My Objections To A Brother Whose View On The Rapture Is Pretribulational ( 4 )

My Objections To A Brother Whose View On The Rapture Is Pretribulational ( 4 )

My Objections To A Brother Whose View On The Rapture Is Pretribulational ( 4 )

( e ) The Great Tribulation

Pretribs designate the second half of the 70th week the Great Tribulation. This designation flies in the face of Scriptures. The Scriptures make it clear that the Great Tribulation does not last the whole length of the second half of the 70th week which is the three and one-half years allotted to the antiChrist to reign because the Great Tribulation is cut short by the cosmic and celestial disturbances associated with the sixth seal. “And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved: but for the elect’s sake those days shall be shortened.” ( Matt.24:22‬ ‭). At the breaking of the sixth seal, the Sun, Moon, and Stars are darkened, thusly throwing the Earth and the starry Heavens into utter darkness and cold which make it impossible for the antiChrist and his acolytes to continue their killing spree. “And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood; And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind. And the heaven departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.” ( Rev.6:12-14‬ ). This heavenly phenomenon frightens the unrighteous wicked out of their pants. They take to the rocks and the mountains to seek non-existent refuge. The dark and frozen Earth, the earthquakes, with meteorites, comets, and asteroids flying across the sky to the Earth make it impossible for the antiMessiah and his acolytes to continue their persecution of the saints. “And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains; And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb: For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?” ( Rev.6:15-17‬ ‭). This is how the Great Tribulation is amputated.

The essence of the amputation of The Great Tribulation is to save some saints alive for rapture because some saints of the last generation that shall enter the 70th week of Daniel to experience the horrors of the Great Tribulation shall be raptured alive ( translated ) without passage through the intermediate process of death. If the Great Tribulation is not cut short, no believing flesh will be saved alive. The Great Tribulation must be distinguished from the Day Of The Lord which also begins in the second half of the 70th week at the breaking of the seventh seal. The Great Tribulation is not the same as the wrath of God in the Day Of The Lord. The wrath of God consists of the seven trumpets and seven bowls. The seventh trumpet opens into the seven bowls just as the seventh seal opens into the seven trumpets. The first six trumpets occur within the second half of the 70th week of Daniel abutting on the end of the 70th week with the death of the two witnesses. Therefore, the Great Tribulation must be distinguished from the eschatological Day Of The Lord. Pretribs do not make any distinction between the Great Tribulation and the eschatological Day Of The Lord, just as much as they do not make any distinction between the wrath of God and the wrath of Satan ( Rev.6:17; 12:12 ).

( f ) The Seals, Trumpets, And Bowls

The occurrence of the seals, trumpets, and bowls are consecutive and progressive. They are not simultaneous or coincident, except for the fourth and fifth seals. The fifth seal being a heavenly event is superimposed on the fourth. The fifth seal is a heavenly reflection of the killings going on under the fourth seal. There are no overlaps between the seals, trumpets, and bowls. There is an interlude between the end of sixth seal and the breaking of the seventh to enable certain events to transpire. The length of this interlude is not specified. These events are the appearance of the Shekinah in the heavens which dispels the darkness and frigidity precipitated by the breaking of the sixth seal, the sealing of the 144,000, and the rapture of the dead saints and the translation of the living saints. The same day the saints are raptured, the seventh seal is broken, and the wrath of God begins. This interlude is represented by the Rev.7. Rev.6.17 is the end of the cosmic disturbances associated with the breaking of the sixth seal. Rev.8:1 marks the breaking of the seventh seal which inaugurates the day of the Lord in Rev.8,9.

There is also an interlude between the end of the sixth trumpet ( Rev.9:21 ) and the sounding of the seventh ( Rev.10:7 ). Unlike the length of the interlude between the sixth and the seventh seals which is not specified, the length of this interlude is about seven days. This is the first seven days of the 30-day Reclamation period which follows the end of the second three and one-half years of the 70th week of Daniel. “And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that maketh desolate set up, there shall be a thousand two hundred and ninety days.” ( Dan.12:11‬ ‭). This interlude enables certain events to occur between the end of the sixth trumpet and the sounding of the seventh. Within this interlude of seven days, the two witnesses are killed on the first day and raised on the fourth ( Rev.11:1-13 ), and the surviving remnants of Israel are reconciled to the God of Israel on the third day. “Come, and let us return unto the Lord: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up. After two days will he revive us: in the third day he will raise us up, and we shall live in his sight. Then shall we know, if we follow on to know the Lord: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter and former rain unto the earth.” ( Hosea‬ ‭6:1-3‬ ‭). Shortly before the blowing of the seventh trumpet, the mystery of God is finished, and His spiritual kingdom complete as the surviving remnants of Israel are brought in. On the fifth day, God Almighty reclaims His rule over the Earth. “But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.” ( Rev.10:7‬ ).

On the sixth day, the surviving Jewish remnants which includes the 144,000 are sent into protective custody in Azel. “And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.” ( Zech.14:5‬ ). On the seventh day, the final seven bowl judgments begin to be poured out by the seven avenging angelic reapers on the unrighteous wicked who bear the mark of the Beast ( Rev.16:1 ).

Anyone who has read the works of the pretribs would quickly notice, they make no distinction between the wrath of Satan and the wrath of God. The seals, trumpets, and bowls are treated as concurrent. But there is a distinction between the wrath of God and the wrath of Satan. The first five seals have nothing to do with the wrath of God. Until the breaking of the sixth seal associated with the cosmic and celestial disturbances which interrupt the Great Tribulation, the wrath of God is not in view. The wrath of God begins with the breaking of the seventh seal.

( h ) The Day Of The Lord

The pretribs conflate the day of the Lord with the whole length of the end time including the Millennium. This is absurd. How could the Day Of The Lord possibly include the Millennium when it is clearly stated in the Scripture that the Day Of The Lord is darkness, not light. “Woe unto you that desire the day of the Lord! to what end is it for you? the day of the Lord is darkness, and not light. As if a man did flee from a lion, and a bear met him; or went into the house, and leaned his hand on the wall, and a serpent bit him. Shall not the day of the Lord be darkness, and not light? even very dark, and no brightness in it?” ( Amos‬ ‭5:18-20‬ ‭). Here the prophet Amos upbraided the Jews who rejected the Mark of the Beast, who believe in the Messiah of Israel, but do not believe in Jesus as the Messiah of Israel, who are in expectation of the Day Of The Lord as a day of deliverance for the whole house of Israel, who are ignorant of the fact that the remnant Of Israel who survive the Great Tribulation without the mark of the Beast must be purified and broken in spirit by going through the first six trumpet judgments in order to accept Jesus as their Messiah who has nail pierced hands.

“And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddo. And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart; The family of the house of Levi apart, and their wives apart; the family of Shimei apart, and their wives apart; All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart.” ( Zech.12:10-14‬ ‭).

After they accepted Jesus as their personal Lord and Saviour, they shall be taken into protective custody in Azel while the remaining wrath of God in the seven bowls is meted out on the Beast marked unrighteous wicked. “Then shall the Lord go forth, and fight against those nations, as when he fought in the day of battle. And his feet shall stand in that day upon the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east, and the mount of Olives shall cleave in the midst thereof toward the east and toward the west, and there shall be a very great valley; and half of the mountain shall remove toward the north, and half of it toward the south. And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; for the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azal: yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake in the days of Uzziah king of Judah: and the Lord my God shall come, and all the saints with thee.” ( Zech.14:3-5‬ ‭).

We have unequivocally proven from the Scriptures that the day of the Lord is synonymous with the day of His wrath, and that it does not start at the commencement the 70th week of Daniel, neither does it encompass the whole length of the second half of the 70th week. We have also shown that the wrath of God must be distinguished from the wrath of Satan, and that the Great Tribulation which is the Great Wrath Of Satan does not cover the whole length of the second half of the 70th week of Daniel which is three and one half years in duration. Both the Great Tribulation and the day of the Lord occur within the second half of the 70th week of Daniel with the later extending to the end of the 30-day Reclamation Period. The major part of the second half of the 70th week of Daniel is taken over by the wrath of God. For example, the fifth trumpet alone lasts as long as five months ( Rev.9:10 ). The sixth trumpet may even be longer. We have also shown that the wrath of God in the Day Of The Lord is contained in the seventh seal which is broken the very same day the saints are raptured. It opens into the seven trumpets. The seventh trumpet opens into the seven bowls. The first six trumpets occur within the remaining part of the second half of the 70th week which ends with the death of the two witnesses whose ministry runs concurrent with the time period allotted to the reign of the antiChrist. The period of the reign of the antiChrist is not the same as the Great Tribulation, although the Great Tribulation occurs within it. Although the antiChrist is incapacitated by the terrestrial and celestial disturbances associated with the breaking of the sixth seal, he does not totally lose power and authority and the seat of his government which is the Third Temple on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem until defeated at Armageddon.

The day of the Lord which begins with the breaking of the seventh seal during the second half of the 70th week ends at Armageddon 30 days after the expiration of the 70th week of Daniel. The extra 45 days that follows the battle of Armageddon is solely for the renovation of the Earth damaged by the wicked reign of the antiChrist and the fires of the wrath of God on the unrighteous wicked, the final ingathering of the Jewish exiles in Diaspora, and the Sheep And Goat Judgment of the Gentiles survivors of the Day Of The Lord Wrath ( Matt.25:31-46 ), preparatory to The Millennial reign of Christ and the resurrected saints in their glorified eternal immortal resurrection bodies.

Avraham Shallom

Will The Church Be Taken Away Before The antiChrist Appears?

Will The Church Be Taken Away Before The antiChrist Appears?

Will The Church Be Taken Away Before The antiChrist Appears?

RAPTURE!!! WILL THE CHURCH BE TAKEN AWAY BEFORE THE ANTICHRIST APPEARS?
 
This is one of the toughest questions that confront believers in relation to the end-time. Our interpretation of the sequence of end-time events varies widely, and has become a strong point of contention and, at times, division.
 
There are three distinct schools of thought on when the saints will join Jesus in His triumphant entry into the world. These are Pre-tribulation, Mid-tribulation, and Post-tribulation. The Pre-tribulation interpretation says believers will join Him BEFORE the tribulation period starts. Mid-tribulationists posit that this event will occur in the MIDDLE of the tribulation; while Post-tribulationists believe that believers will go through the entire period of tribulation with the unbelieving world. Three totally different concepts – yet all three groups support their interpretation with copious reference to Scriptures! 

So, which interpretation is correct? The confusion does not even end there. It is also evident in the varied interpretation given to the 1,000-year reign of Christ, commonly called the Millennial Reign (Revelation 20:1-6). Here, again, we have three clearly different viewpoints. We have the Premillennialists that believe Jesus will return to the earth physically to commence the Millennial Reign. We also have Postmillennialists that believe Jesus will not come until the preaching of the Gospel has taken root all over the society, influencing the conduct of humanity towards godliness. Then there are the Amillennialists that say the Millennial Reign is not a literal 1,000 year-period, but just a metaphor for a long period. They believe we are currently in that period, with Christ reigning from heaven and His saints reigning on earth today. Three widely-different interpretations, same Bible.

Before we move on, here is one more area of divergent opinions about the end-time. Many Christians believe that the Antichrist is a human being that will literally rule the world on behalf of Satan. But there is also a huge number of mainstream believers that say the Antichrist is not a person, but a global system that is actively opposed to God and His ways on earth. Both groups cling tenaciously to their positions, supported with Bible passages.

These examples show the quantum of confusion that abounds among believers as we approach the close of the age. This confusion is DEFINITELY not God’s will for His Church! On the contrary, God actually wants us to know His programme for the end-time. We can deduce this from His words in Revelation 22:10 when He instructed Apostle John: “… SEAL NOT the sayings of the prophecy of this book: for the time is at hand.” Please contrast this with the instruction given in Daniel 12:9, “Go thy way, Daniel: for the words are CLOSED UP AND SEALED till the time of the end”.
 
So, if God wants us to have a clear understanding of end-time prophecies, why is there so much confusion in our midst? Why has the Book of Revelation become a closed, mysterious, confusing book to us? I’ll suggest an answer to this question in a minute. But, first, let’s look at a related subject.
 
The end-time events that are written in the Scriptures are ENCODED in what we call prophecies. Prophecies are A REVELATION OF THE MIND OF GOD for the future. To have a clear understanding of prophecy is to understand THE MIND OF GOD. The purpose of God. The will of God.
 
A thorough understanding of prophecy is usually a product of INTIMACY WITH GOD. God unveils His mind to those that are close to His heart – usually through revelation. It is revelation that breeds understanding and accurate interpretation of prophecies. Without this revelation that springs directly from God ALONE, man can never fully understand and accurately interpret prophecies by diligent study, scholarship, or permutation. All such attempts will ALWAYS lead to confusion, misinterpretation, and misunderstanding of prophecies.
 
One of the most classic examples of this is found in John 7:52 when the elders of Israel said, “… Search, and look: for out of Galilee ariseth no prophet.” Of course, with the benefit of hindsight we all know today that Jesus grew up in Nazareth, Galilee! It was a series of such misunderstanding of prophecies that led the Jewish priests/elders to kill the Messiah the whole nation had been expecting for thousands of years! This is despite the fact that they had hundreds of both direct and veiled prophecies about Him! This is how dangerous it could be to mis-interpret prophecies. Wrong interpretation may lead to wrong expectations and wrong outcomes.
 
To take this a step further, we’ll recall that it was not until AFTER the death and resurrection of Christ that His disciples FULLY UNDERSTOOD most of the prophecies about Him. After He had come and gone! This is how delicate prophecies can be, requiring great humility for revelation, for understanding. An understanding that flows from intimacy with God.
 
Collectively, it is this intimacy with God that our generation of believers lack today. We have lost the true essence of discipleship that separates a believer from the world and binds Him to Christ as a single unit. Our lip-confession of Jesus has deepened in this generation, while our FOLLOWERSHIP of Him has become more shallow and superficial. We are just like our Laodicean brethren – poor, wretched, naked, blind, and miserable (Revelation 3:17).
 
Yet, in spite of our spiritual condition, we want to understand prophecy! We want to understand the mind and programme of God for this MOST SIGNIFICANT period in human history. It won’t work! God is not mocked. Spiritual understanding is a product of intimacy and submission, not a fruit of religious curiosity.
 
When we truly understand this point, humility will set in. And this humility will cause us to re-order our priorities. Will cause us to place A PREMIUM VALUE on focussing on deepening our intimacy with God through Jesus Christ. As this happens, and grows, prophecies that appear to be veiled will begin to speak to us clearly. Then shall we truly understand God’s mind for this end-time.
 
Until that time, our conflicting interpretation of end-time prophecies will remain a religious speculation that raises more questions than it answers. For example, our brethren that postulate that GENUINE believers will be on earth during the reign of the Antichrist may be overlooking the significance of the EXTREME HORROR of that period. It is the FULNESS OF THE HOUR OF DARKNESS. The hour of Satan. The culmination of all his endeavour on earth. The zenith of his kingdom, and of his reign over the people that have chosen him instead of Christ.
 
Definitely, believers did not sign up for the fullness of this evil kingdom. And it is doubtful that God will inflict it upon His ransomed Church. For this period is also a period of the expression of the fullness of God’s wrath against a rebellious world. An aspect of the wrath that Jesus came to save believers from.
 
Furthermore, the Bible makes it clear that the coming of the Lord will catch both the world AND lukewarm believers like a thief in the night. The suddenness of His arrival is a fundamental hallmark of His coming. This is why the Bible repeatedly urges believers to be ready AT ALL TIMES for His arrival. This warning would have been totally unnecessary if believers would be in the world during the reign of the Antichrist. For once the Antichrist arrives, it will be clear to all that the return of Jesus will be just around the corner. The surprise element that the Bible emphasises about His return will be largely gone!
 
These and similar points cast a shadow on both the Post-tribulation and Mid-tribulation interpretations. But even the Pre-tribulation position, as plausible as it may sound, also has quite a number of significant sticky points in its interpretation.
 
In reality, the sequence of events in the end-time may actually be a combination of some elements of the three interpretations, or it may also be totally different from what we think. Only God knows the truth 100%. And as we focus our minds on becoming more intimate with Him, He’ll tell us what He wants us to know, when He wants us to know it.
 
Thus, it is NOT the understanding of the sequence of events that really matters – but our intimacy with the Organiser of the sequence of events. He has told us the MOST IMPORTANT thing about the sequence – and it is this: BE READY AT ALL TIMES.
 
If we follow this simple, clear instruction that requires no interpretation, we’ll be absolutely fine!!! For if we are TRULY READY and waiting for Him, He’ll take us to Himself as He said. It will NOT matter if this is before the tribulation, in the middle of it, or even after it. The important thing is to be ready for ALL EVENTUALITIES.
 
As we prioritise this earnest pursuit of intimacy with God, who knows what could happen? Indeed, it may please the Lord to open our understanding of the prophecies and give us clarity. Or, He may choose to keep our hearts and mind focussed on the majestic King that could descend in glory AT ANY TIME. The King that we are eagerly awaiting.
 
