in the day of their calamity; yea, thou shouldest not have looked on their affliction in the day of their calamity, nor have laid hands on their substance in the day of their calamity; Neither shouldest thou have stood in the crossway, to cut off those of his that did escape; neither shouldest thou have delivered up those of his that did remain in the day of distress. For the day of the Lord is near upon all the heathen: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own head.” ( Obadiah‬ ‭1:10-15‬ ).

The Edomites are descendants of Esau ( Gen.25:30, 33:16, 36:6-9 ), Jacob’s twin brother ( Gen.25:19-34 ). The Moabites and Ammonites are the descendants of Lot ( Gen.13:1-13,19:30-38 ), Abraham’s nephew ( Gen.11:27, 12:4 ) through inadvertent incestuous relations with his two daughters in the third degree of inebriation. So, these peoples are related to the Jews by blood. The other side spoken of here is the east bank of the Jordan River. During the Babylonian invasion of Judah in 586 BC, the Edomites, the Moabites and the Ammomites were allies of king Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon. There shall be a reapeat performance in the last days during the invasion of the land of Israel by the antiMessiah during the Jerusalem and the Jehoshaphat Campaigns, and the Battle of Armageddon. How do we know that? Because it is written: ” For the Day of the Lord is near upon all the heathen, as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own heads.” Though there was a partial fulfillment of this prophecy in the days of king Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon, it shall be fully fulfilled during the reign of the antiChrist in the latter days or better still at the end of time. Jordan has sovereignty over the Temple Mount. During the Yom Kippur in 1967, Israel regained the Temple Mount from Jordan, and gave control to the Muslim Waqf as gesture of goodwill. The Jews shall rebuild their Temple on the Temple Mount after regaining sovereignty over the Temple Mount.

The Jordanians shall be part of the invading armies of the antiChrist. They shall participate in the violation of the precincts of the Holy Temple, and the spoilation of its treasures. They will mount roadblocks, apprehend the sons of Jacob who escape the invading armies of the antiChrist, kill some , and hand over the escapees of judah to the armies of the antiMessiah. God will plead with them to accommodate the escapees of Judah because the extortioner and the oppressor who is the antiChrist is at hand, but they would not. At the start of the Great Tribulation, the 144,000 from the twelve tribes of Israel, and other Jews, both observant and unobservant, and Christians who refuse the mark of allegiance to the Beast, shall seek refuge in the red rose city of Petra in the Edomite wilderness which is in modern day Jordan as also did Christians during the Jewish Revolt under Roman domination ( 66-74 AD ). “For it shall be, that, as a wandering bird cast out of the nest, so the daughters of Moab shall be at the fords of Arnon. Take counsel, execute judgment; make thy shadow as the night in the midst of the noonday; hide the outcasts; bewray not him that wandereth. Let mine outcasts dwell with thee, Moab; be thou a covert to them from the face of the spoiler: for the extortioner is at an end, the spoiler ceaseth, the oppressors are consumed out of the land.” ( Isaiah‬ ‭16:2-4‬ ‭). Here the antiChrist is referred to as the spoiler, the extortioner and the oppressor. How else would he finance his vast armies of ten nation confederation other than by looting the treasuries and treasures of conquered nations. In his invasion of Israel, he shall be assisted by the Jordanians which is the reason they shall be spared invasion by him. But the God of Israel will punish them for their cruelty towards their brethren, the Jews. During the Day Of The Lord’s wrath, the Edomites shall be as wondering birds cast out of their nest at the fords of Arnon because of their refusal to show kindness to the sons of Jacob. A memorial fire shall burn in Edom, a symbol of their utter destruction throughout the Millennium.

The prophet Obadiah said that their dealings will return upon their own head. And the prophet Ezekiel said:

” Moreover the word of the Lord came unto me saying, son of man, set thy face against mount Seir, and prophesy against it, and say unto it, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, O mount Seir, I am against thee, and I will stretch out mine hand against thee, and I will make thee most desolate. I will lay thy cities waste, and thou shall know that I am the LORD. Because thou hast had a perpetual hatred, and hast shed the blood of the children of Israel by the force of the sword in the time of their calamity, in the time that their iniquity had an end:….” ( Ezek.35:1-15). When does the iniquity of the children of Israel have an end? During the 70th week of Daniel. “Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.” ( Dan.9:24‬ ‭). Mount Seir refers to the region south of the inheritance of Judah which was inhabited by the Edomites, the descendants of Esau, Jacob’s twin brother. There are those who teach that the Edomites have been wiped out and no longer exist. If they do not exist anymore how are they accused of cruelty to the sons of Jacob by God at the time that their iniquity has an end which is during the 70th week of Daniel? So we conclude that the Edomites of old are the Jordanians of today.

The Lord further declared through the prophet Isaiah:

” …..And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree. For my sword shall be bathed in heaven: behold, it shall come down upon Idumea, and upon the people of curse to judgment…. It is the Day Of The Lord’s vengeance, and the year of recompensed for the controversy of Zion. And the streams thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into brimstone, and the land thereof shall become burning pitch. It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up for ever: from generation to generation it shall be waste; none shall pass through it for ever and ever…….” ( Is.34:4,5,8-10). This prophecy has not been fulfilled in antiquity. It shall be fulfilled in the Day Of The Lord’s Vengeance which is during the Day Of His Wrath. Idumea is the Greek version of Edom. There has not been any time in history when the land of Edom was turned into pitch, not when they were sacked by the Nabatean Arabs nor conquered by the Hasmonean king John Hyrcanus ( 135 BC ).

The prophet Jeremiah added his voice to the horror that shall be Edom:

” For I have sworn by myself, saith the Lord, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach , a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes. Also Edom shall be a desolation: everyone that goeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss at all the plagues thereof. And as in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbouring cities thereof, saith the LORD, no man shall abide there, neither shall son of man dwell in it” ( Jer.49:13,17,18). There is no record in antiquity of the punishment of Edom like that of Sodom and Gomorrah with fire and brimstone or sulphur.

We have seen that the prophets are unequivocal in prophesying about the destruction of Edom. Bozrah was the capital city of Edom in ancient times. God will make Edom an eternal example for the nations of the world to see. Because of his hatred and violence toward his brother Jacob, he shall be covered with shame. The land shall be made a burning pitch. It shall not be quenched night or day. Its smoke shall go up for ever and ever. When the nations of the world shall be assembled in the Millennium, no noble man from Edom shall be found ( Is.34:12 ). The land of Edom shall be the habitation of wild beasts of the deserts and the islands. All the carnivorous birds of the air shall lodge in the ruins of Edom. The scavengers shall find habitations in the ruins of Edom. The land of Edom shall be overgrown with thorns, nestles and brambles, and it shall become the habitation of dragons and a court for owls ( Is.34:13-15 ).

Because Egypt is not allied to the antiChrist, the antiChrist shall invade Egypt and loot her archeological, art, and other treasures. He shall be supported by the Libyans and the Cushites ( Sudanese ). These two African nations are Islamic and are part of his ten nation coalition of the Eighth And Final Beast Empire as also shown by the prophet Ezekiel ( Ezek.38:5 ). “Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet:” ( Ezek.38:5‬ ). Ezek.38:6 tells us that Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands: and many people with thee. “Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands: and many people with thee.” ( Ezek.38:6‬ ).