“Be ye therefore ready also: for the Son of man cometh at an hour when ye think not” (Luke 12:40). Key words – ‘at an hour when ye think not’.
 
May His imminent arrival, like a thief in the night, be the culmination of our blessed hope of His reign of peace and love. May we be in the number that will reign with Him in glory. Amen.
 
Thanks for reading, God bless you.

The above is an anonymous WhatsApp post that found its way to our WhatsApp group. Below is my critique and rebuttal of this anonymous post.

“Will the Church be taken away before the antiChrist appears?” The author says this is the toughest question that confronts believers in relation to the end time. This is an assumption by the author because the Scriptures are clear the Church will be here during part of the reign of the antiChrist. “Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition;” ( 2 Thessalonians‬ ‭2:3‬ ). Our brother Apostle Paul makes it clear in his second Epistle to the Thesssalonians that That Day, that is the day in which the rapture will occur will not come until two events occur, vix, ( 1 ) the revelation of the man of sin and ( 2 ) the apostasy or the falling away from the Faith. The falling away from the faith will be precipitated by the unveiling of the antiChrist in the rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem. This event occurs precisely in the middle of the 70th week. Our Lord Jesus the Christ in His Olivet Discourse also told His disciples that His Coming ( parousia ) to gather His elect will occur after the Tribulation of those days. “Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken: And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory. And he shall send his angels with a great sound of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.” ( Matthew‬ ‭24:29-31‬ ‭).

The same Apostle Paul told us in his first Epistle to the Corinthians that our gathering together unto the Lord will occur when Christ descends from heaven with the trump of God and the voice of the archangel. “Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.” ‭‭( 1 Corinthians‬ ‭15:51-52‬ ‭). The other classical rapture passage in 1 Thess.4:14-18 tells us also that the rapture will happen when Christ descends from heaven with the voice of the archangel. “For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so them also which sleep in Jesus will God bring with him. For this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep. For the Lord himself shall descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with the trump of God: and the dead in Christ shall rise first: Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord. Wherefore comfort one another with these words.” The Coming of the Lord to evacuate the saints from siege occurs after the unveiling of the antiChrist and the amputation of the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist with cosmic disturbances. In The mouth of two or three witnesses every word shall be established ( 2 Cor.13:1 ) . So, how is this the toughest question when the Scriptures have given us the answer? The confusion concerning the timing of the rapture is created by the Devil and his gang to obfuscate the minds of those who are ignorant of the Scriptures.

The author says, “ our interpretation of the sequence of events varies widely, and has become a strong point of contention and, at times, division.” This observation is true, but it arises majorly out of ignorance of the Scriptures, and the presence of the agents of Satan who are hell bent on causing divisions, fractions, and shims amongst us.

The author talks about three views of the rapture. I do not know when this piece was written. However, it could not have been over 20 years ago. There are now about five views of the rapture: Pretrib, Midtrib, Posttrib, Prewrath, and the Partial rapture theory. The latest of them is the Prewrath Rapture Position which was proposed jointly by Robert Van Campen and Marvin J. Rosenthal in 1990 when Marvin J.Rosenthal first published his book, “The Pre-wrath Rapture Of The Church.” Yes, they are all totally different concepts. The proponents try to support them with Scriptures. However, some of these Scriptures are taken out of context or totally misinterpreted.

The author went about to liken the confusion about the timing of the rapture to the varied meillennial views. Amillennialism and postmillennialism have been discredited both by the Scriptures as well as history. There are very few theologians and biblical scholars that hold these views today. By far the largest view of the rapture in the Church is Pretrib. All pretribs are premeillennialists as are all midtribs, posttribs, prewrathers, and partial rapture theorists. It is not possible to hold any of these views and be amillennialist or postmillennialist. Anyone who holds any of these views, must believe in the literal 1,000-year reign of Christ. The author says, “three widely-different interpretations, same Bible.” The reason is very simple, the God of this age is not asleep.

The author went on to say also that though majority of believers believe in a literal antiChrist, there are some that believe he is just a global system that is antiGod. There is no confusion as to whether the antiChrist is a literal person or not. The Scriptures in so many words state that he is. Let us consider the following Scriptures:

“I am come in my Father’s name, and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name, him ye will receive.” ( John‬ ‭5:43‬ ‭). Her Jesus told the leaders of the nation of Israel that He has come in Father’s Name, but they did not receive Him. If another comes in his own name, him they will receive. He was referring to the antiChrist. This is a literal person, not some abstract political system. Just as Jesus was a literal person so will the antiChrist be a literal person. This world leader will force Israel to make a peace agreement with its hostile Arab neighbors. “And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.” ( Daniel‬ ‭9:27‬ ‭). The he that shall make a peace pact with Israel is a literal person not some political system that is antiGod. The prophet Isaiah warned the nation of Israel not to trust in this man whose breath is in his nostrils. “Cease ye from man, whose breath is in his nostrils: for wherein is he to be accounted of?” ( Isaiah‬ ‭2:22‬ ‭). The antiChrist will be human; his breath is in his nostrils. Although he is also described in the Scriptures in other worldly terms like Sheol ( Hell ), Lies, death, and falsehood, he is nonetheless human. “Wherefore hear the word of the Lord, ye scornful men, that rule this people which is in Jerusalem. Because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death, and with hell are we at agreement; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, it shall not come unto us: for we have made lies our refuge, and under falsehood have we hid ourselves: And your covenant with death shall be disannulled, and your agreement with hell shall not stand; when the overflowing scourge shall pass through, then ye shall be trodden down by it.” ( Isaiah‬ ‭28:14-15, 18‬ ‭).

He is also described as a beast. “And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy.” ( Revelation‬ ‭13:1‬ ‭). This beast shall make war with the saints and overcome them. “And it was given unto him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them: and power was given him over all kindreds, and tongues, and nations.” ( Revelation‬ ‭13:7‬ ‭). He has an enforcer, the second Beast also called the false prophet who is also human. “And I beheld another beast coming up out of the earth; and he had two horns like a lamb, and he spake as a dragon. And he exerciseth all the power of the first beast before him, and causeth the earth and them which dwell therein to worship the first beast, whose deadly wound was healed.” ( Revelation‬ ‭13:11-12‬ ).

To be human means that a spirit being lives in mortal body of man and is subject to its limitations. In that case Jesus is human. But we know he is more than human. The antiChrist is also more than human. There are some mysteries about him. He shall ascend out of the bottomless pit and go into perdition. “The beast that thou sawest was, and is not; and shall ascend out of the bottomless pit, and go into perdition: and they that dwell on the earth shall wonder, whose names were not written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they behold the beast that was, and is not, and yet is.” ( Revelation‬ ‭17:8‬ ‭). He had lived on Earth before and ruled one of the seven previous Beast Empires of Satan. “And here is the mind which hath wisdom. The seven heads are seven mountains, on which the woman sitteth. And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space. And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition.” ( Revelation‬ ‭17:9-11‬ ‭). He shall arise out of the bottomless pit to rule over the Eighth And Final Beast Empire of Satan. He is the beast that was and is not, and shall rise out of the bottomless pit. He shall go into perdition, that is return to the bottomless pit.

He shall sit in the Temple Of God displaying himself as God. “Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition; Who opposeth and exalteth himself above all that is called God, or that is worshipped; so that he as God sitteth in the temple of God, shewing himself that he is God.” ( 2 Thessalonians‬ ‭2:3-4‬ ‭). This is not a system but a person. He is the man of sin. His coming is after the working of Satan with signs and lying wonders. The antiChrist will perform miracles, signs and wonders in order to try to authenticate his claim to messiahship and deceive the true believers. “And now ye know what withholdeth that he might be revealed in his time. For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way. And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming: Even him, whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved.” ( 2 Thessalonians‬ ‭2:6-10‬ ‭). He is the wicked one who shall be unveiled in the Temple of God. For further elucidation on the person of the antiChrist, see my article “the antiChrist.” Link: https://mtzionheritage.com/the-antichrist/. There should be no confusion about the person of the antiChrist except such as are created my men. There are numerous facts in the Scriptures that point to the person of the antiChrist.

The author points out there is quantum of confusion amongst believers with regards to the end times. He rightly also observes and indicates that these confusions are not from God. God is not the author of confusion ( 1 Cor.14:33 ). The confusion is definitely not God’s will for His Church. He rightly also points out that God wants us to know His programme for the end times. God’s word concerning the end times is not sealed ( Rev.22:10 ). It is open to be understood by those who have the Spirit of God. The seven-sealed Scroll in Rev.5 is not the Bible per se. It is the tittle deed of the Earth in the Throne Room Of The Temple Of God in Heaven. It is only Jesus the Son Of God who is the heir apparent to the throne of the earthly domain of God’s Universal Kingdom that has the power and authority to break the seals and open the Scroll ( Rev.5:5,6 ). He will do so in heaven beginning from the commencement of the 70th week of Daniel. For yet a little while, and He that will come will come and will not tarry ( Heb.10:37 ).

He says the events of the end times are encoded in prophecies. This is not exactly true. The OT prophecies concerning end time events are plain except in cases where allegories and metaphors are used. This kind of teaching means that biblical prophecy is only understandable to those who have access to the so called codes. Anyone can study biblical prophecy and come to a fairly good understanding of it. There is form, context and setting involved in prophecy. These prophecies are given in a particular culture, context and setting. Studying Jewish culture and language will greatly inform and enhance our understanding of biblical prophecy in the OT and understanding koine Greek will enhance our understanding of NT prophecies. Intimacy with Jesus is very vital as he said. A combination of these two facts are required, biblical scholarship and intimacy with the Holy Spirit who is the best teacher and interpreter of the Scriptures.

Yes, the Jewish elders misunderstood who Jesus is. They were looking for a conquering Messiah, Messiah ben David, not a suffering Messiah, Messiah Ben Joseph. Although Jesus is both, but He did not play both roles at the same time. He had to suffer first, and be rejected of men, both Jews and Gentiles. He made some valid point with regards to the lukewarmness that is prevalent in the Church in our day. However, in every generation there is always a remnant. I believe there is a remnant amongst the saints that are in intimately fellowship with Jesus, the Holy Spirit, and the Father. Humility is a paramount quality in His presence. It is an exhibit to enter into His presence. All believers have right of passage into His presence. We can avail ourselves of it. Our understanding of the Scriptures is not static but progressive. As we grow in the knowledge of Him, our understanding of Him grows pari passu with our understanding of the prophetic Scriptures.

This author has made a very valid point in our understanding of the prophetic scriptures. But he turned round and appealed to human emotions, fear of suffering and persecution as reasons why the believers will not be here on Earth during the reign of terror by the antiChrist. Does the fact that the Great Tribulation is the fullness of Satan’s evil kingdom exclude believers from his reign of terror. He says, “definitely believers did not sign up for it.” It is written: “he that endure to the end ( of the ages ) shall be saved” ( Matt.10:22 ). And Jesus promised to be with us till the end of the ages ( Matt.28:20 ). The end of the ages is the point at which Christ begins to bring to an end the rule of Satan over the earthly domain of God’s Universal Kingdom. What is it then that the believers did not sign up for the worst of satanic rule when Christ admonished us that it is those who endure to the end of satanic rule that will be saved? This guy who has given us excellent analysis of what it takes to understand the prophetic Scriptures has turned round and said something that contradicts Christ promise to be with us till the end of Satan’s rule and reign of evil over the Earth. This is deliberate deception. He says God will not inflict Satan’s reign of evil on the Church. Is God responsible for the reign of Satan? Will God be held accountable for the atrocities committed under Satanic rule? Is God responsible for the horrors perpetrated by the antiChrist? He also contradicts himself by superimposing God’s wrath on Satan’s reign of terror. This is a deliberate error for theological convenience by pretribs in order to keep the Church out of the 70th week of Daniel. By the way, who is Satan antagonizing? The saints or his own followers? He says Jesus has come to save us from an aspect of His wrath. This is also half truth. We are not appointed unto God’s wrath ( 1 Thess.1:10, 5:9 ). This guy like all pretribs has not rightly divided the word of God. He has not distinguished the wrath of Satan from the wrath of God ( Rev.12:12 ). They are two different things and mutually exclusive. Satan wrath is directed against the saints of the Most High whilst God’s wrath is directed against Satan and his minions. This is the usual thing amongst Pretrib teachers, confusion of the wrath of Satan with the wrath of God for theological convenience.

He says, “furthermore, the Bible makes it clear that the coming of the Lord will catch both the world and lukewarm believers like a thief in the light.” This is absolutely correct. Then he follows with “the suddenness of His arrival is a fundamental hallmark of His Coming.” Is this correct? In relation to whom? He continues, “this is why the Bible repeatedly urges all believers to be ready at all times for His arrival.” This is also correct, but why? Because any generation of believers may be called upon to enter the 70th week to experience the horrors of the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist. This is expectancy not imminence. He concludes, “this warning would have been totally unnecessary if believers would be in the world during the reign of the antiChrist.” Wrong inference. He infers again that once the antiChrist arrives, it will be clear to all that the return of Jesus is around the corner, and that the surprise element that the Bible emphasizes about His return will be largely gone. Another baldadash. Does the presence of the antiChrist in the world eliminate the surprise element of Christ’s return in relation to the world and lukewarm believers? Is the world expecting the coming Christ? Does knowing the general time period of His Coming mean the same thing as knowing the day and the hour? Even the majority of the believers who are ignorant of the prophetic Scriptures will not recognize the antiChrist until his unveiling in the rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem at the midpoint of the 70th week. For the first three and one-half years of the 70th week, the antiChrist will be veiled. Until he reveals or unveils himself as a dead man come back to life who had ruled over one of the seven previous Beast Empires of Satan, most believers even the Jews who made Covenant Of Peace with him will not recognize him as the antiMessiah. That is why it will be terrifying for them to understand the report.

He says that the points he has marshaled out so far cast shadows on the midtrib and posttrib rapture positions. That’s right. Both are biblically inaccurate though certain elements of them are true. To appear even and fair he acknowledges that even the Pretrib position, as plausible as it may sound in his own estimation, has also quite a number of sticky points in its interpretation. The Pretrib Rapture position as well as midtrib and posttrib are not explicit teaching of the Scriptures. The Bible does not in so many words state any of these. The proof of the Pretrib Rapture Position is logically invalid and unconvincing.

This guy who seems to be so convinced that the Pretrib is the biblical accurate rapture position turns round again and makes a true statement. “In reality, the sequence of events of the end-time may actually be a combination of some elements of the three interpretations, or it may also be totally different from what we think. This is absolute correct. None of these three views are biblically accurate although some elements of them are biblically founded and defensible. The Prewrath Rapture Position which combines these three biblically accurate elements in addition to the missing element in these views is the biblically accurate rapture view. The rapture chair has fours legs as illustrated by Dr. Charles Cooper. Link: http://www.solagroup.org/articles/endtimes/et_0004.html. These legs can be represented by the acronym EDDA.

E: Exemption from from the wrath of God. The Church is exempted from the wrath of God ( 1 Thess.1:10, 5:9 ). This is the only merit that Pretrib has. Unfortunately, it starts the wrath of God from the commencement of the 70th week of Daniel which biblically inaccurate and indefensible. The wrath of God in the Day Of The Lord is preceded by cosmic and celestial disturbances and the coming of Elijah, the herald of Coming ( Joel 2:30-32; Mal.4:5,6 ).

D: Distinction of the wrath of God from the wrath of Satan ( Rev.12:12; 8-9, 16-20 ). Pretrib fails on this count. The other two views, midtrib and posttrib qualify.

D: Distinction of the Great Tribulation from the eschatological Day Of The Lord. Both Pretrib and Midtrib rapture views fail on this count. Posttrib Rapture Position qualifies.

A: Amputation of Great Tribulation. The Great Tribulation will be cut short by the cosmic and celestial disturbances associated with the breaking of the sixth seal. All three views, the Pretrib, the Midtrib, and the Posttrib fail on this count. It is only the Prewrath Rapture Position that qualifies on all four counts. For further elucidation see my article, Rapture Views. Link: https://mtzionheritage.com/rapture-views/.

He continues, “only God knows the truth 100%. And as we focus our minds on becoming more intimate with Him, He’ll tell us what He wants us to know when He wants us to know it.” These statements are true, but applying it to the study of the prophetic Scriptures breeds indolence. We must continue to search the Scriptures, and as we do, our understanding improves. Knowledge is not static but progressive. Again the logos is not subservient to the rhema. The logos is the Gold standard. Whatever we hear must be subjected to the written logos. There is no new revelation to be added to the Scriptures, but we can have better understanding as we study the logos.

Our brother says that it is not the understanding of the sequence of events that really matters- but our intimacy with the organizer of the sequence of events. This is also half truth. Both are important. If the sequence of events were unimportant why did our Lord Jesus teach it His disciples in the Olivet Discourse in Matt.24 and also in the Scroll Of Revelation given to Apostle John on the Island Of Patmos? Why would Jesus repeat this sequence of events in greater details to John the apocalyptist in the Scroll Of Revelation after over sixty years ( 30-96 AD )? It is because it is very important, and of utmost importance to believers who find themselves in the last seven years of this age. There is a simple rule in prioritizing facts of the Bible. If it is spoken once, it is important. If it is repeated twice, it is very important, if is repeated three times or more, it is of utmost importance. The sequence of events of the end times is of utmost importance being repeated more three times in Matthew, Mark, Luke,First Epistle Of Peter, Paul’s letters to the Thesssalonians, and the Scroll of Revelation. So also our intimacy with our Lord Jesus the Christ. Our intimacy with Christ should lead us to understand the sequence of events of the end times.

Our brother continues his admonition, “ He has told us the Most important thing about the sequence-and it is this: Be ready at all times.” Yes, anyone of us could be called upon of Heaven at any moment to give account of ourselves to God. We should not be foolish like the rich fool who said to himself: l have ample goods laid down for many years. I will say to my soul rejoice. But that very night his life was require of him ( Luk.12:13-21 ). But how can we be ready if we do not know the times and the seasons. Proper understanding of the sequence of events of the end times fuels our preparedness and readiness.

Our brother now commits a very egregious error. He tells us “if we follow this simple, clear instruction that requires no interpretation, we’ll be absolutely fine!!! For if we are truly ready and waiting for Him, He’ll take us to Himself as He said. It will not matter if this is before the tribulation, in the middle of it, or even after it. The important thing is to be ready for all eventualities.” I have heard this mantra several times before from pantribulationists. One told me, just live right, you will be raptured whenever the rapture takes place. They will not tell us the condition under which the rapture will take place. How can a soldier be ready for the battle his commanding officer or general has told him he will not have to fight? Which athlete trains hard for a major tournament in which he will not compete? Which student prepares very hard for an examination his professor has told him he will not have to write at the end of his course? Sports officianados do not win trophies. It is the athletes who train very hard and compete that win gold medals at the Olympic. If for earthly and perishable trophies which are temporal men train so hard, how much more heavenly trophies which are eternal. One pastor refused to sit at one of our meetings. He said he is a preacher of righteousness. All you have to do is to live right, and you will be raptured when the rapture takes place. Sounds pious, doesn’t it? He refuses to study biblical prophecies and teaches his congregants to do the same. Will that day not overtake him and his ilk unawares even though they live right supposedly?

Our brother continues to admonish us to prioritize intimacy with Jesus which is good. He is not sure what will happen. What is the essence of studying biblical prophecy? Is not that we may know what will happen? Is it not that we may know the times and the seasons. If we do not know what will happen, we are then passive observers of time. Christ may open our understanding of the prophecies and give clarity. I know exactly what will happen. He will help us to understand biblical prophecy, more so as we approach the last seven years of this age. We must focus our minds on Jesus. He is the author and finisher of our faith ( Heb.12:2 ). Then he quotes this Scripture, “Be ye therefore ready also: for the Son of man cometh at an hour when he think not ( Luk.12:40 ). Yes, the hour we think not, not the general time period the Scriptures have revealed. This Scripture does not in any way negate the fact that we can know the general time period of His Coming. We may not know the day and the hour ( Matt.24:36 ) but if we are prepared and observant we can see when the fig tree begins to bud ( Matt.24:32-35 ). When the fig tree begins to bud, we know that Summer is near. The fig tree is a sign of approximation. When it begins to bud, we know that Summer is near. When the sequence of events given by Christ in the Olivet Discourse and the Scroll Of Revelation begin to unfold, we know that His parousia draweth nigh. That generation shall not pass away till these things be fulfilled. The generation of believers that shall witness the peace treaty between Israel and the Man of sin, shall enter the 70th week of Daniel to witness the horrors of the Great Tribulation, and be raptured when the Great Tribulation is cut short by the cosmic and celestial disturbances associated with the breaking of the sixth seal.

He concludes with an invocation of His imminent arrival. Will the coming of Christ to rapture the saints be imminent? No. Imminence means no prophesied event needs occur before the rapture can take place. In other words, the rapture will be signless and can occur at any moment. This is a blatant lie. The rapture will be preceded by the Great Tribulation and the cosmic and celestial disturbances that amputate the Great Tribulation ( Matt.24:29-31; Rev.6:12-17, 7:9-17 ).

Summary

The author is one of those smart pretribs. He argues as though he  is for none of the views, trying to find out a mediating position, but at the same time passing off his pretrib position. See how he manipulates th element of suddenness and Christ coming like a thief in the night, but fails woefully to relate it to the unbelievers who are of the night and darkness, not of the light and day, and are drunken and fallen asleep in the night. He failed to show that believers are not of the night and darkness, but of the light and day, and therefore that day cannot come upon us unawares like a thief in the night, which our brother, Apostle Paul made clear in 1 Thess.5:4-6. He failed to show that Christ in the Oliver Discourse pinpoints the time of the rapture to follow the Tribulation of those days. Knowing the general time period is not the same as knowing the exact day and the hour ( Matt.24:36 ). He says if the Church goes through the tribulation, the surprise element will be largely gone. Does the surprise element relate to believers or unbelievers? The element of surprise belongs to the unbelievers. The believers are waiting for the coming of the Lord. The unbelievers are not waiting for the Coming Of The Lord. When the Shekinah appears in the heavens, the believers are told to look up for their redemption draweth nigh ( Lu,.21:28 ). How can such a people be surprised? Therefore, it is the unbelievers that will be surprised, not the believers.

He surreptitious slips in  that the believers did not bargain for the horrors of the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist. This argument appeals to human emotion and fear of torture, suffering and persecution. The fear of suffering and persecution is one of the areas of compromise in the five unfaithful and compromising churches ( Rev.2:19 ). Human foibles and peccadilloes are not the bases of doctrine but sola scriptura ( Scriptures only ). He argues that intellect or rather intellectualism is not enough to understand the End Times prophecies but spirituality and intimacy with Jesus. He scores himself high on this point, all in the bid to convince us his pretrib position is borne out of spirituality and intimacy with Jesus.  However his spiritual arrogance is not hidden to any discerning person. 

The plain sense of Scriptures  always  makes sense except in cases where figures of speech are employed. Allegorizing and spiritualizing will always lead to a confusion of views. So, we should stick to the plain sense of Scriptures. And the rhema must be subject to the logos.

Avraham Shallom.

The Church In The 70th Week

The Church In The 70th Week

The Church In The 70th Week

There are some of our brethren of the pretribulation persuasion who urge us to believe that the Church will not be present here on Earth in the last week of this age. One of the reasons they adduce is the fact that the word church is not used in the Scroll of Revelation after Rev.3:22. They also persuade us to believe that the rapture took place in Rev.4:1. This interpretation is at best tenuous and has no textual support. On the other hand, evidence abound of the presence of the Church in the 70th week of Daniel. The Church is designated in some other ways in the Scroll of Revelation. Admittedly, the word Church is not used in the Scroll of Revelation after the third chapter, evidence abound in the Scroll of Revelation of the presence of the Church in the 70th week of Daniel. The reason why the word Church is not used in the Scroll of Revelation after the third chapter is because God is no longer concerned about nor deals with organized Christendom. God is now concerned and deals with individual believers. There is no such case of so perfect a local assembly in which every member is born again, where there are no agents of darkness. Every local assembly has its bad eggs. A local assembly is perfect to the extent that its leadership is born again, loves the Lord and the congregants, and strives in the word and doctrine, and prayers to ensure doctrinal purity, the spiritual soundness and the wellbeing of the members, instills discipline in the leadership as well as in the congregation.

On three separate occasions, the revelator John is invited to see a revelatory vision ( Rev.4:1; 17:1; 21:9 ). Does it mean therefore that the rapture occurred three times? There is no textual or exegetical basis for the claim that the rapture took place in Rev.4:1. Robert L. Thomas claims the prophesies of Rev.4-19 describe what will happen after the period of the Church Age has run its course. To attempt a divorcement between the Church Age and the events of Rev.4-19, as the pretribulationists do is without biblical justification. This claim is clearly based on bias. There is no textual nor exegetical basis to claim that the Church Age ended in Rev.3:22. There is no passage of Scriptures that makes such explicit claim. The argument that Rev.4-19 does not involve the Church is based on silence. This is called argument from silence.

We have pointed out that evidence abound in the Scroll of Revelation of the presence of the Church in the 70th week. The reference to wife in Rev.19:7 designates the Church. Besides, the Church is designated in some other ways in Rev.4-19. These are every tribe and tongue and people and nation ( 5:8 ); a kingdom of priests ( 5:10 ); fifth seal martyrs ( 6:9 ); a multitude which no man could number ( 7:9;19:5,6 ); bond servants ( 11:18; 19:2,5 ); our brethren ( 12:10 ); the remnant of her children who have the testimony of Jesus Christ ( 12:17 ); and saints ( 13:7,10; 14:12; 8:20,24 ).

The Seven Churches Of Asia

Our Lord Jesus is the author of the Scroll of Revelation. John was His amanuensis. It is the revelation of Jesus Christ ( Rev.1:1 ). It is not a letter by John, but a direct communication from the Lord Jesus to the Christ. The Apostle John was just the scribe. The Greek word translated apocalypse means unveiling. It is the unveiling of Jesus the Christ not the Revelation of John the Divine.

The Scroll of Revelation is a book of eschatology. The English word eschatology is compound word derived from the Greek words eschaton and logi which mean last things. Therefore the letters to the seven churches in Asia Minor have prophetic significance. Were it not so, it would be out of synchrony with the expressed purpose of the Scroll of Revelation which is to unveil our Lord Jesus the Christ in His coming glory.

The seven churches were actual churches that existed at that, in the First Century in Asia Minor. Seven of these churches were chosen out of many other local assemblies in existence at that time. That the problems addressed in these churches applied to these churches at that time is very obvious. That these same problems may also relate to every local assembly at any point in time during the Church Age is equally valid. Although some biblical scholars demur, this is the position of Charles Caldwell Ryrie.

” The seven churches addressed in chapters 2 and 3 were actual churches of John’s day. But they also represent types of churches in all generations. This idea is supported by the fact that only seven were selected out of many that existed and flourished in John’s time and by the statement at the close of each letter that the Spirit was speaking to the churches.” ( vv. 7-11, etc )

Would it be proper to tell the churches in Iran, Iraq, Syria, Pakistan, China, Northern Nigeria, and Indonesia which are persecuted in the present time that these letters have no relevance to them? I trow not. My submission therefore is that although these were actual local assemblies in existence in John’s day, the doctrinal issues and practical problems addressed in these churches may be applied to any local assembly at any point in time during the Church Age.

There are some biblical scholars that relate these churches to different eras in the Church Age. Gary Cohen gave an overview of these eras. The seven eras are generally given approximately as follows:

Ephesus: The Apostolic Church ( 30-100 AD )
Smyrna: The Persecuted Church ( 100-313 AD )
Pergamum: Th State Church ( 313-590 AD )
Thyatira: The Papal Church ( 590-1517 AD )
Sardis: The Reformed Church ( 1517-1790 AD)
Philadelphia: The Missionary Church ( 1730-1900 AD )
Laodicea: The Apostate Church ( 1900- )

This view, although held by many competent scholars is fraught with some problems. There is nothing in the biblical text that indicates these churches represent seven different eras or stages in church history. It is an assumption, and therefore subjective. Besides, who is to determine the beginning and end of an era inasmuch as church history is not that clear-cut. Which church historian is the authority in these eras, and what dates are we to accept. The designations, Apostolic Church, Persecuted Church, etc are lobe-sided , stilted and tangential, and at best incomplete designations that do not totally conform to the content of these letters to the seven churches.

The proper understanding of the letters to the seven churches is that they have both near and far view applications. The issues raised in those letters referred to the churches in question. They also have a far view application in that they are a projection into the end times. This is a very common phenomenon amongst the prophets of Israel of whom our Lord Jesus The Christ is a perfect example. For example, when Daniel spoke of Antiochus Epiphanes who persecuted the Jews and desecrated the temple in 168 BC ( Dan.11:21-35 ), he also projected into the 70th week, speaking of the antiChrist who shall be the ultimate persecutor of the Jews and the defiler of the rebuilt Jewish temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem ( Dan.11:36-45 ). Our Lord Jesus did the same thing in His Premission Address to His disciples in Matt.10. He told them what to preach, the provisions to take, and the kind of response they would get from the people ( Matt.10:1-15 ). Then He projected without any noted intervention into the 70th week of Daniel to tell them what to preach, and that He will be with them, and the results to expect ( Matt.10:16-42 ).

In like manner, our Lord Jesus who is the author of the Scroll of Revelation chose the seven churches in Rev.2,3, from amongst many others in existence in Asia Minor at that time to speak of the conditions in these local assemblies. As we well know seven is the divine number of perfection and completeness. God knows the end from the beginning. In Revelation, divine revelation and programme for mankind is coming to a consummate end. These seven local assemblies are perfect illustrations also of the full-robed strength and weaknesses of the Church ( organized Christendom) in the 70th week of Daniel. The commonality evidenced by these seven local assemblies presented a platform and springboard to give warnings and admonitions to organized Christendom in the 70th week right up to the end of the Ages which is the point of transition from the present age to the age to come. These seven churches exhibited the same characteristics as organized Christendom in the 70th week of Daniel. Therefore the Apostle John the revelator was called upon to write the things which thou hast seen, the things which are, and the things which shall be hereafter ( Rev.1:19 ). Were these letters to be given normative authority in the context of the 70th week, pretribulation rapturism will collapse. Therefore to preserve their pet doctrine, these letters must be denied normative reading in the context of the 70th week. Likewise also, the Olivet Discourse ( Matt.24:42-25:30 ) is denied normative reading and authority in the context of the 70th week, thereby denying the Church the critical warnings and admonitions given to her by the Lord in this most difficult period of her history.

When we consider the status of these churches, certain important facts will emerge. Firstly, there is a promise given in common to all seven churches. If they are overcomers, they will be rewarded. To the church at Ephesus, it is promised, ” To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God” ( Rev.2:7 ). To the church of Smyrna it is promised, ” He that overcometh will not be hurt of the second death” ( Rev.2:11 ). To the church and Pergamum it is promised, ” To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and I will give him a white stone” ( Rev.2:17 ). In the ancient Near East as well as in the Roman world, a white stone was used in voting for the acquittal of one on trial. This implies that the overcomers will be give acquittal before God at Christ Second Advent.

To the church at Thyatira it is promised, ” And he that overcometh, and keepeth his works unto the end, to him will I give power over the nations” ( Rev.2:26 ). The word end here is an abbreviation of the phrase end of the ages. It is the point of transition of the present age, olam haze, to the new age, the age to come, olam haba. This point of transition begins at the breaking of the seventh seal way into the second half of the 70th week, not the commencement of it. It marks the starting point of the Day Of The LORD. It is concurrent with the appearance of the Son Of Man in the heavens, and the rapture of the Church. It is the consummation of this age. Here also, overcomers are promised power over the nations. It is evident that the saints shall reign with Christ for a thousand years. To have power over the nations implies that the saints shall reign over the nations with Christ in the Millennium. This shall occur at the expiry of the present age after God Almighty reclaims His rule over the Earth. This is an allusion to the promise made to the Son by God the Father in psalm 2:8,9 which shall be consummated at Christ’s second coming.

To the church at Sardis it is promised, ” He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment” ( Rev.3:5 ). White raiment signals righteousness. This is an unmistakable reference to the Church, the bride of Christ. John wrote, ” Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honor to Him; for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and His wife has mad herself ready. And to her was granted that she should be arrayed in fine linen, clean and white; for the fine linen is the righteousness of the saints” ( Rev.19:7-8 ).

To the church at Philadelphia it is promised, ” Him that overcometh will make a pillar in the temple of My God” ( Rev.3:12 ). In the Roman world, a magistrate is honored by erecting a pillar in his name in a temple. The reference here is to the saints who overcome the horrors of the Great Tribulation by erecting pillars in their names in the Millennial Temple to be built by Christ Himself on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem ( Ezek.40-43 ). To the church at Laodicea it is promised, ” To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with Me in My throne, even as I also overcame, and Am set with My Father in His throne” ( Rev.3:21 ). To sit with the Father on His throne is to reign with Him. Christ as the Father’s representative in the earthly domain of His Universal Kingdom shall sit upon the throne in the Throne Room in the Fourth and Millennial Temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem ( Zech.6:13 ). The resurrected saints shall reign with Him; for it is written: if we suffer with Him, we shall also reign with Him ( 2 Tim2:12a ).

To overcome is to defeat the enemy, to vanquish the foe. It also means to be triumphant in difficulties, trials, and temptations. The context of the seven Churches is set in concrete; it is in the arena of the 70th week of Daniel, and the activities of Satan, his hordes of fallen evil angels, and the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist. Concerning those who are triumphant, it is written: ” And they overcame him by the blood of the Lamb, and by the word of their testimony; and they loved not their lies unto the death” ( Rev.12:11 ). They did not shrink from death. In other words, they were willing to die for what and in Him whom they believe. They were willing to be martyrs. After all the events of the 70th week, John wrote, ” He that overcometh shall inherit all things, and I will be his God and he shall be My son” ( ( Rev.21:7 ).