From the table of nations in Gen.10, we can see that Gomer is one of the sons of Japheth as also Magog ( Germanic peoples ), Madai ( Medes, Kurds ), Javan ( Greece ), Meshech and Tuval ( White Russia ), Tiras ( Persia, Iran ). Togarmah is the son of Gomer, and therefore the grandson of Japheth the elder. Togarmah is of the house of Gomer, and they are located north of Israel which is Turkey. If a nation north of Israel is allied to the antiChrist, does this prove that the antiChrist is from Turkey and therefore the king of the North? In Dan.11:44, the antiChrist is infuriated by invasions from the East and the North. Therefore, with great fury, he shall utterly destroy them and take many captive. There shall be no army that shall match the ferocity of Magog, Meshech, and Tuval. They are the most sophisticated, with the latest in military technology. They are the power base of the antiChrist. At the commencement of his military and leadership career, he shall overthrow the three rulers of these three peoples and appoint puppets in their steads. This coup d’etas may be military or else political gerrymandering in which they are voted out of government by the majority. There will always be ten kings. The antiChrist is the eleventh horn ( the little horn ) and the overall leader or the Emperor of the Eighth And Final Beast Empire ( The Fourth Reich ). “I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another little horn, before whom there were three of the first horns plucked up by the roots: and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of man, and a mouth speaking great things. And the ten horns out of this kingdom are ten kings that shall arise: and another shall rise after them; and he shall be diverse from the first, and he shall subdue three kings.” ( Dan.‭7:8, 24‬ ‭). Biblical scholars are agreed that the antiChrist is the little horn which has eyes which signal intelligence and a mouth speaking blasphemy against the God of Heaven. Far more than Alexander the Great of Macedon, and Napoleon of France, he is shall be a military genius. By the use of the word subdue, it is likely these three kings shall be forced out of power.

Dan.11:45 speaks of the antiChrist relocating his headquarters from the land of Magog to Jerusalem, the glorious Holy Mountain between the two seas, the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River which empties into the Lake of Asphaltes which is the Dead Sea. This transfer occurs at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel when he makes his debut at the Rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. This is the abomination of desolation of Dan.9:27, and the revelation of the Man Of Sin spoken by Apostle Paul in 2 Thess.2:3,4. Three and one-half years later he shall meet his Waterloo at Armageddon ( Rev.19:20,21 ).

In this passage of Daniel 11 under investigation, we have seen the king of the South, the king of the North, and king of the East, but there is no mention of the king of the West. Whatever happened to the king of the West? Does it mean that the whole of Western Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand will not be involved in this Final conflict? Will NATO disintegrate before this time? Will America and Western Europe vanish from the Earth before the 70th week of Daniel? I leave the reader to answer these questions.

As touching the invasion from the East, the Scroll of Revelation gives us more insight. “And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared.” ( Rev.16:12‬ ‭). At the outpouring of the sixth bowl judgment, the waters of the Euphrates River that empty into the Persian Gulf is desiccated making way for the kings of the East. What does this tell us? Unlike the other regions of the world, the East shall not be united. Therefore there shall be more than one king. This is not difficult to understand because the major powers in this region have major ideological and religious differences. India is Hindi in region and democratic in government. China on the other hand is Confusian and Buddhist in religion and communist in government. Pakistan is Islamic in religion and practices pseudodemocracy. If we include Japan, we see that it is Shintoistic and Toistic in religion and democratic in government. These are the reasons why there is no unity amongst the kings and peoples of the East. They are rival kings and kingdoms with different and divergent religious and ideological bases. They are suspicious of one another. Right now there is a face off between India and China. There is a lot of controversy over the ownership of islands in the South China Sea between China and its neighbors.

Now as touching the West, all the nations have judeochristian base, and practice one form of democracy or the other. As at now, they are moving away from judeochristian base to postchristian due to their philosophy of humanistic evolution. The antiChrist will be a secular humanist. And the ultimate form of democracy however, is dictatorship. And the antiChrist will be the ultimate dictator. Ultimate dictatorship has been mirrored by Antiochus Theos Epiphanes of Greek Syria in the late second century BC ( 178-164 ), and Adolf Hitler of Nazi Germany ( The Third Reich ) in the first half of the 20th century AD ( 1933-1945 ), both of whom were of western descent. Adolf Hitler was a Magogite ( Germanic ), whilst Antiochus IV Epiphanes was of Javan ( Greece ). Both of these two world rulers were ardent persecutors of the sons of Jacob. So far, Adolf Hitler, of cursed memory, has the worst record. The antiChrist however, shall be the superlative and ultimate antisemite, and the worst persecutor of the sons of Jacob.

Magog ( Germanic peoples of Europe ) are found in Germany, Austria, sudenland in the Czech Repubilic, Silesia region of Poland, and south and west of Moscow in the Russian Federation. The Anglus and the Saxons who populated England in antiquity came from Lower Saxony in Bavaria, Germany. The original Franks are also Germanic in their ancestry. French and English have their roots in the German language. They are part of the Germanic group of Indo-European languages. In identifying the sons of Noah after the deluge, what is most important is ethnicity not geography. Magog was dominant amongst his brethren and became the natural leader of Meshech and Tuval, who were forefront in pushing out the frontiers of history. They were nomadic. The title Caesar borne by the Roman emperors is the same as the German Kaiser, the White Russian Czar who ruled from Saint Petersburg, and the Iranian Shah. These are different versions of the same title. Magog, Meshech, and Tuval invaded the plain of Latium where the city of Rome was founded. The patrician families that founded Rome were of Magog, Meshech, and Tuval, mainly Magog. Some of the Roman Caesars had Germanicum attached to their names. Anyone who plays down the centrality of Magog in the history and migrations of Europeans has denied the obvious. An ethnic group that led the whole world to two world wars are not pushovers. We must not regard the political indolence of Germany at the moment to mean impotence. They are technologically advanced as any other western nation, and antisemitism is on rise amongst its youths. With heavy immigration from the Arab and Islamic nations in the Middle East, who can tell what it will turn into in the future!

One more word on Egypt. The king of the South is not Egypt as some affirm though south of Israel. It is clearly stated by the prophet Daniel that the antiChrist shall invade and conquer Egypt and loot her treasures. This shall be because Egypt shall be isolated. They shall be neither part of the ten nation confederation of the Eighth And Final Beast Empire ( The Fourth Reich ) nor part of coalition of nations of Africa south of the Sahara. The king of the South that shall attack the antiChrist at the end of time shall most probably be the leader of Africa south of the Sahara. In the end of time, there shall be alliances and coalitions as nations as their rulers see that the antiChrist poses existential threat to them. We should not suppose that the south in the End Times is referent to Egypt only as though God did not know that there would be other inhabitants of the continent of Africa beyond Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia.

We have shown from the Scriptures in Daniel 11:36-40 that the antiChrist is not the king of the North as some teachers of biblical prophecy affirm, because the antiChrist is different from the king of the North and was attacked by the king of the North in the time of the end. The king of the North is not Turkey either because Turkey is part of the ten nation confederation of the Eighth Beast Empire of which the antiChrist is the emperor. The other errors we have to refute are the teaching that the antiChrist will be a Muslim from Turkey and that Turkey is the 8th and Final Beast Empire. From Rev.17, we understand that the seven heads are seven mountains on which the woman sitteth. “And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth. And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space. And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition.” ( Revelation‬ ‭17:9-11‬ ‭). The seven heads are synonymous with the seven mountains. Mountains signify kingdoms. There are seven kings. And kings are synonymous with kingdoms in the Mid East. It is obvious that the seven mountains mentioned here do not refer to the seven hills on which Rome was founded because these seven hills were not seven kingdoms with seven kings. Actually there were nine hills on which Rome was founded on the Tiber River. These hills are Aventine, caelian, Capitoline, Equiline, Palatine, Quirimal, Veminal, Janiculum, and Pincian. These hills were not kingdoms neither had they heads nor kings. So, the seven mountains do not refer to the seven hills on which Rome was founded, but rather the seven Beast Empires.