Secondly, the churches were told clearly that Christ’s coming is at the door. To the church of Ephesus it is written: ” I will come unto thee quickly” ( Rev.2:5 ). To the church at Pergamos it is written: ” Repent, or else I will come unto thee quickly” ( Rev2:16 ). To the church at Thyatira it is written: ” hold fast till I come” ( ( Rev.2:25 ). To the church at Sardis it is written: ” If therefore thou shall not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee” ( Rev.3:3 ). This is the same exact warning given in the Olivet Discourse ( Matt.24:42-44 ). Admittedly, the context as in the case of the seven churches of Asia is the 70th week of Daniel. To the church of Philadelphia it is written: ” Behold, I come quickly; hold fast that which thou hast, that no man take thou crown” ( Rev.3:11 ). To the church at Laodicea it is written: ” Behold I stand at the door and knock: if any man hear My voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with Me” ( Rev.3:20 ). We can see here that if the various churches represent different periods of Church history, the Lord was misleading His Church about His Second Advent. Impossible one would say, and rightly so. A clear and uncluttered normative reading and understanding of these statements to the churches imply they occur in the context of the 70th week when they shall confront the antiMessiah and face the horrors of the Great Tribulation.

Thirdly, Christ said to the church of Ephesus, “I know thy works, and thy labor, and thy patience” ( Rev.2:2 ). The Greek word translated patience here is huopomone which means endurance under affliction. The affliction is certainly the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist. To the church at Thyatira it is written: ” I know thy works, and love, and service, and faith, and thy patience” ( Rev.2:19 ). Once again patience is endurance under affliction which is the Great Tribulation. To the church at Philadelphia it is written: ” Because thou hast kept the word of My patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth” ( Rev.3:10 ). Here Christ promised the church of Philadelphia that because they have kept His instructions concerning perseverance in the face of the Great Tribulation, the hour of temptation, He shall protect them in the midst of the hour of temptation which shall try all those who dwell on the earth. Without doubt, this hour of temptation is the Great Tribulation by the antiMessiah.

Clearly in the context of the Great Tribulation, Apostle John the revelator wrote: ” If any man is to go into captivity, into captivity he goes: if any man is to be killed with sword, with the sword the one shall be killed. Here is the patience and faith of the saints” ( Rev.13:10 ). As revealed in the fifth seal of Rev.6:9-11, there is a complement of believers to be martyred. This number is a divine secret. It is not revealed to us in the Scriptures. Besides, those to be martyred or led into captivity were chosen in eternity past. The believer in the 70th week who understands this concept will resign himself to his fate, after he has exhaustively observed Christ’s instructions concerning perseverance. Here is the patience and faith of the saints. Once again patience here is endurance under persecution or affliction which in the context of Rev.13 is the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist.

Fourthly, to the church of Pergamos it is written, ” I know thy works where thou dwellest, even where Satan’s throne is” ( Rev.2:13 ). Pergamos was the Centre of Roman emperor worship as well as the Centre of the worship of the Roman god Zeus Olympus. Roman citizens and inhabitants of the city were required to offer a pinch of incense to the statue of the emperor in the city square. Those who failed to comply were arrested. The image of the Olympian Zeus was in the likeness of a man. It was this same image that the Greek Syrian King Antiochus Epiphanes, who was the prefigure of the antiMessiah brought into the Jewish temple built by the returning exiles. The image of Zeus was the bust of Antiochus himself. The phrase where Satan dwellest would indicate the worship of the image of the Beast, the antiChrist, who shall be indwelt and empowered by Satan ( Rev.13:2 ) which shall be imported into the rebuilt third Jewish temple on Mount Moriah in Jerusalem ( 1 Thess2:3,4 ).

Fifthly, to the church of Thyatira it is written: ” Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation” ( Rev.2:22 ). There is only one and only one Great Tribulaion referred to in the entire Scriptures. Reference to the Great Tribulation is found in five NT texts: Matt.24:21,29; Mk.13:19,24; Rev.7:14. In all these references, it is always used to describe the Great Tribulation that begins in the middle of the 70th week of Daniel associated with the breaking of the covenant of apostasy. In Daniel 12:1, it is described as Great Distress. The word distress and tribulation mean the same thing; in fact, the Greek word thlipsis which is usually translated tribulation can be translates as distress, persecution, or affliction. There is no doubt that the Great Tribulation referred to here is the Great Tribulation by the antiMessiah which begins with the breaking of the agreement with death at the midpoint of the 70th week ( Is.28:15-19; Dan.9:27 ).

Sixtly, to the church of Sardis it is written: ” And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write: These things saith He that hath the seven spirits of God, and the seven stars. I know thy works , and that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead. Remember, therefore, how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If, therefore, thou shalt not watch, I will come to thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee” ( Rev.3:1,3 ).

The church of Sardis has a reputation of being alive but was spiritually dead. It had all the paraphernalia of Christianity but did not have the life of Christ. For this church to stand before Christ justified, it has to wake up from its spiritual slumber, lest the Day of the Lord come upon it unawares, like a thief in the night. This is the same warning given to believers in Thessalonica to be prepared, who were expecting the coming of the Lord, ” For yourselves know perfectly that the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night” ( 1Thess.5:2 ). It is obvious from the urgent atmosphere prevalent in the letters to the seven churches that the context is the 70th week. An event as important as the coming of the Lord should have clear explicit biblical substantiation.

The Classification Of The Seven Churches Of Asia Minor

We have already pointed out that although the letters to the seven churches were addressed to the seven local assemblies in existence in Asia Minor in the First Century AD, they have normative authority to the churches in the 70th week of Daniel. Their near view application pertains to the immediate relevance of these letters to the seven churches. They also had immediate relevance and application to other churches in existence in Asia Minor at that time as well as other churches in existence in other places at that time. These churches were representative of other churches in existence at that time. Therefore their messages had normative authority and immediate relevance and applications to these other churches.

We have also noted that the messages to these churches have normative authority and applicability to any local assembly at any point in time in the church age. However, based on their location in the Scroll of Revelation which is entirely prophetic, and the emphasis on the second Advent of our Lord, the far view application of these letters would pertain to the Church in the 70th week of Daniel. Each of these seven letters appealed to ” He who has ears to hear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches,” and contain certain promises made to the overcomers. The overcomers are evidently believers, bond-servants of Christ who refuse to bow to the image of the antiChrist in the face of the horrors of the Great Tribulation.

Believers are admonished to read and hear the words of this prophecy, and heed all that are written therein ( Rev.1:3 ). The entire setting of the Scroll of Revelation is the Second Coming of our Lord Jesus the Christ. ” Behold, He cometh with the clouds; and every eye shall see Him, and they also who pierced Him: and all the kindreds of the earth shall wail because of Him. Even so, Amen” ( Rev.1:7 ). The Scroll of Revelation also closes with a reference to His Second Advent: ” He who testifieth these things saith, Surely I come quickly. Amen. Even so, come, Lord Jesus. The grace of our Lord Jesus be with you all. Amen” ( Rev.22:20,21 ). From the beginning to the end, the entire Scroll of Revelation is prophetic, and is all about the return of the Lord. It is written: ” I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star” ( Rev.22:16 ).

The implication of this statement is that the messages were not restricted to the seven local assemblies addressed in the letters but also others churches in existence at that time both in Asia Minor and elsewhere in the world, and anywhere else at any time right up to the end of the ages because any generation of believers could be called upon to enter the 70th of Daniel there to experience the horrors of the Great Tribulation. It is obvious that the Scroll of Revelation is addressed to the bond-servants of Christ in the Church, the faithful believer throughout the world who have ears to hear what the spirit of God is saying, more so those believers who will enter the 70th week of Daniel, encounter the antiChrist and face the satanically inspired persection and afflictions of the Great Tribulation.

Characteristically therefore, through the mediation of specially appointed angels of God, these letters were addressed to the local assemblies that bore their names ( Rev.2:1-3:22 ). Each message included a call to all faithful bond-servants of Christ who profess the name of the Lord from that time forward, more so those who enter the 70th week of Daniel to encounter the antiMessiah and experience his satanically inspired opposition to the saints of the Most High in the end times. All seven letters exhibit and perfectly exemplify the near and far views type of prophecy common in both OT and NT. The seven churches do not represent eras or stages in Church history, but rather exemplify various characteristics, doctrinal and ethical compromises prevalent in all periods of Church history, and will particularly characterize the condition of the churches in the 70th week of Daniel.

The seven Churches addressed in these two chapters of the Scroll of Revelation were in existence in Asia Minor- which is in modern Turkey- in the late 1st century AD. The seven churches addressed here were not the only local assemblies in existence in Asia Minor at that time. They were selected by Christ as representatives of seven types of local churches in existence not only at that time and in Asia minor but at all times and anywhere else throughout the Church Age. Therefore any local assembly at that time and all times in Asia Minor and anywhere else at that time and at all times will fall into one of these seven categories. Geographically these churches linked together formed a circle in Asia Minor. Does that tell us anything? Maybe these types of churches linked up together form a circle around the globe in the end times. None of these churches exist today. Some of the cities mentioned have survived till the present day. Some did not.

The scroll of Revelation is entirely prophetic. Whilst these messages to the seven churches had relevance to these local assemblies as well as other churches in other places in those days, they have normative authority at all times, and more so in the end times. In other words, there was a near view application in those days and a far view application in the end times.

The classification of the seven churches could be further simplified by classifying them in three groups, the faithful church as exemplified by the church of Philadelphia, the compromising church as exemplified by the church of Thyatira, and the dead church as exemplified by the church of Sardis. The faithful church is not promised exempt from the great tribulation but offered protection within the sphere of persecution, and finally eventual removal from the sphere of the great tribulation. The compromising church will go through the great tribulation in order to be purified. Majority of the churches, 4-5, fall into this category. It would however not face the wrath of God. The dead church will not suffer the great tribulation, having taken the mark of the beast, but would face the wrath of God.

If we view the three basic types of churches as a three-part continuum, the faithful church, the church of Philadelphia will be at one end, and the dead church, the church of Sardis will be at the other end. In between will be the compromising churches, Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamos, Thyatira, and Laodicea, representing various degrees of compromise.

It is not every scholar that will put the church of Smyrna in the compromising category. Of all the seven churches, the least information is given about this church. Like the church of Philadelphia, it received no condemnation or rebuke. It was poor materially ( though rich spiritually ), and persecuted. The naughty issue with this church was the ” blasphemy of those who say they are Jews and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan” ( Rev.2:9 ). Were these Jews within the church, or did they belong to a synagogue in the city that blasphemed the Name Of The Lord? If they belonged to a Jewish synagogue in the city that blasphemed the Name Of The Lord, then this church like the church of Philadelphia was faithful and uncompromising. If they were members of this church, then it tolerated blasphemers, and was therefore unfaithful and compromising. This writer is inclined to go with the first view. However, unlike the church of Philadelphia, the church of Smyrna received no unqualified commendation, and was not promised exemption from the hour of temptation which shall come upon all those who dwell on the earth ( Rev.3:10 ).

These churches also represent individual Christians. The faithful christian will be protected by God during the great tribulation because he or she hearkened to Christ’s instructions concerning perseverance in the end times. The compromising christian will be purified through the great tribulation but exempted from the wrath of God. Majority of christians fall within this category. A lot of us believers compromise in various areas. The dead christian shall be beast-marked. He or she shall escape the wrath of Satan, the great tribulation, but will face the wrath of God in the Day Of His Wrath. Although the messages are prophetic and refer to Christ’s coming in the end times, the parousia, the deeds of churches and individual Christians also demand immediate discipline despite far reaching consequences.

The Faithful And Uncompromising Churches

Of the seven churches, the church of Philadelphia is a spiritual jewel. The letter to the church of Philadelphia contained no condemnations or rebukes but unqualified commendations. The preciousness of this church stemmed from the fact that though it had little strength, kept God’s word and did not deny the name of the Lord despite persecution from those in the city who claim they were Jews, and were not, but do lie, who belonged to the synagogue of Satan ( Rev.3:8,9 ). Because of its faithfulness, Jesus promised this church victory over its persecutors, those who claim hey were Jews, and were not, but rather belonged to the synagogue of Satan: ” they will come and worship before thy feet and to know that I have loved thee.” Because of its evangelistic efforts, the church of Philadelphia was known as the church of the open door. This church is promised protection within the sphere of danger during the hour of temptation which shall come upon the world to test them that dwell upon the Earth. ” Because thou hast kept the word of My patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth” ( Rev.3:10 ). We can learn what this patience is all about from the third angelic announcement.

” And the third angle followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the Beast and his image, or receive his mark in his forehead, or his hand, the same shall drink of the wrath of God , which is poured out without mixture into the cup of His indignation; and he shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels and in the presence of the Lamb: and the smoke of their torment ascended up for ever and ever: and they have no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name. Here is the patience of the saints: here are they that keep the commandments of God, and the faith of Jesus” ( Rev.14:9-12 ).

We can see that patience here relates to perseverance in the face of persecution by the antiChrist. The context is the second half of the 70th week of Daniel. The English word “keep” translates the Greek word tereo which has the basic idea of protection while within the sphere of danger, and “from” a bad translation of the Greek word ek which has the basic meaning of deliverance “out of” or “out from” within the sphere of danger. Taking the original Greek at its face value, God promised the faithful churches that because of their perseverance, He will guard and keep them while they are within the “hour of testing,” promising them eventual removal and safe deliverance “out from within” the sphere of great danger. Most biblical scholars are agreed that the hour of testing from which the faithful saints are promised protection refers to the Great Tribulation. The deliverance will come when the Great Tribulation is cut short or better still, amputated by the cosmic disturbances and eventual removal of the saints from the earthly sphere of danger and persecution at His appearance in the heavens ( Matt.24:22, 29-31 ). Then shall the Lord wreak relentless retaliation on the living wicked earth-dwellers who remain. ” The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptation, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished” ( 2 Pet.2:9 ).

Because the faithful bond-servant of Christ has heard and heeded Christ’s instruction concerning perseverance, Christ will offer them protection within the sphere of danger during the Great Tribulation, and eventually remove them from the sphere of danger at His Second Advent. These faithful believers have heeded Christ’s instruction concerning perseverance. They have prepared hideouts and safe havens. They have made adequate provisions for food and other supplies. They do not need to go out to forage for food, and thereby be in danger of being caught and faced with choice of either receiving the Mark of the Beast or being coerced or coaxed into it. Because the Philadelphians have been faithful, Christ admonished them: ” Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown” ( Rev.3:11 ). The reference to His coming can only be to His Second Advent inasmuch as the Scroll of Revelation was written more than half a century after His First Advent. Admittedly this message was addressed to the local assembly at Philadelphia, it has a far view application to the believers who enter the 70th week of Daniel to face the horrors of the Great Tribulation by the antiMessiah. The near view dealt with the historical church that existed when the Scroll of Revelation was written, which subsequently disappeared not long after afterwards. The far view deals with the faithful churches or believers who will enter the second half of the 70th week, encounter the antiChrist and his killing machine and face the horrors of the Great Tribulation.

The faithful church or better still faithful Christians are those who have heard and heeded Christ’s instruction concerning perseverance. They have kept Christ’s word and did not deny His name. They have also gone ahead and prepared ahead of time for the tough times that will come upon the whole world to test those who dwell on the Earth. They have prepared safe haven, and provided adequate supplies for themselves and their loved ones. They are children of the day. They are not of the night or darkness ( 1Thess.5:4-8 ). They are prepared ( Matt.25:1-13 ), watchful ( Matt.24:42-44;25:13 ), faithful ( Matt.24:45-47 ), and fruitful ( Matt.25:14-30 ). They cannot be taken unawares by the Great Tribulation. They are not enamored with surfeiting and drinking ( Luk.21:34 ). They are sober and vigilant. Therefore God will protect them from within the sphere of danger by their obedience to His instructions concerning perseverance, and finally by taken them out from within the sphere of danger in the rapture on the day of the Lord ( Matt.24:29-31 ). Christ will give them a crown and great honor, and bring them to intimate fellowship with Him in His eternal kingdom ( Rev.3:11,12 ).

This writer is inclined to believe that the church of Smyrna is in the category of the faithful and uncompromising. This church faced severe persecution. A number of its members were martyred. Christ had to introduce Himself to them as the first and the last, and He that was dead and is alive, to reassure them that those of them who were martyred He will raise from the dead in that He was dead and is alive again. He has conquered death. As the first and the last, He has the final authority to the decide the fate of everyone. Though they die for His name’s sake, yet shall they live again in the resurrection. He that believeth in Me, even though he were dead, yet shall he live. He is the resurrection and the life ( Jon.11:24,25 ). The blasphemy of those who claim to be Jews and were not, but belonged to the synagogue of Satan, did not come from within the church. This church did not tolerate blasphemers. These Jews belonged to the local synagogue in the city of Smyrna that blasphemed the name of the Lord Jesus the Christ and induced and spearheaded the severe persecution faced by the Smyrnians from the civil authorities in the city. A number of them were martyred, imprisoned, and others blackballed out of business.