At the time of writing of the Scroll of Revelation by Apostle John, the apocalyptist, about 96 AD, five kingdoms were history. These were Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Medopersia, and Greece ( Javan ). The one in existence at that time was Rome ( Magog, Meshech, and Tuval ), the sixth Beast Empire. The one to come which would last for a short time, the seventh Beast Empire was not identified by John. This has led to wild speculations about the identity of this Empire. But this Empire would have certain characteristics by which it could be identified when it appeared on the world stage. Like all the previous six, it would persecute Israel. It is one of the seven heads. Did the Ottoman Empire single out the Jews for persecution as did Rome ( Nero, Caligula, Hadrian ), Greece ( Antiochus Theos Epiphanes ) and genocide and annihilation as did Nazi Germany, the Third Reich? No. Current wall of the Old City of Jerusalem was built by the Ottoman Emperor Suleiman the Magnificent. He did not bar Jews from living or owing property in the city unlike the Roman Emperor Hadrian who after the Bar Kochba Revolt ( 132-135 ), ploughed Jerusalem with yokes of oxen, rebuilt it and renamed it Aelia Capitolina, and barred Jews from the city under the pain of death ( 136 ). There was no genocide of the Jews during the 400 years that the Ottomans reigned over Palestine. Jews lived in the whole Middle East throughout this period. The people singled out for persecution under the Ottoman Empire were Christians, especially Christian Armenia. As a matter of fact, the Ottoman Empire took over Palestine after defeating the Mamluks in 1517. Between 1914 and 1922, the Ottoman Empire liquidated 1.5 million Armenians. Their honorable women and ladies were publicly crucified on Crosses stark naked. On the other hand, there is no record that the Jews were singled out for genocide. Did the Ottoman Empire last for a short time? No. It lasted 623 years.

The two divisions of the Roman Empire, the two legs of iron of the statue of king Nebuchadnezzar’s dream were Rome and Byzantium.

“His legs of iron, his feet part of iron and part of clay. Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces. Then was the iron, the clay, the brass, the silver, and the gold, broken to pieces together, and became like the chaff of the summer threshingfloors; and the wind carried them away, that no place was found for them: and the stone that smote the image became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth. And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all things: and as iron that breaketh all these, shall it break in pieces and bruise. And whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters’ clay, and part of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay. And as the toes of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken. And whereas thou sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men: but they shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is not mixed with clay.” ( Dan.2:33-35, 40-43‬ ‭).

The capital of the Eastern Roman Empire was Byzantium which was renamed Constantinople in honor of Emperor Constantine. The Eastern Roman Empire is also referred as Byzantium and the period as Byzantine Period. Constantinople is modern day Istanbul in Turkey. The Western Roman Empire with capital in Rome was sacked by the Barbarians who were ethnic Germans from the North, the Visigoths, in 410 AD, and by the Vandals in 455 AD. The Roman Empire in the west ended with the deposition of emperor Romulus Augustulus by Odoacer, a German warlord in 476 AD. Separate rule in the west ended with the death of Julius Nepos in 480 AD. The Eastern Roman Empire or Byzantium continued for another 1,000 years until it was overrun by the Ottoman Turks in 1453 AD. The Ottoman Turks, though Indo-European people come from a different stock. Whilst the founders of Rome were Magog, Meshech, and Tuval, mainly Magog, the Ottoman Turks were from Gomer, and Togarmah. They were all of Japhethic extractions. The Ottoman Turks ruled the whole Mid East and Palestine for a period of 400 years from 1517 and became the dominant power in the Mediterranean world until defeated by the British in 1917 during the First World War. So, the Ottoman Empire lasted for 623 years, a period that can hardly be described as a short space. Remember that the seventh head which is the seventh Beast Empire and its ruler shall last for a short space. Therefore the seventh Beast Empire shall have only one ruler who would rule for a short period of time. This is the only logical conclusion. Does the Ottoman Empire fit the bill? No.

Walid Shoebet and Joel Richardson have argued that because the Roman Tenth Legion, Legion X Frentensis led by the Roman general Titus was composed mainly of Turkmen and Arabs, it was not Titus who destroyed the Second Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem in 70 AD. That when the fire started, Titus gave order that the fire should be extinguished but the Turkmen and the Arabs who constituted the rank and file of his army reneged. That may well be true. However, it does not change the fact that it was the Roman general Titus who destroyed the second Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem in 70 AD. If these soldiers were not Roman citizens, then they were machineries. Every Empire recruited soldiers from conquered people. Those soldiers whatever their ethnicity were maintained by the power that be under whose auspices they fought. This argument is a very weak attempt at best to convince us that the Turks destroyed the Second Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah, and therefore the antiChrist who will take over the Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah at the midpoint of the 70th week will be a Muslim from Turkey, the so called Mideast Beast.

This argument begs the question. At that time neither Islam nor the Ottoman Empire was in existence. Even if they did exist at that time, The Second Temple was not destroyed in the name of Islam or the Ottoman Empire. Secondly neither the Turks nor the Arabs descended from Magog, Meshech and Tuval, and therefore could not be the iron in the image of the dream of King Nebuchadnezzar. The onus for the destruction of the Second Jewish Temple on Moriah in Jerusalem rests with the leadership of the Roman army not the rank and file of the Roman army. During the First World War, France recruited soldiers from the Francophone African countries as also did Great Britain from the Anglophone African countries. After the war, France stationed some of these black soldiers from Senegal in Africa in the Ruhr, the heavily industrialized region of Germany as a form of humiliation to Germany in order to extract reparations and war endemnity. Shall we therefore say that Africa defeated Germany during the Second World War? Was Africa ever at war with Germany? This kind of argument is very misleading, and therefore untenable. Did the Turks and the Arabs rule over the land of Israel after the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 AD? During the scramble for Africa, the Igbos, an ethnic group southeast of Nigeria gave the British a tough time. The British recruited soldiers from the Yorubas, an ethnic group in the southwest of Nigeria, and from the Hausas, an ethnic group from the North of Nigeria to fight and defeat the Igbos. Shall we say that the Yorubas and the Hausas defeated the Igbos? Were the Igbos at war with the Yorubas and the Hausas? Who commanded these Hausa and Yoruba soldiers? White British Army officers. The Igbos were defeated, and colonized by the British. Did the Yorubas and the Hausas rule over the Igbos during the colonial era? No. Who did? The British, period.

The Sixth Beast Empire, the Seventh Beast Empire, and the Eighth Beast Empire have their roots in the iron legs of the image of king Nebuchadnezzar’s dream. The iron we have identified as Magog, Meshech, and Tuval. But the Ottoman Turks and modern day Turkey are from Gomer and Togarmah. Besides the Ottoman Empire did not persecute Israel in exile, neither had it only one ruler nor was it of short duration. The only Empire in history that meets these criteria or qualifications is Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Germany ( The Third Reich ). The Germans are Magogites. The Third Reich of Adolf Hitler lasted for a very short time of 12 years ( 1933-1945 ). So far as history records, Nazi Germany has been the worst persecutor of the sons of Jacob. During the reign of terror by the Nazi dictator, Adolf Hitler, six millions Jews perished in the gas chambers and crematoria all over Eastern and parts of Western Europe, amongst whom were 2 millions Jewish children whose lives were snuffed out in the embryo. One factor that is common amongst the seven Beast Empire of Satan is their persecution of the sons of Jacob. Neither Joel Richardson nor Walid Shoebet has emphasized this glaring fact in their identification of the Seventh Beast Empire as the Ottoman Empire. Why? Because it is conspicuously absent. If we say that the Ottoman Empire is the seventh Beast Empire of Satan, what shall we say of Hitler’s Nazi Germany? If the Empire that killed more Jews than any other in history is not one of the Beast Empires of Satan, which other Empire has the qualification? It baffles me that these scholars are silent about the role of Nazi Germany, the Fourth Reich, as a Beast Empire of Satan. Is this theological antisemitism or historical revisionism by deliberate omission?

If the Seventh Beast Empire is Magogite, the Eighth Beast Empire which is the revived Seventh Beast Empire must also be Magogite. Kings are synonymous with their kingdoms. If the revived kingdom is Magogite, the revived king also must be Magogite. So the antiChrist, the revived head of the revived Seventh Beast Empire must be Magogite. This logic is born out by the fact that the prophet Ezekiel identified the antiChrist as Gog of the land of Magog, the head or natural ruler of Meshech, and Tuval ( Ezek.38:1,2 ). In Ezek.38,39, he leads the armies of his ten nation confederation against Christ at Armageddon. Ezek.38,39 which some scholars isolate as the Gog and Magog war, which according to them, especially the pretribulationists, shall be the final war before the Rapture, is nothing other than the war of Armageddon. After this war is the rebuilding of the Fourth And Millennial Temple by Christ Himself ( Ezek.40-43 ) on the new elevated and renovated Mount Zion during the 45-day Restoration Period ( Dan.12:11,12 ). Let me make it clear here that although the Jews have drawn a plan of the Third Temple based on Ezek.40-43, procured materials and raised over $100 millions for the rebuilding of the Third Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, they shall not be able to erect a temple of this magnitude in this age. The Third Temple shall be a much smaller structure hastily set up and will last for a brief period of time. Ezek.40-48 is a description of Jerusalem and the land of Israel in the Millennium.

The pretribbers say that the Rapture is imminent and can occur at any moment without any prophetic event preceding it, yet they tell us the Gog and Magog war in which Russia and its allies shall invade Israel is the last prophetic event that shall unfold before the Rapture can take place. Is the Gog and Magog war not a prophetic event? They say no prophetic event will precede the Rapture, yet they hold prophecy conferences every week all over North America. What are they prophesying about if no prophetic event will occur before the Rapture? I wonder!

If the Ottoman Empire was of Magogite origin, what then is the origin of the Roman Empire? So, the antiChrist cannot come from Turkey. The antiChrist is an atheist, and so cannot be a Muslim in practice ( Dan.11:36-39, 2 Thess.2:4 ). Some biblical scholars have strictures with that. Muslims are not atheists. The only god that the antiChrist would recognize is the barrel of the gun. He shall be a Chairman Mao; power belongs to the barrel of the gun. He shall worship the god of forces, the god of munition. His career begins with overthrow, and metamorphoses into subtle peace diplomacy and war. The antiMessiah will be a powerful and extremely ungodly military leader. He will lead his vast armies in the Jerusalem campaign in which he relocates his headquarters from Europe to Jerusalem. When you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, let him that readeth understand ( Matt.24:15 ). “He shall plant the tabernacle of palace between the seas in the glorious Holy Mountain” ( Dan.11:45 ). He shall lead his armies in the Jehoshaphat campaign ( Joel 3:1,2,9,12-16, Zechariah.14:2 ). He shall lead his armies at Armageddon ( Ezek. 38:4,8,9; Dan.11:38 ). He will conquer Egypt. He shall go forth conquering and to conquer ( Rev.6:2 ). Neither shall he regard the God of his fathers, nor the desire of women, nor regard any god: for he shall magnify himself above all ( Dan.11:37). So the antiMessiah shall be a warrior and a powerful military leader, but an ungodly one for that matter.

There are really no true atheists. Atheism is a misnomer. Atheism is a religion. Their god is “no-god” which is falsehood, the origin of which is Satanic. So, Satan is the god of all atheists. All atheists are idolaters. All atheists are satanists. Atheism is idolatry. All atheists are pagans. To that extent and in that sense, the antiChrist will be a pagan. Quite frankly he is a secular humanist in public, but secretly he worships Satan who indwells and empowers him, and whom he represents ( Rev.13:2 ), and practices witchcraft as also did also Adolf Hitler. Adolf Hitler would say publically there is no God, yet he was a member of a witches and wizards coven. See “The Sword Of Longinus.” The antiChrist shall be the consummate superman which is the end product of secular humanism and evolution.

Another error is that the land of Shinar is Mecca in Arabia. The land of Shinar is Babylon which is in modern day Iraq. “And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.” ( Gen.10:10‬ ‭). If the Tower of Babel, the ancient Ziggurats are in Babylon, and Babylon is in the land of Shinar, how can Mecca be the land of Shinar.

“Then I turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a flying roll. And he said unto me, What seest thou? And I answered, I see a flying roll; the length thereof is twenty cubits, and the breadth thereof ten cubits. Then said he unto me, This is the curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole earth: for every one that stealeth shall be cut off as on this side according to it; and every one that sweareth shall be cut off as on that side according to it. I will bring it forth, saith the Lord of hosts, and it shall enter into the house of the thief, and into the house of him that sweareth falsely by my name: and it shall remain in the midst of his house, and shall consume it with the timber thereof and the stones thereof. Then the angel that talked with me went forth, and said unto me, Lift up now thine eyes, and see what is this that goeth forth. And I said, What is it? And he said, This is an ephah that goeth forth. He said moreover, This is their resemblance through all the earth. And, behold, there was lifted up a talent of lead: and this is a woman that sitteth in the midst of the ephah. And he said, This is wickedness. And he cast it into the midst of the ephah; and he cast the weight of lead upon the mouth thereof. Then lifted I up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came out two women, and the wind was in their wings; for they had wings like the wings of a stork: and they lifted up the ephah between the earth and the heaven. Then said I to the angel that talked with me, Whither do these bear the ephah? And he said unto me, To build it an house in the land of Shinar: and it shall be established, and set there upon her own base.” ( Zech.5:1-11‬ ‭).

The ephah is a holy measure. A woman in a holy measure is an abomination. The woman in the ephah is Semiramis or Anat, the wife of Nimrod and mother of Tammuz or Osiris. The ephah was taken to its base in the land of Shinar where mother-child worship introduced by Nimrod began. It was Nimrod who founded Babel. It was from Babylon in the land of Shinar that it spread to all other parts of the world after the confusion of languages at Babel. Mother-child worship did not begin in Mecca in Arabia. So, Mecca in Arabia cannot be the land of Shinar.

That Islam is the symbol of mother-child worship is true, so also every other false religion. That Mecca is Babylon the Great, the Great Whore of Rev.17,18 is not true, though the spirit of Babylon, the spirit of mother-child worship controls Mecca as it does also Rome and did Pergamos, and the center of every other false religion other than true Christianity. So Rev.17,18 are not about Mecca. Neither is it about Jerusalem, for that would mean that the ten kings of the Eighth Beast Empire shall destroy the headquarters of the antiChrist and the capital city of the His empire. “And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast. These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast. These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him are called, and chosen, and faithful. And he saith unto me, The waters which thou sawest, where the whore sitteth, are peoples, and multitudes, and nations, and tongues. And the ten horns which thou sawest upon the beast, these shall hate the whore, and shall make her desolate and naked, and shall eat her flesh, and burn her with fire. For God hath put in their hearts to fulfil his will, and to agree, and give their kingdom unto the beast, until the words of God shall be fulfilled. And the woman which thou sawest is that great city, which reigneth over the kings of the earth.” ( Rev.17:12-18‬ ‭). Will the ten kings of the Eighth Beast Empire burn down the capital city of the antiChrist to whom they are allied? The antiChrist shall be in control of Jerusalem until defeated by Christ at the final battle of Armageddon.