During the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist, a segment of believers from among the faithful and uncompromising shall arise, at the cost of great danger to their lives and property, not only to refuse the mark of the beast, but shall go about openly persuading others , believers and unbelievers, not to take the mark of the beast. These men and women shall chorus the proclamation made by the third horizontal flying angel: ” And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the Beast and his image, and receiveth his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, the same shall drink of the wine of the wrath of God, which poured without mixture into the cup of His indignation; and the same shall be tormented with fire and brimstone in the presence of the holy angels, and in the presence of the Lamb: and the smoke of their torment ascended up for ever and ever: and they no rest day nor night, who worship the beast and his image, and whosoever receiveth the mark of his name ( Rev.14:9-11 ).

Some of these believers shall be imprisoned for their testimony, and others executed for their witness for Christ. Christ encourage them to be faithful unto them, “and I will give thee a crown of life” ( Rev.2:10 ). These believers who shall be beheaded for their witness for Christ shall be raised from the dead to reign with Christ a thousand years in the Millennium. ” And I saw thrones, and they that sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands: and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years( Rev.20:4 ).

The Dead Church

The church of Sardis had no commendation from the Lord, only rebuke or condemnation. This church consists mostly of spiritually dead Christians. They have heard the gospel but have no saving relationship with the Lord. The church had a reputation for being alive but was spiritually dead ( Rev.3:1 ). They had all the paraphernalia of religion. They used the right phrases and said the right things but they had not the life of Christ. They had the form of godliness but denied the power thereof ( 2Tim.3:5 ). They constitute the tares that grow amongs the wheat which in the early stages are indistinguishable from the wheat. They are those who hear the word, and anon with joy receiveth it. Yet hath no root in themselves, but endureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth on account of the word, by and by they are offended ( Matt.13:21 ). Some of them also are those who receive the seed among the thorns. They are those who hear the word: and the cares of this world and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and they become unfruitful ( Matt.13:22 ).

This sort of believers will not hear Christ instruction concerning perseverance. They see no danger in the world. They will go along with the rest of the world and take the mark of the beast ( Rev.14:9 ). They are not prepared. They are not watching and waiting. They have not the life of God in them, so how can they be faithful and fruitful? They will be oblivious to the consequences of worshipping the beast or his image, or being branded with the mark of the beast. Many of them will do so without hesitation, while at the same time passing themselves off as good Christians. They will quickly conform to the world for the sake of survival. They cannot trust the Lord because they have not the life of God in them in the first place. They are not children of the day. They are of the night and darkness. Therefore when the wrath of God is poured out on the Satanic kingdom and its living wicked citizens, it will come upon them unawares, like a thief in the night.

Christ admonished them, ” Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy work perfect before God. Remember therefore how thou hast received, and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shall not watch, I will come to thee as a thief, and thou shall not know what hour I will come upon thee ( Rev.3:2,3 ).

Well, if they can repent, watch, and practise what they have heard, then they could be faithful and fruitful. And this is the very reason for teachings of this kind, in order that the spiritually dead can wake up.

In local assemblies of this sort, there are a few that are truly born again, who have the life of God in them. These few names in Sardis who had not defiled their garment, shall work with Christ in white: for they are worthy ( Rev.3:4 ). These ones shall not accept to be branded with the mark of allegiance of the beast. They shall face the wrath of Satan, but they shall be exempt from the wrath of God ( 1Thess.5:9 ).

The Compromising Churches

By our classification, there are four churches in the compromising category. These are Ephesus, Thyatira, Pergamos, and Laodicea. We have also pointed out that some theologians may include the Church of Smyrna in the category of compromising and unfaithful churches. These are also representative of individual Christians with various areas of compromise, both doctrinal and ethical. Unlike the church of Sardis, these are not spiritually dead Christians. They are born again spirit filled believers. They are alive in Christ, but have not taken heed to live in His perfect will for their lives. The majority of professing Christian today fall into this category. These at best characterize the decaying church at large in the end times. These churches and individuals compromise in various areas. The various areas of compromise are lost of first love ( 2:4 ), fear of suffering and persecution ( 2:19 ), doctrinal defection ( 2:14,15 ), moral compromise and departure ( 2:20 ), spiritual deadness ( 3:1,2 ), inability to persevere ( 3:11 ), and lukewarness ( 3:15,16 ). These spiritual defects are prevalent today as in the first century churches more so in the churches that shall enter the 70th week of Daniel to encounter the antiChrist. These messages are God’s final exhortation to the Church, more so to individual Christians down through the first century to the end of the ages.This is God’s final appeal to all who will hear. Believers will do well to listen. He that has ears let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches. Amen.

The church of Ephesus was a labouring church. They exhibited a lot of patience in bearing with those who were evil. They tried and tested those who claimed to be apostles but were not. They found them liars. Christ commended them: ” I know thy works, and labour, and thy patience, and how thou canst not bear them which are evil: and how thou hast tried them which say they are apostles, and are not, and hast found them liars: And hast borne, and hast patience, and for My name’s sake hast labored, and hast not fainted” ( Rev.2:2,3 ).

They had a lot of good deeds: missions to the poor and needy, the underprivileged, those who were imprisoned, the sick, the maimed, and those who were mentally challenged etc. For the sake of the name of the Lord, they had patience with evil men, false apostles and liars in the body of Christ. They never fainted. That was quite commendable. But they became too busy in the business of the Lord, and neglected their love towards Christ, the warm intimacy and fellowship they had with Him from the beginning. Being bombarded by the Devil with a torrent of evil men, false apostles and liars, and numerous outreaches to the poor and needy, they grew cold in their fellowship with the Lord. They became extremely busy in the works and labours for the kingdom, testing and proving those who were evil, the false apostles and liars. Their personal fellowship with God suffered, grew cold and became insipid and tasteless.

Christ rebuked them, ” Nevertheless I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast left thy first love. Remember therefore from whence thou art fallen, and repent, and do thy first works; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and remove thy candlestick out of his place except thou repent” ( Rev.2:4 ).

Our first deed is our love, fellowship and intimacy with Jesus. We are to be ” in love” with Him all the time. Our “affairs” with Him ought to get hotter and stronger with each day that passeth by. This is the baseline. Every other thing should be added unto it. It should also inform all other activities we engage in, whether secular, mundane or spiritual. We should not engage in activities just because they are good, and needful, or simply because we have the talent or resources. Our choices in every areas of our lives must by guided by His Spirit. We must be wise enough to get out of activities He has not commanded us. We should be involved only where He is involved with us, where He wants us to be involved. We cannot engage in every needful mission. We must remember we are human, and bedeviled with human limitations.

We are not omnipotent. We must not stretch ourselves thin. Our mortal bodies have elastic limit beyond which they undergo grain flow, beyond which they cannot spring back. Besides, there are only 24 hours in a day. We must let the day’s own trouble be sufficient for the day. Sufficient unto the day is the evil thereof ( Matt.6:34 ). Our workload and activities must be such as permits us to have reasonable personal fellowship with Jesus; feeding our spirit with His word, meditating in the word, and listening to His silent voice. We must not allow our legitimate activities to crowd out His voice. Our first love for and first works with Him carry the utmost weight in the scale of heaven. All other activities and deeds may be needful, but they cannot give us the strength to go on. This strength comes from our intimacy with Jesus. Here the church of Ephesus erred greatly.

There were no gross sins in the church like abhorrent sexual immoralities as in the church at Corinth ( 1 Cor.5:1 ). There was no bickering over church leadership, over who is the greatest ( Matt.20:20-27 ). Probably they were servants one to another. There were no egomaniacs and megalomaniacs like Diotrephes who love the place of preeminence amongst the church leadership ( 3 Jon.1:9 ). There was no power tussle. There was no embezzlement of church fund. There was no diversion of funds or materials meant for the poor and needy for personal use and self-aggrandizement. Their activities were not mundane or frivolously secular. They simply were not up to par in their personal fellowship with Jesus. This is a deep fault line at the basement. If left unattended, it could lead to other gross misconducts.

If we are not doing well as Christians, we must examine our foundation. When a crack appears at the tenth or one hundredth floor, or any floor of skyscraper for that matter, architects do not look for the faults at those floors but at the basements. That is how it is with the Christian walk. Whenever there is a defect in our walk with God, we must look for the aetiology in our personal fellowship with God. That is our heart. And out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh ( Luk.6:45 ). From the heart proceeds evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders, thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness. All these things come from within, and defile the man ( Mk.7:21-23 ). And we must guard our hearts with all diligence, for out of it are the issues of life ( Prov.4:23 ).

The church of Ephesus must rekindle their warn fellowship with Jesus or else the light will peter out and die. To rekindle this fire of intimacy and fellowship with God, their activities must be curtailed. They must have more time to fellowship with God. What else could do this other than the fires of the Great Tribulation? Christ is coming for a glorious Church, without spot, wrinkle or blemish. All impurities must be purged out. Believers who fail to do this for themselves must go through the fires of the Great to be purged. If we judge ourselves, we shall not be judged. When we are judged, we are chastened of the Lord in order that we may not be condemned with world ( 1 Cor.11:31,32 ).

Christ further commended them for their hatred of the deeds of the Nicolaittians. Nicolaittians comes from two Greek words, Nike meaning victor and Laos, meaning people. The Nicolaittians taught believers to compromise with the religious culture around them. This is similar to antinomianism. Antinomianism means there are no norms to which believers must conform. Antinomians teach that believers can compromise as long as they remain believers at heart. The heart and lifestyle of the believer must be in synchrony, otherwise one becomes a hypocrite and a false witness. The Ephesians soundly hated the doctrine and deeds of the Nicolaitians.

The Church must be distinct from the world around her. We must not conform to the world around us. We must not fit into the mold of the world. We may not go to the world, but the world would like to come to us in the Church. This we must resist with all vehemence. Today we can see that the world is in the Church. A church in this state is not rapturable. She must be purified. She must be purged, and cleansed in the fires of the furnace of the Great Tribulation.

To show that this message is intended for all believers, Christ said, ” He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches: To him that overcometh, will give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God” ( Rev.2:7 ). To teach therefore that this message has no relevance to the Church in the end time is absolutely false. Those who so teach are denying believers a useful resource for strength in the 70th week when they shall encounter the antiMessiah and face the horrors of the Great Tribulation.

Pergamos was a very wealthy city, it was given to wickedness. There were several pagan cults in the city which worshipped Athena, Aesclepius, Dionysus, and Zeus. Because the city was given to idolatry and wickedness, the spiritual atmosphere was adverse to effective Christian witness.

Christ commended their works. He recognized that their work was difficult in a city that was given to idolatry and wickedness, a city that was the seat of Satan. ” I know thy works , and where thou dwellest, even where Satan’s seat is” ( Rev.2:13a ).

Pergamum was the seat of Satan. The city boasted of the great temple of Aesclepius, a pagan god of healing worshipped in the form of a serpent, the symbol of Satan. In spite of the city being the seat of Satanism, the church in Pergamum held fast to the name of our Lord Jesus the Christ. They did not deny His name. This church faced persecution even to the point of martyrdom of some of its members. ” And thou holiest fast My Name, and hast not denied My faith, even in those days wherein Antipas was My faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Stan dwellest” ( Rev.2:13b, 13c ). Despite the martyrdom of some of its members, this church held fast to the name of Christ. One of them named Antipas, a faithful believer was martyred. Antipas means against all. There are some biblical scholars that believe that Antipas is not the name of a person, but a representation of those faithful saints who were martyred in this city. Whether Antipas is the name of a person or not, one thing is obvious, the church of Pergamos faced persecution to the point of martyrdom.

Despite its faithfulness in the face of persecution and martyrdom, the church of Pergamos was one of the compromising churches in Asia Minor. The compromise was due to the work of false teachers. ” But I have a few things against thee, because thou hast there them that hold the doctrine of Balaam, who taught Balac to cast a stumbling block before the children of Israel, and to eat things sacrificed unto idols, and to commit fornication. So hast thou also them that hold the doctrine of the Niclaitanes, which thing I hate” ( Rev.2:14,15 ). There were some in the local assembly that held the doctrine of Balaam ( Jud.1:11; 2 Pet.2:5 ). There some biblical scholars that hold Balaam a false prophet. I demur. Balaam was a true prophet of God, but he was greedy. Balaam should not have answered the summons of Balak, but he went anyway, in spite of the fact that God did not approve. As ministers of God, we have no business going to preach where He did not send us, though there is promise of huge offering.

While there, God did not suffer him to curse the children of Israel according to the wishes of Balak. But he counseled Balak to hold sacrifices of the gods of Moab, invite the children of Israel to these sacrifices, let them eat and drink and relate sexually freely with their women, then their God would destroy them. This was an evil counsel, and it worked. There is no free lunch; someone foots the bill. And it was so ( Num.31:16 ). He gave this counsel in order to curry favor from Balak. He was covetous. He wanted the promotion that came from man. He could not patiently wait for God. He got his wishes but he paid with his life ( Num.31:8 ). True promotion cometh neither from the east nor the west, but God is the judge. He lifts one man up, and bringeth down another ( Ps.75:6,7 ).

The doctrine of Balaam therefore teaches that it does not matter to eat the sacrifice of idols and to commit sexual immoralities. But it does matter very much as we saw in the case of Israel ( Num.25:1,2 ). Twenty and three thousand Israelites perished in one day as a result of the counsel of Balaam, as a result of eating what is sacrificed to idols, and as a consequence of sexual immoralities . It is idolatry to eat what is sacrificed to idols. It is idolatry to commit sexual immoralities ( 1 Cor.10:8 ). We should not be idolaters as were some Israelites in the wilderness. They joined themselves to Baal, and ate the sacrifice of the gods. Neither should we be idolaters as some of them were; as it is written, Th people sat down to eat and drink and rose up to play” ( 1 Cor.10:7 ). Excessive eating and drinking will lead to sexual orgies which are the trademark of Canaanite pagan worship. Surfeiting and debauchery as most young men do on Valentine’s Day is nothing other than the worship of Bacchus, the God of wine and sex orgies.

There were some in that local assembly who hold to the doctrine of the Nicolaittians. It is compromise with the religious culture in one’s environment. The Church should not acculturate. It specifically breaks the first commandment. That is why God hated it.

“Repent; or else I will come unto thee quickly, and I will fight against the with the sword of My mouth” ( Rev.2:16 ). The church of Pergamos was commanded by Christ to repent or I come against thee quickly, and fight against thee with the sword of my mouth. Coming quickly occurs five times in the scroll of Revelation ( 2:16,3:11;22:7,12,20 ). Rev.22:7, 12,20 refer to the parousia. Rev.2:16 and 3:11 refer both to immediate judgment before the Lord’s parousia as well as the parousia. Fight against thee quickly with the sword of my mouth is a metonymy of cause and effect. It meant the church would be taken away if repentance did not occur. The only way the Church can be purged of these doctrines is passage through the furnace of affliction. This affliction is nothing other than the Great Tribulation.

” He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna, and I will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving him that receiveth it” ( Rev.2:17 ).

The promise of blessing has near and far view applications. He that overcometh shall be given the hidden manna. Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness and are did. Moses gave you not that true manna from heaven. I am the true bread that came down from heaven ( Jon.6: 32,48,49 ). The true manna is Jesus, the word of God who is our spiritual nourishment. He that overcometh shall be given a white stone with a new name written. Overcomers shall receive new names in heaven. Besides, white stones were used in voting for acquittal of the accused. He that overcometh shall never be condemned. Gem stones on which were written the names of the twelve tribes of Israel were worn in pouches on the breastplate of the high priest of Israel. He presented them to God when He appeared before Him in the Holy of Holies. In like manner, Jesus, our great High Priest shall wear our names on His breastplate for eternity

The church at Thyatira was commended by Christ for its work, love, service, faith and patience or perseverance, and the last to be more than the first. In other words the church at Thyatira was doing more as time went on unlike the church of Ephesus which did less. The believers in this church were growing spiritually, but they were also compromising.

The church at Thyatira was condemned for her tolerance of the teachings of a woman who called herself a prophetess. The Lord called this woman Jezebel. Jezebel was probably not her real name. Jezebel was a historical figure in the life of the nation of Israel. She was a Phoenician woman, the daughter of Ethbaal, priest and King of the Sidonians. The Sidonians like other Canaanites were idol worsippers. They worshiped Baal, the abomination of the Sidonians. She was married to Ahab the son of Omri, who later became king of the ten northern tribes. Omri was in league with Ethbaal, king of Sidon, who gave his daughter Jezebel to his son Ahab. In the ancients world, this kind of marriage was usually contracted to cement alliance. Jezebel imported Baal worship into Israel. Baal worship was characterized by bouts of sexual orgies and debauchery. It was a fertility cult. She corrupted Israel ( 1 Kin.16:31-33 ). They killed the prophets of God, and hounded Elijah to kill him. The church of Thyatira was vehemently rebuked by Christ for her tolerance of the teachings of this wicked woman. She taught them to eat meat scarified to idols as a form of worship to these idols and to engage in sexual immoralities. The immoralities were both physical and spiritual. Sexual immorality is idolatry. Both ways these believers were worshipping idols either through eating what is offered in sacrifice to these idols or sexual immoralities associated with the worship of these idols. This is the work of false teachers who are corrupting true believers to err from the path of doctrine and practice. They undermined the work of God by corrupting the people of God

Like many churches throughout the history of the Church, compromising churches nowadays are not careful about what is being taught, rather they prefer teachers who allegorize, rationalize, spiritualize, culturalize, and manipulate the word of God to suit their purpose. They do anything with the Scriptures other than taking it at its face value. The lesson believers in every age must learn, more so in the end times, is that true salvation is not in itself a protection against false doctrine. We must regularly be in the word of God, and seek guidance from the Holy Spirit. Believers who do not practice these virtues fall easy prey to false teachers. Satan is a master deceiver and counterfeiter. He deceives with half-truths, and often using Scriptures out of context. In the temptation in the wilderness, he tried this on Jesus ( Matt.4:1-11 ). If he believed this strategy would work with Jesus while not believers especially in the end times who would face great danger, and therefore more vulnerable to deception, confusion, skullduggery, gimmickry, and manipulation.