It is about ancient Babylon which has been rebuilt by Saddam Hussein in modern day Iraq. It shall be the religious and commercial center of the Eighth Beast Empire ( The Fourth Reich ). With regards to the end time scenario, Saudi Arabia and Mecca are insignificant, irrelevant, and inconsequential. There is no prominence give to Saudi Arabia and Mecca in the End Times. Biblical eschatology is silent about them. It is not proper therefore for us to twist Scriptures to include and give them prominence. These ministers who hold this opinion are former Muslims or Christian ministers who minister to Muslims. They have seen how deeply seated is the Islamic ideology of world domination. They cannot see Islam playing second fiddle. Is it therefore difficult for God to alter the stats quo?

We should not interpret biblical prophecy in the light of current affairs, rather current affairs should be viewed through the prism of biblical prophecy. There are many books written on biblical prophecy which became bestsellers in their times. They were based on the geopolitics of their times. They were sensational. They sold millions of copies and their authors made their money. When we pick them up today, what do we see? They are not worth the paper on which they were written. Books on biblical prophecy should have value and normative authority till the end of time. Some books on biblical prophecy which are advocating that the antiChrist is the king of the North, and will be the Mideast Beast, and a Muslim from Turkey or an Assyrian will become irrelevant in the coming decades with changes in the geopolitics of the world. Pleasantly surprising though, the geopolitics of the future will lead to the realignment of nations in such a way as to conform to biblical prophecy as announciated by the statue of the dream of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon in Dan.2 and the four beasts of Dan.7.

That the ten horns of the nondescript Beast are the ten kings of Arabia is also false. Saudi Arabia is not part of the ten nation confederation of the Eighth And Final Beast Empire ( The Fourth Reich ). The Bible tells us who they are. “And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority.” ( Rev.13:2‬ ‭). According to Dan.7, the lion is Babylon, the leopard is Greece, the bear Medopersia, and the nondescript Beast is Rome.

“The first was like a lion, and had eagle’s wings: I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made stand upon the feet as a man, and a man’s heart was given to it. And behold another beast, a second, like to a bear, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: and they said thus unto it, Arise, devour much flesh. After this I beheld, and lo another, like a leopard, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it. After this I saw in the night visions, and behold a fourth beast, dreadful and terrible, and strong exceedingly; and it had great iron teeth: it devoured and brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with the feet of it: and it was diverse from all the beasts that were before it; and it had ten horns.” ( Dan.7:4-7‬ ‭).

The fourth Beast, the composite nondescript ferocious Beast with ten horns is representative of the Sixth Beast Empire ( Rome ), the Seventh Beast Empire ( Nazi Germany ), and the Eighth Beast Empire. That was why the fourth Beast could not be represented by a single animal. It was composite and nondescript. The Seventh and the Eighth Beast Empires are subsumed in the Sixth Beast Empire ( Roman Empire ). They emerged out of the Roman iron root. They are of the same ancestry as Rome. There are some that teach that the Seventh Beast Empire is not represented in Dan.7. However, that assumption is not true. Obviously the ten horns are a representation of the composition of the Eighth Beast Empire. But why is the Fourth Beast a nondescript composite Beast? It is because it composed of more than one Beast. There is a reason for whatever God does. All the other Beast Empires were represented by a single clearly identifiable animals, but when it came to Rome, it was represented as a monster of a creature. These three beasts have a common ancestry. This is the only logical conclusion. Even if the Ottoman Empire were of Roman ancestry, which obviously it was not, it would still not qualify as the Seventh Beast Empire because it did not single out the Jews for genocide, neither did it last for a short period of time.

The ten horns are the ten kings of Magog, Meshech, and Tuval ( nondescript beat; Rome ), Javan ( Leopard; Greece or Greek Syria ), Arphaschard ( winged Lion; Babylon or Iraq ), Persia ( bear; Iran or Tiras ). The other four, Put ( Libya ), Cush ( Sudan ), Gomer and Togarmer ( Turkey ) were not represented by beasts simply because they were not Beast Empires [ Ezek.38:1-6; Rev.13:2 ]. The four heads of the leopard are the four divisions of the Greek Empire after the demise of Alexander the Great of Macedon in 323 BC. We can see that neither modern Turkey nor the Ottoman Empire is one of the seven Beast Empires of Satan. After the demise of Alexander the Great of Macedon, Antiochus IV Epiphanes, the seventh ruler of one of the four divisions of the Greek Empire was a persecutor of the sons of Jacob. Alexander himself never persecuted the sons of Jacob. Am inclined to believe that Javan refers to Greek Syria of which Antiochus IV Epiphanes was the head, who was also a prefigure of the antiChrist, neither Egypt nor Greece nor Macedonia proper .

Turkey will be part of the ten nation confederation of the Eighth And Final Beast Empire ( The Fourth Reich ) but not the head neither one of the power base nations of Magog, Meshech, and Tuval. Turkey is part of the clay of the ten toes of the image of king Nebuchadnezzar’s dream. The leadership of the ten nation confederation, the Eighth And Final Beast Empire of Satan is in the iron root, not the clay. The nondescript composite ferocious Beast had iron teeth. The life of the Beast is in the iron teeth with which it tears the prey. The iron is the power base of the Beast. The antiChrist must come from the iron base. The life of the Beast is not in the secondary horns. The antiChrist cannot come from the clay. Therefore, the antiChrist cannot come from Turkey nor any of the other six secondary nations. Clay is a mixture of all kinds of substances held together by water. So also the clay in the ten toes of the statue of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream is an admixture of all the sons of Noah after the deluge. All the descendants of Shem, Ham, and Japheth are represented. Those of Hamitic extraction are Put ( Libya ) and Cush ( Sudan ). Those of Semitic extraction are Arphaschard ( Babylon ), and perhaps Greek Syria. Those of Japhethic extraction are Gomer, Togarmer ( Turkey ), and Iran ( Persia or Tiras ). Gomer, Togarmer, and Tiras ( Persia ) are Indo-European peoples. The only thing that holds these peoples together is the Islamic religion. Joel Richardson has asked the question, if the antiChrist is not a Muslim how is he able to gain the allegiance of Muslims? And I ask why did Saudi Arabia and Kuwait permit Christian US soldiers to enter into their lands and defend them against Saddam Hussein, a Muslim ruler of a Muslim nation? It is a marriage of convenience. It is survival of fittest. In politics there are no permanent friends, but permanent interests. The Muslims want world domination. They want to establish a global caliphate that will rule the world. The west also want world domination. It is a marriage of convenience. Therefore, they will mingle themselves in the seed of men, but will not cleave to one another. “And whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters’ clay, and part of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay. And as the toes of the feet were part of iron, and part of clay, so the kingdom shall be partly strong, and partly broken. And whereas thou sawest iron mixed with miry clay, they shall mingle themselves with the seed of men: but they shall not cleave one to another, even as iron is not mixed with clay.” ( Daniel‬ ‭2:41-43‬ ‭).

There are also those who claim the antiChrist is the Assyrian. The descendants of the ancient Assyria are found in modern day Iraq. They are few in number and are mainly Christians. They are a persecuted minority in Iraq. They are Semitic people. So if the Assyrians are part of the Eighth And Final Beast Empire, they are part of the clay not the iron. The leadership of the Eighth Beast Empire is from the Iron which is of Roman ancestry ( Magog, Meshech, and Tuval ). So, the antiChrist cannot be an Assyrian unless of course in a metaphorical sense ( Isa.14:25 ). The Assyrians were known for their cruel treatment of war captives. It is exegetically unacceptable to twist Scriptures already fulfilled in antiquity to justify our preconceived notions. Assyria was used by God to punish Israel ( Isa.10:5 ). That was in the past. Assyria will never rise up as an Empire or people to dominate the world neither would Babylon nor Egypt nor Greece nor the Medes and the Persians no matter how hard they try. Geopolitical revival is the exclusive preserve of the Roman Iron, the nondescript composite Beast. Saddam Hussein’s efforts to revive the glories of the neoBabylonian Empire under king Nebuchadnezzar was doomed to failure from the beginning. According to Dan Hayden, Babylon is the Empire that was. So also the efforts of Iranian leadership to rise to the former glories of the Persian Empire by regaining world domination. There is a movement of power amongst the sons of Noah after the flood from Ham to Japheth with which it rests till the end of time.

Ham -> Shem -> Japheth

Ham was the first of the sons of Japhet to establish an empire in history though he was the last born of Noah. That was the Egyptian Empire. From Ham, power moved to the Semitic peoples. Shem was the second son of Noah. They established two empires that impacted Israel negatively, Assyria and Babylon. Although the foundation of the city of Babylon was Hamitic; for Nimrod, a grandson of Ham through Cush was the founder of Babylon, the Sumerians and the Akkadians built the ancient Babylonian Empire. The neoBabylonian Empire of Nebuchadnezzar was founded by the Chaldeans. “And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Put, and Canaan. And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtecha: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan. And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the Lord: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord. And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.” ( Gen.10:6-10‬ ‭).

From the Semitic peoples, power moved to the Japhetic peoples. Japheth was the eldest son of Noah. He had the right of primogeniture which included leadership, priesthood and double inheritance. For unrevealed reason the priesthood went to Shem, but Japheth retained the leadership. Ham was to play a subordinate role because he viewed the nakedness of his father, Noah, in a state of inebriation. Both Ham and Japheth dwell in the spiritual tent of Shem. Salvation is of the Jews ( John 4:22 ). “And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren. And he said, Blessed be the Lord God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.” ( Genesis‬ ‭9:25-27‬ ‭). The tent spoken of here is spiritual tent, the origin of which is divine and rests in the hands of the sons of Jacob, a Semitic people.

“And the sons of Noah, that went forth of the ark, were Shem, and Ham, and Japheth: and Ham is the father of Canaan. These are the three sons of Noah: and of them was the whole earth overspread. And Noah began to be an husbandman, and he planted a vineyard: And he drank of the wine, and was drunken; and he was uncovered within his tent. And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without. And Shem and Japheth took a garment, and laid it upon both their shoulders, and went backward, and covered the nakedness of their father; and their faces were backward, and they saw not their father’s nakedness. And Noah awoke from his wine, and knew what his younger son had done unto him. And he said, Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be unto his brethren. And he said, Blessed be the Lord God of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant. God shall enlarge Japheth, and he shall dwell in the tents of Shem; and Canaan shall be his servant.” ( Genesis‬ ‭9:18-27‬ ‭).

The first of the Japhetites to build an empire were the Medes and the Persian ( Medopersia ). The Medes ( Medai ) and the Persians ( Tiras ) are Indo-European peoples. They descended from Japheth the elder. Next to them were the Greek ( Javan ). Finally we have the descendants of Magog, Meshech, and Tuval ( Rome ). Power will remain not only with the sons of Japheth, but with Magog till the end of time. If we do not have this understanding, we shall be beating about the bush by speculating about the ancestry of the Eighth Beast Empire and the antiChrist. This is all revealed in the image of king Nebuchadnezzar’s dream in Dan.2, and the beasts of Daniel’s dream in Dan.7. The iron and the nondescript composite ferocious beast ( Rome ) prevailed till the end of time. The clay was brought in to assist the Iron. The ten horns developed on the nondescript composite and ferocious beast. And the clay is composed of all the descendants of the three sons of Noah: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

But the iron in the statue of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream which is Rome ( Magog, Meshech, and Tuval ) will dominate the world till the End Of The Ages. If the antiChrist is a Muslim from either Ottoman Empire or Assyria, which kings of these two empires would he be? One outstanding characteristics of the antiChrist is that he will be a man who has ruled one of the seven previous Beast Empires, was killed with a military weapon in battle, descended into the abyss, and shall ascend from the abyss to rule over the Eighth And Final Beast Empire. He shall be recognizable when he unveils himself at his debut at the Rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel. “And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast.” ( Rev.13:3‬ ‭). “And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition.” ( Rev.17:11‬ ‭). “Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.” ( 2 Thess.‬ ‭2:3-4‬ ).

The fact that the antiChrist is a dead man who had ruled one of the seven previous Beast Empires in the past and is come back to life to rule over The Eighth Beast Empire ( The Fourth Reich ) shall be the most singular fact that shall grant him overwhelmingly influence over the lives of the living wicked earth-dwellers. Even the kings of the other kingdoms of the Earth in existence at that time shall fear him. Therefore he shall have worldwide influence. “And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast. And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him? And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months. And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven. And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations. And all that dwell upon the earth shall worship him, whose names are not written in the book of life of the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world.” ( Rev.13:3-8 ).

They shall worship the Dragon who gave authority to the Beast, and they shall worship the Beast, saying who is able to make war with him? “And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him?” ( Rev.13:4‬ ‭). Who is like unto him is an expression of wonder because he is a dead man come back to life. He shall be invincible in battle against these other kings. No human king will be able to defeat the antiChrist in battle. The only person that shall defeat him is Christ at the final battle of Armageddon. The antiChrist is not a human spirit. He is a fallen evil angel. He ascends out of the bottomless pit and shall go into perdition. “And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them.” ( Rev.11:7‬ ‭). Why is it that he ascends out of the bottomless pit? It is because he has been there. He had lived before and was killed with a military weapon in battle. This is not something future. It has already happened. He ruled over the Seventh Beast Empire. He was sent there because he is not a human spirit. Human spirits are sent to Hell or Heaven not the abyss. The abyss is the abode of fallen angels who did note keep their first estate but in defiance to God’s command to keep men and angels separate, cohabited with human females ( Gen.6 ). They are reserved in chains under darkness waiting for the judgment of the Great Day ( Jude 6 ).

The Muslim nations that shall be allied to the antiChrist shall worship the Dragon as well as the Beast. They shall be idolaters and Satanists as they have always been though they name America as they Great Satan.

Those who claim the antiChrist will be a Mid East Muslim either from Ottoman Empire which modern day Turkey or from Assyria must show us which emperor of one of these two empires he would be who ruled for short time, and was killed with a military weapon in battle, was an ardent persecutor of the sons of Jacob, and will be recognizable at his debut when he unveils himself at the Rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem, as a dead man come back to life, at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel. If on the other hand, Nazi Germany ( The Third Reich ) is the seventh Beast Empire, not the Ottoman Empire, then there is no doubt who its sole leader who reigned for a short space was; Adolf Hitler fits the bill. Admiral Carl Doenitz merely surrendered to the Allies. He shall be recognizable when he unveils himself at the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. There is a mystery surrounding his death, though he shot himself with a pistol at the Chancellery in Berlin while the Russians were closing in on him. Adolf Hitler is the most recognizable face on television worldwide, and he is not about to give up his position. Besides, there is another huddle; they must show us that he has iron root ( Roman ancestry ) and is Gog, of the land of Magog, the head or natural ruler of Meshech, and Tuval ( Ezek.38:1,2 ). Impossible!