Believers who think that biblical prophecies concerning the end times are in any way less than factual, or can only be understood allegorically, are more likely to fall easy prey to the machinations of Satan. Satan in his craftiness has already led some believers astray by hoodwinking them into believing that although biblical prophecies concerning the end times are factual, they do not in anyway apply to them. They trust they shall be raptured away several years before the antiChrist hangs out his shingles. Once these believers discover their error, it may be too late to avoid the full brunt of the Great Tribulation.

The Lord gave her space to repent of her immoralities, but she did not. She had a reasonable followership in the church of Thyatira. Because of her refusal to repent, Christ was going to judge her and her followers and converts. She and those that commit immoralities with her shall be cast into great tribulation. The judgment was both immediate and eschatological. Her offspring were going to be judged with pestilence, in order that all the churches shall know that Christ trieth the heart and the reins, and rewards every one according to one’s work.

True believers in compromising churches will not lose their salvation, but because of inadequate preparation ahead of time, they will endure immeasurable persecution and suffering. These believers will enter into the 70th week unprepared. Therefore they will endure the full brunt of the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist.

There are biblical scholars who urge us to believe that Christ’s warning to the church of Thyatira has no normative authority in the context of the 70th week of Daniel. But it is within the context of the Great Tribulation that Christ warned the compromising church of Thyatira. ” Behold, I will cast her into a bed, and them that commit adultery with her into great tribulation, except they repent of their deeds” ( Rev.2:22 ). These false teachers will be cast into a bed of sickness because of their corruption of the children of God. The true children who have committed sexual immoralities through the teachings of these false teachers shall suffer Great Tribulation except they repent. Although they will not lose their salvation, they shall face the horrors of the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist in order to purify them from the corruption of these false teachers.

The Great Tribulation is referred to three times in the whole of the Scriptures. All three of them by Christ Himself. The first is the Olivet Discourse ( Matt.24:21 ). The second is in the letter to the Church at Thyatira that unless they get their doctrine and ethics straightened out, they will face the Great Tribulation ( Rev.2:22 ). The third is in relation to the multitude which no man could number, which came out of the Great Tribulation ( Rev.7:14 ). Every reference to the Great Tribulation is to the Great Tribulation that begins at the midpoint of the 70th week of Daniel. It is preposterous for anyone to teach that the Church will be raptured before the beginning of the 70th week of Daniel.

Christ continued His recommendation, ” And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that am He that searcheth the reins and the hearts” ( Rev2:23 ). The phrase kill with death is used one more in the Scroll of Revelation. It is in relation to the fourth seal of Revelation 6. ” And when He had broken the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth beast say, come and see. And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto him over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword and with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth” ( Rev.6:7,8 ). At the breaking of the fourth seal, the Great Tribulation begins. Death is one of the means by which the antiChrist shall kill those who refuse to be branded with his mark of allegiance. So killing with death occurs in the context of the Great Tribulation. ” And all the churches shall know that am He that searcheth the reins and the hearts.” “All the churches shall know” indicates that the churches will be present here at the time the church of Thyatira shall be punished with death for her compromise. And we have shown that this occurs at the time of the Great Tribulation by the antiMessiah. The word churches refers to local assemblies of believers. After the rapture has taken place, they will be no more local assemblies of believers here on earth.

Wonderfully, there were some in the church of Thyatira who were not infected with this virulent virus. Christ referred to them as the rest who have not this doctrine, who have not seen the depths of Satan as they speak. Sexual immoralities have depths. Unless one repents quickly, the victim would slide deeper and deeper into it’s ramifications. It has branches: incest, bestiality, homosexualism, lesbianism, pedophilia, rape, extreme jealousy, murder etc. I will put no other burden upon you. Those in this church who had not received these evil practices were not condemned. They had nothing of which to repent. They were encouraged by Christ to hold unto what they have. They were admonished to ” hold fast until I come.” This is a promise that refers to the second coming of Christ. It corresponds perfectly to the second coming promises in His letters to the churches of Sardis ( Rev.3:3 ), and Philadelphia ( Rev.3:11 ). All three types of churches were cautioned about the coming of Christ. It therefore follows that all the messages to the three types of churches, the faithful and uncompromising churches, the dead church, and the compromising church, are relevant to the believers entering into the 70th week of Daniel.

He that overcometh is promised shared rulership of the earth with Christ in the New Millennium. He shall be given authority over the nations in the millennium, to rule them with a rod of iron, and to break them in pieces like a potters vessels, even as I received of my Father( Ps 2:6-12 ). These overcomers like Christ shall be in their glorified eternal immortal resurrection bodies. The Jerusalem that descended from heaven shall be their abode from where they shall rule the nations with Christ for a 1000 years ( Rev.20:4 ). And I will give him the morning star. Jesus is the bright and morning star ( Rev.22:16 ). Those who win souls shall shine as the stars for ever ( Dan.12:3 ). The stars speak of glory. There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars; for one star differeth from another in glory ( 1Cir.15:31 ). The stars exhibit the excellencies of the Almighty. The exaltation of the overcomer to the status of glory is unimaginable. And again that this message is for the audience of all the churches, once again implies near and far view applications.

The church of Laodicea received no commendation from the Lord, only condemnation. “I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot” ( Rev.3:15 ). This message of Christ was very meaningful to the recipients for two reasons. In the Roman world, the cultural practice of the people was that at social events- feasts and religious sacrifices- their drinks were served either hot or cold, never lukewarm. Whatever was lukewarm was abhorrent to the people. Besides, water was piped to Laodicea via an aqueduct from Hierapolis, a few miles north of the city. By the time it reached Laodicea, it was lukewarm. To drink it, they either allowed to it get cold or they warmed it. The idiomatic expression employed by Christ was very much understandable to the church of Laodicea. They know what it means to be lukewarm to Christ. They were utterly abhorrent to Him. Because the church was lukewarm, Christ would spew them out of His mouth. It is believed by some that Archippus was the pastor of this church ( Col.4:16,17 ). It is debatable whether he was alive at the time this letter was sent to the church of Laodicea.

One other problem the church had was complacency arising from material wealth. Because the city was rich, the church in it was also rich. Their attitude was, we are rich and increased with goods and have need of nothing. They did not know that spiritually, they were wretched, miserable, poor, blind and naked. This was a very horrible situation. There are many materially rich churches in the world today that are a carbon copy of the church of Laodicea. Excessive material wealth breeds spiritual complacency. We ought to depend on Christ for all our daily needs. Our dependency on Him keeps us warm in our love for Him and for one another, and our faith in Him.

Christ counseled the church to buy refined gold from Him in order that they might be rich. This city was rich materially through wool trade and banking business. The members of the church were involved in both. But they were spiritually poor, bankrupt. If they were poor and wretched as Christ has proffered, it means the refined gold from Christ was offered free of charge. The city produced a famous black wool, the people were physically gorgeously dressed. But they were naked spiritually. They were dressed in black, but spiritually what they needed was a white garment in order that they might be clothed and their nakedness would not appear. The white garment is the righteousness of God in Christ Jesus.

The city of Laodicea boasted of a medical school affiliated to the temple of Aesclepius. This medical school had the best oculists of their day who treated common eye ailments through the use of an eye salve produced by the medical school. So, this church had no problems with their physical eyes. All their physical eye problems were taken care of, but they were spiritually blind and undiscerning. They lacked the gift of discerning of spirits ( 1Cir.12:10 ). If they could see into the realm of the spirit, they would have observed their nakedness and spiritual bankruptcy, wretchedness and misery. Christ admonished them to buy of Him eye salve in order that they might anoint their eyes so that they could see. These were all offered free, for they were bankrupt and had not the spiritual currency with which to purchase them. Because Jesus loved them, He rebuked and chastened them, in order that they might become zealous and repent.

Verse 20 could be looked at both ways, either as a command and exhortation or as a promise of blessing. I stand at the door and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come to him, and sup with him, and he with me. This is an appeal to the individual christian to open the door of his heart to Christ, not only of the Laodiceans but also of every local assembly. The heart of the individual has no external lock. The lock is on the inside. Therefore, it must be opened from the inside. When Christ comes in and sits at the head of the table, the Shulhan Aruch, there will be supernatural banquet of love, joy, wisdom, knowledge, understanding, true and lasting wealth and riches, fellowship with God, men and angels, divine guidance and direction, open doors and opportunities etc.

To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I overcame, and am set with my Father in His throne. Jesus is co-regent with the Fatter. He is sitting at the Father’s right hand. Even so shall the overcomer reign with Christ here in the New Millennium. As always the message is not directed only to the Laodiceans but all believers at all times. We shall live and reign with Him a thousand years. The scriptures make it clear true believers, the overcomers shall share the rulership of the Earth with Christ in the millennium. They shall be co-regents with Christ. Even so, Amen.

The true believer who compromises the truth shall be spared the wrath of God ( 1 Thess.1:10;5:9 ), but shall face the wrath of Satan through the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist. The faithful and uncompromising believer is promised protection from within the sphere of the Great tribulation by the antiChrist, and eventual removal out from the sphere of persecution before God pours out His wrath on the living wicked earth-dwellers who worship and adore the Dragon-Beast. God as the sovereign Lord will lovingly use the the Great Affliction to cleanse, purge and purify the Church in order to make them stand blameless in His presence ( Jude 24 ). Believers who are looking for new heaven and new Earth wherein dwelleth righteousness must stand before Him blameless. ” Wherefore, beloved, seeing that ye look for such things, be diligent that ye be found of Him in peace, without spot, and blameless ( 2 Pet.3:14 ). The Church at this present hour is neither spotless nor blameless. Because God loves us, He disciplines us. ” For whom the Lord loveth He chasteneth, and scourgeth every son when He receieveth. If ye endure chastening, God dealers with you as with sons; for what son is he whom his father chasteneth not? But if ye are without chastisement, whereof all are partakers, then are ye bastards, and not sons” ( Heb.12:6,7 ).

God’s demand is the Christ’s bride be made worthy by being absolutely pure and holy. For this same purpose Paul instilled discipline in the Corinthian church by chastising them. ” For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ” ( 2 Cor,11:2 ). Believers are to await eagerly the revelation of our Lord Jesus the Christ, who shall confirm us to the end, blameless in the Day Of Our Lord Jesus the Christ. The end here is an abbreviation of the end of the ages at which point of transition, the wrath of God is poured out on the wicked who remain after the rapture of the Church. This admonition is most applicable to compromising believers who shall enter the 70th week of Daniel.

The dead church or more appropriately the dead believers shall receive the mark of the beast. They shall be spared the horrors of the Great Tribulation by the antiChrist. But when they shall peace and safety, thinking that it is all over, then sudden destruction shall come upon them like travail upon a woman in labour, and they shall not escape ( 1Thess.5:3 ). They shall be spared the horrors of th Great Tribulation only to face the fires of the wrath of God, not only during the Day Of The Lord, but also in eternity in the lake of fire and brimstone.

Summary
Let us summarize the facts presented about the seven churches in Rev. 2 & 3. The seven churches are classified into three groups. These groups are, the dead church, the faithful and uncompromising churches, and the unfaithful and compromising churches.

(1) The faithful churches which are exemplified by the church of Philadelphia will heed Christ’s instruction concerning perseverance. They will adequately prepare ahead of time for the difficult time of the Great Tribulation. Therefore God shall offer them protection within the sphere of the Great Tribulaion, and eventual removal out of the sphere of the Great Tribulation when they are taken away from the scene of the Great Persecution in the rapture. Thereafter Christ shall destroy the wicked who remain in the Day Of The Lord.

(2) Believers who are spiritually dead who do not repent shall be branded with the mark of the beast as faithful citizens of the Satanic kingdom of the antiChrist. They shall be spared the horrors of the Great Tribulation. But they shall face the wrath of God in the Day Of The Lord, and in the hereafter eternal fire in the lake of fire and brimstone.

(3) The compromising believers who do not repent will be less than adequately prepared because they have not heeded Christ’s instruction concerning perseverance. Therefore they shall pass through the horrors of the Great Tribulation without God’s protection in order to cleanse, purge, and purify them, and present them blameless and spotless before the Lamb of God. They shall not take the mark of the beast, the symbol of loyalty to the Satanic kingdom of the antiMessiah. Some of them shall be killed, some imprisoned, and others publically humiliated. But they shall be raptured prior to the outpouring of the wrath of God before the Day Of The Lord; for God hath not appointed us unto wrath, but to obtain salvation through our Lord Jesus the Christ.

The Olivet Discourse

It will be impossible to place the warnings of danger given to the Church in the Olivet Discourse ( Matt.24:42-25:30 ) before the rapture if the rapture is pretribulational. The chronology of Matt.24 does not permit such a position. On the other hand, it does not make sense were it to be positioned immediately before the physical return of Christ at the expiry of the 70th week of Daniel. The admonition, ” Watch, therefore; for ye know not what hour your Lord doth come” ( Matt24:41,42 ), does not make sense if attributed to Christ’s Second Advent at the end of the 70th week. Likewise the warning, Therefore be ye also ready; for in such an hour as ye think not the Son Of Man cometh ( Matt24:44 ).

“But if the evil servant shall say in his heart, My Lord delayeth His coming; And shall begin to smite his fellow servants, and to eat and drink with the drunkards, The Lord of that servant shall come in a day when he looked not for Him, and in an hour he is not aware of” ( Matt.24:48-50 ).

It is obvious that in this parable, Jesus is the Lord, and the evil servant is the irresponsible and slothful leader in the Church. This parable cannot refer to the expiration of the 70th week, for the simple reason that Christ’s physical return occurs at the end of the 70th week. Men will know Christ is about to return. The Olivet Discourse contains warnings inside the 70th week prior to the rapture of the Church and the commencement of the Day Of His Wrath. The admonitions are both logical and sequential. ” Then shall two be in the field; the one shall be taken, and the other left. Two women shall be grinding at the milk; the one shall be taken , and the other left” ( Matt24:40,41 ). The ones taken were taken in the rapture. The ones left are to face the wrath of God. The Greek word translated taken here is paralambano. It means to take near to oneself. It cannot connote the idea of been taken in Armageddon as pretribulationists would like us to believe. Nor is the one left only to enter the Millennium. Rather, the one left behind is left to face the wrath of God during the Day Of The Lord judgment of the living wicked earth-dwellers.

The warnings and admonitions urge us to be watchful ( Matt.24:42-44 ), faithful ( Matt.24:45-51 ), prepared ( Matt.25:1-13 ), and fruitful ( Matt.25:14-30 ); all in anticipation of the rapture of the Church prior to the commencement of the wrath of God at the last trump, at the breaking of the 7th seal which occurs inside the second half of the 70th seven of Daniel. We are to ” Watch ye, therefore, and pray always , that he may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that shall come to pass, and to stand before the Son Of Man” ( Luk.21:36 ).

The Premission Admonition

In Matt.10 before Jesus sent out His disciples on evangelistic mission throughout all the land of Israel, He addressed them. He instructed them on what to do, and how they were to conduct themselves ( cv.1-15 ). Scholars of bible prophecy are agreed that Jesus looked beyond the immediate period to the 70th week of Daniel. Verses 16-42 parallel Christ’s instruction to His disciples in the Olivert Discourse concerning the Great Tribulation. In spite of the severity and the horrors of the Great Tribulation, some Jewish believers anointed of God shall go about persuading their Jewish countrymen as well as others in the land of Israel to accept Jesus as their personal Lord and saviour, and not to consent to be branded with the Mark of loyalty to the antiMessiah. ” Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves; be therefore as wise as serpent and as harmless as doves” ( v.16 ). This will be a very dangerous mission that will cause most of them their lives. Therefore they must be as wise as serpents and as harmless as doves. They must beware of men who will no doubt deliver them up to the councils and tribunals horridly set up to try nonconformists and antigovernmental subversives. Some synagogues and churches shall be forcibly taken over by the security apparatus of the antiMessiah. Others shall willing acquiesce in the decree and wishes of the antiMessiah. These evangelists in the land of Isreal and elsewhere in the world shall be publically humiliated in order to deter others from opposing the antiMessiah. They shall be scourged in synagogues and churches as public enemies and public examples. They shall be brought before governors and kings for the sake of the name of the Lord. It shall be for a testimony against these Jewish agents of the antiMessiah and the Gentiles ( v.18 ).