The antiChrist who is the little horn shall arise out of the nondescript Beast which is Rome. Did the Ottoman Empire come out of Rome? They merely defeated the Easthern Roman Empire or Byzantium. “These great beasts, which are four, are four kings, which shall arise out of the earth. But the saints of the most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever. Then I would know the truth of the fourth beast, which was diverse from all the others, exceeding dreadful, whose teeth were of iron, and his nails of brass; which devoured, brake in pieces, and stamped the residue with his feet; And of the ten horns that were in his head, and of the other which came up, and before whom three fell; even of that horn that had eyes, and a mouth that spake very great things, whose look was more stout than his fellows. I beheld, and the same horn made war with the saints, and prevailed against them;” ( Dan.‭7:17-21‬ ). We have to go back to Dan.2 in order to understand that the power base is in the iron and not the clay. The nails were of brass ( bronze ) which is suggestive of Greece. Javan ( Greece ) is one of the ten horns of the Eighth Beast Empire. Turkey is one of the seven secondary nations of the Eighth Beast Empire. The Ottoman Empire does not feature at all. It is not one of the Beast Empires. The Ottoman Empire did not have iron root neither did it come out Rome.

That the dispersion of mother-child worship began from Babylon is true, and that the sacred stone in the Ka’aba in Mecca which Muslim pilgrims kiss is the image of the secret of Semiramis is also true. That Islam is a monotheistic religion is false. Islam is polytheistic. There are 360 gods in the Arabian pantheon worshipped at the Ka’aba in Mecca by the Quraish tribe. Anat or Semiramis was made the patron deity by prophet Mohammed. She is a female goddess. That she is worshipped as a male deity Allah which is an acrostic from Al ila which means the god, is an occultic inversion. Allah is not a personal name but a title. The crescent Moon which is the symbol of Islam is female in Mid East Mythology, and the Sun male. Osiris is the son of Semiramis or Anat. The sons of the gods, their male offspring are the stars ( Rev.12:1 ). The crescent Moon is Semiramis and the lone star is Osiris, who is both husband and son of Semiramis. An abomination. The sun is one of the smallest stars. The lone star doubles as the sun and the star. In other words, Nimrod, the husband of Semiramis is subsumed in the son, Thammuz who is also the husband of Semiramis, Nimrod come back to life. Most Muslim Imams practise witchcraft. They have charms and talisman for every imaginable desire of fallen and deprave humanity. However, that the Ottoman Empire is the Seventh Beast Empire, and that Turkey is the Eighth Beast Empire , and that the antiChrist will be a Mid East Muslim from Turkey, and the king of the North are false.

Avraham Shallom.

Introduction To Eschatology

Introduction To Eschatology

Introduction to Eschatology.

(1) Importance of eschatology.

I view eschatology as one of the most important subjects in the Bible, on equal footing with Faith and prayer and fellowship with God, salvation, healing, evangelism, divine protection , meeting our daily needs, etc. If we do not understand eschatology, we cannot pray properly for the world in the  time in which we live. Proper prayer is biblical. It is based on the word of God. It is an invitation to God to act in accordance with His Word, an invocation of His faithfulness. Eschatology is the future history of the world. A believer who understands eschatology needs not be afraid of the future. Eschatology is a catalyst for holy living ( Marvin J. Rosenthal ). Eschatology tells us how the world would end.

There are many things which can render one very fearful in our world nowadays: freak accidents, natural desasters like tsunamis, hurricanes, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes; nuclear blow ups, wars, famines, terror attacks. There are lots of demented people out there, loose in our societies, ready to commit crimes and acts of terror who are not in anyway linked up to criminal gangs or criminal and terror organizations. A biblical understanding of the end times tells us the major historical events of the future. Therefore eschatology is so vital to our spiritual equilibrium who live at the edge of history.

Virologists tell us some virulent virus enzootic in animals may jump off and wreak havoc on humanity and lead to viromaggedon. Scientists in their quest for knowledge may one day revive some extremely virulent organism asleep in the Canadian  permafrost which may wipe out humanity. Stephen Hawkings tells us AIs may wipe out humanity. He is not the first to say that: Raymond Kurzweil talks about singularity and the death of human civilization. Earlier and late in the 19th Century, the German philosopher, Martin Heidegger warned technology would destroy humanity. Elon Musk tells us to become cyborgs or become obsolescent and loose our jobs to robots. In the midst of all these predictions by eminent scholars and innovators and philosophers, one may develop a hang up on “Sudden Disaster Syndrome” and be filled with anxiety and fear. For us believers in Messiah, Jesus, it needs not be so. Our Daddy has revealed to us in His Word how the World would end. We must avail ourselves of this knowledge. If we do not, we shall be like the people of the world, fearful and on edge all the time. My submission is that a proper biblical understanding of eschatology would help us to remain balanced in a gloomy World bedeviled with sin and evil.

When America invaded Iraq to oust Saddam Hussein from power, some brethren came to me, fearful that Saddam Hussein had chemical, biological, and nuclear weapons, and that the world may end in a nuclear holocaust. I told then plainly, in a bald language that that was not to be. They asked how I knew. My answer was very simple: that was not how God said in His Word, The Bible that the world was going to end. At that time I was not sure whether Saddam Hussein had any or all of those weapons of mass destruction. Even if he had them, it did not matter much, he could not have possibly wiped out the whole of humanity that way and in effect end human civilization.

(2) Definition of eschatology.
Eschatology is a compound word derived from two Greek words eschaton and logi. Eschaton means the last things and logi the study of. Therefore, eschatology is the study of the last things. It is the study of the last things from biblical perspectives. All religions have their views of the last things. We shall not concern ourselves with views which stem from other religions. We shall limit ourselves to the biblical view of eschatology which is so vital to our well being in these last days.

(3) The terminology of Eschatology.

Jewish theology has a dichotomous view of eschatology: olam haze ( the present age ) and olam haba ( the age to come ). This dichotomous view is also biblical.

In between the two ages is what is called the end of the ages. In this period, there is an intensification of activities on Earth in order to bring this age to an end, a conclusion, and usher in another, the age to come (aioneis). The life of the age to come ( zoe aioneis ) is what is commonly translated as eternal life in the KJV: God so loved the world that he gave His only begotten Son that whosoever believers in Him shall not perish but have everlasting ( eternal ) life ( Jon.3:16 ). Born again believers ( more biblically accurate, born from above, Greek: genetenai annotein ), though living in this age , possess the life of the age to come. Jesus told the Jewish religious leader: you are of this age, I am not of this age; you are from beneath, I am from above ( Jon.8:23 ). Without this life of the age to come, it is practically impossible to live the christian life.

The ends of the ages which is also called simply the end, the lord’s day etc, occurs within the 70th Seven of Daniel’s 70 Seven prophecy. This 7-year period is divided into two equal halves by the abomination of desolation in the midst of it. Each half consists of three and one-half years of 1, 260 days or 42 weeks. Most of the terminology of eschatology derives from events in the 70th Seven of Daniel.

Some biblical scholars of bible prophecy choose to refer to the last 7-years of the present age as the Tribulation period, and the second half of it as The Great Tribulation. This may be somewhat confusing and build an apriori case for pretribulation rapture view. Not all of the second half of the 70th Seven is covered by the Great Tribulation: in fact the Tribulation the Great is truncated by the 6th seal judgement, the cosmic disturbance. I prefer to call it simply the 70th Seven

There is a dichotomy and duality in eschalogical terminology and the cosmic struggle: Christ and the antiChrist, day and night, above and beneath, the present age and the age to come, sin and evil, light and darkness, the saints ( the holy ones ) and the wicked earth-dwellers, God and Satan, demons and angels, temporality and eternality, the present and the future, life and the afterlife.

(4) God’s view of time.

In the beginning God created the Heavens and the earth (Gen. 1:1). God finished His work in six days. He rested the seventh day and hollowed it ( Gen.2:2 ). From here arises the concept of the Shabbat. The Shabbat is the day of rest. We know that God’s ways are not our ways. As the heavens are higher than the earth, so are His ways higher than our ways and his thoughts than our thoughts ( Is.55:8,9 ). And again, one day is with the Lord as a thousand years and a thousand years as one day ( 2 Pet.3:8 ). Daddy created the present age to last for a seven. Each of those seven days shall be a thousand years. At the end of the 6th day or better still 6th millennium would be a Shabbat. The Shabbat shall last for a thousand years. Here lies the concept of the millennium. Millennium comes from the Latin, Mille and annum which mean 1000 years. Therefore, the premillennial view of eschatology is biblically accurate. This view teaches that at the end of this age, God Almighty shall takeover the rulership of the Earth and reign for a thousand years.

The Jewish calendar begins from day 1 of creation. This year on the Jewish calendar is 5,775. That leaves us with 225 years to the end of the 6th millennium. We cannot be so sure of the accuracy of this calendar, but give and take, it tells somewhat how precariously close we are to the ends of the ages. We cannot know the day and the hour of His coming, but we can know the general time period. No matter whatever angle we view the world, we are fast approaching the ends of the ages.

God is sovereign Lord over His universal kingdom. But gave rulership of the earthly domain of His kingdom to Adam, his representave on the earthly domain of His Universal kingdom. Adam sold out to the devil. It was a legal transaction and therefore binding. Adam had the legal right to transfer rulership of the Earth to Satan, God’s adversary, but not the moral right, inasmuch as he, Adam had rulership of the Earth from God. Adams lease of the Earth to Satan shall expire and the end of the 6th millennium, the 6th day as it were. At the end of the 6th millennium, the rulership of the Earth shall be returned to God Almighty, the Sovereign Lord of the universe, and He shall reign for one day or better still, a 1000years.

(5) Eschalogical timeline.

We have dealt in a panoramic view with the 70 Sevens. Beyond the 70th seven is the 30-day Reclamation Period and the 45-day Restoration Period mentioned in Daniel 12:11,12: “And from the time the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninty days. Blessed is he that waits, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and thirty days days.” The 1,290 days and the 1,335 days have the same terminus-a-quo. The starting point here is the abomination of desolation which occurs precisely in the middle of the 70th Seven when the antiChrist makes his debut at the rebuilt temple on Mount Mariah, Temple Mount in Jerusalem, and demands worship and allegiance from all mortals, both Jews and Gentiles. Beyond this is the The Shabbat, the millennium when God Almighty regains physical possession of the the earthly realm of His Universal Kingdom.

(6) Principles of Biblical Eschatological Hermeneutics

Biblical scholars have found out that there are certain principles that should be followed in interpreting scriptures in order to avoid confusion and contradictions. If these principles are consistently followed, the result would be the same no matter who interprets the scripture and when and where the scripture is interpreted. We must not come to scripture with our own theological predispositions and dogma and preconceived ideas, opinions and notions. These principles are as follows:

1) Literal Sense of Scripture:

Scripture must be interpreted in its literal common sense. Cooper’s definition of literal sense is when the literal sense of scripture makes common sense seek no other sense,….. Martin Luther called it sensus literalis. It a well know fact that most of the advancement made in interpretation of scriptures during the reformation were as a result of adherence to this principle. Others biblical writers like Robert van Kampen call it face value hermeneutics. Scripture must be interpreted in its face value. This principle does not prohibit the use of symbolism. Every prophetic scripture must be literally fulfilled. If a prophetic scripture is not literally fulfilled, neither the prophecy not the prophet should be regarded.

(2) Context of Scripture.

Scripture must be interpreted in its context and settings. The immediate and wider contexts must be taken into cognizance. When a text is taken out of context , it is no more than a pretext. The context involves the personalities addressed and their settings and situations.

(3) Comparing Scripture with Scripture.

What this means is that when a particular text, sentence, phrase or word is being studied, we must do so in the light of its related passages and texts in order to get the overall picture. Some passages are not as clear as others, and some truth are more implicit than explicit. Scripture is its own best interpreter, therefore, related truths must be compared

(4) Prohibition of Antinomies.

An antimony is a contradiction between two apparently equally valid principles or between inferences drawn from such principles. When we deal with a particular issue in scripture, there must be no contradiction between the related passages or principles derived from those passages. When contradictions exist, a higher common denominator must be found which resolves and harmonizes the contradiction. No interpretation is valid except such as harmonizes any apparent contradictions. God’s word is inerrant, therefore it cannot be contradictory. However, if ideas are mutually exclusive, they can never be reconciled.

(5)Near and Far View of Prophecy.

Some prophecies in the Scriptures have relevance to the immediate period as well as in the end times. These near and far view implications and applications may be the source of confusion where they are not recognized and harmonized. Sometimes a part of prophecy is fulfilled in the immediate period while the remaining part is fulfilled in the future. For example, when our Lord Jesus quoted Isaiah’s prophecy in 61:1-3 in reference to His ministry in Luke 4:18-2, He stopped in the middle of a verse. When Peter made reference to Joel’s prophecy in Acts 2:14-21, not all of it was fulfilled in that day. So, some prophetic passages have immediate and wider implications and applications. Some are partially fulfilled in the immediate period whilst full fulfillment awaits the future .

(7) Subjects Relevant To The Study Of Eschatology.

There are a number of subjects relevant to the study of eschatology. A good student of eschatology must do well to familiarize himself with these subjects.

1) The Bible: a fair knowledge of the bible is a prerequisite, especially

prophetic books like Daniel, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Revelation. The Olivet Discourse in Matt.24-25, Mark 14 and Luke 21 is of utmost importance, and so also Paul,s espitles to the Thessalonians.

2) History:

(a) Biblical history: history of Old and New Testaments;
(b) History of ancient and modern Israel;
(c) History of ancient and modern Neareast;
(d) History of migration of the sons Noah after the flood; Study of postdiluvian migrations and settlements of the sons Noah is relevant to the identification and settlements of the various peoples groups germane to eschatology.
(e) World history;

(3) Geography:

(a) Ancient and modern Israel;
(b) Ancient and modern Neareast;
(c) Political geography of the modern world.

(4) Current Affairs:

we must acquaint ourselves with the goings-on in our worlds. Whilst some events in our world are relevant to eschatology, others are eschatologically inconsequential. We must be conversant with the goings-on in Europe and The Middle East.

(5) Modern Technology and Science:

Any serious believer who can read and write should have a fair knowledge of the development in modern science and technology, and how it relates to the Mark of the Beast.

(6) Finance:

We must have money to transact business. Even in a cashless society we must have money credited to our account in order to carry out any transactions. Therefore we must acquaint ourselves with the developments in finance in order to understand how The Beast shall manipulate it in order to use it to his advantage.

(7) Religion:

We should also acquaint ourselves with the goings-on in the world of region with regards to ecumenism and the formation of one world religion. Of late Chrislam has been proposed. Chrislam is the union of Islam with Christianity. Is this practicable?

This list is daunting. It is enough to scare one off the study of eschatology. However this is not the intent of the writer. We do not need to be professors and gurus in all these fields and no one is. What is needed is a fair and working knowledge in order to understand eschatology and the analyze and relate current affaires to the end times.