The same counsel that was given to the disciples in the Olivet Discourse was also given them in this pre-mission address. ” But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what you shall speak: for it shall be given you in the same hour what ye shall speak. For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you” ( vv.19,20 ). Their answers when questioned at the tribunals shall not be premeditated. It is be at the spur of the moment, inspired by the Holy Spirit.

Avraham Shallom.

Ignorance Of The Prophetic Scriptures

Ignorance Of The Prophetic Scriptures

Ignorance Of The Prophetic Scriptures

Most ministers of the Gospel, let alone their congregants know nothing of the Book of Revelation: it is too mysterious and symbolic;  nor the subject matter of the Olivet Discourse ( Matt.24,25; Mk.13; Luk.21). They know nothing about the background of Paul’s letters to the Thessalonians. They don’t understand the Book of the Prophet Daniel. Whenever they teach or preach from these books, they spiritualize, allegorize, contextualise, customize, and personalize them, leaving the primary interpretation untouched. They ignore the fact that if believers are taught the primary interpretation of the Scriptures, they will be able to apply them to their own lives.

Faulty Hermeneutics: Allegorical Interpretation

As we observe, it is the sun that hardens the clay that melts the wax. We must not permit the sad and unpleasant experiences of life to determine our worldview. Our theological stance on Biblical prophecy must not be reactionary. Because of the failed predictions of some American Pentecostal and Charismatic zealots, we must not adopt the notion that nothing good comes from America, creat, evolve, and device a theological system the primary aim of which is to contradict theirs, an antithesis of sorts. 

The truth is that Americans did not evolve this system of Biblical Hermeneutics. It was developed by Origen ( 184-253 ), a brilliant Christian scholar, ascetic, and theologian who became the head of the school of Alexandria in Egypt in His early twenties. Saint Augustine of Hippo ( 354-430 ) was also a proponent of this school of allegorical interpretation. According to this school, the Scriptures cannot be interpreted at face value and the plain sense of the Scriptures does not make sense. Everything must be allegorized, contextualized, spiritualized, customized, personalized, even christianized, etc.

 In that sense, the temple will no longer mean the temple but the Church, the Beast Empires would mean something else, and Jerusalem would no longer mean Jerusalem. Israel would mean something else according to the whims and caprices of the interpreters. There are no rules to determine what these things mean. Therefore they mean so many things to so many different people. One pastor has the effrontery to say that the antiChrist will be unveiled in the Church rather than the Temple. I wonder which it will be, the Church of the Holy Sepulcher, the Church of the Nativity, or the Basilica in Rome, Saint Peter’s cathedral or the Assumpta Cathedral in Owerri or Regina Mundi in Lagos. Can you imagine the confusion. The Bible has become a subjective patchwork which could be made to say whatever the interpreter would want it to say. It is this kind of interpretation that gave birth to Replacement Theology where the Church is the New Israel which fostered antsemitsm in the Catholic Church.  

At the end all we have is utter confusion and quicksand, a thousand and one interpretations of the same thing. Which authority do we listen to, and who constitutes and what determines these authorities.  Nothing is concrete anymore. We cannot understand biblical Prophecy anymore. All we have to do is lay back and become passive observers of time. 

Therefore, when it is all over, seated with Christ at the diner table in the Millennium, with hindsight we can look back and smile with an air of self-satisfaction, it all happened as Christ predicted. We, like the pathologist, will smile with an air of self-importance, we are the most important people in the medical team; for we have the final diagnosis. But it is all after death, and the opinion of the pathologist may not be the cause of death. What is the benefit of a diagnosis that does not aid in the management and treatment of the patient because it can only be determined after the death of the patient. What is the essence of biblical prophecy if it cannot be understood before its fulfilment? We must continue to study to understand Biblical Prophecy because our survival, those of our children, grandchildren, and great grandchildren depend on it.

Changes In The World

In 20 to 25 years of the modern world, the changes that will take place will certainly make some of us wiser, however the fools will remain foolish ( Rev.22:11 ). The Scriptures tell us where the world is headed. The future of this world is prewritten history. Those that will understand it are those who have already learned it from the Scriptures. How can anyone accurately interpret current affairs without proper understanding of the End Times? Do you know what? You can become wiser in a couple of hours, days, months, and years by studying these things for yourself.

The Priming Of The Church And The World

The Church as well as the world is being primed for the antiChrist harvest, and most pastors, the pretribbers amongst them do not warn the sheep under their care. There is a lot of antipathy towards this teaching that the Church must of necessity go through the Great Tribulation. The attitude of some others is nonchalant. Let me feed my family first and send my children to school before I can listen to any talk about Heaven, Hell, the Great Tribulation and the Rapture.  Do you know that one day you may be so old that you find no pleasure in these things ( Eccl.12:1-7 ), and unable to read one good book in a year. There will be tribulation and persecution on account of the word ( Matt.13:21). In Lystra, Iconium, and Antioch, our brother, Apostle Paul confirmed the souls of the disciples, exhorted them to continue in the faith, and that we must through much tribulation enter into the Kingdom of God ( Acts 14:22). Then we turn round and teach that the ultimate and final Tribulation the saints shall be exempt.

Paul’s Pattern of Preaching And Teaching

Our brother, Apostle Paul was in Thessalonica for very short time. No sooner had he started the church in Thessalonica than he had to leave due to opposition from civil authorities. Within that short period of time he had taught them not only the message of salvation, but also that the church will go through the Great Tribulation before being raptured. The order of his message was salvation, and then the antiChrist before the Rapture. In the southern part of Nigeria, where we are not terror bombed by Boko Haram, the end times have been relegated to the back burner if at all mentioned. After convert class, the new believer is noturned and weaned on, and inundated with the prosperity message and messages about the good life. I always ask myself, if our Lord Jesus and Apostle Paul were here today, will the content of their messages  be the same as the ones we hear in our churches today? I doubt very much.

Half Truth: Caught Off Guard

There is a teaching afloat amongst believers that if we live a holy and righteous life, we shall be raptured whenever the rapture takes place. This is a half truth, and half truth is always dangerous because it is a lie. In a court of law a witness swears to the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. For half truth, a witness could be jailed; he has committed perjury. We are ambassadors of heaven, witnesses for Christ. We must tell the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. We must not hold back anything that is needful and profitable to the saints in this journey.  If a believer does not lie, cheat, nor live an amorous life, but does not know the times and the seasons, he is will be caught off guard, that day will come to him as a thief in the night. But as believers we need not be caught off guard. That day should not come to us as a thief in the night, unawares. We are children of the day. We are not of night nor darkness ( 1 Thess.5:4-8 ).

The Essence Of The Great Tribulation: The Purification Of The Church

As touching living holy and righteous, there is no need for us to deceive ourselves. The Church is a mixed multitude. From both the pulpit and the pew, the Church is bedeviled with cheating, lying, falsehood, sexual immoralities, pornography, drug addiction, marital infidelity, alcoholic and sexual incontinence, embezzlement of funds, scamming, stealing and youth rebellion, greed and graft. A lot of our youths are messed up with one another in sex, drug, and pornography. There are couples who are married for 20-30 years who engage in extramarital relations. Let me say it up front, in a bald language: Our Lord is coming for a glorious Church, without spot, wrinkles or any blemish. If thousands of years of teaching and preaching on holiness and righteous living cannot do, then what will? The Church must go through the Fire of purification, the school of the crucible to be rendered rapturable. This is the essence of the Great Tribulation, to take way the dross from the gold. Every goldsmith purifies gold by processing and passing it through the fire. God, being the best goldsmith that He is will do nonetheless. The purpose of the Great Tribulation is to separate the chaff from the wheat; to fit us for the kingdom. ” His winnowing fork is in His hand, and He will thoroughly purge His floor, He will gather the wheat into His granary; but the chaff He will burn with unquenchable fire ( Luk.3:17 ). It is also a certain token of the the doom of our persecutors when the Lord comes to be glorified in His holy ones ( 2Thess.1:10 ).

Mark Of The Beast

In Sweden in 2015, 98% of all transactions were cashless. Cashlessness will soon be acceptable all over the world. We have BVN in Nigeria. One day, there will be a worldwide BVN. By then, the number of digits may expand to 18. This with some biometric data specific to the individual may be introduced into the body. Tattoo marks are now fashionable especially among sports celebrities. And our youths see them as role models. Wearable chips with which one can lock and unlock one’s  phones, tablets and computers, homes and offices and cars and electronic gadgets are fast becoming fashionable amongst the upwardly mobile. The Scandinavian countries are far ahead of the rest of the  world in these things. Many in Sweden wear chips and are branded already. And you know what? They brag about it. It will not be long before it becomes fashionable in Nigeria and the rest of the world.

The Global Generation

There is talk right now about the global generation. The global generation will be a generation of cyborgs. ‎A cyborg is Homo Sapiens Sapiens, one who controls everything around him with wearable chips implanted in various parts of the body, and is turn controlled by a giant computer somewhere run by a Big Brother. These things are very tempting especially for the youth who may be under peer pressure to belong, and besides, there are obvious benefits. Some day chips may be implanted in the brain to aid memory, solve problems etc. It will be a huge temptation for Christians who are students especially in institutions of higher learning as these chips may enhance performances in their academic pursuits. Some of these biometric implants are as small as a grain of rice. Will a believer that is so hybridised be acceptable to God? In the ancient world as it is still practised today, people wear their gods on their bodies as necklaces, earrings, nose rings, bangles, scarification marks, etc. This is the reason why God forbade the children of Israel from stripping these items from the corpses of their enemies slain  in battle, nor take their images lest they become a snare to them ( Exod.34:12-16 ). How could these inanimate objects become a snare to the children of Israel? They were dedicated to the gods of their enemies. They were initiated objects. Anyone who has dealt with demons knows they are very legalistic. They always go for what is theirs. It is for the same reason that we should not take the mark of the Beast ( Rev.13:16-18 ). My advice to believers is that we should avoid biometric implants. This of course excludes cardiac pacemakers and insulin pumps and other biomechanisms that deliver drugs to patients.

Scare Mongering

As pertaining to scare mongering with which we have been labeled by some of our scathing and virulent critics, let me say we are scare mangers to the extent to which Jesus is a scare monger, because we are echoes of His voice. Jesus warned His disciples in the Olivet Discourse to take heed that no one deceives them: for many shall come in my name saying, I am Christ, and shall deceive many. He warned them that there shall be wars and rumours of wars. He told them there shall be famines, pestilences and earthquakes. He told them that Jerusalem shall be surrounded with armies. He told them to leave the city as quickly and as far as possible when this event occurs. Those outside the city should not enter into it. Those on the house top should not come down to take anything. Woe to them that are with child and those who give suck in those days. He said, pray that your flight be not in the winter nor on the sabbath day. He said during this period, many shall fall away from the faith, and shall betray one another. Family members shall betray one another, and a man’s foes shall be members of his own household. Because iniquity shall abound, the love of many shall wax cold ( Matt.24:12 ). What could be scarier than this scenario graphically painted by our Lord in the Olivet Discourse? The pretribs got around it by telling us the Church shall be raptured before the antiChrist rears up his ugly head.

The synoptic gospels, Matthew, Mark, and Luke gave the same testimony ( Matt.24; Mk.13; Luk.17, 21 ). Our beloved brother, Apostle Paul gave the same testimony. He said before the day of the Lord, the man of lawlessness, the antiChrist must be unveiled and there shall be massive falling away from the Faith ( 2Thess.2:3 ). John the revelator testified that the antiChrist shall make war with the saints and overcome them ( Dan.7:25; Rev.13:7 ), he will make war with the remnant of the seed of the woman who keep the commandments of God, and have the testimony of Jesus ( Rev.12:17 ). He said some believers shall be killed and some taken captive ( Rev.6:9-11; 13:10 ). He also testified in the Gospel of John that in the world believers shall have tribulation, but be of good cheer for I have overcome the world ( Jon.16:33 ). Apostle Peter testified that the saints shall experience strange trial. It is the same Greek word peirazmos that is used in Rev.3:10 to describe the trial that shall come upon all those who dwell upon the earth ( 1Pet.4:12,13 ). If Jesus, Peter, Paul, John, Matthew, Mark, and Luke are scare mongers, then we are glad to be so labeled because all we do is to echo and re-echo their voices. The prophets Isaiah, Joel, and others testify there shall be cosmic disturbances before the day of the Lord in which the rapture will take place ( Joel2:30-31; Is.24:23 ). Need we say any less?

Hybridization Of The Human Race

One method by which Satan aims at disqualifying humans is by hybridizing them. Hybrid humans or humanoids or transhumans are not acceptable to God. ‎One method of hybridization is by intermarriage between fallen angels and human females ( Gen.6:1-4 ). It was for this reason that God wiped out the people of Noah’s day, leaving only Noah and his family because they were the only ones who were pure humans ( Gen.6:5-8 ). The statement that Noah was righteousness in his generation ( Gen.6:9 ) is better translated Noah was pure in his descendants. It did not mean that Noah and his sons were without sin or sinless. There is not a just man upon the earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not ( Eccl.7:20 ). Every man will proclaim his own goodness, but a faithful man who can find ( Prov.20:6 ). For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God ( Rom.3:23 ). Although those fallen angels who embarked on this mission for Satan are incarcerated in darkness in the shaft of the abyss alongside their humanoid offspring awaiting the judgment of the great Day ( 2Pet.2:4; Jude 6 ), Satan has other fallen angels he can employ in the same mission. Besides, humanity can be hybridised through technology. Both processes are ongoing in the present, the large majority of the people of God are ignorant of it.

Today, in the Amazon forest as well as in some African forest, away from the prying eyes of activists, there are laboratories working hard to incorporate animal and plant genes into human genome all in an attempt to produce a more viable human being. Hitler embarked on Eugenics in order to produce a pure Aryan race. Will the antiChrist do any less? The British biologist Aubrey De Gray has a seven point plan to overcome death. This is the whole aim of Singularity. Raymond Kurzweil, Google’s director of technology, has written a book, Singularity Is Near, in which he talked about Singularity and its goals. They have established Singularity University in America where they are secretly and silently pursuing these goals. They want to live for ever in this sinful body. If you think this is scare mongering or esothetic academia, or speculative eschatology, why did God confound the language of humanity? Because as long as they are united, they will archive their goal. Do you think that fallen humanity have jettisoned his goal to live his life independent of God, in defiance to His laws and commandments? The same plan that was foiled by God in the plain of Shinar where fallen humanity built the Tower Of Babel is still being pursued by fallen humanity today in institutions of higher learning, laboratories, firms, secret societies, religious institutions, and in the corridors of power.

If God does not intervene in human history as He has done in the past, either Aubrey De Gray or some others after him will breakthrough, and sinful man will be locked in a sinful body for ever. But God will not allow this to happen. For man to breakthrough the Earth’s atmosphere into space, he had 21 questions to answer. He did and broke through to space. To overcome death, man has only seven questions to answer. They may be tougher and more formidable than the 21 in relation to space, but they can be answered. Without divine obstruction, man will one day answer those questions; it is a matter of time. There is a saying amongst the Igbos that “what has no way to do it, has a way to do it,” meaning that every question no matter how tough, has an answer, and every problem no matter how seemingly indissoluble is solvable.

Avraham Shallom.

The Lost Ten Tribes And The 144,000

The Lost Ten Tribes And The 144,000

The Lost Ten Tribes And The 144,000

Spiritualizing and allegorizing biblical passages relating to Israel is not new. In the 1800s there were theologians who mocked the notion of regathering of the Jews into Eretz Yisrael and the reconstitution of Israel as an independent state in her native homeland. Many bible passages relating to Israel were allegorized to relate to the Church. Today many theologians propound the same replacement theology. This type of spiritualizing hermeneutics sees the 144,000 in Rev.7:1-8 as relating to the Church and not to Israel inasmuch as according to them the ten tribes of Israel were lost in captivity more than two millennia ago.

The ten northern tribes were taken into captivity by Assyria in 722 BC. “In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes.” ( 2 Kings‬ ‭17:6‬ ‭). There is no historical evidence of a mass return until the two southern tribes also were taken into captivity by Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon in 586 BC. Indeed, there were three waves of deportations, 606, 596, and 586 BC. At the defeat of Assyria by Babylon in 612 BC, the Assyrian Empire was incorporated into the neoBabylonian Empire. So Babylon inherited the Israelite exiles in the realm of Assyria. The neoBabylonean Empire was conquered by Medopersia in 539 BC. So also the Medopersia empire absorbed all Israelite exiles from both the kingdoms of Assyrian and Babylonia as these two kingdoms were incorporated into the Medopersian Empire. In 538 BC king Cyrus of Persia freed all Israelites in his dominion ( Ezra.1:1-4 ). Only a handful of them from all the various tribes were willing to return ( Ezra.2 ). The majority of the Israelites remained in self-imposed exile in Medopersia. The Medopersian Empire extended to Africa and India ( Est.1:1 ). Israelites from both Northern kingdom and the Southern kingdom of Judah remained in self-imposed exile until the destruction of the Second Temple by the Roman general Titus in 70 AD. Thus began the final scattering of the Israelites all over the world.

There are historians who date The Diaspora from 70 AD. Prior to 70 AD, there were Israelites exiles from the ten Northern tribes in the Indian subcontinent, China, Japan, and Central Asia. The ten Northern tribes were not lost. There are ethnic groups in China, India, and Japan who claim ancestry to the Jewish people. The Ben Menashe have begun emigrating to Israel. The Falashas Of Ethiopia are already absorbed in Israel. The Shinlung in India have petitioned the Israeli government. The Shinto Japanese claim origin from the ten Northern tribes. So also the Pashtun in Afghanistan and Pakistan, and the Igbos of South Eastern Nigeria. There are those who doubt the Jewishness of these various ethnic groups. Ancestry is not only determined by paternity through DNA, but by other modalities like conversion to Judaism, adoption and legality. Orthodox Jews define a Jew as any person with one grand Jewish parent. In this regard there are any number of persons who do not know they are Jews. In the OT, if a servant refuses to part with his master, and has married and begotten children, he and his children are his masters irrespective of his ancestry ( Exod.21:1-6; Deut.15:12-18 ). There was one law for both the native Israelite and the stranger that sojourned amongst them ( Exod.12:49 ). If these claims are false, how come the Sacred Stones of the Aros and the Shinto Japanese are inscribed with the Jewish Tetragrammaton YHWH in Hebrew letters? The Igbos celebrate the First month and the Seventh month and also circumcise their male infants on the eighth day as do the Jews. These feasts and the practice of circumcision were observed by the Igbos long before the arrival of Christianity through colonial Europeans.

The 3 million Israelites who left Egypt during the exodus were not all from the ten tribes. There were other from the various peoples of Egypt who joined the Israelites. Israel in the wilderness was a mixed multitude. “And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.” ( Exod.12:38‬ ‭). There were some who found it extremely difficult to continue the journey into the promised land and turned back in the wilderness. “And all the congregation lifted up their voice, and cried; and the people wept that night. And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness! And wherefore hath the Lord brought us unto this land, to fall by the sword, that our wives and our children should be a prey? were it not better for us to return into Egypt? And they said one to another, Let us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt.” ( Num.14:1-4‬ ‭). The Igbos claim they migrated to South Eastern Nigeria from Egypt.

It was during the reign of the Medopersian kings that all Israelites irrespective of their tribe, whether they were from the Southern kingdom or Northern kingdom were generally referred to as Jews. They were named after Judah. This should not be a surprise because Judah would be the one his brethren shall praise. Following the fall of Reuben from grace ( Gen. 35:22, 49:3,4 ), the right of primogeniture was shared among his three brethren, Judah, Levi, and Joseph. The mantle of leadership fell on Judah ( Gen.49:10 ). Levi received the mantle of priesthood, whilst the right of double inheritance was given to Joseph by his father Jacob in recognition of his faithfulness ( Gen.48:1-22, 49:22-26, ). Levi and Simeon were scattered in Israel by their father Jacob in repudiation of the wrath they exhibited in their merciless massacre of the Shechemites in retaliation to the sexual violation of their sister Dinah by Hamor, the son of Shechem. ( Gen.34, 49:5-7 ). However the Levites obtained the priesthood because of their zeal for the Lord in the slaying of their brethren who apostasized in the Sinai and worship the golden calf ( Exod.32:26-29, Deut.32:8-11 ). The mantle of priesthood originally intended for the first born male from every tribe of Israel ( Exod.13:12-16, 34:19,20; Num.3:11-13 ) effectively executed their scattering amongst the tribes of Israel, whilst at the same time conferring the blessing of obedience to the voice of God through His servant Moses. How wonderful are the ways of God and His paths past findings? ( Rom.11:33 ). These developments were not immediate: they took sometime to evolve.

The Israelites of the Southern kingdom of Judah were called Yehudim, men of Judah by the Babylonians. This was because the Southern kingdom of Israel was lead by the house of David who were of the tribe of Judah. But we must also remember that the tribe of Benjamin was one of the two tribes alongside the tribe of Judah that constituted the Southern kingdom. So the appellation men of Judah was also applied to the Benjaminites. During the oppressive and idolatrous rule of the various dynasties in the Northern kingdom, there were some from the various tribes in the Northeast kingdom that emigrated to the Southern Kingdom.

Neither the Assyrians nor the Babylonians deported every Israelite. They were interested in their rulers, nobles and artisans. “And he carried away all Jerusalem, and all the princes, and all the mighty men of valour, even ten thousand captives, and all the craftsmen and smiths: none remained, save the poorest sort of the people of the land.” ( 2 Kings‬ ‭24:14‬ ‭).

The poor and the downtrodden were not deported. “But the captain of the guard left of the poor of the land to be vinedressers and husbandmen.” ( 2 Kings‬ ‭25:12‬ ‭). “And as for the people that remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left, even over them he made Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, ruler.” ( 2 Kings‬ ‭25:22‬ ‭).

So, there was never a time when there were no Israelites from various tribes in Eretz Yisrael. There were also some nobles who escaped to neighboring nations and returned afterwards.

“And when all the captains of the armies, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, there came to Gedaliah to Mizpah, even Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, and Johanan the son of Kareah, and Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and Jaazaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men. And Gedaliah sware to them, and to their men, and said unto them, Fear not to be the servants of the Chaldeans: dwell in the land, and serve the king of Babylon; and it shall be well with you. But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, that he died, and the Jews and the Chaldeans that were with him at Mizpah.”( 2 Kings‬ ‭25:23-25‬ ‭).

The point I would like to prove here is that all the various tribes were represented in the land of Israel at all times albeit in very small numbers. There were Israelites whose ancestral families never left the land of Israel. During the religious revival in the reign of Josiah, all Israelites from the twelves were present in Jerusalem during the celebration of the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread. “And the children of Israel that were present kept the passover at that time, and the feast of unleavened bread seven days. And there was no passover like to that kept in Israel from the days of Samuel the prophet; neither did all the kings of Israel keep such a passover as Josiah kept, and the priests, and the Levites, and all Judah and Israel that were present, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem. In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah was this passover kept.” ( 2 Chronicles‬ ‭35:17-19‬ ‭).

There is no need for us to allegorize and Christianize the 144,000. Oh! the ten tribes were lost, therefore God must be referring to Christians. Before the commencement of the 70th week, all the ten tribes of Israel will fully be represented in the land of Israel. The 144,000 will be sealed in the land of Israel. God would not need to go the Jews in the Diaspora to find the 144,000. He will not seal a few among the Shinto Japanese or Shinlung Indians or Igbos of South Eastern Nigeria. They will be found in the land of Israel. They will seek refuge in the Edomite wilderness during the outpouring of the wrath of God in the Day Of The Lord. “The breaker is come up before them: they have broken up, and have passed through the gate, and are gone out by it: and their king shall pass before them, and the Lord on the head of them.” ( Micah‬ ‭2:13‬ ‭).

That is where Jesus will meet them. It is there they will match with Him to the summit of Mount Zion in Jerusalem.

“And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty and four thousand, having his Father’s name written in their foreheads. And I heard a voice from heaven, as the voice of many waters, and as the voice of a great thunder: and I heard the voice of harpers harping with their harps: And they sung as it were a new song before the throne, and before the four beasts, and the elders: and no man could learn that song but the hundred and forty and four thousand, which were redeemed from the earth. These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. These are they which follow the Lamb whithersoever he goeth. These were redeemed from among men, being the firstfruits unto God and to the Lamb. And in their mouth was found no guile: for they are without fault before the throne of God.” ( Rev.14:1-5‬ ‭).

In the light of the above scenario, British-American Israelism is false. It has no biblical basis. It is founded on a faulty theological system. Replacement theology is not sustained by Scriptures neither is supersessesionism. It is based on a faulty eseigetical and allegorical hermeneutics. The Church does not, cannot, and will not replace Israel, neither are the British and the Americans the so called lost ten tribes.

Avraham Shallom.

Reaction To The Debate Between Dr. Tommy Ice And Alan Kurschner Titled: The Church Will Face The AntiChrist Before The Rapture

Reaction To The Debate Between Dr. Tommy Ice And Alan Kurschner Titled: The Church Will Face The AntiChrist Before The Rapture

Reaction To The Debate Between Dr. Tommy Ice And Alan Kurschner Titled: The Church Will Facsimile The AntiChrist Before The Rapture

For decades, I have asked fellow believers who hold the Pretribulational Rapture view to direct me to unequivocal Scripture verses that buttress their Pretrib belief. They all fail to give give any direct and pointed verses. They defend their view quoting unconnected Scriptures like imputing that the twenty and four elders before the Throne Of God in Rev.4:4 are the raptured Church. They also claim that the invitation to Apostle John, the revelator, to come up hither is the Rapture Of The Church. Yet again they say that the fact that the word “Church” does not appear again after Rev.3 until Rev.22 indicates that the church had been raptured; not withstanding the numerous use of words and phrases such as saints, witnesses to Jesus, martyrs for Jesus, fellow brothers of John after the third chapter. There are other verses they reference to input rapture before the AntiChrist’s physical bebut and unveiling at the rebuilt Third Jewish Temple on Moriah in Jerusalem. So I was pleased when I got the link to the debate on the eschatological timeline between Dr.Tommy Ice and Alan E. kurschner.

Link: click here to watch:
http://link.center.io/wf/click?upn=Gn2wObTEPZToo8U0MjYBWbX0NLFy7UAC1rNZGf0FU1GztYjGpN1F3RUvenvV7WqeDY7-2FmvNAnS7cTxHkgvkcdaepMl681SzyKXZ9X44u8kY-3D_87QjDsvgfD68-2FLwG96R5lTmrmnPBomJlbRck1K-2BOdsDa2ymXGT0PnQaDnoen3BaO610HwRUWRVU5-2B6IO3DR-2BcrjhS0ZXe1X0ufxBOe-2FVO8KtdiM4H5lP1wI3DIyKEsqyX2r-2BomQSx34hup-2BuQ3D-2BBF9u12TlbzuPc-2F3nfLilPj4WeKW4sd3zUXqvPUq5TbpP1ZxeuZXh-2B7paQzucej94OMBu6m70Rfz-2BUkbhgFknZt4NYhezC8jnB4HzTIFJkKzfCjgkjylNI4KXLoGUFksM6ci6HniWxsgpdvnspKEYhtf6ZHe4Wv4ZeXppvrpbRzIO

Click here to listen: http://link.center.io/wf/click?upn=xKsd1EbAQRQf6eXyF5mLYOgt3Zr1yu4wARb-2FzHcz58VPPHngD86dpHdaeUxFf6y93o0sL6CixnhLabQdoqRThLxLpP-2FNeFEBwBog5pDKnohbiXkrmdli6zYzj9CtI3gbPWRVi-2FPwHTo-2BJuKdYjqF6P37Ix-2F80GH7dqPAoPmBuPJ-2FqB2Dj3TtgNztTOQMIlih_87QjDsvgfD68-2FLwG96R5lTmrmnPBomJlbRck1K-2BOdsDa2ymXGT0PnQaDnoen3BaO610HwRUWRVU5-2B6IO3DR-2BcrjhS0ZXe1X0ufxBOe-2FVO8KtdiM4H5lP1wI3DIyKEsqym8CHdQT8h-2BcyAF9juuQf2sGpHH7rxWKkIx3wyGJund8a-2BcQitUMIw45dhBydBajoQjUH0pUvEL4-2BQoGe9wvIwd-2B7IxNpAVIPT9yUixtkmqOSHCyOEpcTh4hAE0Wxt4bJTqVD9zLvv93CtbfFLBQeOffwOwDofKTXHCBDoBaTP0SW-2F0jBq7ZpTBlqu-2FoRQJ-2BA

Click here for transcript: https://www.alankurschner.com/2018/04/12/the-transcript-of-my-2015-debate-with-thomas-ice-is-now-available/

Dr. Tommy Ice did expatiate the Pretrib Position much more than hitherto, while Alan Kurschner espoused the Prewrath Rapture Position better called Pre-God’s-wrath Rapture Position. As stated earlier I was more interested in Dr. Tommy Ice view. I kept an open mind, hoping and wishing to understand and appreciate the Pretrib view. At the end of it all, Dr. Tommy Ice reinforced my prewrath ( PW ) Rapture Position because he too was unable to give unequivocal and direct Scriptures that I might have missed.

I came to the understanding that the Church would go through the Great Tribulation and be raptured thereafter by simple Bible reading, not even serious Bible study. At that time I had no knowledge of the Prewrath Rapture position expounded by Marvin J. Rosenthal and Robert Van Kampen. And who am I in this regard? A simple believer with no fringes. Just a plain believer who read the Bible and came away with the understanding that a generation of believers would be around when the Antichrist debuts in the Temple.

I would now address and comment on Dr. Ice submissions. Let us refresh our minds on what the debate is on. It is whether the Church will face the AntiChrist before rapture or not. Alan E. Kurschner is for ( affirmative), whilst Dr. Ice is against ( negative ).

First, from the above, we see that the debate is about when the rapture occurs- an event in time relating to the AntiChrist. With no Scriptures to backup the absence of the Church during the short time of the AntiChrist on the world stage in bodily form, Dr. Ice chooses to tell us why the Church will be gone. He submits that the 70th week is appointed for Israel and not the Church. So, the Church cannot be on the scene in the 70th week. Jesus did not say that, neither did Peter, Paul or John the revelator, just a theological construct derived from Dispensationalism. My friend and brother Abraham Shallom has debunked this in his article, “The Prewrath Rapture Of The Church”: https://mtzionheritage.com/the-prewrath-rapture-of-the-church/.

To crown it all, Dr. Ice says “it makes sense.” Our view on the rapture should not depend on human sense but should rest on the validity of the Scriptures.

This mutual exclusivity of the Church and Israel in God’s scheme of things is strange. For most of the first century AD the Church was a sect within Judaism. From Jerusalem, it dispersed to the Gentile world ( Act.8:4 ). Israel was reestablished as an independent state in 1948. For the past 70 years, it has co-existed with the Church. And God has worked with both at the same time. By the pretrib’s submission, the Church should be gone. Israel is back in its native homeland. Jerusalem is in Jewish hands since 1967, and soon, the Third Temple would be rebuilt. God has never stopped relating with Israel during the Church Age. He ensured their survival all over the world. So this mutual exclusivity in the gap between the 69th and the 70th week is a human construct to suit the Pretrib view. There are no Scriptures to support it.

Now note, in Rev.12:17, we see Satan go at both Israel, the woman and Christians- those who hold firm to the witness of Christ in the face of Satan’s wrath. The reason for the rapture has been given by Jesus Himself. It is to rescue believers from total annihilation during the Great Tribulation.

Dr. Ice and Pretribbers assert that the Rapture is sudden with no events or “sign” to warn believers. Some assert it is secret and not seen by all especially unbelievers. This is not so. Paul in his letter to the Thessalonians says while the unbelievers outside of their fold will be caught by surprise, the Thesssalonians should not be caught unawares as he has shared with them these things ( 1 Thess.3:4 ). Paul went on to give two future events that must happen before the Rapture: The Apostasy and The appearance of the AntiChrist in the Temple. I am sure we are familiar with this in Paul’s second letter to the Thessalonians ( 2 Thess.2:3 ).

When the disciples confronted Jesus in Matt.24 and asked for a sign to herald his coming, Jesus did not respond and say, oh! oh! there would be no sign: it would be sudden. Rather Jesus gave us the Olivet Discourse, and He zeroed in on a specific sign- the Shekinah, “SIGN” Of His arrival ( 30 ). Of course before this time He has spoken of world events like the standing of the image of the Antichrist in the Temple ( 15 ), and the cosmic disturbances ( 29 ), culminating in His appearance in the sky, and gathering us to meet Him- definitely the Rapture as He does not step on Earth.

To defend their Pretribulational stance, Dr. Ice and other pretribbers say this gospel is only for the benefit of Israel and Jews. Tell me please, is the Gospel Of Matthew read in Jewish synagogues?

Both our Lord Jesus and the Holy Spirit through Paul use the symbolism of a pregnant woman to describe his second Coming which starts with the Rapture. Have the birth pains started? I don’t think so, but I believe I see a “pregnant woman” in our purview with recent events- Jerusalem’s status as the capital of Israel and moves to build the Third Temple.

I believe that as there is no joy of a new birth without birth pains, so also there is no joy of Rapture without the birth pangs of the Great Tribulation that follows the Antichrist’s debut in the Third Temple in Jerusalem. Yes, these are tumultuous times, but Jesus says we should “look up” as these terrible times unfold. Meanwhile, the unbelieving world who took the Mark Of The Beast, who worshipped Him, probably celebrated as Christians were being persecuted would run helter shelter as our Lord intervenes and cuts short the Great Tribulation by usual never seen before cosmic disturbances. Yes, there are clear events that show Christians will have to contend with the unveiled Antichrist for a short time. Remember these gospels are not read in the synagogues. So, they are not primarily for the unbelieving Jews. They are read in the churches.

Events in Rev.4 are well detailed, with the 24 elders, the 4 beasts, and the tens of thousands of worshipping angels. The raptured saints were not featured, not even in the worship scene. So, where is the Church? Definitely not in heaven. To be continued.

Olugbenga Jaiyesimi.